Maurawan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Maurawan
Town
Maurawan is located in Uttar Pradesh
Maurawan
Maurawan
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 26°26′N 80°53′E / 26.43°N 80.88°E / 26.43; 80.88Coordinates: 26°26′N 80°53′E / 26.43°N 80.88°E / 26.43; 80.88
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Unnao
Founded by Raja Shanker Sahai Seth
Government
 • Nagar Panchayat head Naveneet Shukla
Elevation 121 m (397 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 14,116
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 209821
Telephone code 05142
Sex ratio 920 /

Maurawan is a town and a nagar panchayat in the Unnao district of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.There is a white marble plaque on the wall (Big Gate) of K.N.P.N. Inter college in the village which commemorates the contribution of 12 men from the village, who went to the Great War 1914-1919 and fought on the side of the British imperial forces. It was ruled for a majority of time by Raja Shanker Sahai of Unnao. His eldest son, Kunwar Guru Narain Seth, a Congressman, was the unopposed MLC from this region for 22 years. It has the ancestral palace still in place. Raja Shanker Sahai and Rani Shanker Sahai Inter College operate in this area.

Geography[edit]

Maurawan is located at 26°26′N 80°53′E / 26.43°N 80.88°E / 26.43; 80.88.[1] It has an average elevation of 121 metres (397 ft). Maurawan is 55 km from Lucknow, 42 km from Unnao, 45 km from Rai Baraily and 62 km from Kanpur. The nearest airport is Lucknow.

The great temple of the Goddess Durga, known as "Bankhandi devi", is one of the most venerated places in the area around Maurawan. Not only those from Maurawan but also residents of other districts come to visit this sacred location. According to some[who?], British officers tried to demolish the temple along with the "pindi"[clarification needed], but as soon as they hit the pindi a loud tiger's roar frightened them into fleeing. The greatest number of visitors come to the temple during Navratri, and locals have worshipped the "pindi" daily since the time of that legend.

Maurawan is also famous for its poets and authors.The writer of famous fictional show Chandrakanta -DevvkiNandan Khatri lived here for some time and the recipient of the president award Dr.Arun Prakash Awasthi was born here.

Etymology[edit]

It is believed that the name Maurawan is a distorted version of the town's earlier name "Mor-wan", which is a Hindi word meaning "jungle of peacocks". There is a myth concerning that name that revolves around the king Harishchandra, who was very faithful and never lied throughout his life. According to the myth, God decided to test his truthfulness and his faith and caused him to lose his kingdom and all his money, and his friends to become his enemies. A snake bit and killed his son, and his wife had become a maid for the new queen but could not even afford a funeral shroud and had to cover him with her torn sari. After this, God appeared in disguise and blessed the king for his faith despite the circumstances. He renewed Harischandra's kingdom and brought his son back to life. When Harischandra returned, the peacocks danced in rain and the God was so mesmerized by the lushness of the kingdom and its natural beauty that he blessed the kingdom and called it "Mor-van".The main reason behind the name is the kind king RAJA MAURADHWAJ after his name the town is named

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2001 Indian census,[2] Maurawan had a population of 14,116. Males constituted 52% of the population and females 48%. Maurawan had an average literacy rate of 57.63%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy was 55% and female literacy was 42%. Fifteen percent of the population was under six years of age.

Tourism[edit]

Maurawan is famous for its havelis (mansions) and the ruins of ancient forts. It has the Haveli of Raja Maurawan intact which is known as Shankar Palace. It is also known for the sweet delicacies peda and rabdi, and for the small vendors that come from nearby villages to sell their wares. The locals re-enact the Hindu mythological book the Ramayana and many visitors come to see this performance. On the day of dashahra like all over world people celebrate by "Raven dehen" but in maurawan the Ravana never dies. It is believed that he was the great devotee of lord Shiva.

Education[edit]

Maurawan has degree colleges, inter (intermediate) colleges and one Sanskrit MahaVidyalaya that offers a degree. The list of colleges,schools & library in Maurawan are:

  1. babu rampal degree college maurawan
  2. K.N.P.N.Inter College (established in 1897)
  3. B.K.H.R Inter College (noted for commerce program, established in 1914)
  4. Maulana Hasrat Mohani School
  5. Munni Devi Bal Vidya Mandir
  6. Rama Devi SarasSwati Shishu Mandir
  7. Sanskrit Maha Vidyalya
  8. Madarsha Dargah Islami
  9. Darul Uloom Ziyaul Islam since 1924 ad
  10. Hindi Sahitya Pustkalay established in 1917. 11.Raja Shanker Sahai Inter College. 12.Rani Shanker Sahai Inter College.

Economy[edit]

The most common occupations in Maurawan are agriculture and business. Common crops include rice, wheat, pulses and mustard. Business revenue is generated through the transport and hotel industries, as well as the production of peda by Shambhu and rabdi by Mahavir. The Chandan Ganj market sells all varieties of goods to locals, but is particularly famous for seeds.Bhaijaan kirana store is famous general store of Maurawan.

References[edit]