Maurice Antoine François Monguillot

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Maurice Antoine François Monguillot
Governor-General of French Indochina
In office
22 May 1919 – 19 February 1920
Preceded byAlbert Sarraut
Succeeded by Maurice Long
In office
23 Apr 1925 – 18 Nov 1925
Preceded byMartial Henri Merlin
Succeeded byAlexandre Varenne
In office
1 November 1927 – 7 August 1928
Preceded byPierre Marie Antoine Pasquier
Succeeded byEugène Jean Louis René Robin
Personal details
Born(1874-08-09)9 August 1874
Paris, France
Died23 June 1945(1945-06-23) (aged 70)
OccupationColonial administrator

Maurice Antoine François Monguillot (9 August 1874 – 23 June 1945) was a French colonial administrator in French Indochina[1] and soldier. He served as the acting governor-general of French Indochina three times; from May 1919 to February 1920, April 1925 to November 1925 and November 1927 to August 1928.


Monguillot was named a Chevalier of the Légion d’Honneur on 18 January 1911, an Officier (Officer) of the Légion d’Honneur on 23 March 1916, Commandeur (Commander) of the Légion d’Honneur on 18 January 1921.[1] His published notice for Commandeur of the Légion d’Honneur in 1925 notes that he had served as a Resident Superior (First Class) in Indo-China, Resident Superior in Tonkin and was later administrator of the Distilleries of Indochine, president of the Colonial Trust, then president of the nationalized tin mines in Upper Tonkin.[2]

He won admission to the École Polytechnique of the Ministère de la Guerre in 1894 [3] for four years, then served as an artillery soldier in the Troupes de marine from 1896 and into World War I until 1916. He served in Tonkin in 1902 during wartime, in peacetime Tunisia in 1906, to the French Antilles in 1908, in Cochinchina in 1909, wartime Tonkin in 1912, wartime Madagascar 1911–1912, French Equatorial Africa 1913–1914 and in the First World War in France from 2 August 1914 to 31 March 1916.[1]

His school admission records to the École Polytechnique note that he was 1.67m tall with dark blonde hair and grey-blue eyes.[4]

During his time as administrator in Asia, he published a decree on 30 October 1925, protecting the Angkor site.[5] During Andre Malraux's time in Indochina, Monguillot watched him closely due to his association with Bolsheviks; when Malraux was in Hanoi, Monguillot refused to see him.[6]

Monguillot asked to exercise (and was granted) his pension rights due to his long tenure with the government (with a special dispensation because of his age) starting 1 March 1929. He was aged 55 at the time.[7]

Monguillot had a bird named after him, the Vietnamese greenfinch, so named by the American ornithologist Jean Théodore Delacour in 1926 under the binomial name Hypacanthis monguilloti [8]


  1. ^ a b c Government of France (1919–1945). Notice –Légion d'Honneur (Report). Ministere de la Culture. Retrieved November 2, 2018.
  2. ^ "TITULAIRES CIVILS DE LA LÉGION D'HONNEUR EN INDOCHINE" (PDF). Retrieved November 2, 2018. as published in the Journal officiel de la République française, January 15, 1925
  3. ^ Various (September 28, 1894). Journal officiel de la République française. Lois et décrets (Report). French Republic. Retrieved November 2, 2018.
  4. ^ "Annuaire des Antiques". l'Association des anciens élèves et diplômés de l'École polytechnique (in French). Retrieved November 2, 2018.
  5. ^ Falser, Michael; Juneja, Monica (2013). 'Archaeologizing' Heritage?: Transcultural Entanglements between Local Social Practices and Global Virtual Realities. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 287. ISBN 9783642358708.
  6. ^ Cruz, Richard A. (1996). ANDRE MALRAUX: THE ANTICOLONIAL AND ANTIFASCIST YEARS (PDF) (DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY). University of North Texas. Retrieved November 2, 2018.
  7. ^ Various (January 1928). "Dans la haute administration de l'Indochine". Le Monde colonial illustré: Revue mensuelle, commerciale, économique, financière et de défense des intérêts coloniaux (in French).
  8. ^ Various (1927). "Hypacanthis monguilloti, sp. nov". Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club. 47 (308): 20. Retrieved November 2, 2018.