Agnes Maude Royden
23 November 1876
|Died||30 July 1956 (aged 79)|
|Other names||Maude Royden-Shaw|
|Alma mater||Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford|
Early life and education
Royden was born in Mossley Hill, Liverpool, the youngest daughter of shipowner Sir Thomas Bland Royden, 1st Baronet. She grew up in the family home of Frankby Hall, Wirral with her parents and seven siblings. She was educated at Cheltenham Ladies' College and Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford where she gained a degree in History. While at Oxford she started a lifelong friendship with fellow suffragist Kathleen Courtney who had the same alma mater.
After university, Royden worked for three years at the Victoria Women's Settlement in Liverpool and then in the country parish of South Luffenham, Rutland, as parish assistant to the Rector, George William Hudson Shaw.
She lectured on English literature for the university extension movement and in 1909 was elected to the executive committee of the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies. From 1912 to 1914 she edited The Common Cause, the organ of the NUWSS. She was also active in the Church League for Women's Suffrage. In 1913 she was invited, with the backing of Lavinia Talbot to talk to the all-male Church Congress about White Slavery.
Royden broke with the NUWSS over its support for the war effort and was among the 101 signatories of the Open Christmas Letter in 1914. She became the secretary of the Fellowship of Reconciliation with other Christian pacifists. Although unable to travel to the women's peace congress in the Hague in 1915, where the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom was established, she became the vice-president of the league.
Royden became well known as a speaker on social and religious subjects. In a 16 July 1917 speech at Queen's Hall, London, she used the oft-quoted phrase 'the Conservative Party at prayer' of the Church of England; "The Church should go forward along the path of progress and be no longer satisfied only to represent the Conservative Party at prayer." In 1917 she became assistant preacher at the Congregationalist City Temple, London, the first woman to occupy this office.
After the First World War, Royden's interest shifted to the role of women in the Church. While attending the Eighth Conference of the International Woman Suffrage Alliance at Geneva in 1920, she preached in French and English at St Pierre Cathedral on 6 June. Royden made several worldwide preaching tours from the 1920s to the 1940s. In 1929 she began the official campaign for the ordination of women when she founded the Society for the Ministry of Women. Royden "eminent in the religious life of the nation" was appointed to the Order of the Companions of Honour in the 1930 New Year Honours. Her older brother Thomas had been made a Companion in 1919 (for his work relating to shipping in the First World War) and they are the only siblings to be Companions of Honour.
In 1931 Glasgow University conferred the honorary degree of Doctor of Divinity on Royden, the first woman to become a Doctor of Divinity in Britain. In 1935 she was awarded an honorary degree of Doctor of Laws by the University of Liverpool. She received an honorary degree from Mills College, California in 1937.
She joined the Peace Pledge Union but later renounced pacifism, believing Nazism to be a greater evil than war.
On 2 October 1944, she married the recently widowed priest Hudson Shaw, whom she had loved for more than forty years; he was then aged 85 and died on 30 November. She wrote in her 1947 autobiography A Threefold Cord of their love for each other from first meeting in 1901.
At the end of the Second World War, it was discovered that Royden, along with her brother Sir Thomas Royden, were listed in 'The Black Book' or Sonderfahndungsliste G.B., a list of Britons who were to be arrested in the event of a Nazi invasion of Britain.
On 30 July 1956 she died at her home in Hampstead, London.
Books by Royden
- Downward paths (1916)
- Women and the sovereign state (1917)
- Sex and common-sense (1922)
- Prayer as a force (1923)
- Beauty in Religion (1923)
- Christ triumphant (1924)
- Church and woman (1924)
- Life's little pitfalls (1925)
- Here--and hereafter (1933)
- Problem of Palestine (1939)
- I Believe in God (1927)
- Women's Partnership in the New World (1941)
- A Threefold Cord (1947), autobiography
- Manning, Craig (3 July 2019). "Blue plaque honour for pioneering Agnes 'Maude' Royden". Wirral Globe. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
- "Royden, (Agnes) Maude (1876–1956), suffragist and preacher". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/35861. Retrieved 2021-04-04.
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1922). "Royden, Agnes Maude". Encyclopædia Britannica. 32 (12th ed.). London & New York: The Encyclopædia Britannica Company. p. 298.
- Grenier, Janet E. (2004). "Courtney, Dame Kathleen D'Olier (1878–1974)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
- "Talbot [née Lyttelton], Lavinia (1849–1939), promoter of women's education". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/52031. Retrieved 2020-08-14.
- Shapiro, Fred R., ed. (2006). The Yale Book of Quotations. Yale University Press. p. 654.
- Stanton, Elizabeth Cady; Anthony, Susan B.; Gage, Matilda Joslyn; Harper, Ida Husted (1922). History of Woman Suffrage: 1900-1920 (Public domain ed.). Fowler & Wells. p. 860.
- "No. 33566". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 1929. p. 10.
- "No. 31316". The London Gazette (Supplement). 29 April 1919. p. 5421.
- "Royden, Thomas, Baron Royden (1871–1950), shipowner". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/35862. Retrieved 2021-04-04.
- "Honorary graduates of the University" (PDF). University of Liverpool. Retrieved 12 July 2019.
- Liverpool Evening Express. 14 September 1945. para 9. Missing or empty
- Schellenberg, Walter (2001). Invasion, 1940: The Nazi Invasion Plan for Britain. Little Brown Book Group. p. 239. ISBN 0-9536151-3-8.
- "Historic statue of suffragist leader Millicent Fawcett unveiled in Parliament Square". Gov.uk. 24 April 2018. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
- Topping, Alexandra (24 April 2018). "First statue of a woman in Parliament Square unveiled". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
- "Millicent Fawcett statue unveiling: the women and men whose names will be on the plinth". iNews. Retrieved 2018-04-25.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Maude Royden.|
- Works by Maude Royden at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Maude Royden at Internet Archive
- Works by Maude Royden at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
- Agnes Maude Royden Bibliographic directory from Project Canterbury
- The Women's Library at the Library of the London School of Economics
- The papers of Agnes Maude Royden