Maungdaw

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Maungdaw
မောင်တောမြို့
Maungdaw is located in Myanmar
Maungdaw
Maungdaw
Location in Myanmar (Burma)
Coordinates: 20°49′N 92°22′E / 20.817°N 92.367°E / 20.817; 92.367
Country  Myanmar
Division Rakhine State
District Maungdaw District
Township Maungdaw Township
Area
 • Total 582.92 sq mi (1,509.8 km2)
Elevation 10 ft (3 m)
Population (2008) 400,000[1]
 • Ethnicities

80% Rohingya

 • Religions Buddhism, Islam, Christianity, Hinduism
Time zone MMT (UTC+6:30)

Maungdaw (Burmese: မောင်တောမြို့; MLCTS: maung:tau mrui., pronounced: [máʊɴdɔ́ mjo̰]) is a town in Rakhine State, in the western part of Myanmar (Burma). It is the administrative seat of Maungdaw Township and Maungdaw District. Maungdaw is the westernmost city of Myanmar and borders Bangladesh. Maungdaw is 16 miles away from Buthidaung. The two towns are separated by the May Yu Mountains and are connected by two tunnels built in 1918.

British troops stand at the entrance to the Maungdaw-Buthidaung road captured by the Allied 15th Corps in January 1944.

History[edit]

In 2016, following border attacks by Rohingya insurgents, reports emerged of Burmese soldiers conducting "mass arrests, torture, the burning of villages, killings of civilians and the systematic rape of Rohingya women."[2] Approximately 820 villages in five towns were destroyed in the violence.[3]

Demographics[edit]

In 2008, the population was nearly 400,000 people. The majority of the populace, about 80%, are stateless Rohingya people. The Burmese government does not include Rohingyas on its list of ethnic groups of Myanmar, and thus does not recognize their claim on Burmese citizenship.[1] The remainder of the populace consists of a wide range of ethnic groups, including Rakhine, Bamar, Daingnet, and Mro.


Education[edit]

As of 2011, there are eight high schools, 10 middle schools, 16 post-primary schools and 125 primary schools.[4]

Economy[edit]

Maungdaw has conducted trade with the Bangladeshi town of Teknaf since September 1995.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/article3703383.ece
  2. ^ "Aung San Suu Kyi fails to calm Myanmar's ethnic violence". The Economist. 24 December 2016. Retrieved 24 December 2016. 
  3. ^ Human Rights Watch (November 21, 2017). "Burma: New Wave of Destruction in Rohingya Villages". Archived from the original on January 18, 2017. Human Rights Watch identified a total of 820 destroyed buildings in five villages of Maungdaw district from an analysis of very high resolution satellite imagery recorded on November 10, 17, and 18. This damage is in addition to the 430 destroyed buildings Human Rights Watch identified from satellite imagery on November 13. Of the 820 destroyed buildings, 255 were in the village of Yae Khat Chaung Gwa Son; 265 in Dar Gyi Zar; 65 in Pwint Hpyu Chaung; 15 in Myaw Taung; and 220 in Wa Peik (in addition to the 100 which were destroyed earlier in the village). Human Rights Watch also reviewed thermal anomaly data collected by environmental satellite sensors that detected the presence of multiple active fires burning in the village of Pwint Hpyu Chaung on November 12, in Dar Gyi Zar on November 13, and in Yae Khat Chaung Gwa Son on November 13, 14, and 15. Dense tree cover may have concealed a limited number of additional buildings that were destroyed, making it possible that the actual number is higher. 
  4. ^ The New Light of Myanmar (PDF). 12 (139): Page 7 Column 2. 2004-09-02 http://web.archive.org/web/20040902123638/http://www.mrtv3.net.mm/newpaper/29newsn.pdf. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2004-09-02. Retrieved 2016-10-15.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/200607/14/eng20060714_283041.html

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 20°49′N 92°22′E / 20.817°N 92.367°E / 20.817; 92.367