Maulvi Tamizuddin Khan

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Maulvi Tamizuddin Khan
TamizuddinKhan.jpg
Speaker of the National Assembly
In office
11 June 1962 – 19 August 1963
Deputy Mohammad Afzal Cheema
Preceded by Abdul Wahab Khan
Succeeded by Fazlul Qadir Chaudhry
In office
11 September 1948 – 12 August 1955
Deputy M. H. Gazder
Preceded by Mohammad Ali Jinnah
Succeeded by Abdul Wahab Khan
Personal details
Born 1889
Faridpur, British Raj
(nowRajbari Bangladesh)
Died 19 August 1963 (aged 73)
Dacca, East Pakistan
(now Bangladesh)
Political party Muslim League (1915–1963)
Indian National Congress (1921–1926)
Alma mater Presidency College, Kolkata
Surendranath College
University of Calcutta

Maulvi Tamizuddin Khan or M. T. Khan (1889 - 19 August 1963),[1] was President (speaker) of Pakistan's Constituent Assembly from 1948 to 1954 and National Assembly of Pakistan between 1962 and 1963.[2]

Tamizuddin created history when the Constituent Assembly was dismissed by Governor General Ghulam Mohammad in 1954. Tamizuddin challenged the dismissal in the court and the case was filed in the morning of 7 November 1954, by Advocate Manzar-e-Alam.[3] Although the High Court agreed and overturned it, the Federal Court under Justice Muhammad Munir upheld the dismissal. He had been president of the Basic Principles Committee set up in 1949.

"Justice A. R. Cornelius was the sole dissenting judge in the landmark judgment handed down by the Supreme Court in the Maulvi Tamizuddin case. That judgment altered the course of politics in Pakistan forever and sealed the fate of democracy. The law had guided him as he had interpreted it and his conscience.".[4]

The decision to uphold the dismissal of the constituent assembly was to mark the beginning of the overt role of Pakistan's military and civil establishment in Pakistani politics.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Khan, Tamizuddin". banglapedia.org. 
  2. ^ Presidents/Speakers of Pakistan Retrieved on 04 August 2013.
  3. ^ The Test of Time: My Life and Days by Maulvi Tamizuddin Khan, Chapter Six http://www.tamizuddinkhan.info/publication_chapter6.html
  4. ^ For the Love of Cricket' by Omar Kureishi "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-09-05. Retrieved 2008-12-15. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Speaker of the National Assembly
1948–1955
Succeeded by
Abdul Wahab Khan
Preceded by
Abdul Wahab Khan
Speaker of the National Assembly
1962–1963
Succeeded by
Fazlul Qadir Chaudhry