- For the English politician, see Maurice Thompson, 2nd Baron Haversham.
James Maurice Thompson (September 9, 1844 – February 15, 1901) was an American novelist, poet, essayist and naturalist.
Thompson was born in Fairfield, Indiana. Raised on a Georgia plantation, Thompson first pursued a career as a lawyer. In 1871 he opened a law practice with his brother, William Henry Thompson. He was drawn away from the field of law by the success of articles and short stories published in the New York Tribune, Atlantic Monthly, and Harper's Monthly.
As a writer, Thompson became well known as a local colorist, his works ranging from local history to articles about archery. His first book, Hoosier Mosaics, published in 1875, was a collection of short stories illustrating the people and atmosphere of small Indiana towns. He followed it with a successful compilation of his published essays, The Witchery of Archery, which was well received for its wit and use of common language. At this same time, Thompson also published several collections of naturalistic poetry, though they weren't well received at the time.
Thompson wrote the poem "To the South" that was reprinted in George Washington Cable's influential and controversial essay, "The Freedmen's Case in Equity" in 1885. This poem expressed Thompson's reaction to the freeing of the slaves, and implied that some other Southerners were not as angry about the overturning of that institution as Northerners presumed.
Through the 1880s, Thompson moved into the realm of fiction. His early works featured the common thread of simple southern life, taken mostly from Thompson's childhood. With his 1886 semi-autobiographical novel, A Banker of Bankersville, he returned to his Indiana roots. Arguably his most successful and well-known novel was Alice of Old Vincennes. The novel vividly depicted Indiana during the Revolutionary War.
This bibliography may not be complete.
- Poems (1872-1892)
- Hoosier Mosiacs (1875)
- The Witchery of Archery (1878)
- How to train in Archery (With brother Will H Thompson)(1879)
- A Tallahassee Girl (1882)
- Songs of Fair Weather (1883)
- His Second Campaign (1883)
- Byways and Bird Notes (1885)
- At Love's Extremes (1885) (reissued as Milly: At Love's Extremes in 1901)
- A Banker of Bankersville (1886)
- Sylvan Secrets in Bird-Songs and Brooks (1887)
- The Story of Louisiana (1888)
- A Fortnight of Folly (1888)
- The King of Honey Island (1892)
- Ethics of Literary Art (1893)
- Sweetheart Manette (1894)
- The Ocala Boy (1895)
- Stories of the Cherokee Hills (1898)
- Alice of Old Vincennes (1900)
- The Freedman's Case in Equity at etext.virginia.edu
- (16 February 1901). Maurice Thompson Is Dead; The Novelist Had Been Kept Alive Several Days by Stimulants - His Literary Career, The New York Times
- Alderman, Edwin Anderson, et al., eds. Library of Southern Literature, Volume XII, pp. 5254-58 (1907, 1910)
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