Taxonomy and systematics
The Mauritius bulbul was the type species of the obsolete genus Ixocincla, which united various more or less closely related bulbuls from the entire Indian Ocean region. Formerly, some authorities considered the Mauritius bulbul to belong to the genus Turdus. It has also been classified as a subspecies of the Réunion bulbul. Alternative names include the Mauritius black bulbul and the Mauritius merle.
The Mauritius bulbul can reach a size up to 24 cm (9.4 in). It is characterized by bright yellow-brown eyes, pink legs, and an orange to yellow-hued bill. Its plumage is generally greyish contrasted with a black crest. The plumage of the juveniles is pale brown. Their bill is blackish.
Behaviour and ecology
During the southern summer, the female lays two pinkish coloured eggs in a nest made from straw and roots. The incubation lasts between 14 and 16 days.
Food and feeding
The diet of the Mauritius bulbul consists of insects, seeds, and fruits. The ripe berries of the non-native Spanish Flag are especially favoured.
In earlier times, it was often served as a dish on festive days. Later, its main threats shifted to the replacement of their forest habitat by tea plantations and invasive weeds (including L. camara, which the birds themselves help to spread) and predation by the introduced crab-eating macaque. In the mid-1970s, only 200 pairs remained, but then the decline was stopped. Today it is rare but has a quite stable population; 280 pairs were counted in 1993.
- BirdLife International (2018). "Hypsipetes olivaceus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
- Jardine, Bart, Sir William; Selby, P.J. (1837). Illustrations of Ornithology. No.2 Addenda. D 2, pl 2.
- Gregory (2000)
- Staub (1976), Gregory (2000), BLI (2008)
- Staub (1976)
- Staub (1976), BLI (2008)
- Gregory, Steven M. (2000). "Nomenclature of the Hypsipetes Bulbuls (Pycnonotidae)" (PDF). Forktail. 16: 164–166.
- Staub, France (1976). Birds of the Mascarenes and Saint Brandon. Port Louis, Mauritius: Labama Huse.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hypsipetes olivaceus.|
|Wikispecies has information related to Hypsipetes olivaceus|
- BirdLife species factsheet for Hypsipetes olivaceus
- "Hypsipetes olivaceus". Avibase.
- "Mauritius black bulbul media". Internet Bird Collection.
- Interactive range map of Hypsipetes olivaceus at IUCN Red List maps
- Audio recordings of Mauritius bulbul on Xeno-canto.
|This Pycnonotidae-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|