Maureen Starkey Tigrett
||This article's tone or style may not reflect the encyclopedic tone used on Wikipedia. (January 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|Maureen Starkey Tigrett|
Still of Maureen from the "Something" promotional video
4 August 1946
|Died||30 December 1994
Seattle, Washington, US
|Cause of death||Leukaemia|
|Other names||Mo Starkey|
|Spouse(s)||Ringo Starr (m. 1965–75)
Isaac Tigrett (m. 1989–94)
Maureen "Mo" Starkey Tigrett, born Mary Cox (4 August 1946 – 30 December 1994) was a hairdresser from Liverpool, England, best known as the first wife of the Beatles' drummer, Ringo Starr. She met Starr at The Cavern Club, where the Beatles were playing, when she was a trainee hairdresser in Liverpool. Starr proposed marriage at the Ad-Lib Club in London, on 20 January 1965. They married at the Caxton Hall Register Office, London, in 1965, and divorced in 1975.
First living at 34 Montagu Square, Marylebone, the Starrs bought Sunny Heights, in St George's Hill, Weybridge. In 1973, they bought Tittenhurst Park from John Lennon. They had three children together: Zak, Jason, and a daughter, Lee. As a favour to Starr, Frank Sinatra recorded a special version of "The Lady Is a Tramp" for Maureen's 22nd birthday in 1968.
Maureen died at home of leukemia on 30 December 1994, after receiving treatment at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, Washington. Her four children, mother, then-husband and ex-husband Starr were at her bedside when she died.
Mary Cox was born on 4 August 1946, in Liverpool, England. She was the only child of Joseph Cox, a ship's steward, and Florence Cox (née Barrett). As a teenager, she remembered turning her school uniform around to make it look like a frock, and paying a school friend ten cigarettes a day to teach her how to "smoke properly". She left convent school when she was 14 years old, changing her name to Maureen when she began her career as a trainee manicurist/hairdresser at Ashley du Pre, in Liverpool, but was known as "Mo" to her friends.
At 15, Cox became a regular at The Cavern Club, and remembered the long queues and violent competition for access to the Beatles. Although she got a kiss from Ringo, whom she called ‘Ritchie’ (for Richard), he did not immediately notice her among his numerous fans. All the Beatles were supposed to be officially unattached, for image purposes, and when Ringo started dating Cox, she was often threatened, and once scratched in the face by a vicious rival. She even had to stop working as a hairdresser because of the threats. In September 1963, with her parents' permission, she travelled to Greece with Starr, McCartney and Jane Asher.
On the eve of an international tour, Starr collapsed during a photo session at a studio in Barnes, London. Stricken with a 102 °F (39 °C) fever and tonsillitis, he was rushed to hospital, where Cox visited every day to help him recuperate. Afterwards they became a monogamous couple. On 20 January 1965, Starr proposed marriage to Cox at the Ad-Lib Club, above the Prince Charles Theatre, London.
After finding out she was pregnant in late January 1965, Starr and the 18-year-old Cox were married at the Caxton Hall Register Office, London, by the superintendent registrar Barry Digweed, on 11 February 1965. Starr listed his father's profession as 'confectioner', and she listed her father as 'ship's steward'. Starr wrote that his profession was 'musician', but she left her profession blank.
Because of the pregnancy, the Beatles' manager Brian Epstein arranged the wedding very quickly, hoping it would be a private affair, with John Lennon telling her there should be no tears, or she 'wouldn't be one of the gang'. McCartney was in Tunisia at the time, and could not attend. After the wedding, George Harrison (who had arrived on a bicycle) jokingly said 'Two down, two to go', meaning the only two Beatles who were not married: Harrison and McCartney. The Starrs had a brief honeymoon for three days at the holiday home of Epstein's lawyer, David Jacobs, in Prince's Crescent, Hove, but gave an interview in the back garden on their wedding day, as they were being besieged by numerous reporters, with 100 photographers. Starr then had to depart to the Bahamas for the filming of Help!, on 22 February. She made it clear from the start that she would not give interviews, as a Beatles spokesperson explained: 'She doesn't want to get mixed up in publicity, and Ringo doesn't want her to, either.'
The Starrs were living at 34 Montagu Square, Marylebone, when Epstein's accountant suggested that the group members should move to houses near his, in Esher. Lennon bought a house called Kenwood in St George's Hill, Weybridge, Harrison bought Kinfauns on a nearby estate in Esher, and on 24 July 1965, the Starrs bought Sunny Heights, on South Road, St George's Hill, for £30,000 ($72,000). Ken Partridge was asked to redesign the interior of the six-bedroomed house, incorporating a private pub above the garage, called The Flying Cow, which had a mirrored bar, pool table, jukebox, and a portrait of Lennon and McCartney on the wall. A TV was usually on in every single room, and a go-kart track was laid in the grounds. Although she cooked for the family, the Starrs had a nanny who lived in the house, and a cleaning woman who visited every day.
After Lennon moved away, they sold Sunny Heights for £50,000 ($120,000), and bought a 16th-century mansion in Elstead, from Peter Sellers, which they soon sold to Stephen Stills, before moving into Roundhill, on Compton Avenue, Highgate, London, on 25 April 1969. They bought Tittenhurst Park on 18 September 1973, which had been Lennon's former home.
Cox enjoyed the closeness of Cynthia Lennon and Pattie Harrison, as they often went on holiday together, shopping, and celebrated Christmas. Starr promised that he would set up a nationwide hairdressing business for his wife, but the idea was later shelved, as she had to deal with looking after their children and being the wife of a Beatle. This would entail waiting with other Beatles' partners, at clubs like the Speakeasy Club, the Ad-Lib, or the Scotch of St James, or staying up all night, waiting for Starr to come home after a recording session, with a cooked meal waiting for him. She was also asked to look after voluminous fan club mail, and would personally answer letters. The Starrs were both interested in various arts, and collaborated on photo montages, paintings and simple sculptures together.
On 19 February 1968, the Starrs travelled to Rishikesh, India, with McCartney and Asher, joining the Lennons and the Harrisons, who had arrived three days earlier. Maureen took an instant dislike to the spiders, mosquitoes, and flies that were ever-present in the ashram, and as Starr was allergic to many foodstuffs, he had taken a case full of tinned baked beans along, but soon tired of them. The division between the sexes was emphasised by the male musicians sitting outside at night composing songs, while their partners would gather together in one of their rooms, often talking about life as the wife or partner of a Beatle. The Starrs left India on 1 March, saying the unfamiliar food was not to their liking, and they were missing their children.
Cox sang backup vocals on "The Continuing Story of Bungalow Bill" (from The White Album) and was, along with Yoko Ono, in attendance at the Apple Corps' rooftop concert in 1969, which was filmed for Let It Be, showing her sitting next to the chimney stack with Ono to keep warm. McCartney can be heard saying 'Thanks, Mo' after the final performance of "Get Back" on the album Let It Be.
Frank Sinatra's birthday song
The very first song in the Apple Records catalogue was a special private recording by Frank Sinatra. In 1968, as a favour to Starr, Sinatra recorded a special version of his previously released song, "The Lady Is a Tramp", for Mo's birthday. Sammy Cahn re-wrote the lyrics, and personalised them: "She married Ringo, and she could have had Paul/That's why the lady is a champ". Sinatra's recording was pressed as a single in Los Angeles, and notated as Apple 1. (Note: "Hey Jude" had been previously released as a single, but was not given an Apple Records catalogue number, instead appearing sequentially in the Parlophone and Capitol catalogues.) Starr presented his wife with the single on her 22nd birthday, 4 August 1968. Only a few copies were pressed before the master tape was destroyed; the song is still in demand by record collectors. A poor quality copy of the song began circulating in collector circles, and is now available on several bootleg albums. Starr and his wife attended a Sinatra concert in London, on 8 May 1970.
Zak Starkey was born on 13 September 1965, at Queen Charlotte's Maternity Hospital, the same day as the single, "Yesterday" was released. She said at the time: "I'd like the baby to be like Ringo, but he need not necessarily follow in his father's footsteps". Starr said his son was "a little smasher", but also said, "I won't let Zak be a drummer", which was not to be, as his son later went to on to play with The Who and Oasis. Jason Starkey was born on 19 August 1967, and daughter Lee Starkey was born on 11 November 1970.
When the Beatles broke up in 1970, so did the Starrs' marriage, as Starr's infidelities were becoming more frequent, and his alcoholism was escalating. When the Harrisons were visiting the Starrs, Harrison confessed how much he loved Maureen, which led to an affair. Starr threatened divorce when he was told by Harrison's wife Pattie Harrison who had found the pair in bed together. Lennon was equally angry with Harrison, describing the affair as being "virtual incest".
Despite the couple's problems, notwithstanding extra-marital affairs, she did not want to divorce Starr, but eventually, on 17 July 1975, their divorce was finalised on the grounds of Starr's affair with American fashion model Nancy Lee Andrews. Starr agreed to give his ex-wife custody of their children, and a one-off payment of £125,000, £23,000 a year, and £2,500 a year, for each of their children. The end of her marriage depressed her deeply; she once rode a motorbike into a brick wall in an unsuccessful suicide attempt. Starr later admitted that his first marriage had been dysfunctional, confessing that he had been "a drunk, a wife-beater and an absent father".
In November 1987 she instructed her counsel, Thayne Forbes QC, to sue Withers, the London firm of solicitors that had handled her divorce settlement, for an alleged "breach of contract and negligence", saying that a partner, Charles Doughty, had not fully investigated Starr's finances at the time and had not given enough consideration to the settlement amount and her personal needs. She was present for every day of the three-week court case, and when called to give evidence, she referred to herself as "thick as two short planks", and Starr as being a "sodding great Andy Capp" (a womanising, drunk cartoon character). Acquitting Doughty and Withers, Mr Justice Bush said that Starr was "a generous man", as he had increased her yearly payments twice since their divorce, ordering her to pay the whole bill for the case, which was estimated to be over £200,000.
Later life and death
In 1976, Maureen started to live with Isaac Tigrett, best known as one of the founders of the Hard Rock Cafe and the House of Blues. They were married in Monaco, on 27 May 1989. Tigrett, known for collecting memorabilia, once said that Maureen was his "ultimate collectible". During her relationship and marriage to Tigrett she often used the phrase, "Just give me furs, jewels and property, thank you". They had one daughter together, Augusta King Tigrett, who was born on 4 January 1987, in Dallas, Texas.
Maureen and Starr became grandparents when Tatia Jayne Starkey was born on 7 September 1985, to their eldest son, Zak, and his wife, Sarah Starkey (née Menikides), in England.
Cox died at home on 30 December 1994, due to complications from leukaemia, after receiving treatment at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, Washington. She had received bone marrow from her son, Zak, who then donated blood platelets and white blood cells. Maureen's four children, her 82-year-old mother, husband Tigrett and ex-husband Starr were all at her bedside when she died. Following her death, McCartney wrote the song "Little Willow" in her memory, which appears on his 1997 album, Flaming Pie, with a dedication to her children.
- Harry 2004, p. 333.
- "Drummer's Girl". People. 16 January 1995. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
- O'Dell & Ketcham 2010.
- Harry 2004, p. 180.
- "General Statements: 1964–67". Beatle Money. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
- Barrow 2006, p. 60.
- Cross 2004, p. 52.
- Schaffner 1980, p. 53.
- Davies, Hunter (13 September 1968). Beatles. Life. p. 110. Retrieved 22 April 2011.
- Barrow 2006, p. 94.
- Spitz 2005, p. 505.
- Mulligan 2004, p. 80.
- Cross 2004, p. 143.
- Mulligan 2010, p. 84.
- Bar-Hillel, Mira (6 March 2003). "Honeymoon homes in Caxton Hall". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
- "Ringo Marries His Hairdresser". The News and Courier. 12 February 1965. p. 1.
- Cross 2004, p. 105.
- Gilmore, Eddy (11 April 1965). "Mrs. Ringo Becomes Musical Royalty". Eugene Register-Guard. p. 27.
- Spitz 2005, p. 573.
- Barrow 2006, p. 143.
- "Ringo Starr-y Eyed About Tender Trap". The Windsor Star. 7 February 1965. p. 7.
- Mulligan 2010, p. 85.
- Miles 1998, p. 240.
- Miles 1998, pp. 166–167.
- Ross, Maris (5 January 1969). "Beatles Break Up; Seek New Homes". Press-Courier. p. 21.
- Lennon 2005, pp. 205–206.
- Spitz 2005, p. 596.
- Lennon 2005, p. 206.
- Davies, Hunter (20 September 1968). "Beatles". Life. p. 81.
- "Income: 1968–70". Beatle Money. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
- Matteo 2004, p. 21.
- Ingham 2003, p. 173.
- Barrow 2006, p. 44.
- Lennon 2005, pp. 204–206.
- Barrow 2006, p. 31.
- Spitz 2005, p. 737.
- Walker, Tim (22 March 2008). "A hard day's wife – The fab four wives' club". The Independent (London). Retrieved 23 April 2011.
- Ingham 2003, p. 281.
- Lelyveld, Joseph (23 February 1968). "Beatles' Guru is Turning Them into Gurus With Cram Course". The New York Times.
- O'Hagen, Sean (25 April 2004). "Dear Ringo. It's hot. Wish you were here". Observer (London). Retrieved 23 April 2011.
- Spitz 2005, pp. 754–755.
- Spitz 2005, p. 750.
- Mulligan 2010, p. 105.
- Cross 2004, p. 176.
- Cross 2004, p. 269.
- Mansfield 2007, p. 99.
- Sulpy & Schweighardt 1997, pp. 301–304.
- "Maureen Is A Champ". Little Willow. Retrieved 14 July 2011.
- Finkelstein, Daniel (28 April 2009). "Is this the rarest record ever made?". Comment Central. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
- Finkelstein, Daniel (28 April 2009). "Is this the rarest record ever made?". The Times. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
- Bramwell 2009.
- MisterKite (16 November 2008). "The Beatles – Unbootlegged 25". Bootleg Zone. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
- Loker 2009, p. 370.
- Cross 2004, p. 117.
- "A Starr is Born, Ringo's a Pop". The Miami News. 14 September 1965. p. 12.
- Spitz 2005, p. 584.
- Sutton, Michael. "Zak Starkey, AMG biography". Retrieved 2 November 2010.
- Cross 2004, p. 160.
- Cross 2004, p. 244.
- Badman 2001, p. 135.
- Brown, Peter; Gaines, Steven (14 April 1983). "George falls for Ringo's wife and it's divorce Beatles-style". The Gazette. p. 82.
- Gilmore 2009, p. 133.
- Gould 2008, p. 604.
- "The Beatles – All About The Beatles at". Beatlemania.ca. Retrieved 6 February 2011.
- "Ex-wife Maureen lifts the lid on superstar – RINGO CAPP!". Daily Mirror. 3 November 1987.
- "£200,000 legal bill for Ringo Starr's ex-wife". The Glasgow Herald. 20 November 1987. p. 11.
- "Ringo". The Independent (London). 28 October 1995. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
- "Ringo's ex-wife 'simple'". Evening Times. 4 November 1987. p. 2.
- Kaynak, Ajami & Bear 2006, p. 146.
- Buncombe, Andrew (8 December 2006). "Hard Rock Cafe: The tribe that bought a billion dollar business". The Independent (London). Retrieved 23 April 2011.
- Patoski, Nick (January 1987). "Between a Hard Rock and a Place". Texas Monthly. p. 96.
- "Official Biography: Isaac Burton Tigrett". Isaac Tigrett. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
- "Simple funeral held for rock drummer". The Calgary Herald. 13 September 1978. p. B9.
- Badman 2001, p. 275.
- Edmondson 2010, p. 173.
- "Ringo becomes a grandfather". Star-News. 10 September 1985. p. 4.
- "Former Wife of Ringo Starr Dies in Seattle". The Seattle Times. 1 January 1995. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
- Badman 2001, p. 525.
- "Drummer's Girl". People. 16 January 1995. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
- Benitez 2010, p. 148.
- Harry 2004, p. 236.
- Badman, Keith (2001). The Beatles Diary Volume 2: After The Break-Up 1970–2001. Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-0-7119-7520-0.
- Barrow, Tony (2006). John, Paul, George, Ringo and Me. Thunder's Mouth Press. ISBN 978-1-56025-882-7.
- Benitez, Vincent Perez (2010). The Words and Music of Paul McCartney: The Solo Years. Praeger Publishers. ISBN 978-0-313-34969-0.
- Bramwell, Tony (2009). Magical Mystery Tours. Portico. ISBN 978-1-906032-67-8.
- Brown, Peter; Gaines, Steven (2002). The Love You Make: An Insider's Story of the Beatles. New American Library. ISBN 978-0-451-20735-7.
- Cross, Craig (2004). Day-By-Day Song-By-Song Record-By-Record. iUniverse. ISBN 978-0-595-31487-4.
- Davies, Hunter (1968). The Beatles. McGraw-Hill Companies. ISBN 978-0-07-015463-6.
- Gilmore, Mikal (2009). Stories Done: Writings on the 1960s and Its Discontents. Free Press. ISBN 978-0-7432-8746-3.
- Gould, Jonathan (2008). Can't Buy Me Love: The Beatles, Britain and America. Piatkus Books. ISBN 978-0-7499-2988-6.
- Harry, Bill (2004). The Ringo Starr encyclopedia. Virgin Books. ISBN 978-0-7535-0843-5.
- Ingham, Chris (2003). The rough guide to the Beatles. Rough Guides. ISBN 978-1-84353-140-1.
- Kaynak, Erdener; Ajami, Riad; Bear, Marca Marie (2006). The Global Enterprise: Entrepreneurship and Value Creation. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-7890-2340-7.
- Lennon, Cynthia (2005). John. Hodder & Stoughton. ISBN 978-0-340-89512-2.
- Loker, Bradford E. (2009). History with The Beatles. Dog Ear Publishing. ISBN 978-1-60844-039-9.
- Mansfield, Ken (2007). The White Book: The Beatles, the Bands, the Biz: An Insider's Look at an Era. Nelson Current. ISBN 978-1-59555-101-6.
- Matteo, Stephen (2004). The Beatles' "Let It Be". Continuum International Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-8264-1634-6.
- Miles, Barry (1997). Many Years From Now. Vintage-Random House. ISBN 978-0-7493-8658-0.
- Mulligan, Kate Siobhan (2010). The Beatles: A Musical Biography (Story of the Band). Greenwood Press. ISBN 978-0-313-37686-3.
- O'Dell, Chris; Ketcham, Katherine (2010). Miss O'Dell: My Hard Days and Long Nights with the "Beatles", the "Stones", Bob Dylan, Eric Clapton, and the Women They Loved. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-1-4165-9094-1.
- Schaffner, Nicholas (1980). The boys from Liverpool: John, Paul, George, Ringo. Routledge Kegan & Paul. ISBN 978-0-416-30661-3.
- Spitz, Bob (2005). The Beatles – The Biography. Little, Brown and Company. ISBN 978-0-316-80352-6.
- Sulpy, Doug; Schweighardt, Ray (1997). Get Back: The Unauthorized Chronicle of the Beatles' Let it Be Disaster. Diane Publishing Co. ISBN 978-0-7881-9339-2.