Maungakiekie (New Zealand electorate)

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Maungakiekie electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

Maungakiekie is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current MP for Maungakiekie is Sam Lotu-Iiga of the National Party. The name is from Maungakiekie / One Tree Hill, a large and symbolically important hill at the western end of the seat; the name denotes the presence of kiekie vines on the hill.

The core of Maungakiekie is the suburbs of Auckland clustered around the Southern Motorway, and the most southern parts of Auckland City facing the Manukau Harbour. As at 2008, these include Penrose, Panmure, Onehunga and Royal Oak. In character, the seat is a minority-majority seat, with a large Māori, Pacific Island and Asian population. It is also quite a young seat, with 46.8 percent of the seat's residents under the age of thirty.

History[edit]

Maungakiekie has existed in various forms since its creation ahead of the introduction of Mixed Member Proportional voting in the 1996 election. It was created from merging most of Onehunga with a large section of Panmure, both of them reasonably safe Labour seats. Its original incarnation included both Onehunga and Otahuhu, though for the nine years from 1996, Onehunga was part of Mount Roskill, and from 2008 onwards, Otahuhu formed the northernmost part of Manukau East. The same boundary changes that took Otahuhu out put Panmure in at the expense of Tāmaki.

Because of the area's seats' tendency to vote Labour, and because Labour suffered its worst result since World War II in 1996, with votes splintering off to both the Alliance and New Zealand First, Onehunga MP Richard Northey found himself ousted from Parliament in 1996 at the hands of then unknown National Party candidate Belinda Vernon. Vernon's own party suffered a dramatic reversal of fortune that started at the 1999 election and her three-year term as MP for Maungakiekie ended in favour of Mark Gosche, who held the seat until 2008, notching up a majority of around 6,500 in the intermediate elections.[1] Sam Lotu-Iiga captured the seat again for National in the large swing against Labour in 2008.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs' terms began and ended at general elections.

Key

 National    Labour    Alliance  

Election Winner
1996 election Belinda Vernon
1999 election Mark Gosche
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election Sam Lotu-Iiga
2011 election
2014 election

List MPs[edit]

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Maungakiekie electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Election Winner
1996 election Matt Robson
1999 election Matt Robson
Belinda Vernon
2008 election Carol Beaumont

Election results[edit]

2014 election[edit]

General election, 2014: Maungakiekie[2]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Sam Lotu-Iiga 16,132 47.61 −2.27 14,394 41.33 −2.26
Labour Carol Beaumont 13,784 40.68 +0.11 12,199 35.02 −1.83
Green Richard Leckinger 2,085 6.15 +0.52 3,270 9.39 −0.13
Conservative Litia Simpson 672 1.98 +0.62 1,095 3.14 +1.41
Mana Sitaleki Finau 462 1.36 +0.91
United Future Bryan Mockridge 114 0.34 +0.34 80 0.23 −0.15
Communist League Felicity Coggan 92 0.27 +0.27
NZ First   2,283 6.55 +1.37
ACT   512 1.47 +0.29
Internet Mana   377 1.08 +0.67[a]
Māori   187 0.54 −0.09
Legalise Cannabis   113 0.32 −0.06
Civilian   14 0.04 +0.04
Ban 1080   11 0.03 +0.03
Independent Coalition   10 0.03 +0.03
Democrats   8 0.02 ±0.00
Focus   8 0.02 +0.02
Informal votes 540 270
Total Valid votes 33,881 34,831
Turnout 34,831 75.23 +2.56
National hold Majority 2,348 6.93 −2.38

2011 election[edit]

General election, 2011: Maungakiekie[3]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Sam Lotu-Iiga 16,189 49.88 +4.33 14,747 43.59 +1.11
Labour Carol Beaumont 13,168 40.57 +0.73 12,467 36.85 -2.69
Green Tom Land 1,827 5.63 +0.81 3,220 9.52 +4.04
NZ First Jerry Ho 687 2.12 +0.26 1,753 5.18 +2.23
Conservative Grace Haden 443 1.36 +1.36 585 1.73 +1.73
Mana Barry Tumai 145 0.45 +0.45 140 0.41 +0.41
ACT   400 1.18 -3.35
Māori   213 0.63 -0.05
United Future   130 0.38 -0.75
Legalise Cannabis   128 0.38 +0.08
Libertarianz   28 0.08 -0.003
Alliance   13 0.04 -0.01
Democrats   7 0.02 +0.01
Informal votes 890 283
Total Valid votes 32,349 33,891
National hold Majority 3,021 9.31 +3.60

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 46,637[4]

2008 election[edit]

General election, 2008: Maungakiekie[5]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Sam Lotu-Iiga 15,491 45.55 +13.95 14,903 42.48 +9.00
Labour Carol Beaumont 13,549 39.84 -13.50 13,873 39.55 -11.16
Green Rawiri Paratene 1,639 4.82 +1.78 1,921 5.48
ACT Athol McQuilkan 969 2.85 +0.75 1,589 4.53 +2.62
Progressive Matt Robson 756 2.22 -0.32 334 0.95 -0.41
NZ First Asenati Lole-Taylor 630 1.85 -1.37 1,035 2.95 -1.24
United Future Denise Krum 413 1.21 -0.88 397 1.13 -0.91
Pacific Darren Jones 246 0.72 229 0.65
Kiwi Bernie Ogilvy 173 0.51 113 0.32
RAM Elliott Blade 85 0.25 21 0.06
Communist League Patrick Brown 58 0.17
Māori   239 0.68 +0.08
Family Party   132 0.38
Bill and Ben   126 0.36
Legalise Cannabis   104 0.30 +0.12
Libertarianz   30 0.09 +0.07
Alliance   17 0.05 +0.01
Workers Party   11 0.03
Democrats   4 0.01 -0.01
RONZ   3 0.01 ±0.00
Informal votes 474 191
Total Valid votes 34,009 35,081
National gain from Labour Majority 1,942 5.71 +27.46

2005 election[edit]

General election, 2005: Maungakiekie[6]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY Mark Gosche 15,821 53.34 -1.80 15,484 50.71 +0.09
National Paul Goldsmith 9,371 31.60 +1.97 10,223 33.48 +16.42
NZ First Joe Williams 956 3.22 1,278 4.19 -3.48
Green Paul Quatrough 901 3.04 -1.26 583 1.77 -3.73
ACT Michelle Lorenz 624 2.10 -1.57 584 1.91 -6.55
United Future Bernie Ogilvy 619 2.09 -1.26 623 2.04 -3.81
Progressive Sione Fonua 564 1.90 +0.46 414 1.36 -0.61
Māori Bill Puru 263 0.89 184 0.60
Independent Patrick Brown 54 0.18
Republican Bevin Berg 14 0.05
Destiny   159 0.47
Family Rights   144 0.44
Legalise Cannabis   55 0.18 -0.17
Christian Heritage   46 0.15 -0.85
Alliance   11 0.04 -0.82
Direct Democracy   11 0.04
99 MP   9 0.03
Democrats   7 0.02
Libertarianz   7 0.02
One NZ   2 0.01 -0.03
RONZ   2 0.01
Informal votes 409 149
Total Valid votes 29,659 30,532
Labour hold Majority 6,450 21.75 -3.76

2002 election[edit]

General election, 2002: Maungakiekie[7]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY Mark Gosche 14,273 55.14 +10.65 13,491 50.62 +4.18
National Belinda Vernon 7,670 29.63 -5.90 4,547 17.06 -10.59
Green Don Fairley 1,114 4.30 +0.86 1,466 5.50 +1.35
ACT Robin Roodt 949 3.67 +0.91 2,256 8.46 +0.73
United Future Kevin Harper 867 3.35 1,558 5.85
Progressive Dawn Patchett 373 1.44 524 1.97
Christian Heritage Barry Pepperell 346 1.34 +0.21 266 1.00
Alliance Joseph Randall 222 0.86 -6.62 250 0.94 -5.70
Communist League Janet Roth 72 0.28
NZ First   2,044 7.67 +4.83
ORNZ   129 0.48
Legalise Cannabis   93 0.35
Mana Māori   14 0.05
One NZ   10 0.04
NMP   3 0.01
Informal votes 510 208
Total Valid votes 25,886 26,651
Labour hold Majority 6,603 25.51 +16.55

1999 election[edit]

General election, 1999: Maungakiekie[8][9]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Labour Mark Gosche 12,469 44.49 13,234 46.44
National Red XN Belinda Vernon 9,957 35.53 7,878 27.65
Alliance Matt Robson 2,096 7.48 1,891 6.64
Green Jon Carapiet 964 3.44 1183 4.15
ACT Angus Ogilvie 774 2.76 2,202 7.73
NZ First Gilbert Myles 734 2.62 810 2.84
Future NZ Jason Keiller 387 1.38 266
Christian Heritage Mary Paki 313 1.12 377
Independent Sue Henry 152 0.54
Natural Law Graeme Lodge 73 0.26 69
Independent Tony Cranston 67 0.24
Republican Brian Freeth 40 0.14 21
Legalise Cannabis   178
United NZ   169 0.59
Libertarianz   63
Mauri Pacific   43
Animals First   39
McGillicuddy Serious   30
NMP   13
One NZ   12
Mana Māori   10
People's Choice Party 3
Freedom Movement 2
South Island   1
Total Valid votes 28,026 28,494
Labour gain from National Majority 2,512 8.96

1996 election[edit]

General election, 1996: Maungakiekie[10][11][12]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Belinda Vernon 11,621 36.24 10,351 32.03
Labour Red XN Richard Northey 11,393 35.52 11,024 34.12
NZ First Gilbert Myles 4,031 12.57 3,405 10.54
Alliance Matt Robson 3,188 9.94 2,706 8.37
ACT Angus Ogilvie 965 3.01 2,317 7.17
Progressive Green Dorothy Bond 254 0.79 115 0.36
McGillicuddy Serious John Orchard 207 0.65 72 0.22
United NZ Ramparkash Samujh 200 0.62 222 0.69
Natural Law Graeme Lodge 114 0.36 78 0.24
Advance New Zealand England So'onalole 66 0.21 22 0.07
Republican Bill Puru 32 0.10
Christian Coalition   1,207 3.74
Legalise Cannabis   400 1.24
Ethnic Minority Party 255 0.79
Animals First   46 0.14
Superannuitants & Youth   25 0.08
Libertarianz   17 0.05
Green Society   15 0.05
Mana Māori   14 0.04
Conservatives   14 0.04
Asia Pacific United 7 0.02
Te Tawharau 0 0.00
Informal votes 400 159
Total Valid votes 32,071 32,312
National win new seat Majority 228 0.71

Table footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official Count Results -- Maungakiekie". Chief Electoral Office. Retrieved 15 December 2011. 
  2. ^ "Official Count Results -- Maungakiekie (2014)". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 11 April 2016. 
  3. ^ 2011 election results
  4. ^ "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 26 November 2011. 
  5. ^ 2008 election results
  6. ^ 2005 election results
  7. ^ 2002 election results
  8. ^ "Candidate vote details - Maungakiekie 1999". October 2005. 
  9. ^ "Votes for registered parties by electorate, 1999". October 2005. 
  10. ^ "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place - Maungakiekie, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  11. ^ "Part III - Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 
  12. ^ "Part III - Party Lists of unsuccessful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.