Maurice Buckley

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Maurice Vincent Buckley
Maurice Buckley A05136.JPG
Studio portrait of M. V. Buckley
Born (1891-04-13)13 April 1891
Melbourne, Victoria
Died 27 January 1921(1921-01-27) (aged 29)
Melbourne, Victoria
Buried at Brighton Cemetery, Melbourne
Allegiance Australia
Service/branch Australian Imperial Force
Years of service 1914–19
Rank Sergeant
Unit 13th Battalion

First World War

Awards Victoria Cross
Distinguished Conduct Medal

Maurice Vincent Buckley, VC, DCM (13 April 1891 – 27 January 1921) was an Australian soldier serving under the pseudonym Gerald Sexton who was awarded the Victoria Cross during the First World War. This is the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.


Buckley was born at Upper Hawthorn, Melbourne, to Timothy Buckley, brickmaker, and his wife Agnes, née Sexton. His father was a native of Cork, Ireland; his mother was Victorian-born. Maurice Buckley was educated at the Christian Brothers’ School in Abbotsford. He joined the 13th Light Horse Regiment on 18 December 1914 shortly after the outbreak of the First World War at Warrnambool, Victoria, but found himself discharged in September the following year "declared a deserter, 20 March 1916, and struck off strength".[1]

On 6 May 1916 he enlisted again, this time in Sydney, using the name Gerald Sexton – his brother’s first name and his mother's maiden name.[2] He was sent to France in early 1917, where he fought on the Western Front. Following the award of the Distinguished Conduct Medal he was promoted to sergeant in August 1918 and involved in the advance on the Hindenburg Line.

He was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions on 18 September 1918, at Le Verguier near St. Quentin. His unit was advancing under cover of a creeping barrage but was held up by German machine gun posts. Buckley attacked them with his Lewis gun section and captured 30 German prisoners of war. When the advance was again held up by machine-gun fire, Sergeant Buckley, supported by another platoon, put the enemy guns out of action. Later, he again showed conspicuous initiative in capturing hostile posts and machine-guns. According to the citation, he was “to the fore dealing with enemy machine-guns, rushing enemy posts, and performing great feats of bravery and endurance without faltering or for a moment taking cover.[3]

The award of the VC was originally gazetted under the pseudonym Gerald Sexton, but he had disclosed his real identity by the time that it was given to him by King George V at a ceremony at Buckingham Palace on 29 May 1919.[4] and was discharged in December 1919.


He was severely injured in a riding accident at Boolarra, Gippsland on 15 January 1921, and died on 27 January, aged 29. Ten Victoria Cross recipients were pallbearers at his funeral. He is buried at Brighton Cemetery in Melbourne. He was unmarried.


His Victoria Cross is displayed at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra, Australia. Medals: Victoria Cross, Distinguished Conduct Medal, 1914–15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal[5]


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