|Born||1935 (age 81–82)|
Maurice Taieb (born 1935) is a French geologist and paleoanthropologist. He discovered the Hadar formation, recognized its potential importance to paleoanthropology and founded the International Afar Research Expedition (IARE). This enabled co-director Donald Johanson to discover an early hominin fossil, the 3.2-million-year-old Australopithecine Lucy in the Awash Valley of Ethiopia's Afar Depression .
In 1966, Taieb started his geological exploration of the Afar Region of Ethiopia by Landrover and donkey. While others report that he first arrived in Hadar in 1970, he later claimed to have discovered the Hadar fossil fields in 1968. In 1972, Taieb founded the IARE, and was present two years later when Donald Johanson discovered fossil fragments of Lucy.
Along with co-directors of IARE Johanson and Yves Coppens, Taieb played a key role in identifying the geology and history of the Afar Region. The area has yielded hominid and hominin specimens dated at 6 million years old.
Taieb is currently Director of Research for the National Centre for Scientific Research (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique) (CNRS), at the European Centre of Research and Teaching of Geosciences of the Environment (Centre Européen de Recherche et d'Enseignement de Géosciences de l'Environnement) (CEREGE), in Aix-en-Provence.