Maurice D. G. Scott
Maurice Douglas Guest Scott
|Born||13 November 1895|
Mussoorie, Bengal Presidency, India
|Died||17 March 1918 (aged 22)|
Shoreham, Sussex, England
|Years of service||1914–1918|
|Battles/wars||World War I|
• Western Front
Captain Maurice Douglas Guest Scott MC (13 November 1895 – 17 March 1918) was a British World War I flying ace credited with twelve official victories, including one observation balloon, while a member of the Royal Flying Corps. He scored as both an aerial observer and a pilot; he was successful while serving with three different squadrons.
Scott was born in Mussoorie, Bengal Presidency, India, the second son of Philip William Scott (1865–1910), a civil engineer employed by the Eastern Bengal Railway, and Agnes Mary (née Kirkham) (1865–1932). Following his father's death the family returned to England. In the 1911 census he is recorded as living in Bedford with his mother, his brother Percy (1893–1914), and his aunt Emily, but by 1914 the family were resident in Borrowash, Derbyshire.
World War I service
After serving as a cadet in the Officers' Training Corps, Scott was commissioned as a temporary second lieutenant (on probation) in the 3rd Battalion, The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment on 14 November 1914. He was confirmed in his rank on 1 October 1915.
Scott was seconded to the Royal Flying Corps in February 1916, and after completing his aerial gunnery training was appointed a flying officer (observer) on 21 May. He was posted to No. 18 Squadron to fly in the Vickers Gunbus two-seater fighter. On 3 April 1916, he was credited with capturing a German two-seater reconnaissance aircraft at Souchez.
He would subsequently train as a pilot, being appointed a flying officer on 16 October 1916, with seniority from 21 May. He was then posted to No. 54 Squadron to fly the Sopwith Pup single-seat fighter. On 5 April 1917, he shared with Frank Hudson, Reginald Charley, and another pilot, in the destruction of a German observation balloon. On 9 May 1917, he destroyed another enemy two-seater. Two days later, Scott shared with William Strugnell, Oliver Sutton, and three other squadron mates, in the destruction of an enemy reconnaissance aircraft. On 1 June, Scott and Sutton drove an Albatros D.III fighter down out of control over Honnecourt, and Scott became an ace.
He began a string of seven wins on 4 September 1917, sharing with four others in the driving down of an Albatros two-seater south of Scarpe. He would gain six more wins that month, destroying a DFW reconnaissance aircraft, and driving down two Albatros D.Vs and two German reconnaissance aircraft. He was awarded the Military Cross on 27 October 1917. On 8 October 1917, he was relieved from combat duty to return to Home Establishment, where on 1 November 1917 he was appointed a Group Instructor in Gunnery (graded as a flight commander).
List of aerial victories
|No. 18 Squadron RFC|
|1||3 April 1916
|No. 54 Squadron RFC|
|2||5 April 1917||Sopwith Pup||Balloon||Destroyed||Gouy||Shared with Captains Frank Hudson & R. G. H. Pixley, and 2nd Lieutenant Reginald Charley.|
|3||9 May 1917
|4||11 May 1917
|Type C||Destroyed||Walincourt||Shared with Major C. E. Sutcliffe, Captain William Strugnell, and Lieutenants Oliver Sutton, E. J. Y. Grevelink, & M. B. Cole.|
|5||1 June 1917
|Albatros D.III||Out of control||Honnecourt||Shared with Lieutenant Oliver Sutton.|
|No. 46 Squadron RFC|
|6||4 September 1917
|Albatros C||Out of control||South of Scarpe||Shared with Lieutenants Charles Odell, E. Armitage, C. Courtneidge and Eric Hughes.|
|7||11 September 1917
|Type C||Out of control||South of Scarpe|
|8||21 September 1917
|Type C||Out of control||South of Scarpe|
|9||22 September 1917
|Albatros D.V||Out of control||Sailly-en-Ostrevent|
|10||24 September 1917
|DFW C||Destroyed||South-east of Honnecourt|
|11||30 September 1917
|Albatros D.V||Out of control||Vitry|
|12||Albatros D.V||Out of control|
Honours and awards
- Military Cross
- Lieutenant (Temporary Captain) Maurice Douglas Guest Scott, North Lancashire Regiment, Special Reserve, and Royal Flying Corps.
- "For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty in aerial combats. On one occasion his patrol encountered seven enemy machines, two of which he drove down out of control. He has destroyed eleven enemy aeroplanes, and proved himself a very dashing patrol leader."
- "Maurice Douglas Guest Scott". The Aerodrome. 2016. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
- "Guest-Scott, Maurice D." Unexamined Lives. 2016. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
- "No. 28981". The London Gazette. 20 November 1914. pp. 9546–9547.
- "No. 28992". The London Gazette. 1 December 1914. p. 10198.
- "No. 29172". The London Gazette (Supplement). 25 May 1915. p. 5082.
- "No. 29312". The London Gazette. 1 October 1915. p. 9655.
- Franks (2005), p. 22.
- "No. 29611". The London Gazette (Supplement). 2 June 1916. p. 5616.
- "No. 29811". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 October 1916. p. 10620.
- "No. 30163". The London Gazette (Supplement). 3 July 1917. p. 6646.
- "No. 30355". The London Gazette (Supplement). 26 October 1917. p. 11110.
- "No. 30383". The London Gazette (Supplement). 13 November 1917. p. 11816.
- "Casualty Details: Scott, Maurice Douglas Guest". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
- "No. 30583". The London Gazette (Supplement). 21 March 1918. p. 3431.