Mauer (Baden)

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Mauer
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Mauer
Coat of arms
Mauer  is located in Germany
Mauer
Mauer
Coordinates: 49°20′20″N 08°47′55″E / 49.33889°N 8.79861°E / 49.33889; 8.79861Coordinates: 49°20′20″N 08°47′55″E / 49.33889°N 8.79861°E / 49.33889; 8.79861
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Karlsruhe
District Rhein-Neckar-Kreis
Government
 • Mayor John Ehret
Area
 • Total 6.30 km2 (2.43 sq mi)
Elevation 131 m (430 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 3,949
 • Density 630/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 69256
Dialling codes 06226
Vehicle registration HD
Website www.gemeinde-mauer.de

Mauer is a village in south western Germany. It is located between Heidelberg and Sinsheim in the Rhein-Neckar district in the state of Baden-Württemberg.

On 1 June 2012, John Ehret (no party) took office as mayor. He is the first black mayor in Baden-Württemberg and thought to be the first black mayor in Germany in modern times.[2]

Geography[edit]

Mauer is located at an altitude of 130-240 m, and covers an area of 630 hectares. Of this area, 22.8% is covered by settlements, roads and paved areas, 55.3% is agricultural, and 18.6% is forested. Adjacent municipalities are, starting in the north and moving clockwise, Wiesenbach, Meckesheim, Wiesloch, Leimen and Bammental.

Religion[edit]

In 1522, the Reformation was introduced into Mauer; probably by Franz von Sickingen. Today it hosts both an evangelical and a Roman-Catholic church community.

Geology/Archaeology[edit]

Mauer is the location where the first remains of Homo heidelbergensis were found. The remains, a jaw, were discovered in 1907 in the local sand quarry by Daniel Hartmann, a worker there. The sandpit remained active for some time, and the original resting place of the remains no longer exists. However, the sandpit is now a nature park, and the sedimentary layers corresponding to those of the original find can be viewed on a 25 meter high section.

Persons of Interest[edit]

Honored Citizens[edit]

  • Daniel Hartmann (1854-1952) found the lower jaw of Homo heidelbergensis.
  • Gerhard Weiser (1931-2003) was Mayor of Mauer from 1962 to 1976. In 1968 he moved to the Landtag for the first time and later became the Minister of Agriculture in Baden-Württemberg from 1976 to 1996. From 1996 to 2001 he was vice-president of the state parliament. In spite of his political commitment, he remained connected to his hometown and also managed a farm there.
  • Erich Mick, mayor from 1976 to 2001, founder of the association Homo heidelbergensis of Mauer e.V.

Other Notables Associated with Mauer[edit]

  • Karl von Zyllnhardt (forestry officer) (1744-1816), German landlord and forestry officer.
  • Karl von Zyllnhardt (jurist) (1779-1828), German jurist and politician.

References[edit]