|Birth name||Claudine Luypaerts|
|Also known as||Claudie Claude, Claude Maurane|
|Born||12 November 1960|
|Died||7 May 2018 (aged 57)|
Claudine Luypaerts, better known as Maurane (pronounced [moʁan]; 12 November 1960 – 7 May 2018), was a Francophone Belgian singer and actress.
Brought to light in the 1980s with her role as Marie-Jeanne in the second version of the rock opera Starmania, her best-known titles are "Toutes les mamas", "Sur un prélude de Bach" and "Tu es mon autre" (in a duet with Lara Fabian). She was regularly referred to as a "golden voice of francophone song," or having a "velvet voice."
1960–1976: Early life and musical education
Claudine Luypaerts was born on 12 November 1960 in Ixelles, Brussels, to Guy-Philippe Luypaerts, a composer and director of Académie de Musique of Verviers, and Jeannie Patureaux, a piano teacher. When she was young, she studied the violin for a while, but was put off by all forms of schooling and began to learn to sing and play the piano on her own, before preferring the guitar.
In 1976, she was second in the Visa competition for the show and, the following year, took part in the Lundis d'Hortense, for which she adopted the stage name "Claudie Claude".
1979–1988: Beginnings, Danser and Starmania
In 1979, Maurane took part in the show Brel en mille temps, with Philippe Lafontaine, where she was discovered by the French songwriter Pierre Barouh. Founder of the Saravah label, he produced her first singles which were released starting in 1980 under the pseudonym "Claude Maurane". The latter is a reference to the director Francis Morane who worked on Starmania. However, it is spelled slightly differently in order to avoid confusion with the Bob Morane comic strip, even though she is sometimes credited under this spelling.[note 1]
The first singles - "J'me roule en boule" (1980), "Fais soleil" (1982), "T'as pas la pêche" (1984), "Moi l'argent, toi jeune" (1985) - did not meet with much success. She later got a string of small contracts, singing in the street or in cafés and to be a backing singer, notably for Viktor Lazlo, Jo Lemaire or Philippe Lafontaine.
Her career only really took off in 1983 when she first performed at the Sentier des Halles in Paris. The show's success allowed her to record her first album, Danser, produced by Saravah, Éditions 23 and Franc'Amour, which was released in 1986.
In 1988, Michel Berger cast her in the role of Marie-Jeanne, created in 1978 by Fabienne Thibeault. She sang in the second version of the rock opera Starmania, which toured for six months with Renaud Hantson, Sabrina Lory, Wenta, Martine St. Clair, Peter Lorne and the brothers Norman and Richard Groulx. Performing this role at the same time as her singing career proved to be difficult for her, leading her to suddenly stop performing in the rock opera. She was replaced by Réjane Perry for the rest of the tour.
1989–1994: Maurane, Ami ou ennemi and Olympia live dates
Her second album, Maurane, was released in 1989 on Polydor and proved to be a success, selling 150,000 copies. The album contains one of her most popular songs ː "Toutes les mamas," and its success led her to perform at the Olympia then on an international tour that ended in Japan. In July 1989, Maurane was awarded both the Radio France Internationale's female Octave, and the Festival d'été de Québec award.
In 1991, the Ami ou ennemi album was released, continuing the previous success and selling very well over time – nearly 450,000 copies were sold – thanks to titles such as "Ça casse," "Du mal," "Mentir" and particularly Jean-Claude Vannier's "Sur un prélude de Bach," which would have a resounding impact on her career. The album also includes a song about her connection to the character she played in Starmania: "Qui es-tu Marie-Jeanne?"
She played a second time at the Olympia in May 1992, then toured Europe in Autumn 1992 and March–April 1993. She also performed a few festival dates, such as the Printemps de Bourges in April and the Francofolies in July 1993. Following these series of concerts, a live album entitled Une fille très scène, recorded at the Olympia in August 1993, was released in April 1994.
In 1994, Maurane received the Francophone Artist of the Year award at the Victoires de la musique, beating Céline Dion and Stephan Eicher. She had previously been nominated for the Female Artist of the Year award at the 1992 Victoires, but lost to Jane Birkin.
1995–1998: Différente, L'un pour l'autre and charitable commitment
In November 1995, Maurane released Différente, her fourth studio album, with Philippe Lafontaine and Jean-Claude Vannier still by her side. This release was followed by a concert tour created in collaboration with pianist Arnould Massart and the Guildhall String Ensemble.
Appreciated by her fellow artists, she was regularly solicited for charitable acts and, since 1993, had been involved in the fight against AIDS with Francis Cabrel, Michel Jonasz, Catherine Lara, Maxime Le Forestier and Alain Souchon. The group of artists gave a concert at the Olympia to raise funds for the Sol En Si ("Solidarité Enfants Sida") association and a live album was released. Four years later, they were joined by Zazie. Over time, various live and studio albums would be released and the band grew larger in size. Between 1996 and 2013, on fourteen occasions, Maurane also participated in the Enfoirés concerts supporting the Restos du cœur before leaving the troupe in 2015, due to a lack of motivation.
In 1998, she released L'un pour l'autre, a 'best-of' compilation, including five new tracks, whose title-song earned her, and songwriter Peter Lorne, the 1998 Oscar de la chanson française.
2000–2008: Toi du monde, Quand l'humain danse and Si aujourd'hui
At the dawn of the new century, Maurane began writing a new album. After working with several collaborators who, she would finally end up with a trustworthy team, composed of Tomàs Gubitsch, Jean Dindinaud and Nicolas Repac. These three would help her in dealing with the father's death in 1999, and support her through the making of Toi du monde, her fifth album, released in August 2000. This release turned out darker than usual for Maurane, and influenced by world music.
In 2003, the album Quand l'humain danse was released, a very personal album involving songwriters such as Jean-Jacques Goldman, Daniel Lavoie, Louise Forestier, Gildas Arzel and Jean-Claude Vannier and featuring duets with Marc Lavoine ("Un pays mais"), Lara Fabian ("Mais la vie") and Véronique Sanson ("Petites minutes cannibales"), all written by Peter Lorne. In 2004, a new live album, L'heureux tour, transcribed the tour that followed.
In January 2007, Maurane released Si aujourd'hui, which has not met with the success of her previous works. In June of the same year, her autobiography was published, titled "La Vie en Rouge", co-written with journalist Thierry Coljon.
2009–2014: Nougaro ou l'espérance en l'homme, Fais-moi une fleur and Ouvre
In January 2008, she recorded "The Baltimore Project" with Jacques Higelin, Riké and the group Sweet Air, in support of hostages around the world, including Íngrid Betancourt. In September 2009, as a tribute to her friend Claude Nougaro, who would have turned 80, she released a cover album entitled Nougaro ou l'espérance en l'homme. Just as her Nougaro tribute was releasing, she spent six days with Gil Goldstein and Jay Newland in New York to record her jazz-influenced Fais-moi une fleur record, released in September 2011.
From November 2012 to February 2013, then from October 2013 to February 2014, she was a member of the jury of the French TV talent show Nouvelle Star on D8 alongside André Manoukian, Sinclair and Olivier Bas.
In September 2014, the song "Trop Forte" was released, written by Pierre-Yves Lebert and Daran about the mental difficulties of being overweight, a theme that Maurane had never dared to address until then. This was the first single from her album Ouvre, released in November 2014. A series of other personal subjects were also tackled on the album, such as an open letter for her daughter on "Je voudrais tout te dire."
2016–2018: Later life and death, Brel
In 2016, she suffered from health issues and had to undergo an operation for an oedema of the vocal chords, forcing her to cancel her concerts and keep her away from the stage until 2018.
In March 2018, the singer announced, via a video recorded in the offices of her label Polydor and posted on social networks, that her next album would be a Jacques Brel tribute album, explaining she had "been dreaming about it for 15 years, 20 years". On 3 May 2018, she covered Brel's "La chanson des vieux amants" at the Inc'Rock Festival, as a duet with Typh Barrow. This performance was repeated on 6 May 2018, during the Iris Festival, alongside twenty or so artists, all of them celebrating Jacques Brel. Less than twenty-four hours after her last public appearance, Maurane was found dead in Schaerbeek.
On 7 May 2018, Maurane was found dead beside her bath at her home in Schaerbeek in the area of Brussels, Belgium. The following day, the magistrate of the Brussels public prosecutor's office confirmed the opening of a judicial inquiry, although the death of the singer was not considered as suspect. One month later, on 15 June 2018, the public prosecutor's office closed the case for lack of evidence of criminality, declaring that the singer's death was accidental and stating that "no further comments or details will be communicated". On 15 July, Maurane's daughter succinctly explained to Le Parisien that her mother had fallen.
Her funeral was held on 17 May 2018 in the church of Notre-Dame-des-Grâces in Woluwe-Saint-Pierre, a municipality in the Brussels region, and was followed by her burial in the cemetery of Auderghem, another municipality in the Belgian capital region where Maurane lived as a child. Hundreds of people came to pay their respects, as well as many artists who had travelled from France, such as Muriel Robin, Lara Fabian, Maxime Le Forestier, Zazie, Pascal Obispo, Michel Fugain, Francis Cabrel and Philip Catherine.
On 12 October 2018, her album Brel, finished, post-mortem, by Maurane's daughter and her pianist Philippe Decok, was released. The album is certified gold in Belgium.
Throughout her career, she performed duets with various artists such as Catherine Lara ("La Langue des Anges," in 1991), Michel Fugain (three live duets at the 1996 Francofolies de La Rochelle), Eddy Mitchell, who wrote "C'est magique" in 1998 and Lara Fabian ("Tu es mon autre," in 2001). The singer also released two albums in trio with Steve Houben and Charles Loos under the name HLM (Houben, Loos, Maurane) in 1986 and 2005.
On 29 December 1993, Maurane and singer Pablo Villafranca, whom she married in June 1992, became parents of a daughter, Lou. Despite their separation, Villafranca still sang as a backing vocalist on her 1995 album Différente. He also appeared in the music video for the song "Sur un prélude de Bach" and participated in the TV promo for the song "Désillusionniste."
Awards and distinctions
- 1983 : Best Song Award at the Festival de Spa for "Petite chanson sans problème"
- 1986 : Rapsat-Lelièvre award
- 1989 : RFi Octave award
- 1989 : Festival d'été de Québec award
- 1994 : Victoire de la musique, "Francophone Artist of the Year" category
- 1998 : Oscar de la chanson française (with Peter Lorne, songwriter) for "L'un pour l'autre"
- 2001: Chevalier de l'ordre des Arts et des Lettres (France)
- 2003: Knight of the Order of the Crown (Belgium)
- 2011: Officier de l'ordre des Arts et des Lettres (France)
- In 1987, Belgian poet Philippe Nowaczyk honours Maurane in his poem Signe particulier : chanteuse jazzy, published in his À bout portant collection.
- At the time of Maurane's death, the municipal college of Schaerbeek decided to rename the square in rue Jacques Rayé as "Square Maurane." She used to live at 32 rue Jacques Rayé in the Brussels municipality.
- She was also paid a tribute at the 2019 Enfoirés show.
- 1986 : Danser – HLM
- 1988 : Starmania (Rôle de Marie-Jeanne)
- 1989 : Maurane (100 000 copies selling – Gold Disc in France)
- 1991 : Ami ou ennemi (300 000 copies selling – Platinum Disc in France)
- 1994 : Une fille très scène
- 1996 : Différente – Les années Saravah (100 000 copies selling – Gold Disc in France)
- 1998 : L'un pour l'autre (300 000 copies selling – Platinum Disc in France)
- 1999 : Collection master série – Maurane à l'Olympia
- 2000 : Toi du monde (50 000 copies selling)
- 2003 : Quand l'humain danse (200 000 copies selling – Gold Disc in Belgium & Double Gold Disc in France))
- 2005 : Un ange passe (as part of the HLM trio)
- 2007 : Si aujourd'hui (100 000 copies selling – Platinum Disc in Belgium & Gold Disc in France)
- 2009 : Nougaro, ou l'esperance en l'homme (130 000 copies selling – Platinum Disc in France)
- 2014 : Ouvre
- 2018 : Brel
- 1986 : "Danser"
- 1988 : "Les uns contre les autres – Toutes les mamas"
- 1989 : "Tout pour un seul homme – Pas gaie la pagaille"
- 1990 : "Où es-tu?"
- 1991 : "Du mal – Mentir"
- 1992 : "Sur un prélude de Bach" – "Ami ou ennemi" – "Qui es-tu Marie-Jeanne?"
- 1993 : "Ça casse – Décidément"
- 1994 : "Boum!" (en concert)
- 1996 : "Différente quand je chante" – "Le paradis c'est l'enfer" – "Juste une petite fille"
- 1997 : "Tout va bien dans ce monde"
- 1998 : "L'un pour l'autre" – "Les yeux fermés"
- 1999 : "Désillusionniste" – "Chanson de l'autruche" (Émilie Jolie) – "La chanson des vieux amants" (en concert)
- 2000 : "Pour les âmes, pour les hommes" – "Qui à part nous?" – "Il neige des e-mails"
- 2001 : "Toi du monde"
- 2002 : "Tu es mon autre" (with Lara Fabian, nominated to Victoires de la Musique)
- 2003 : "Tout faux" – "Quand les sangs"
- 2004 : "Des millions de fois"
- 2014 : "Trop forte"
- 2015 : "Sous ces yeux-là"
- Maurane; Coljon, Thierry (2007). La vie en rouge : Autobiographie sereine. Brussels: Editions Luc Pire. ISBN 978-2-35425-010-2. OCLC 152505419.
- Maurane; Andrieu-Millagou, Caroline (2015). Trop forte!. Neuilly-sur-Seine: Michel Lafon. ISBN 978-2-7499-2472-4. OCLC 904493473.
- ^ For instance, in 1984, for her contribution to Jo Lemaire's eponymous album: Jo Lemaire at Discogs
- ^ "MUSIQUE. Décès de Maurane : ses plus grandes chansons". Le Dauphiné libéré (in French). 8 May 2018. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- ^ a b c Laserra, Annamaria (2010). Album Belgique. Peter Lang. p. 170. ISBN 978-90-5201-635-1.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "Maurane - Biographie, discographie et fiche artiste". RFI Musique (in French). 28 April 2020. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- ^ "Belgian singer Maurane (57) found dead at her home". VRT NWS. 8 May 2018. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- ^ Hache, Victor (10 February 2007). "" La mélancolie, chez moi, elle coule de source "". L'Humanité (in French). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- ^ Marolle, Emmanuel; Bureau, Éric (8 May 2018). "Décès de la chanteuse Maurane : une personnalité et une voix hors normes". Le Parisien (in French). Retrieved 12 May 2018.
- ^ Dinant, Marie-Noëlle; Peré, Blanca (8 May 2018). "La chanteuse Maurane est décédée à l'âge de 57 ans : retour sur une carrière d'exception". BX1 (in French). Retrieved 12 May 2018.
- ^ a b c Wangermée, Robert (1995). Dictionnaire de la chanson en Wallonie et à Bruxelles. Editions Mardaga. p. 244. ISBN 978-2-87009-600-0.
- ^ Maurane (26 February 2015). Trop forte !. Michel Lafon. p. 138. ISBN 978-2-7499-2545-5.
- ^ Serra, Michel (10 December 2014). "Maurane révèle pourquoi France Gall lui en veut depuis presque trente ans !". Closer (in French). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- ^ a b "Les Victoires de La Musique - Palmarès 1994". France TV (in French). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- ^ Coljon, Thierry (1 February 1992). "LES VICTOIRES DE LA MUSIQUE ALORS REGARDE LA VENGEANCE DE PATRICK BRUEL". Le Soir (in French). Retrieved 20 October 2020.
- ^ "Année 1992 - L'association - Les Victoires de la Musique Variétés". France TV. 19 January 2014. Archived from the original on 19 January 2014. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
- ^ "Maurane ouvre son coeur sur les Enfoirés". Gala (in French). 18 December 2014. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- ^ "A cause de ses problèmes de voix, Maurane va se faire opérer - Voici". Voici (in French). 19 April 2016. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- ^ "La chanteuse Maurane annule tous ses concerts". RTBF Info (in French). 29 August 2016. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- ^ Cadet, Thierry (24 March 2018). "Maurane va enregistrer un disque de reprises de Jacques Brel". Melody (in French). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- ^ Denis, Candice (7 May 2018). "Inc'Rock Festival : "Une édition réussie malgré une baisse de fréquentation"". La Dernière Heure (in French). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- ^ Dufrane, Thomas (6 May 2018). "Fête de l'Iris: Maurane et une vingtaine d'artistes bruxellois rendent hommage à Jacques Brel sur la place des Palais". BX1 (in French). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- ^ Fadoul, Karim; Verset, Jean-Claude (8 May 2018). "La chanteuse Maurane est décédée" (in French). RTBF Info. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
- ^ "Mort de Maurane: une information judiciaire ouverte en Belgique". BFM TV (in French). 8 May 2018. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- ^ "Le parquet de Bruxelles conclut que Maurane est bien décédée de cause accidentelle". La Libre (in French). 15 June 2018. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- ^ "Décès de Maurane: le parquet confirme qu'il s'agit d'un accident". Le Soir (in French). 15 June 2018. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- ^ Marolle, Emmanuel (15 July 2018). "Lou Villafranca, fille de Maurane : «La dernière fois que j'ai vu ma mère, elle enregistrait son disque»". Le Parisien (in French). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- ^ "Les funérailles de Maurane en vidéo". Le Soir (in French). 17 May 2018. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- ^ "L'enterrement de Maurane en photos". Le Soir (in French). 17 May 2018. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- ^ Varrod, Didier (19 October 2018). "Avec l'album "Brel" nous retrouvons Maurane et sa voix d'or". France Inter (in French). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- ^ "Exclusif : L'album "Brel" de Maurane déjà disque d'or !". RTBF TV (in French). 23 November 2018. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- ^ Mortaigne, Véronique (17 July 1996). "NTM anime de trop sages Francofolies". Le Monde (in French). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- ^ Henceval, Emile (1991). Dictionnaire du jazz à Bruxelles et en Wallonie. Editions Mardaga. p. 170. ISBN 978-2-87009-468-6.
- ^ Laurent, Déborah (25 October 2005). "HLM, 20 ans après". La Dernière Heure (in French). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- ^ "Maurane, à coeur ouvert, se confie sur sa fille Lou et sa famille "explosée"". Pure People (in French). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- ^ "Maurane en interview". Charts in France. 29 September 2009. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- ^ Bouchoul, Sabine (8 May 2018). "Maurane : retour sur son histoire d'amour avec Pablo Villafranca, le père de sa fille Lou - Gala". Gala (in French). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- ^ "Prix Rapsat-Lelièvre - Les lauréats". WBI for the people in Wallonia (in French). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- ^ "Une médaille à leur revers". La Libre (in French). 29 January 2002. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- ^ "Récompenses attribuées par le Gouvernement - En 2003". Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles. 3 July 2014. Archived from the original on 3 July 2014. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- ^ "Gad Elmaleh et Maurane, Officier des Arts et des Lettres". RTL People (in French). 31 May 2011. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- ^ "Le square de la rue Jacques Rayé à Schaerbeek sera renommé "Square Maurane"". RTBF Info (in French). 8 May 2018. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- ^ "Les Enfoirés 2019 : l'hommage à Maurane, le moment le plus poignant de la soirée". Elle (in French). 9 March 2019. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- ^ "Jukebo.fr – Le blog Jukebox à votre service". Jukebo.fr. Archived from the original on 7 March 2012. Retrieved 14 December 2010.