Maurice de Rothschild
Maurice Edmond Karl de Rothschild
19 May 1881
|Died||4 September 1957 (aged 76)|
|Occupation(s)||Financier, politician, art collector, philanthropist|
|Children||Edmond Adolphe de Rothschild (b. 1926)|
|Parent(s)||Edmond James de Rothschild and Adelheid von Rothschild|
Maurice Edmond Karl de Rothschild (19 May 1881 – 4 September 1957) was a French art collector, vineyard owner, financier and politician. He was born into the Rothschild banking family of France.
Maurice de Rothschild was born on 19 May 1881 in Boulogne-Billancourt near Paris. He was the second child of Edmond James de Rothschild (1845–1934) and Adelheid von Rothschild. He grew up at the Château Rothschild in Boulogne-Billancourt.
Rothschild inherited a fortune from the childless Adolph Carl von Rothschild (1823–1900) of the Naples branch of the family and moved to Geneva, Switzerland where he perpetuated the new Swiss branch of the family.
In June 1940, during the Battle of France, Rothschild and several family members received Portuguese visas from Aristides de Sousa Mendes, allowing them to flee France for Portugal. Maurice de Rothschild sailed from Lisbon to Scotland the following month.
Personal life and death
In 1909 Maurice de Rothschild married Noémie de Rothschild. Her mother was Marie Hermine Rodrigues Péreire (1860–1936), daughter of Eugène Péreire of the Péreire banking family whose Crédit Mobilier were arch-competitors of the Rothschilds. Noémie Halphen and Maurice de Rothschild had one child, a son Edmond.
Maurice de Rothschild's African expedition 1904-1905, zoological in nature, was conveyed in a three-volume archive and published in 1922, entitled "Voyage de M. le baron Maurice de Rothschild en Éthiopie et en Afrique orientale anglaise (1904-1905) : résultats scientifiques : animaux articulés ". It is housed at the Biological Diversity Heritage Library.
- Maurice de Rothschild biography at the Senate of France
- "Maurice, Edmond, Charles de Rothschild". Assemblée nationale. Retrieved 15 March 2022.
- Sousa Mendes Foundation - Rothschild Archived 2013-12-04 at the Wayback Machine
- Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Rothschild", p. 227).
- "Voyage de M. le baron Maurice de Rothschild en Éthiopie et en Afrique orientale anglaise".
- The Rothschilds; a Family Portrait by Frederic Morton. Atheneum Publishers (1962) ISBN 978-1568362205 (1998 reprint)
- The Rothschilds, a Family of Fortune by Virginia Cowles. Alfred A. Knopf (1973) ISBN 978-0297765387
- Rothschild: The Wealth and Power of a Dynasty by Derek Wilson. Scribner, London (1988) ISBN 978-0684190181
- House of Rothschild : Money's Prophets: 1798-1848 by Niall Ferguson. Viking Press (1998) ISBN 978-0140240849
- The House of Rothschild (vol. 2) : The World's Banker: 1849-1999 by Niall Ferguson. Viking Press (1999) ISBN 978-0670887941