This article needs to be updated.(June 2012)
|• Mayor||John Ehret|
|• Total||6.30 km2 (2.43 sq mi)|
|Elevation||131 m (430 ft)|
|• Density||630/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Mauer is located at an altitude of 130-240 m, and covers an area of 630 hectares. Of this area, 22.8% is covered by settlements, roads and paved areas, 55.3% is agricultural, and 18.6% is forested. Adjacent municipalities are, starting in the north and moving clockwise, Wiesenbach, Meckesheim, Wiesloch, Leimen and Bammental.
In 1522, the Reformation was introduced into Mauer; probably by Franz von Sickingen. Today it hosts both an evangelical and a Roman-Catholic church community.
Mauer is the location where the first remains of Homo heidelbergensis were found. The remains, a jaw, were discovered in 1907 in the local sand quarry by Daniel Hartmann, a worker there. The sandpit remained active for some time, and the original resting place of the remains no longer exists. However, the sandpit is now a nature park, and the sedimentary layers corresponding to those of the original find can be viewed on a 25 meter high section.
Persons of Interest
- Daniel Hartmann (1854-1952) found the lower jaw of Homo heidelbergensis.
- Gerhard Weiser (1931-2003) was Mayor of Mauer from 1962 to 1976. In 1968 he moved to the Landtag for the first time and later became the Minister of Agriculture in Baden-Württemberg from 1976 to 1996. From 1996 to 2001 he was vice-president of the state parliament. In spite of his political commitment, he remained connected to his hometown and also managed a farm there.
- Erich Mick, mayor from 1976 to 2001, founder of the association Homo heidelbergensis of Mauer e.V.
Other Notables Associated with Mauer
- Karl von Zyllnhardt (forestry officer) (1744-1816), German landlord and forestry officer.
- Karl von Zyllnhardt (jurist) (1779-1828), German jurist and politician.
- "Gemeinden in Deutschland nach Fläche, Bevölkerung und Postleitzahl am 30.09.2016". Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 2016.
- "Germany elects first ever black mayor". The Local. 2 June 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-09.
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