Maurice D. G. Scott

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Maurice Douglas Guest Scott
Born (1895-11-13)13 November 1895
Mussoorie, Bengal Presidency, India
Died 17 March 1918(1918-03-17) (aged 22)
Shoreham, Sussex, England
Buried All Saints' Church, Ockbrook Derbyshire, England (52°55′2″N 1°22′16″W / 52.91722°N 1.37111°W / 52.91722; -1.37111Coordinates: 52°55′2″N 1°22′16″W / 52.91722°N 1.37111°W / 52.91722; -1.37111)
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Years of service 1914–1918
Rank Captain
Unit
Battles/wars World War I
 • Western Front
Awards Military Cross

Captain Maurice Douglas Guest Scott MC (13 November 1895 – 17 March 1918) was a British World War I flying ace credited with twelve official victories, including one observation balloon, while a member of the Royal Flying Corps. He scored as both an aerial observer and a pilot; he was successful while serving with three different squadrons.[1]

Early life[edit]

Scott was born in Mussoorie, Bengal Presidency, India, the second son of Philip William Scott (1865–1910), a civil engineer employed by the Eastern Bengal Railway, and Agnes Mary (née Kirkham) (1865–1932). Following his father's death the family returned to England. In the 1911 census he is recorded as living in Bedford with his mother, his brother Percy (1893–1914), and his aunt Emily, but by 1914 the family were resident in Borrowash, Derbyshire.[1][2]

World War I service[edit]

After serving as a cadet in the Officers' Training Corps,[3] Scott was commissioned as a temporary second lieutenant (on probation)[4] in the 3rd Battalion, The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment on 14 November 1914.[5] He was confirmed in his rank on 1 October 1915.[6]

Scott was seconded to the Royal Flying Corps in February 1916,[7] and after completing his aerial gunnery training was appointed a flying officer (observer) on 21 May.[8] He was posted to No. 18 Squadron to fly in the Vickers Gunbus two-seater fighter. On 3 April 1916, he was credited with capturing a German two-seater reconnaissance aircraft at Souchez.[1]

He would subsequently train as a pilot, being appointed a flying officer on 16 October 1916, with seniority from 21 May.[9] He was then posted to No. 54 Squadron to fly the Sopwith Pup single-seat fighter. On 5 April 1917, he shared with Frank Hudson, Reginald Charley, and another pilot, in the destruction of a German observation balloon. On 9 May 1917, he destroyed another enemy two-seater. Two days later, Scott shared with William Strugnell, Oliver Sutton, and three other squadron mates, in the destruction of an enemy reconnaissance aircraft. On 1 June, Scott and Sutton drove an Albatros D.III fighter down out of control over Honnecourt, and Scott became an ace.[1]

He subsequently transferred to No. 46 Squadron[1] and was appointed a flight commander, with the acting rank of captain, on 21 June 1917.[10]

He began a string of seven wins on 4 September 1917, sharing with four others in the driving down of an Albatros two-seater south of Scarpe. He would gain six more wins that month, destroying a DFW reconnaissance aircraft, and driving down two Albatros D.Vs and two German reconnaissance aircraft. He was awarded the Military Cross on 27 October 1917.[11] On 8 October 1917, he was relieved from combat duty to return to Home Establishment,[1] where on 1 November 1917 he was appointed a Group Instructor in Gunnery (graded as a flight commander).[12]

Scott was killed in an flying accident at Shoreham, Sussex, on 17 March 1918,[1] and is buried at All Saints' Church, Ockbrook, Derbyshire.[13]

List of aerial victories[edit]

Combat record[1]
No. Date/Time Aircraft/
Serial No.
Opponent Result Location Notes
No. 18 Squadron RFC
1 3 April 1916
1015
Vickers F.B.5
(2882)
Type C Captured Souchez
No. 54 Squadron RFC
2 5 April 1917 Sopwith Pup Balloon Destroyed Gouy Shared with Captains Frank Hudson & R. G. H. Pixley, and 2nd Lieutenant Reginald Charley.
3 9 May 1917
1530
Sopwith Pup
(A7330)
Type C Destroyed Séranvillers
4 11 May 1917
1840
Sopwith Pup
(A6165)
Type C Destroyed Walincourt Shared with Major C. E. Sutcliffe, Captain William Strugnell, and Lieutenants Oliver Sutton, E. J. Y. Grevelink, & M. B. Cole.
5 1 June 1917
1135
Sopwith Pup
(A7330)
Albatros D.III Out of control Honnecourt Shared with Lieutenant Oliver Sutton.
No. 46 Squadron RFC
6 4 September 1917
0930
Sopwith Pup
(B1843)
Albatros C Out of control South of Scarpe Shared with Lieutenants Charles Odell, E. Armitage, C. Courtneidge and Eric Hughes.
7 11 September 1917
1055
Sopwith Pup
(B2191)
Type C Out of control South of Scarpe
8 21 September 1917
0820
Sopwith Pup
(B2191)
Type C Out of control South of Scarpe
9 22 September 1917
1030
Sopwith Pup
(B2191)
Albatros D.V Out of control Sailly-en-Ostrevent
10 24 September 1917
1030
Sopwith Pup
(B2191)
DFW C Destroyed South-east of Honnecourt
11 30 September 1917
1630-1636
Sopwith Pup
(B2191)
Albatros D.V Out of control Vitry
12 Albatros D.V Out of control

Honours and awards[edit]

Military Cross
Lieutenant (Temporary Captain) Maurice Douglas Guest Scott, North Lancashire Regiment, Special Reserve, and Royal Flying Corps.
"For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty in aerial combats. On one occasion his patrol encountered seven enemy machines, two of which he drove down out of control. He has destroyed eleven enemy aeroplanes, and proved himself a very dashing patrol leader."[14]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Maurice Douglas Guest Scott". The Aerodrome. 2016. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  2. ^ "Guest-Scott, Maurice D." Unexamined Lives. 2016. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  3. ^ "No. 28981". The London Gazette. 20 November 1914. pp. 9546–9547.
  4. ^ "No. 28992". The London Gazette. 1 December 1914. p. 10198.
  5. ^ "No. 29172". The London Gazette (Supplement). 25 May 1915. p. 5082.
  6. ^ "No. 29312". The London Gazette. 1 October 1915. p. 9655.
  7. ^ Franks (2005), p. 22.
  8. ^ "No. 29611". The London Gazette (Supplement). 2 June 1916. p. 5616.
  9. ^ "No. 29811". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 October 1916. p. 10620.
  10. ^ "No. 30163". The London Gazette (Supplement). 3 July 1917. p. 6646.
  11. ^ "No. 30355". The London Gazette (Supplement). 26 October 1917. p. 11110.
  12. ^ "No. 30383". The London Gazette (Supplement). 13 November 1917. p. 11816.
  13. ^ "Casualty Details: Scott, Maurice Douglas Guest". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  14. ^ "No. 30583". The London Gazette (Supplement). 21 March 1918. p. 3431.
Bibliography