Maula Shah

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Sain Maula Shah
Sain Maula Shah.jpg
Native name Maula Bakhash
(Maula Shah)
Born 1836
Majitha, Amritsar, India
Died 5 September 1944
(17 Ramadan 1369)

Maula Shah (Punjabi / Urdu :مولا شاہ رحمتہ اللہ علیہ / ਮੌਲਾ ਸ਼ਾਹ) (1836–1944) was a poet associated with Punjabi epic poems and folk tales.[1] He later became a Muslim ascetic-Sufi and mystic poet.[2] He wrote seven books of poetry.He was creator of great folk tales in Punjabi literature but his known books of poetry are Sassi Punnu, Bughamal Bishnoon, Mirza Sahibaan, Heer Ranjha, Zohra Mushtari and Chandar Badan.

Early life[edit]

Gzahg H vis birh name was Maula Bakhash. Based on his extreme struggle in Sufism, his "Murshid", or spiritual teacher, awarded him the name Maula Shah.Later he moved to Majitha in 1836. His fathers name was Kareem Bakhash, who was a member of a Rajput tribe, Jandrah, which was associated with Kashmir.

During his youth, he briefly lived in Katra (Koucha) Bhagian as well as Katra Ghanaian of Amritsar. In old age he lived in Tibber District, Gurdaspur (India).

Genealogy[edit]

He was a descendant of Raja Jai Ram (Raja of Kashmir) who converted to Islam and built a Mosque named Masjid Jai Ram in Sialkot. His lineage is given as follows

  1. Raja Jandu
  2. Raja Jai Ram
  3. Hafiz Barkhurdar
  4. Mehtab Deen
  5. Karim Bakhsh
  6. Maula Shah

Golden Chain[edit]

Sain Maula Shah belonged to the Naushahi Qadri Sufi Order.Maula Shah accepted Shaykh Ghulam Muhiyuddin as his spiritual guide, placing him in a silsila (spiritual order or chain of saints) that stretched back to Abdul Qadir Jilani. This spiritual lineage ends via Ali Al-Murtaza at the final and Muhammad.[3][citation needed]

  1. Hazrat Muhammad
  2. Imam Ali al Murtaza
  3. Imam Hasan Basri
  4. Habib al Ajami
  5. Dawud Tai
  6. Maruf Karkhi
  7. Sirri Saqti
  8. Junaid Baghdadi
  9. Abu Bakr Shibli
  10. Abdul Aziz al Tamimi
  11. Abul Fadl al Tamimi
  12. Abul Farah Tartusi
  13. Abul Hasan Hankari
  14. Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi
  15. Syed Muhiyuddin Abdul Qadir Gilani
  16. Syed Saifuddin Abdul Wahhab Gilani
  17. Syed Safiuddin Abdus Sallam Gilani
  18. Syed Hameeduddin Ahmad Gilani
  19. Syed Muhiyuddin Mas`ud Gilani
  20. Syed Ziauddin Ali Gilani
  21. Syed Jamaluddin Shah Mir Gilani
  22. Syed Shamsuddin A'zam Gilani
  23. Syed Muhammad Ghawth Gilani
  24. Syed Mubarik Haqqani Gilani
  25. Shah Maru`f Irfan Khushabi
  26. Shah Sulaiman Nuri
  27. Syed Muhammad Qadiri
  28. Muhammad Sachyar
  29. Hafiz Bakht Jamal
  30. Shaykh Abdul Ghafur
  31. Ghulam Mustafa
  32. Ghulam Muhiyuddin
  33. Sain Maula Shah

Writing style[edit]

Maula Shah used verses in different styles known as Se Harfi & Kafi, Additionally, he was a sufi writer and had command in five languages Urdu, Punjabi, Persian Arabic & English which he used in his writings

Books[edit]

Maula Shah was a very prolific author. His books include:

  1. Sat Ganj Aarsi
  2. Sassi Punoo
  3. Mirza Sahiban
  4. Bughamal Bishnoo
  5. Chandar Badn
  6. Dachi Maula Shah
  7. Guft Guftar
  8. Latkeen Latkeen Aa Gaya
  9. "Phir Guyyan Rutan"
  10. "Roda Jalali"
  11. "Shajrah Naushahian"
  12. "Baran Imam"

Legacy[edit]

Maula Shah influenced many people, including;

  1. Sain Haider Shah (Buried in Farooq Abad Dist Sheikhpura)
  2. Sufi Abdul Raheem Rahim
  3. Muhammad Sharif Faisalabasi,
  4. Muhammad Ismail Manzar,
  5. Dr.Mian Zafar Maqbul
  6. Hazrat Babajan (Mentor of mystic Meher Baba)

Death[edit]

He died on 6 September 1944 (i.e.17th Ramadan 1363 (A.H)). He was laid to rest in the back yard of his home.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mir, p. 88
  2. ^ "Ustad Daman – poet of two Punjabs". Dawn. 10 March 2011. 
  3. ^ (Tazkerah Naushahi copied 1190 AD Punjab University Library)

External links[edit]