Mauricio de Sousa
|Mauricio de Sousa|
|Born||Mauricio Araújo de Sousa
October 27, 1935
Santa Isabel, São Paulo, Brazil
|Monica's Gang and all related works|
Mauricio Araújo de Sousa (Portuguese pronunciation: [mawˈɾisju dʒi ˈsowzɐ][nb 1] born October 27, 1935) is a Brazilian cartoonist who has created over 200 characters for his popular series of children's comic books.
At 17 years of age, he worked for a daily newspaper called Folha da Manhã as a crime reporter. In 1959, Sousa quit that job and began his comic book career, and created Monica's Gang. Sousa's characters were inspired by children he knew from his childhood and by his own children. His later style is slightly reminiscent of that of Osamu Tezuka, a famous Japanese manga artist and personal friend.
Mauricio Araújo de Sousa was born in Santa Isabel on October 27, 1935. His father, Antonio Mauricio de Sousa, is a poet and his mother, Petronilha Araújo de Sousa, also delved into poetry. Mauricio developed an interest in cartooning at a young age, and began to draw posters and illustrations for periodicals. At 17 years of age, he worked for a daily newspaper called Folha da Manhã as a crime reporter. In 1959, Sousa quit that job and began his comic book career, and created Monica's Gang. 
The comics of Mauricio de Sousa have gained international fame, been featured on licensed merchandise, and have even been adapted for movies, television, video games, and even a São Paulo amusement park, the Parque da Mônica ("Monica's Park"). Two other Parque da Mônica facilities were also located in Curitiba and Rio de Janeiro, but they both closed in 2000 and 2005, respectively. From 1970 to 1986, Mauricio's comic books had been published by Editora Abril, until Globo took over in January 1987. His work has been published in many magazines and newspapers since 1959. Since January 2007, the comic book series is published by Panini Comics.
In 1997, the cartoonist founded the Mauricio de Sousa Cultural Institute, whose mandate is to develop social action campaigns that translate serious subjects into a comic book format to appeal to both young and adult readers.
Mauricio started publishing Turma da Mônica Jovem ("Monica Teen") in 2008, an offshoot series from "Monica's Gang", featuring Monica and her friends now as teenagers, adopting black-and-white pages, as well as art style heavily influenced from manga. Issue #34 of the "Monica Teen" comic book, presenting the first real kiss between Monica and Jimmy (they had already kissed in two previous occasions, but in a different context) had 500,000 sales.
In 2012, Mauricio published a two-issue story arc in the Monica Teen comic book featuring some of Osamu Tezuka's main characters, such as Astro, Sapphire and Kimba, joining Monica and her friends in an adventure in the Amazon rainforest against a smuggling organization chopping down hundreds of trees in the jungles of the Amazon. This is the first time that Tezuka Productions has allowed overseas animators to use Tezuka's characters. Rock Holmes, another character created by Tezuka, has featured as a villain in the story arc.
Mauricio's public service work has earned him international recognition. Among the honors he has received are the Brazilian presidential medal of honor for his promotion of human rights; an honorary doctorate in public service from La Roche College of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; and a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Brazilian International Press Association. In 2011, he was honored in the seventh edition of the Festival Internacional de Quadrinhos, at Belo Horizonte.
Mauricio is the father of ten children, and drew inspiration from them for new characters such as Monica, Maggy, Marina, Mary Angela. Nimbus and Nick Nope. One of his sons, Maurício Spada e Sousa, died of heart attack on 2 May 2016.
Some of Mauricio's creations include:
- Monica's Gang – Mauricio's long-running signature series.
- Monica Teen – Offshoot series from Monica's Gang, featuring Monica and her friends as teenagers in a manga-style publication. First published in 2008.
- Chuck Billy 'n' Folks
- The Cavern Clan
- Pelézinho's Team – A tribute to Pelé that centered around young Pelézinho ("Little Pelé") and his football playing friends. Published between 70s and 1986.
- Tina's Pals – A series about a group of teenage friends, aimed at the adolescent audience.
- Blu – Anthropomorphized domestic animals (dogs, cats, etc.). Blu regularly exchanged dialogue with the "Tracer" of the comic.
- Lionel's Kingdom – Group of wild animals (both African and Brazilian) who lived under the reign of a lion king.
- Bug-a-Booo – Comic horror stories featuring a ghost (the title character, called Penadinho in the original version), a vampire, a werewolf, a mummy, and a grim reaper (Dona Morte – Lady MacDeath in the English version), all of whom lived in a cemetery.
- The Funnies – A Brazilian space adventurer who pilotes a round ship (called "Astronauta" in the original version). First published in 1963.
- Horacio's World – An orphaned and ethical dinosaur; a tyrannosaurus who happened to be a vegetarian and also has his own gang, like most of Sousa's creations. First published in 1963.
- The Tribe – a Native Brazilian child (Curumim in Tupi language) and his friends, who live in an Amazonian taba (village).
- Nicodemon – A sarcastic and evil boy, one of few main characters in Mauricio's comics to have a negative personality. Debuted in 1966.
- Ronaldinho Gaucho – Along the lines of Pelezinho's Team, this strip centers around another pint-sized football-playing youngster, this time modeled after and possessing the skills of Ronaldinho (Ronaldo de Assis Moreira). This comic premiered on December 28, 2005, and the real-life Ronaldinho was even the guest of honor at the launch party in his hometown of Porto Alegre. Ronaldinho Gaucho is syndicated worldwide.
- Also generally [məwˈɾisju ˈtsoːzɐ] in fast, colloquial speech.
- Daniel Balderston; Mike Gonzalez; Ana M. López (2000). Encyclopedia of Contemporary Latin American and Caribbean. Routledge. p. 403. ISBN 9780415131889.
Brazil's most famous cartoonist is Mauricio de Sousa, especially for his Turma da Mônica (1970) series, which is translated into nine languages and exported to seventeen countries, with international sales of 25 million books per month.
- Lisa Shaw; Stephanie Dennison (2005). Pop Culture Latin America!: media, arts, and lifestyle. ABC-CLIO. p. 171. ISBN 1851095047.
Sousa soon set up his own production company, and now Mauricio de Sousa Produções owns not only a successful publisher of comics but also amusement parks based on Monica and her gang and the fourth largest animation studio in the world. The toothy main character, Mônica, was based on one of Sousa's daughters, as was one of her gang, Magali.
- Conrad Editora – Mauricio de Sousa fala sobre seu "grande mestre", Osamu Tezuka
- "Os 80 anos de Maurício de Sousa". Jornalistas & Cia (in Portuguese). 27 October 2015. Retrieved 29 October 2015.
- Mauricio de Sousa – The Cartoonist Archived December 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Ferreira, Luana (12 September 2016). "The cartoonist called the 'Walt Disney of Brazil'". BBC News. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
- Johnston, Rich (September 13, 2011). "This Is What A Half-Million-Selling American Comic Book Looks Like". Bleeding Cool. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
- Hirayama, Ari (February 1, 2012). "Brazilian cartoonist to publish manga with Osamu Tezuka". Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
- "Toon in Monica". Perspectives in Health – Volume 9, Number 1, 2004.
- "Sétima edição do Festival Internacional de Quadrinhos homenageia Mauricio de Sousa". UOL. November 11, 2011.
- BRAZZIL – News from Brazil – Monica, Cascao, Cebolinha – Mauricio de Sousa’s Comics
- Magali at Turma da Mônica's official website
- Mauricio writes...Rounding Out Marina (Part Three) Archived April 2, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- Mary Angela at Mônica’s Gang official website
- Mauricio writes...Rounding Out Nimbus (Part One) Archived April 2, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- Mauricio writes...Rounding Out Nick Nope (Part Two) Archived April 2, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- Soares, Rodrigo (2 May 2016). "Maurício de Sousa fala sobre a morte do filho Maurício Spada". Ego (in Portuguese). São Paulo: Grupo Globo. Retrieved 2 May 2016.
- Ronaldinho Gaucho is internationally syndicated by Universal Uclick, www.universaluclick.com