Druon in 2003
23 April 1918|
|Died||14 April 2009
|Notable awards|| • Grand Cross Legion of Honour
• Ordre des Arts et des Lettres
• Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire
• Prix Goncourt
• Commemorative medal for voluntary service in Free France
Life and career
|French literary history|
Born in Paris, France, Druon was the son of Russian-Jewish immigrant Lazare Kessel (1899-1920) and was brought up at La Croix-Saint-Leufroy in Normandy and educated at the lycée Michelet de Vanves. His father committed suicide in 1920 and his mother remarried in 1926; Maurice subsequently took the name of his adoptive father, the lawyer René Druon (1874-1961).
He was the nephew of the writer Joseph Kessel, with whom he translated the Chant des Partisans, a French Resistance anthem of World War II, with music and words (in Russian) originally by Anna Marly. Druon was a member of the Resistance and came to London in 1943 to participate in the BBC's "Honneur et Patrie" programme.
Druon began writing for literary journals at the age of 18. In September 1939, having been called up for military service, he wrote an article for Paris-Soir entitled "J'ai vingt ans et je pars (I am twenty years old and I am leaving)". Following the fall of France in 1940, he was demobilized and remained in the unoccupied zone of France, and his first play, Mégarée, was produced in Monte Carlo in February 1942. He left the same year to join the forces of Charles de Gaulle. Druon became aide de camp to General François d'Astier de La Vigerie.
Druon was elected to the 30th seat of the Académie française on 8 December 1966, succeeding Georges Duhamel. He was elected as “Perpetual Secretary” in 1985, but chose to resign the office in late 1999 due to old age; he successfully pushed for Hélène Carrère d'Encausse to succeed him, the first woman to do so, and was styled Honorary Perpetual Secretary after 2000. On the death of Henri Troyat on 2 March 2007, he became the Dean of the Académie, its longest-serving member.
While his scholarly writing earned him a seat at the Académie, Druon is best known for a series of seven historical novels published in the 1950s under the title Les Rois maudits (The Accursed Kings). The novels were adapted for French television in 1972, gaining a wider audience through overseas sales, and again in 2005, starring Jeanne Moreau. Fantasy writer George R. R. Martin stated that the novels had been an inspiration for his fantasy series A Song of Ice and Fire, and called Druon "France's best historical novelist since Alexandre Dumas, père".
Druon's only work for children – Tistou les pouces verts – was published in 1957 and translated into English in 1958 (as Tistou of the Green Thumbs) and 2012 (as Tistou: The Boy With Green Thumbs).
Druon was Minister of Cultural Affairs (1973–1974) in Pierre Messmer's cabinet, and a deputy of Paris (1978–1981). He is survived by his second wife, Madeleine Marignac, whom he married in 1968. His wife died in 2016 aged 91. Druon was a descendant of Brazilian author Odorico Mendes.
Les Rois maudits (The Accursed Kings)
The individual English titles below are from the Scribner English editions as published in the United States, rather than literal translations of the original French titles.
- Le Roi de fer (The Iron King)
- La Reine étranglée (The Strangled Queen)
- Les Poisons de la couronne (The Poisoned Crown)
- La Loi des mâles (The Royal Succession)
- La Louve de France (The She-Wolf of France)
- Le Lys et le lion (The Lily and the Lion)
- Quand un Roi perd la France (The King Without a Kingdom)
Honours and awards
- Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour
- Commander of the Order of Arts and Letters
- Médaille de la France libre
- Honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE)
- Grand Officer of Merit of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta
- Dignitary or holder of Orders of the following countries: Argentina, Belgium, Brazil, Greece, Italy, Lebanon, Morocco, Mexico, Monaco, Portugal, Russia, Senegal, Tunisia
- Honorary Doctorates from York University (Toronto), Boston University (USA) and the University of Tirana (Albania)
- Prix Goncourt (The Rise of Simon Lachaume, 1948)
- Literary Award of the Foundation of Prince Pierre de Monaco (for lifetime achievement, 1966)
- Prix Saint-Simon (Circumstances, 1998)
- Prize Agrippa d'Aubigné (The Good French, 2000)
- Order of Friendship, 1993 (Russia)
- JINFO. "Jewish Authors". jinfo.org. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
- Julian Jackson. "Obituary: Maurice Druon". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
- Francine de Martinoir, « Maurice Druon, mort d’un partisan de la langue française », La Croix, 15 April 2009 (French)
- Weber, Bruce (15 April 2009). "Maurice Druon, Prolific Writer, Dies at 90". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- Lichfield, John (20 April 2009). "Maurice Druon: Writer and pugnacious defender of the French language". The Independent. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- "Gaullist Minister Wrote Popular Anthem". The Washington Post. 16 April 2009. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- Martin, George R. R. (3 April 2013). "My hero: Maurice Druon by George RR Martin". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
- Milne, Ben (4 April 2014). "Game of Thrones: The cult French novel that inspired George RR Martin". BBC. Retrieved 6 April 2014.
- Kamin, Debra (20 May 2014). "The Jewish legacy behind Game of Thrones". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
- Druon, Maurice (2012). Tistou: The Boy With Green Thumbs. Hawthorn Press. ISBN 978-1-907359-08-8.
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