Maurice Gendron

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Maurice Gendron (26 December 1920, near Nice – 20 August 1990, Grez-sur-Loing) was a French cellist, conductor and teacher. He is widely considered one of the greatest cellists of the twentieth century.[1][2][3][4][5][6] He was an Officer of the Legion of Honor and a recipient of the National Order of Merit.[7][8][9] He was an active member of the French Resistance during World War II.[10]

He recorded most of the standard concerto repertoire with conductors such as Bernard Haitink, Raymond Leppard, and Pablo Casals (he was the only cellist to appear on a commercial recording under the baton of Casals[11][12]), and with orchestras such as the Vienna State Opera Orchestra, the London Symphony Orchestra, and the London Philharmonic Orchestra. He also recorded the sonata repertoire with pianists such as Philippe Entremont and Jean Françaix. For 25 years, he was a member of a celebrated piano trio with Yehudi and Hephzibah Menuhin. [13] He also made a famous recording (earned an Edison Award), of J. S. Bach's solo cello suites.[14]

Gendron played with many musical stars of his time, including Benjamin Britten, Dinu Lipatti[15][16] and Rudolf Serkin. The 18th-century Stradivarius that he played, which has become known as the ex-Gendron cello, was subsequently on loan to German cellist Maria Kliegel.

Gendron taught at the Yehudi Menuhin School and at the Paris Conservatoire. His students include Colin Carr, Chu Yibing and Jacqueline du Pré, among many others. In 2013, allegations emerged, from one pupil, claiming that Gendron was abusive towards young students during his time as a teacher at the Yehudi Menuhin School in the 60s and 70s. Dr. Richard Hillier, the headmaster at YMS, has declared that he is aware of this person's allegations but that according to school documents, no concerns were raised about Gendron's behaviour.[17] Other students of Gendron have simply described him as a very strict, even problematic teacher, but, ultimately, an influential one.[18][19]

He was the first modern cellist to record Boccherini's Concerto in B flat in its original form (he discovered the original manuscript in the Dresden State Library),[20] instead of the Grützmacher version. This recording has been widely acclaimed by critics and it's considered a classic.[21][22] He gave the first Western performance of Prokofiev's Cello Concerto with the London Philharmonic Orchestra under Walter Susskind, and was subsequently given exclusive rights to the piece's performance for 3 years.

His approach to cello playing is summed up in his book "L'Art du Violoncelle" which was written in collaboration with Walter Grimmer and published in 1999 by Schott [ED 9176; ISMN M-001-12682-3].

He is the father of the actor François-Éric Gendron.[23]

Apart from several other currently available recordings, in 2015 DECCA launched a 14 CD boxset titled "L’Art de Maurice Gendron" (catalogue number: 4823849) which comprises all of his recordings for Decca and Philips in addition to some of his most relevant work for EMI.[24]

Links[edit]

  • [1] Maurice Gendron 1961, touring Southern Africa

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stowell, Robin (1999). The Cambridge Companion to the Cello. Cambridge University Press. p. 88. ISBN 9780521629287. 
  2. ^ http://articles.latimes.com/1990-08-26/news/mn-189_1_maurice-gendron
  3. ^ http://www.classical-music.com/review/schubert-beethoven-debussy-faur%C3%A9-messiaen-fran%C2%8Daix
  4. ^ http://www.gramophone.co.uk/editorial/gramophone-hall-of-fame-the-string-players
  5. ^ https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/crime/famous-cellist-was-abusive-monster-says-former-pupil-8610098.html
  6. ^ http://diginole.lib.fsu.edu/islandora/object/fsu:181275/datastream/PDF/download/citation.pdf
  7. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/1990/08/21/obituaries/maurice-gendron-a-cellist-69-known-as-soloist-and-conductor.html
  8. ^ http://articles.latimes.com/1990-08-26/news/mn-189_1_maurice-gendron
  9. ^ http://articles.orlandosentinel.com/1990-08-21/news/9008210193_1_gendron-menuhin-home-in-paris
  10. ^ http://www.allmusic.com/artist/maurice-gendron-mn0001540555
  11. ^ http://www.naxos.com/person/Maurice_Gendron/29124.htm
  12. ^ http://www.allmusic.com/artist/maurice-gendron-mn0001540555
  13. ^ Audiophile Audition Archived 2011-08-30 at the Wayback Machine.
  14. ^ Gramophone
  15. ^ http://www.allmusic.com/artist/maurice-gendron-mn0001540555
  16. ^ Stowell, Robin (1999). The Cambridge Companion to the Cello. Cambridge University Press. p. 89. ISBN 9780521629287. 
  17. ^ Gallagher, Paul; Sanchez Manning (9 May 2013). "Famous cellist was abusive monster, says former pupil". The Independent. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  18. ^ http://www.opuscello.com/lluis-claret/
  19. ^ http://www.cello.org/Newsletter/Articles/mantel.htm
  20. ^ Campbell, Margaret (1988). The Great Cellists. Faber and Faber. ISBN 9780571278008. 
  21. ^ Campbell, Margaret (1988). The Great Cellists. Faber and Faber. ISBN 9780571278008. 
  22. ^ March, Ivan (2011). The Penguin Guide to the 1000 Finest Classical Recordings: The Must-Have CDs and DVDs. Penguin Books. ISBN 9780241955949. 
  23. ^ The New York Times Biographical Service - Volume 21 1990 - Page 765 "Maurice Gendron, a Cellist, 69 ... In addition to his wife, he is survived by a son, Francois Eric Gendron of Paris, and a daughter, Caroline Wbhrl of Munich."
  24. ^ http://www.clubdeutschegrammophon.com/albums/lart-maurice-gendron/