|President of Argentina|
10 December 2015
|Vice President||Gabriela Michetti|
|Preceded by||Cristina Fernández de Kirchner|
|5th Chief of Government of Buenos Aires|
10 December 2007 – 10 December 2015
María Eugenia Vidal
|Preceded by||Jorge Telerman|
|Succeeded by||Horacio Rodríguez Larreta|
from Buenos Aires
10 December 2005 – 18 July 2007
|30th Chairman of Boca Juniors|
27 February 2008 – 1 June 2008
|Preceded by||Pedro Pompilio|
|Succeeded by||Jorge Amor Ameal|
3 December 1995 – 4 December 2007
|Preceded by||Antonio Alegre|
|Succeeded by||Pedro Pompilio|
8 February 1959 |
Tandil, Buenos Aires, Argentina
|Political party||Republican Proposal (2009–present)|
|Commitment to Change (2003–2009)
|Spouse(s)||Yvonne Bordeu (1981–1991)
Isabel Menditeguy (1994–2005)
Juliana Awada (2010–present)
|Residence||Quinta de Olivos|
|Alma mater||Pontifical Catholic University of Argentina|
Mauricio Macri (Spanish pronunciation: [mauˈɾisjo ˈmakɾi]; born 8 February 1959) is the current President of Argentina, in office since 2015. A former civil engineer, Macri won the first presidential runoff ballotage in Argentina's history (the runoff system had been introduced in 1994) and is the first democratically elected non-Radical or Peronist President since 1916. He was previously the Head of Government of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires from 2007 to 2015 and represented the city of Buenos Aires in the lower house of the Argentine congress from 2005 to 2007.
Born in Tandil in Buenos Aires Province, Macri is a graduate of the Pontifical Catholic University of Argentina with a Bachelor's degree in Civil Engineering and also studied in the Columbia Business School in New York City. Son of Francesco Macri, a prominent Italian businessman in the industrial and construction sectors, Macri was raised in an upper class home. He gained recognition when in 1995 he became President of Boca Juniors, one of the two most popular football clubs in the country. In 2005 he created the centre-right electoral front Republican Proposal (Propuesta Republicana), also known as PRO.
He was considered a potential candidate for the 2011 general elections, but declined to run for the presidency of the country and ran instead for reelection as mayor. He got nearly 47% of the vote in the mayoral election, leading to a runoff vote on 31 July 2011 against candidate Daniel Filmus, which he won, getting elected for his second consecutive term. On 22 November 2015, after a tie in the first round of presidential elections on 25 October, he obtained 51.34% of the votes and defeated the Front for Victory candidate Daniel Scioli. He was inaugurated on 10 December 2015 in the National Congress of Argentina.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Boca Juniors
- 3 Political career
- 4 Buenos Aires administration
- 5 Presidential elections
- 6 Presidency
- 7 Political views
- 8 Scandals
- 9 Orders
- 10 Ancestry
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 Bibliography
- 14 External links
Mauricio Macri was born in Tandil, in the province of Buenos Aires, as the son of the Italian-born tycoon Francisco Macri and Alicia Blanco Villegas, owner of the Philco brand in Argentina. The family moved to Buenos Aires a short time later, and kept the houses in Tandil as vacation properties. His father influenced him to be a businessman, as well as his uncle Jorge Blanco Villegas. Franco expected Mauricio to eventually succeed him as leaders of his firms. Macri preferred the company of his uncle, to avoid the constant scrutiny of his father. Macri was educated at Colegio Cardenal Newman and studied at the Catholic University of Argentina (UCA), where he received a degree in civil engineering. During this time he became interested in neoliberalism, and joined a think tank led by the former minister Álvaro Alsogaray. As a result, he affiliated to the now defunct Union of the Democratic Centre party. In 1985, he also attended short courses at Columbia Business School, Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania and the local Universidad del CEMA.
His professional experience started in SIDECO Americana S.A., a construction company belonging to his father's holding company, the Socma Group, where he worked for 3 years as Junior Analyst, later becoming a Senior Analyst. In 1984, he worked in the credit department of Citibank Argentina, in Buenos Aires. He joined Socma the same year, and from 1985 onward he served as general manager. In 1992 he became the vice president of Sevel Argentina (then manufacturing Fiat and Peugeot automobiles under licence in Argentina, and part of Socma), climbing to the presidency in 1994.
In 1991, he was kidnapped for 12 days by officers of the Argentine Federal Police. He was kept inside a very small room, with a chemical bathroom and a hole in the roof to receive food. He was freed after his family reportedly paid a multimillion-dollar ransom. He has since said that the ordeal led him to decide to enter politics.
His first wife was Ivonne Bordeu, daughter of the racecar driver Juan Manuel Bordeu. They had three sons: Agustina, Jimena and Francisco. He got divorced, and married the model Isabel Menditeguy in 1994. They signed a prenuptial agreement, on Franco's request. The marriage got in crisis when Macri became the chairman of Boca Juniors. They stayed together anyway, but finally divorced in 2005. He started a romance with María Laura Groba, but never got married with her. He left her in 2010, and started a new relation with businesswoman Juliana Awada. He got married with Awada that same year. He wore a fake moustache and impersonated singer Freddie Mercury during the party. He accidentally swallowed the moustache, and Minister of Health Jorge Lemus performed first aid to save his life.
Macri first intended to run for chairman of Boca Juniors in 1991, but his father convinced him to wait and keep working at Sevel. He tried to buy the team Deportivo Español, but could not get support from the team's directory. He supported Boca Juniors by paying the wages of the coach César Luis Menotti and buying players for the team, such as Rubén Perazzo. Franco Macri finally allowed his son to try to run Boca Juniors, but suspected that he would fail in it. He instructed his aide Orlando Salvestrini to work alongside Mauricio, both to help him and to report his activities. Mauricio Macri met with the former chairmen of Boca Juniors Antonio Alegre and Carlos Heller, and tried to convince them to work with him. Heller was confident in his victory and rejected him, as well as Alegre. Later on, he sought the support of other groups within Boca Juniors, eventually winning the internal elections.
His first years were not successful. The performance of the team was poor, the players made frequent complaints over wages and rewards, and he had changed the coach three times. The only initial improvement was a partial reconstruction of the stadium. He arranged that Boca Juniors worked in the stock exchange, to earn enough money to buy new players. His first coach was Carlos Salvador Bilardo, who brought 14 new players to the team, and ended the tournament in 10th position. His second coach, Héctor Veira, made a poor performance as well. The new coach, Carlos Bianchi, helped Juan Román Riquelme to boost his performance, and had Martín Palermo and Guillermo Barros Schelotto as effective forward players. They won the first two tournaments, going on a record 40-match unbeaten run.
In 2003 Macri made his political debut when he founded the centre-right party Commitment to Change (Spanish: Compromiso para el Cambio). The party was conceived as a source for new politicians, as the major parties were discredited after the December 2001 riots in Argentina. Later that year he ran for mayor of the City of Buenos Aires for his party. He won the first round of the election with 37%, but lost the runoff election with 46% of the vote to his opponent Aníbal Ibarra. In 2005, he joined Ricardo López Murphy of Recrear to create a political coalition, the Republican Proposal (PRO) and successfully ran in the City of Buenos Aires for the Chamber of Deputies, where he won with 33.9% of the votes. This and later campaigns were managed by Jaime Durán Barba. A 2007 report mentioned that Macri had attended only 44 of 321 votings. He argued that he became disappointed with the Congress, as the bills sent by the presidency were not open for debate or amendment. Ibarra was impeached and removed from office in 2006, because of the República Cromañón nightclub fire, and his term of office was completed by his vice, Jorge Telerman.
Throughout 2006 he alternated his political activities as deputy with his presidency of the soccer club Boca Juniors. In 2007 Macri was in discussions with right-conservative Jorge Sobisch, governor of Neuquén Province, ahead of the 2007 national elections. However, this agreement was in conflict with the previous alliance with Ricardo López Murphy, who also intended to run for the presidency and had denounced Sobisch for corruption. Later that year, Sobisch's image was severely damaged when the school teacher Carlos Fuentealba was killed during a union demonstration in Neuquén. Facing this situation, Macri immediately backed out of his agreements with Sobisch and remained neutral during the national elections of 2007. The 2007 elections were finally won by Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, from the Front for Victory (FPV).
In February 2007 Macri announced that he would run once again for the mayoral elections of the City of Buenos Aires in 2007, heading the PRO slate with Gabriela Michetti as his running mate. In the first round of the election on 2 June 2007 he won with 45.6% of votes over the government-backed candidate, Daniel Filmus, who received 23.8% of the votes. The incumbent, Jorge Telerman, came in third. The runoff election between Macri and Filmus took place on 24 June 2007, and resulted in Macri's victory with 60.96% of the votes.
Mauricio Macri made an alliance for the 2009 midterm elections with Francisco de Narváez and Felipe Solá. The alliance was successful, as De Narvaez defeated Kirchner in the Buenos Aires province and Gabriela Michetti, Macri's candidate, won the elections in the city of Buenos Aires. Macri was thus considered as a likely candidate to dispute the presidency in the 2011 elections. Cristina Kirchner's public image had a big boost after the death and state funeral of Néstor Kirchner in the late 2010, and ran for reelection. Macri ran for his reelection as mayor, instead of the presidency. He won the first rounds of the election on 10 July 2011, with 47.08% of votes against Filmus' 27.78% and Fernando "Pino" Solanas, and won the runoff against Filmus again on 31 July, with 64.25% of the votes.
Buenos Aires administration
Macri's administration did a great deal of work related to public transport, seeking to reduce heavy traffic. One of those works is the Metrobus, a Bus Rapid Transit system built in the main avenues of Buenos Aires. By the end of Macri's time as mayor, the system had 5 lines and 113 stations and was 50.5 km (31.4 mi) in total length.
Other streets have bikeways, to promote the use of bicycles and the city created the EcoBici bicycle sharing scheme. By the end of Macri's tenure, some 155 km (96 mi) of bicycle lanes were constructed and 49 of the planned 200 automated bicycle sharing stations had been built.
With regards to rail transport, several level crossings on the city's commuter rail network have been replaced by tunnels to improve road traffic flow and train frequencies. Under Macri's leadership, the city also committed to engage in two large-scale rail infrastructure projects which involve running viaducts through the center of the city in order to extend the Belgrano Sur Line and raise the San Martín Line to eliminate level crossings. Macri also presented the Red de Expresos Regionales project, which seeks to link the city's main railway termini and railway lines through a series of underground tunnels, though construction will begin during the mandate of Horacio Rodríguez Larreta.
The Buenos Aires Underground, initially maintained by the national government, was the subject of a year long dispute between Macri and Kirchner. The national government sought to transfer it to the city, wich Macri supported, but there were disputed over the budget and the time length of the transition period. Macri finally announced that the city would take control of the underground on November 13, 2012. Line A, that still used wooden cars almost a century old, received a renewed fleet of modern cars (paid by the National Government), among other fleet renewals on the network such as new cars for Line H. Among the rolling stock renewals, train purchases for Line B were criticised for being bought second-hand from the Madrid Metro, being technically incompatible with the line and costing more than the new trains for the city's commuter rail network, despite their technical superiority.
The main police force working in the city at the time was the national police, the Argentine Federal Police. Buenos Aires was initially a federal district with limited autonomy, and became an autonomous city with the 1994 amendment of the Constitution of Argentina. The police working in the city, however, was still the Federal Police, which depended from the national government instead of the local one. The disputes over a potential transfer of the police were still unresolved when Macri was elected mayor.
Macri tried to negotiate a transfer with president Cristina Kirchner, to no avail. As an alternative, he proposed a bill for the creation of a local police, the Buenos Aires Metropolitan Police, in 2008. This police worked alongside the federal police in the city. The bill was supported by the PRO and the Kirchnerite blocs, and rejected by the blocs of the Civic Coalition and those aligned with Ibarra. Carrió considered that Macri had declined to continue the transfer request even further, and Ibarra pointed that there would be an overlap of duties between both polices. It started with nearly 1,000 agents, while the Federal Police had 17,000 agents working in the city. As a result, it only worked with small contraventions, while the most important tasks remained for the Federal police during the transition.
Jorge Alberto Palacios was the first chief of the Metropolitan police. He was part of the police unit that liberated Macri from his kidnapping, and had been fired by Néstor Kirchner for his alleged involvement in the murder of Axel Blumberg. He had been acquitted of said crime afterwards. His appoint was met with controversy, as Palacios was investigated for concealing evidence of the 1994 AMIA bombing. Palacios resigned a short time later, as a result of the controversy.
Macri ran for president of Argentina in the 2015 presidential elections. As President Cristina Kirchner was unable to run, initial opinion polls revealed a three-way tie among Macri, the Kirchnerite governor Daniel Scioli, and the mayor of Tigre Sergio Massa. Failing to achieve enough support, the Broad Front UNEN coalition disbanded, and Elisa Carrió and the Radical Civic Union created a new coalition with the Republican Proposal, forming Cambiemos. He supported Horacio Rodríguez Larreta against Gabriela Michetti in the primary elections of PRO for the position of mayor of Buenos Aires. Larreta won both the primary and the main elections, and Michetti was selected as candidate for the vice-presidency. Macri also declined an electoral alliance with Massa, and kept María Eugenia Vidal as candidate for governor of the Buenos Aires province.
Macri, Carrió and Ernesto Sanz ran in the primary elections, which Macri won. Opinion polls previous to the result suggested that Scioli would win by a wide margin, and might even be able to avoid a ballotage. However, the final results showed only a narrow lead for Scioli, with his 37.08% just ahead of Macri's 34.15%, leading to new elections on 22 November. Massa got the third place, with 21% of the vote, and both candidates sought to secure the voters that had voted for him. Both candidates were polarized on the opinion about the presidency of Cristina Kirchner: Scioli proposed to keep most of the Kirchnerite policies, and Macri to change them. In the legislative elections, the FPV lost the majority of the chamber of deputies, but kept the majority of the senate.
Scioli declined to attend the first leaders' debate previous to the elections, which was held between the other five candidates instead. When the ballotage was confirmed, he asked Macri for a presidential debate between both candidates, which was accepted. Two debates were being organized: one by the NGO "Argentina debate", and another one by the TV news channel Todo Noticias. Macri preferred to take part in a single debate with Scioli, and opted for the one organized by Argentina Debate.
Macri criticized Scioli for a negative campaigning launched by the Front for Victory. Several politicians and state institutions run by the FPV released messages warning about terrible things that may happen if Macri was elected president. Scioli claims that it was a campaign to encourage public awareness. It was rumored that the campaign may have been suggested by the Brazilian João Santana, who organized a similar one in Brazil during the ballotage of Dilma Rousseff and Aécio Neves.
The ballotage was held on November 22. Daniel Scioli accepted his defeat when 70% of the votes were counted; the provisional results were 53% and 47% at that moment. The distance between both candidates slowly reduced in the following hours, leading to a victory of a smaller margin for Macri than most exit polls suggested. Nevertheless, his victory has ended the 12-year rule of Kirchnerism in the country. Days after the election, United States President Barack Obama telephoned Macri to congratulate him on the results. According to the White House press release, President Obama "emphasized the longstanding partnership between the United States and Argentina and conveyed his commitment to deepen cooperation on multilateral issues, improve commercial ties, and expand opportunities in the energy sector".
|Presidential styles of
|Reference style||Excelentísimo Señor Presidente de la Nación
"His Most Excellent Mister President of the Nation"
|Spoken style||Presidente de la Nación
"President of the Nation"
|Alternative style||Señor Presidente
Macri announced the full composition of his cabinet on November 25, 2015, some two weeks before he was due to take office. The period of presidential transition proved to be particularly conflictive. Both presidents had a very short meeting, where Cristina refused to provide any help or insight for Macri's future administration, and only accepted to talk about the ceremony. Kirchner and Macri did not agree on the place where the ceremony should take place: Kirchner wanted to do it at the Palace of the Argentine National Congress, and Macri at the White Hall of the Casa Rosada. There were also rumors of violent actions against Macri supporters in the vicinity of the Plaza during the ceremony, and it became unclear who would have command over the police during the event. Judge Maria Servini de Cubría ruled that Kirchner's term of office ceased at midnight on December 10. As a result, Federico Pinedo, the provisional president of the Senate, was appointed president in the 12 hours between the end of Kirchner's term and Macri's swearing in. Kirchner left Buenos Aires in order to attend the inauguration of her sister-in-law Alicia Kirchner as governor of Santa Cruz Province, which took place the same day.
Macri took office on 10 December 2015. He began the ceremony starting from his apartment in the neighborhood of Recoleta at the corner of Avenida del Libertador and Cavia at 11:00pm to the National Congress of Argentina with his wife Juliana Awada and his youngest daughter of 4 years old, through the Casa Rosada and the Plaza de Mayo. At 11:41 he entered the room where the Legislature was, taking an oath after the Vice President Gabriela Michetti. Then he delivered a speech of 27 minutes in which he pledged his "support for an independent judiciary, to fight corruption and drug trafficking, the internal union of Argentina, universal social protection, create a XXI-century style of education and that everyone can have a roof, water and sewer". He also greeted those who were his competitors during the presidential elections.
Later he went to the Casa Rosada, where he received the presidential attributes in the White Hall at the hands of the Temporary President of the Senate, Federico Pinedo, accompanied by Vice President Gabriela Michetti, President of the Chamber of Deputies Emilio Monzó and President of the Supreme Court Ricardo Lorenzetti. Minutes later he went to the historic balcony where thousands of people waited in the Plaza de Mayo, expressing his hope that "Argentines deserve to live better and we are about to start a wonderful period for our country. I promise to be always telling the truth, and showing where our problems are" and calling "all the Argentines to accompany his administration and alert them when [the government] makes mistakes".
After being anointed President, he gave a reception at the San Martín Palace of Argentina Foreign Ministry to all the heads of state present: Michelle Bachelet from Chile, Horacio Cartes from Paraguay, Juan Manuel Santos from Colombia, Rafael Correa from Ecuador, Evo Morales from Bolivia, Dilma Rousseff from Brazil, King Juan Carlos I of Spain and representatives of other countries attending his inauguration.
The foreign relations of Argentina during the presidency of Macri took a radical shift from those of his predeccesor Kirchner. He inmediately proposed to take action against the regime of Nicolás Maduro in Venezuela, for its human rights abuses, and try to remove it from the Mercosur. This shift is part of the decline of the Latin American Pink Tide. The other countries in the bloc opposed the Chavista regime of Maduro as well, and prevented Venezuela from taking the pro-tempore presidency of the Mercosur. The bloc soughts instead a trade and cooperation agreement with the European Union, and closer links with the Pacific Alliance. Macri agreed with Michel Temer, president of Brazil, to remove the trade barriers between both countries and guarantee free trade between them. Macri and Temer increased their interest in greater trade relations with Mexico, the second largest economy of Latin America, when the contry got in a diplomatic conflict with US president Donald Trump.
Macri shifted as well the relations with the United States. Barack Obama praised Macri during a two days visit in 2016. He said "I'm impressed because he has moved rapidly on so many of the reforms that he promised, to create more sustainable and inclusive economic growth, to reconnect Argentina with the global economy and the world community". Obama announced that the US would declassify military and intelligence records related to the 1970s Dirty War. Chancellor Susana Malcorra supported the Democrat Hillary Clinton in the American 2016 presidential elections, which were won by the Republican Donald Trump. He then moved on to improve diplomatic relations with Trump. He established harsher controls over immigration, limiting the entry of convicted criminals and easing the deportation of foreigners that commit crimes. Those limits were compared with Trump's border policies.
Macri mantains the Argentine claim on the Falkland Islands sovereignty dispute. However, he took a less confrontational stance towards the United Kingdom, and allowed more flighs between Argentina and the islands. The relations between both countries have improved, but the United Kingdom mantains its claim in the dispute as well and refuses to start negotiations about it.
Macri shifted the position in the middle-east conflict as well. In his first week in office he voided the Memorandum of understanding between Argentina and Iran, which would have established a joint investigation of the 1994 AMIA Bombing, a terrorist attack against a Jewish institution, suspected of being commited by the Hezbollah militia. The memorandum had already been ruled unconstitutional by the judiciary, which was apealled during the presidency of Kirchner. Macri simply ordered to withdrew the appeal, which ratified the judiciary ruling. Macri distanced from Iran, and encouraged to keep the investigations of both the AMIA bombing and the death of Alberto Nisman, a prosecutor who was investigating the case. Those judicial cases, as well as the probe of Nisman against Kirchner, are of special interest for the Argentina–Israel relations. Ambassador Carlos Faustino García and Israeli diplomat Modi Efraim praised the advances of those cases during the presidency of Macri.
One of the first economic policies of the presidency of Macri was the removal of the tight currency controls that were in force at the time. People was allowed to freely buy and sell foreign currencies as a result. Argentina has a floating exchange rate since then, with intervention from the Central Bank. The Argentine peso had a 30% devaluation as a result.
In December 2015, Macri's administration removed taxes on exports of grain, beef and fish, while keeping a 30% export tax on soy, down 5% from a previous rate of 35%. The administration also did away with previously imposed quotas on grain exports.
On January 19, 2016, Macri attended the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland with Sergio Massa and part of his cabinet, looking for investments. He had meetings with various business representatives, politicians and journalists. Some of them were US Vice President Joe Biden, the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, David Cameron, the founder of Virgin Group Richard Branson, CEO of Google Eric Schmidt, the Queen of the Netherlands, and the President and CEO Coca Cola, Muhtar Kent, among others. It was the first time that Argentina participated in the Forum since 2003. The last president to attend was Eduardo Duhalde.
One of Macri's promises during the campaign was the elimination of the income tax for workers. He said, "During my government workers will not pay tax on profits". The Minister of the Economy and Public Finances, Alfonso Prat-Gay said that the draft amendments to the income tax would be sent to Congress for treatment.
In March 2016, after holding a bilateral meeting at Casa Rosada, the U.S. president, Barack Obama defined Macri as a "key ally" in the region and called for a bilateral working group to eliminate trade barriers. After this visit, the idea of a free trade is in the crosshairs of the US and Argentina.
Argentina hosted the Argentina Business & Investment Forum in Buenos Aires from September 12–14, 2016. The event was highlight Argentina’s determination to attract foreign direct investment as part of its path towards long-term and inclusive economic growth.
The Forum was a major milestone in the implementation of President Macri business and investment reforms, which seek to attract foreign direct investment in each of the next four years. Attracting leading figures from the private and public sector, the Argentina Business & Investment Forum will present a clear and ambitious vision for Argentina’s future and position the country as an attractive destination on the global investment map.
Announcing the Forum, President Macri described the event as an opportunity to lay out the strategies for invigorating the country’s key economic sectors and presenting attractive opportunities to local, regional, and global investors. “Argentina has decided to take its place in the global landscape. We need global companies to invest in our high-potential energy, agribusiness, technology and communications sectors as well as finance and construct roads and ports. Argentina offers one of the most attractive investment opportunities in the world over the next decade,” said President Macri.
The Forum served as a platform for discussions, debates, presentations and high-level meetings between Argentinean business and government leaders and international investors and partners, with the goal of stimulating foreign direct investment into the country and securing public-private partnerships.
President Macri has said he intends to allow more than 3,000 Syrian refugees to resettle in Argentina. The Argentine government and the European Union (EU) are negotiating an agreement in order for Argentina to receive around 3,000 Syrian refugees.
Argentina will be the first country in the world to help the European Union solve the greatest refugee crisis since World War II. The statement was released during President Macri’s official tour through Europe. Talks of Argentina helping the Syrian refugees occurred during a meeting the president with the European Union’s High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Federica Mogherini, in the offices of the European Commission in Brussels.
Macri announced his personal support for same-sex marriage and adoption for LGBT couples, and outlined plans to pursue the issue in early 2009. "The world is going in this direction. We have to live with and accept this reality. I hope they are happy," said Macri when he decided to not appeal the ruling that enabled two men to marry civilly. It was during his tenure as Mayor of Buenos Aires that the first gay marriage in Latin America was performed in the city. Because of this support, it began a tense relationship between Macri, and former Archbishop of Buenos Aires Jorge Bergoglio, now Pope Francis, because, unlike Macri, he was strongly opposed to the enactment of the Act for same sex marriage in Argentina. Current Chief of Government of Buenos Aires, Horacio Rodríguez Larreta said "Macri installed the discussion of equal marriage" in the country and described him as a person "with strong positions for sexual diversity".
Macri has expressed views in opposition to abortion. In an interview published by La Nación in 2014, he stated: "I am in favor of life; I don't think we need to open that debate". Nevertheless, he clarified that he would abide by any law on the matter sanctioned by Congress, regardless of his personal views.
On December 16 Macri met with members of the Qom community and 30 other ethnic groups of indigenous peoples. The meeting was held at the Museum of the Bicentennial of the Government House and the delegation was headed by the leader of the Qom community, Felix Diaz. Macri said recognition of indigenous communities and support for policies regarding indigenous peoples are state policies during his government as President.
Sergio Burstein was the leader of a group of people whose relatives have died in the AMIA bombing. Macri was indicted in 2010 in a wiretapping case, suspected of spying on both Burstein and his own brother-in-law Néstor Daniel Leonardo. Macri denied the charges. Judge Norberto Oyarbide indicted him, and the members of the Federal Chamber Eduardo Farah, Eduardo Freiler and Jorge Ballestero confirmed the indictment. It was suspected at the time that he had organized a clandestine spy network, with the aid of Palacios and the spy Ciro James. The case was transferred to judge Sebastián Casanello in 2010, who ordered further investigations. It was then revealed that Macri had little insight about Palacios' specific daily activities, and that it was his minister Mariano Narodowski who appointed Ciro James. As for Daniel Leonardo, Franco Macri confessed to be the one who hired private agencies to spy him.
Casanello dismissed the charges in 2015, but Leonardo appealed the ruling. The ruling was confirmed some months later by the Federal chamber. Farah, Freiler and Ballestero all voted for the acquittal. They justified their votes in that the evidences found in the later investigations ruled out the initial conclusions that could be taken from the first evidences of the case. Other people involved in the case, such as Palacios, are still under investigation.
The Panama Papers international scandal broke in 2016, when 11.5 million leaked documents outed details about offshore entities owned by people from many countries. Macri was listed as a director of the Fleg Trading firm in the 1998-2009 period. He had not declared the firm in 2007, when he became mayor, or in 2015, when he became president. Prosecutor Federico Delgado asked the judiciary to investigate if the case means that Macri "maliciously failed to complete his tax declaration". Macri argued in his defense that he never mentioned the company because he did not have stakes in it, or actually received money from it. The company had been established by his father Franco Macri, to run a business in Brazil, which was never completed. Macri owns other foreign-held accounts with money movements, which were properly disclosed. He also said he would file a judicial "declaration of certainty", so that the judiciary could confirm his statements. A similar company, Kagemusha SA, was discovered some months later. It was also opened by Franco Macri, with Mauricio Macri as vicepresident. It was opened in 1981, when Mauricio Macri was aged 22.
- Order of the Industrial Merit, Grand Collar, awarded by the Federation of Industries of the State of São Paulo.
- Legion of Honour, Knight Grand Cross, awarded by François Hollande.
- Order of the Star of Italian Solidarity, Knight Grand Cross, awarded by Silvio Berlusconi.
- Order of the Aztec Eagle, Knight Grand Cross, awarded by Enrique Peña Nieto.
|Ancestors of Mauricio Macri|
- Ballotage in Argentina
- Gabriela Michetti
- List of mayors and chiefs of government of Buenos Aires
- "Mauricio Macri, el primer presidente desde 1916 que no es peronista ni radical" (in Spanish). Los Andes. 22 November 2015.
- "Qué estudiaron y a qué universidades fueron los candidatos a Presidente". Girabsas. 7 October 2015. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
- "Los momentos de Mauricio Macri en Boca que marcaron su perfil político". Girabsas. 23 November 2015. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
- "El jefe de gobierno fue reelecto por amplio margen". www.lanacion.com.ar. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
- "Balotaje: terminó el escrutinio definitivo y Macri ganó por una menor ventaja". minutouno. 10 December 2015. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
- "Así juró Macri en el Congreso". Todo Noticias. 10 December 2015. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
- List of individuals included in the TIME 100 in 2016
- ""Time" incluyó a Macri entre las 100 personas más influyentes del mundo". Todo Noticias. 21 April 2016. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
- "¿Quién es Alicia Blanco Villegas, la madre de Mauricio Macri?" [Who is Alicia Blanco Villegas, the mother of Mauricio Macri?] (in Spanish). La Nación. October 16, 2016. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
- "Los amigos de Macri: del Cardenal Newman y la empresa, al poder", La Nacion, 27 November 2015. (Retrieved 17 June 2016)
- Todo Macri, pp. 8-10
- Mauricio Macri's curriculum vitae, CEMA; accessed 23 November 2015.
- "Argentina Finds a Kidnapping Ring of Policemen". New York Times. Retrieved 2 Jan 2016.
- Faries, Bill (25 June 2007). "Kirchner's Argentina Electoral Losses Fuel Opposition". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
- "Las bellas mujeres que fueron pareja de Mauricio Macri" [The nice womxen who were couples of Mauricio Macri] (in Spanish). Clarín. November 22, 2015. Retrieved December 1, 2016.
- "Un momento de pánico en el casamiento de Mauricio Macri y Juliana Awada" [A moment of panic in the wedding of Mauricio Macri and Juliana Awada] (in Spanish). Perfil. November 22, 2010. Retrieved November 30, 2015.
- Todo Macri, pp. 29-33
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mauricio Macri.|
- Spanish Wikiquote has quotations related to: Mauricio Macri
- Office of the President (Spanish)
- Mauricio Macri's Official Website
- CityMayors profile
- Biography by CIDOB (in Spanish)
|Chief of Government of Buenos Aires
Horacio Rodríguez Larreta
Cristina Fernández de Kirchner
|President of Argentina