Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan
A drawing of Maurice FitzGerald from a manuscript of the Expugnatio Hibernica, an account of the 1169 invasion of Ireland written in 1189 by Maurice's nephew, Gerald of Wales.
|Died||1 September 1176|
|Title||Lord of Maynooth, Naas, and Lanstephan|
|Wars and battles||Battle of Crug Mawr
Norman invasion of Ireland
Siege of Wexford (1169)
|Issue||Gerald FitzMaurice FitzGerald
Alexander FitzMaurice FitzGerald
William FitzMaurice FitzGerald
Maurice FitzMaurice FitzGerald
Thomas FitzMaurice FitzGerald
Robert FitzMaurice FitzGerald
|Parents||Gerald de Windsor
Nest ferch Rhys
Wars in Wales and Ireland
Diarmait Mac Murchada (Dermot MacMurrough), the deposed King of Leinster who had been exiled by the High King of Ireland, sought Cambro-Norman assistance to regain his throne. Lanstephan participated in the resulting 1169 Norman invasion of Ireland. He assisted his younger half-brother Robert Fitz-Stephen in the Siege of Wexford (1169). His nephew Raymond was Strongbow's second-in-command and had the chief share both in the capture of Waterford and in the successful assault on Dublin in 1171. Lanstephan and his son also fought in this battle.
Marriage and issue
FitzGerald is sometimes said to have married Alice, a supposed daughter of Arnulf de Montgomery. There is no evidence that Arnulf left any descendants, however, and the claim that a daughter of his married FitzGerald dates no earlier than the 19th century. FitzGerald's children were:
The original Earldom of Desmond in the province of Munster was based on landholdings belonging to the descendants of Maurice's son Thomas FitzMaurice FitzGerald, Lord of O'Connelloe. Thomas's son John FitzGerald, who was killed in the Battle of Callann, became the first Baron Desmond. Others from this line include the Knights of Glin and Knights of Kerry.
|Ancestors of Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan|
- Chandler, Victoria (1989), "The last of the Montgomerys: Roger the Poitevin and Arnulf", Historical Research, 62 (147): 1–14, doi:10.1111/j.1468-2281.1989.tb01075.x.
- Cokayne, George Edward, ed. (1890), Complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct or dormant (D to F), 3 (1st ed.), London: George Bell & Sons, p. 358, retrieved 27 December 2011
- Curtis, Edmund (1921), "Murchertach O'Brien, high king of Ireland, and his Norman son-in-law, Arnulf de Mont-Gomery, circa 1100", The Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, 6, 11 (2), JSTOR 25513221.
- Fitzgerald, Charles William (1858), The earls of Kildare, and their ancestors (2nd ed.), Hodges, Smith, & Company.
- Graves, James (1869), "No. 2. the earls of Desmond", The Journal of the Historical and Archaeological Association of Ireland, 3, 1 (2): 459–498, JSTOR 25497799.
- Paul, James Balfour, ed. (1906), The Scots peerage, 3, David Douglas.
- Thompson, Kathleen (2004), "Montgomery, Arnulf de (c.1066–1118x22)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/696. (subscription or UK public library membership required)