Mauritian general election, 1983

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Mauritian general election, 1983
Mauritius
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← List of MPs elected in the Mauritian general election, 1982

All 60 seats in the National Assembly
31 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Sir Anerood Jugnauth Paul Berenger
Leader Sir Anerood Jugnauth Paul Berenger
Party MSM MMM
Leader since 1983 1983
Leader's seat Piton & Riviere Du Rempart Belle Rose and Quatre Bornes
Last election 0 seats 48 seats
Seats before 0 48
Seats won 46 21
Seat change Increase 46 Decrease 27
Popular vote 708,440 629, 536
Percentage 52.22% 46.40%
Swing Increase 52.22% Decrease 13.6%

Prime Minister before election

Sir Anerood Jugnauth
MMM

Subsequent Prime Minister

Sir Anerood Jugnauth
MSM

Coat of arms of Mauritius (Original version).svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Mauritius
Constitution

General elections were held in Mauritius on 21 August 1983. The result was a victory for an alliance of the Militant Socialist Movement, the Labour Party and the Mauritian Social Democrat Party, which between them won 46 seats.[1] The Militant Socialist Movement (MSM) won 32 seats, whilst the Labour Party secured 9 seats and PMSD five. This alliance allowed Jugnauth to continue as Prime Minister while bringing Seewoosagur Ramgoolam and Gaetan Duval back into the government after their severe defeat in the 1982 elections. Shortly after, Ramgoolam was appointed as Governor General, Duval became Deputy Prime Minister and Satcam Boolell (new leader of the labour Party) became Minister of Foreign Affairs.

The Mauritian Militant Movement (MMM) suffered after the departure of Anerood Jugnauth (who resigned as Leader of the MMM in 1983 to form the MSM) and the Mauritian Socialist Party (the MMM's coalition party since 1982) from the government. The party's leader, Paul Berenger, was not popularly elected in his own constituency. However, under the best loser system, he secured his seat through the representational system. Berenger was afterwards appointed as Leader of the Opposition, a post he held until 1987.

Electoral system[edit]

The voting system involved twenty constituencies on Mauritius, which each elected three members. Two seats were elected by residents of Rodrigues, and up to eight seats were filled by the "best losers".[2] Voter turnout was 81.1%.[3]

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/-
Constituency Best-loser Total
MSMLabour Party 575,996 41.7 41 5 46 +46
Mauritian Social Democrat Party 140,864 10.2
Mauritian Militant Movement 629,528 45.6 19 3 22 –20
Rodrigues People's Organisation 15,981 1.2 2 0 2 0
Lalit 3,116 0.2 0 0 0 New
Independent Mauritian Front 2,637 0.2 0 0 0 New
Progressive Labour Party 2,143 0.2 0 0 0 New
Mauritian Democratic Movement 1,036 0.1 0 0 0 New
Mauritian Grouping 735 0.1 0 0 0 New
Communist Party of Mauritius 704 0.1 0 0 0 New
Liberal Movement of the North 572 0.1 0 0 0 0
Progressive Movement 426 0.0 0 0 0 New
Mauritian People's Party 358 0.0 0 0 0 New
Socialist Grouping of the South 241 0.0 0 0 0 New
Mauritian Muslim Rights 156 0.0 0 0 0 New
Independents 6,658 0.5 0 0 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 5,543
Total 470,008* 100 62 8 70 +4
Source: Nohlen et al.

* Total number of voters (voters could cast more than one vote).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D, Krennerich, M & Thibaut, B (1999) Elections in Africa: A data handbook, p618 ISBN 0-19-829645-2
  2. ^ Mauritius: Background to the 1967 Legislative Assembly election EISA
  3. ^ Mauritius: 1983 Legislative Assembly election results EISA