Mauritian of African origin
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|Majority Christianity (Roman Catholicism and Protestantism).|
Mauritians of African origin, more commonly known as Mauritian Creole people or Afro-Mauritians, are Mauritians of partial or total East African descent. Their ancestors were slaves who were brought to work on the French sugar plantations. Nowadays, most creoles also have French and Indian blood. Rodriguais & Chagossians are usually incorporated within the creole ethnic group.
Creoles were brought in as slaves to work the plantations of Mauritius, Agaléga, Rodrigues & the Chagos Islands. The slaves were Bantus mostly brought from East African Mozambique and Madagascar. The larger Creole community also includes the Coloureds (Mostly European in origin mixed with some African or Indian admixture). The Creole community also includes Christian Indians that have adopted a European/Creole way of life.
52 % of Creoles are largely African with considerable Indian admixture, referred to in the Mauritian context as Afro-Creoles. 1% are Coloureds (mostly European) while around 30% are largely Christian Indians with some African admixtures. Creoles make up 30% of the Mauritian population. Since independence over 90% of Coloureds have left Mauritius, hence Creole is generally referred to as a mainly African person, as opposed to before Mauritian independence when Creole usually referred to a mixed-race person of mostly European background[clarification needed].
The majority of Creoles are Roman Catholic. There is also a non-religious minority as well as some Islamic converts. Due to increased connection with other African diaspora most notably from the Caribbean there are some Rastafarians. The mother tongue of Mauritians is the Mauritian Creole, French and English are also spoken as second or third language.