Cattelan in Piazza della Borsa, Milan, 2012. L.O.V.E. is visible in the background.
|Known for||Sculpture, installation art|
|Love Lasts Forever (1997), Him (2001), La Nona Ora (1999), America (2016), Comedian (2019)|
Maurizio Cattelan (born 21 September 1960) is an Italian artist. Known primarily for his hyperrealistic sculptures and installations, Cattelan's practice also includes curating and publishing. His satirical approach to art has resulted in him being frequently labelled as a joker or prankster of the art world. Self-taught as an artist, Cattelan has exhibited internationally in museums and Biennials. In 2011 the Guggenheim Museum, New York presented a retrospective of his work. Some of Cattelan's better-known works include America, consisting of a solid gold toilet; La Nona Ora, a sculpture depicting a fallen Pope who has been hit by a meteorite; and Comedian, a fresh banana duct-taped to a wall.
Early life and education
Cattelan was born on 21 September 1960 in Padua, Italy. He was raised there by his mother, a cleaning lady, and his father, a truck driver. He started his career in the early 1980s by designing and producing making wooden furniture in Forlì (Italy). Cattelan has no formal training in art. He has said that in addition to reading art catalogues, "making shows has been my school".
Humour and satire are at the core of Cattelan's work; this approach has often seen him labelled variously as an art scene joker, jester or prankster. He has been described by Jonathan P. Binstock, curator of contemporary art at the Corcoran Gallery of Art "as one of the great post-Duchampian artists and a smartass, too". Discussing the topic of originality with ethnographer, Sarah Thornton, Cattelan explained, "Originality doesn't exist by itself. It is an evolution of what is produced. ... Originality is about your capacity to add." His work was often based on simple puns or subverts clichéd situations by, for example, substituting animals for people in sculptural tableaux. "Frequently morbidly fascinating, Cattelan's humour sets his work above the visual pleasure one-liners," wrote Carol Vogel of the New York Times.
Cattelan's first artwork has been noted as a photo art piece in 1989 entitled Lessico Familiare (Family Syntax), a framed self-portrait in which he is depicted forming a Hand Heart over his naked chest.
Cattelan is commonly noted for his use of taxidermy during the mid-1990s. Novecento (1997) consists of the taxidermied body of a former racehorse named Tiramisu, which hangs by a harness in an elongated, drooping posture. Another work utilizing taxidermy is Bidibidobidiboo (1996), a miniature depiction of a squirrel slumped over its kitchen table, a handgun at its feet.
In 1999 he started making life-size wax effigies of various subjects, including himself. One of his best known sculptures, La Nona Ora (1999) consists of an effigy of Pope John Paul II in full ceremonial costume being crushed by a meteor.
In 2002 he co-founded "The Wrong Gallery", a glass door leading to a 2.5 square foot exhibition space at 516A½ West 20th street in New York City. After the building housing the gallery was sold, the door and gallery was put on display within the collection of the Tate Modern until 2009.
With long-term collaborators Ali Subotnick and Massimiliano Gioni, Cattelan also curated the 2006 Berlin Biennale. He frequently submitted articles to international publications such as Flash Art.
From 1996–2007 Cattelan collaborated with Dominique Gonzalez-Foster and Paola Manfrin on the publication Permanent Food, an occasional journal consisting of a pastiche of pages torn from other magazines and submissions by artists of similar material. From 2002 he collaborated on the satirical arts journal Charley, a series on contemporary artists.
In 2009, Cattelan teamed up with Italian photographer Pierpaolo Ferrari to create an editorial for W magazine's Art Issue.
In 2010, they founded the magazine Toiletpaper, a bi-annual, picture-based publication. As part of a public art series at the High Line in 2012, Toiletpaper was commissioned with a billboard at the corner of 10th Avenue and West 18th Street in New York, showing an image of a woman's manicured and jeweled fingers, detached from their hands, emerging from a vibrant blue velvet background. In 2014, Cattelan and Ferrari produced a fashion spread for the Spring Fashion issue of New York.
In the project entitled 1968, A Toiletpaper collaboration between Maurizio Cattelan, Pierpaolo Ferrari and the Deste Foundation in Athens, Cattelan celebrates the works and time of Dakis Joannou and his collection of radical design.
Toilet Paper differs from the two previously magazine projects, as its photographs were planned and designated solely for the magazine. The level of originality for this magazine surpassed the others, providing the audience vague, oddly familiar photographs to peruse through. Toilet Paper is a surrealist pantomime of images that the viewer cannot easily trace back to a starting point, while they've most likely been conjured by popular culture. It is a whirlwind of loud colors mixed in with the occasional black-and-white photo: "the pictures probe the unconscious, tapping into sublimated perversions and spasms of violence."
- Turisti, for the 2011 Venice Biennale, was made of 2,000 embalmed pigeons.
- L.O.V.E (2011), a 11-metre (36 ft) white marble sculpture middle finger sticking straight up from an otherwise fingerless hand, pointing away from Borsa Italiana in Milan.
- Him (2001): a sculpture resembling a schoolboy kneeling in prayer, except that the head has been replaced with the realistic likeness of Adolf Hitler.
- At the 1999 Venice Biennale, Cattelan created Mother, a project that involved an Indian fakir, who practiced a daily ritual of being buried beneath sand in a small room, with only his clasped hands visible.
- Turisti (Tourists) (1997), taxidermied pigeons and fake pigeon feces exhibited in the Italian Pavilion at the Venice Biennale of 1997
- In 1997, at the Consortium in Dijon, Cattelan dug a coffin-shaped hole in the floor of the museum's main gallery.
- Another Fucking Readymade (1996): For an exhibition at the de Appel Arts Center in Amsterdam, he stole the entire contents of another artist's show from a nearby gallery with the idea of passing it off as his own work, until the police insisted he return the loot on threat of arrest.
- For Errotin, le vrai Lapin (1995), he persuaded his gallerist Emmanuel Perrotin to wear a giant pink rabbit costume shaped like a phallus to Cattelan's gallery opening
- Untitled, 2001 (2001), installation created for the Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen in Rotterdam that depicts the artist peering mischievously from a hole in the floor at a gallery of 17th-century Dutch masters.
- As part of the 2001 Venice Biennale, he erected a full sized HOLLYWOOD sign over the largest rubbish tip on Palermo, Sicily.
- Daddy, Daddy (2008) was initially premiered in the group exhibition theanyspacewhatever (2008–09) at the Guggenheim Museum. The piece was a site-specific installation in a small pool at the bottom of the Frank Lloyd Wright atrium rotunda, where a life-size Pinocchio doll lay face-down, giving the impression that he had jumped or fallen from above. "Cattelan's life-size effigy of a beloved fairytale character lying face down in the museum's fountain reads as a crime scene replete with questions of intent: suicide, homicide, or ill-planned escape?"
- ILa Rivoluzione Siamo Noi (We are the revolution) (2000), features a miniature Maurizio Cattelan, dangling from a Marcel Breuer–designed clothing rack. In this depiction, Cattelan contrasts the German artist Joseph Beuys statement, "every man is an artist", with his own, "I am not an artist".
- The photograph Don't Forget to Call Your Mother (2000) was utilized as a show invitation card, upon its introduction, by the Marian Goodman Gallery in New York City. "The sign ironically reminds customers of their mothers' worries each time they approach the bar to drink...in mimicking this stern parental directive, the sign draws on attitudes regarding authority, independence, and disobedience" (Susan Thompson).
- Big Paintings, a series of large scale paintings (297x210cm and 210x210cm) distorting masterpieces from the art history.
- America, an 18-karat solid gold toilet. In September 2017, after the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum declined a Trump Administration White House request to loan it Van Gogh's 1888 painting Landscape with Snow for the President's private rooms, the museum chief curator Nancy Spector offered to loan them America instead. On September 14, the work was stolen while installed at Blenheim Palace in the United Kingdom, where it was available for use as part of an exhibition of Cattelan's works, (while on loan from the permanent collection of the Solomon R Guggenheim Museum in New York City). It had been placed in a water closet formerly used by Winston Churchill. As the work had been connected to the building's water pipes, the theft therein caused structural damage and flooding. A man was arrested in connection with the incident. Cattelan later commented: "I always liked heist movies and finally I'm in one of them."
- Migros Museum für Gegenwartskunst, Zurich (2000)
- Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris
- The Kunsthalle Basel, Basel (1999)
- Project 65 at the Museum of Modern Art, New York (1999)
- Castello di Rivoli, Turin (1997)
- Le Consortium, Dijon
- Hôtel des Monnaies, Paris (2017)
- Wiener Secession, Vienna (1997)
- Skulptur Projekte Münster (1997)
- Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles (2003)
- Museum Ludwig, Cologne (2003)
- Untitled at the Nicola Trussardi Foundation (2004)
A major retrospective titled All, assembling 130 objects of Cattelan's career since 1989, opened in 2011 at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York. On the occasion of the exhibition, Cattelan announced his early retirement.
Cattelan has participated in the Venice Biennale (1993, 1997, 1999, and 2002), Manifesta 2 (1998), Luxembourg, Melbourne International Biennial 1999, and the 2004 Whitney Biennial in New York.
Cattelan was a finalist for the Guggenheim's Hugo Boss Prize in 2000, received an honorary degree in Sociology from the University of Trento, Italy. In 2004, he was awarded the Arnold Bode prize from the Kunstverein Kassel, Germany. A career prize (a gold medal) was awarded to Maurizio Cattelan by the 15th Rome Quadriennale. On 24 March 2009, at the MAXXI Museum of Rome, came to receive the prize, claiming to be the real Cattelan.
On the occasion of his 2011 retrospective at the Guggenheim Museum in New York, Cattelan was profiled on the American television program 60 Minutes. In 2016 a documentary about his life and work, The Art World's Prankster: Maurizio Cattelan, aired on BBC.
In 2017, when the Trump administration White House requested the loan of a Vincent Van Gogh painting, from the Guggenheim collection, Landscape With Snow, the museum's chief curator Nancy Spector suggested instead Cattelan's work America, a sculpture of a gold toilet.
On December 7, 2019, Comedian, an artwork created by Cattelan in an edition of three for the 2019 installment of Art Basel Miami Beach consisting of a banana held to a wall by duct tape, sold to an unnamed French art collector for $120,000 US. The fruit in the work was later summarily eaten by Georgian performance artist David Datuna, who called his piece Hungry Artist. Meanwhile Galerie Perrotin, which is exhibiting the piece, replaced the fruit and stated that it is an "idea", while Datuna said "it was very delicious". Emmanuel Perrotin was mostly just unimpressed by the lack of originality of the move, stating 'this kind of provocation is not new. If you remember, Duchamp's Fountain was famously pissed in almost a dozen times. If anything, it's quite mundane.'
- Maurizio Cattelan and Jens Hoffmann, 6th Caribbean Biennal, Dijon, Les presses du réel, 2001, ISBN 978-2-84066-050-7
- Francesco Bonami, Nancy Spector, Barbara Vanderlinden and Massimiliano Gioni, Maurizio Cattelan, London, Phaidon Press, 2003, ISBN 978-0-7148-4306-3
- Maurizio Cattelan, Massimiliano Gioni and Ali Subotnick, Of Mice and Men, Berlin, Hatje Cantz, 2006, ISBN 978-3-7757-1765-6
- Giorgio Verzotti, Maurizio Cattelan, Milan, Charta, 2009, ISBN 978-88-8158-267-9
- Franklin Sirmans, Maurizio Cattelan: Is There Life After Death?, Yale University Press, 2011, ISBN 978-0-300-14688-2
- Nancy Spector, Maurizio Cattelan: All, New York, Guggenheim Museum, 2011, ISBN 978-0-89207-416-7
- "Who's who in Italy". 2009.
- "Why Maurizio Cattelan Is Planning to Retire From the Art World -- New York Magazine - Nymag". New York Magazine. Archived from the original on 2019-04-17. Retrieved 2019-12-10.
- Kennedy, Randy (April 19, 2016). "Duchamp, Eat Your Heart Out: The Guggenheim Is Installing a Gold Toilet". Archived from the original on November 23, 2019. Retrieved December 10, 2019 – via NYTimes.com.
- "Maurizio Cattelan is One of Art's Greatest Mysteries". 2017-05-16. Archived from the original on 2019-07-07. Retrieved 2019-12-10.
- Obrist, Hans Ulrich (2003). Hans Ulrich Obrist. ISBN 9788881584314.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2019-12-08. Retrieved 2019-12-10.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Congdon, Kristin G. (March 2018). The Making of an Artist: Desire, Courage, and Commitment. ISBN 9781783208524.
- Worth, Alexi. "A Fine Italian Hand." New York Times Magazine (2010): 68. Newspaper Source Plus. Web. 16 November 2011.
- "Infinite Jester".
- Sherwin, Skye (2019-09-06). "Maurizio Cattelan's Him: Origins of evil". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2019-12-08. Retrieved 2019-12-10.
- "Maurizio Cattelan". Archived from the original on 2019-12-08. Retrieved 2019-12-10.
- A Head of His Time: Exploring the commodious nature of art Archived 2005-11-29 at the Wayback Machine, Gene Weingarten, reprint at Jewish World Review, January 21, 2005
- Thornton, Sarah (2014). 33 Artists in 3 Acts. W. W. Norton & Company. pp. 152. ISBN 9780393240979.
- CAROL, VOGEL. "Don't Get Angry. He's Kidding. Seriously." New York Times 13 May 2002: 1. Newspaper Source Plus. Web. 16 November 2011.
- Cué, Elena (2015-01-30). "A Conversation With Maurizio Cattelan". Huffington Post. Archived from the original on 2017-02-09. Retrieved 2019-01-06.
- "Lessico familiare - Maurizio Cattelan - Google Arts & Culture". Google Cultural Institute. Retrieved 2019-01-06.
- Cué, Elena. "Interview with Maurizio Cattelan by Elena Cué". Alejandra de Argos. Archived from the original on 2019-01-07. Retrieved 2019-01-06.
- "Jerry Saltz on Maurizio Cattelan at the Guggenheim - artnet Magazine". Archived from the original on 2011-11-20. Retrieved 2019-12-10.
- Brown, Mark (2012-09-25). "Dead squirrel takes centre stage in new Maurizio Cattelan exhibition". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2019-09-16. Retrieved 2019-12-10.
- Roberta Smith (November 3, 2011), A Suspension of Willful Disbelief Archived 2019-12-08 at the Wayback Machine New York Times.
- Baert, Barbara (2009). Fluid Flesh: The Body, Religion and the Visual Arts. ISBN 9789058677167.
- "Trouble in Paradise". Archived from the original on 2019-10-17. Retrieved 2019-12-10.
- "Exclusive: Watch artist maurizio cattelan host a hedonistic biennial with no art". 2017-04-14.
- "The greatest little gallery on earth". The Guardian. 2005-12-21. Archived from the original on 2019-09-16. Retrieved 2019-12-10.
- Halle, David; Tiso, Elisabeth (2014-12-09). New York's New Edge: Contemporary Art, the High Line, and Urban Megaprojects on the Far West Side. ISBN 9780226032542.
- https://www.interviewmagazine.com/art/maurizio-cattelan%7C Michele Robecchi, "Maurizio Cattelan", Interview magazine, May 2009.
- "Maurizio Cattelan | Flash Art".
- Cherix, Christophe; Conaty, Kim; Suzuki, Sarah J. S. (2012). Print/Out: 20 Years in Print. ISBN 9780870708251.
- "Permanent Food. 1996-2007. | MoMA". Archived from the original on 2019-06-22. Retrieved 2019-12-10.
- Tomkins, Calvin (2010-01-05). Lives of the Artists: Portraits of Ten Artists Whose Work and Lifestyles Embody the Future of Contemporary Art. ISBN 9781429946414.
- Maria Lokke (November 18, 2011), Maurizio Cattelan's Toilet Paper Archived 2014-07-20 at the Wayback Machine The New Yorker.
- Carol Vogel (May 31, 2012), A Cattelan Billboard for the High Line Archived 2019-12-08 at the Wayback Machine The New York Times.
- Portfolio: Maurizio Cattelan and Pierpaolo Ferrari's Surreal Take on the New Season Archived 2017-01-13 at the Wayback Machine New York, February 7, 2014.
- "Koha online catalog › ISBD view". library.guggenheim.org. Retrieved 2016-04-14.
- Lokke, Maria (2011-11-18). "Maurizio Cattelan's Toilet Paper". The New Yorker. ISSN 0028-792X. Archived from the original on 2016-04-09. Retrieved 2016-04-14.
- Spector, Nancy, and Maurizio Cattelan. "Catalogue [1989-2011]." Maurizio Cattelan: All. New York, NY: Guggenheim Museum Publications :, 2011. Print.
- "Maurizio Cattelan under attack for his 2,000 embalmed pigeons". Wanted Worldwide. Archived from the original on 2011-06-18. Retrieved 2011-06-01.
- Christina Passariello (May 13, 2011), At Milan's Bourse, Finger Pointing Has Business Leaders Up in Arms Archived 2019-09-19 at the Wayback Machine Wall Street Journal.
- Maurizio Cattelan, February 22 - March 25, 2000 Archived March 6, 2016, at the Wayback Machine Marian Goodman Gallery, New York.
- Maurizio Cattelan, turisti, 1997 Christie's, 9 February 2005, London.
- Maurizio Cattelan, Una Domenica a Rivara (A Sunday in Rivara), 1992 Archived 2010-12-19 at the Wayback Machine Phillips de Pury & Company, London.
- Maurizio Cattelan: All, November 4, 2011 – January 22, 2012 Archived June 6, 2014, at the Wayback Machine Guggenheim Museum, New York.
- Maurizio Cattelan Archived 2011-04-29 at the Wayback Machine Guggenheim Collection.
- "Collection Online | Maurizio Cattelan. Daddy, Daddy. 2008 - Guggenheim Museum". www.guggenheim.org. January 2008. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-04-14.
- "theanyspacewhatever". web.guggenheim.org. Archived from the original on 2015-10-07. Retrieved 2015-11-17.
- "Collection Online | Maurizio Cattelan. We are the Revolution (La Rivoluzione siamo noi). 2000 - Guggenheim Museum". www.guggenheim.org. January 2000. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-04-14.
- "Maurizio Cattelan on ArtStack - art online". My Favorite Arts. Archived from the original on 2018-09-21. Retrieved 2019-12-10.
- Schwartzman, Paul (25 January 2018). "The White House asked to borrow a van Gogh. The Guggenheim offered a gold toilet instead". Washington Post. Archived from the original on 25 January 2018. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
- Brown, Mark (May 3, 2019). "Flushed with success: solid-gold toilet to be installed at Blenheim". The Guardian. Archived from the original on November 28, 2019. Retrieved December 10, 2019.
- "Maurizio Cattelan Has Installed His Golden Toilet in the Stately Bathroom Where Winston Churchill Once Sat". artnet News. 13 September 2019. Archived from the original on 16 September 2019. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
- "Busted flush: gold toilet reportedly stolen from Blenheim Palace". The Guardian. 14 September 2019. Archived from the original on 14 September 2019. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
- CNN, Emily Dixon and Augusta Anthony (14 September 2019). "Solid gold toilet stolen from Blenheim Palace". CNN Style. Archived from the original on 15 September 2019. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
- "'I wish it was a prank': Maurizio Cattelan on the surreal theft of his golden toilet". www.theartnewspaper.com. Archived from the original on 2019-10-09. Retrieved 2019-12-10.
- "Artist behind £4.8m gold toilet praises thieves who have taken it". Sky News. Archived from the original on 14 September 2019. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
- Media, P. A. (2019-09-15). "Artist pans claims he orchestrated theft of solid gold toilet". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 15 September 2019. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
- "Maurizio Cattelan gold toilet set for Blenheim Palace appearance". BBC News. 5 May 2019. Archived from the original on 6 July 2019. Retrieved 6 July 2019.
- "Maurizio Cattelan". Migros Musem für Gegenwartskunst. Archived from the original on 2019-12-08. Retrieved 2019-12-10.
- "Communiqué de presse pour "L'arbre" de Maurizio Cattelan dans le forum du Centre Pompidou pour 1e trimestre 2000 en 1998 dans le foyer niveau -1 dun Centre Pompidou/ | Centre Pompidou". www.centrepompidou.fr.
- "Maurizio Cattelan at Kunsthalle Basel". www.artforum.com. Archived from the original on 2019-12-08. Retrieved 2019-12-10.
- "Projects 65: Maurizio Cattelan". The Museum of Modern Art. Archived from the original on 2019-12-08. Retrieved 2019-12-10.
- "The prankster art of Maurizio Cattelan". www.cbsnews.com. Archived from the original on 2019-12-08. Retrieved 2019-12-10.
- "'Art's most high-profile provocateur' Maurizio Cattelan on his new Blenheim Palace show". www.theartnewspaper.com.
- "Maurizio Cattelan | Le Consortium".
- "Maurizio Cattelan | Monnaie de Paris". www.monnaiedeparis.fr. Archived from the original on 2019-12-08. Retrieved 2019-12-10.
- "Dynamo Secession | Maurizio CATTELAN (1997) | PERROTIN". www.perrotin.com. Archived from the original on 2019-12-08. Retrieved 2019-12-10.
- Knight, C., "‘Charlie’ gets the point at MOCA: Art can be fun", Los Angeles Times, July 22, 2003.
- "Maurizio Cattelan: "America"". Guggenheim. 2016-05-12. Archived from the original on 2017-01-03. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- Maurizio Cattelan Archived 2019-05-12 at the Wayback Machine Marian Goodman Gallery, New York.
- "Whitney Biennial 2006 :: Day for Night". www.whitney.org. Archived from the original on 2007-04-29. Retrieved 2016-04-14.
- Cattelan Wins Career Award from Quadriennale di Roma Archived 2009-05-27 at WebCite «Artinfo» 27 March 2009. URL referred on 31 May 2009.
- (in Italian) Maurizio Cattelan conquista la XV Quadriennale d'arte di Roma. Archived 2009-03-27 at the Wayback Machine. «Libero»/«adnkronos». 24 March 2009. URL referred at «liberonews.it» on May 31, 2009..
- (in Italian) Premio a Cattelan, ma si presenta Elio Archived 2016-03-05 at the Wayback Machine «Il Tempo», 25 March 2009. URL referred on 31 May 2009.
- (in Italian) Cattelan receive the prize at MAXXI, Rome. (swf) Archived 2011-05-24 at the Wayback Machine. 24 March 2009. Video at Rome Quadriennale website. URL referred on 31 May 2009..
- "Cattelan at the Guggenheim".
- Cooper, Wilbert L. (April 18, 2017). "Maurizio Cattelan Will Never Stop Trolling the Art World". Archived from the original on December 8, 2019. Retrieved December 10, 2019.
- "Giuseppe Veneziano, scandalo al sole" (in Italian). goleminformazione.it. Archived from the original on 30 June 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
Ma l'opera che fece più scandalo fu un ritratto dell’artista Maurizio Cattelan con un cappio al collo
- Schwartzman, Paul (2018-01-25). "The White House asked to borrow a van Gogh. The Guggenheim offered a gold toilet instead". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Archived from the original on 2018-01-25. Retrieved 2018-01-25.
- Vigdor, Neil (December 7, 2019). "A $120,000 Banana Is Peeled From an Art Exhibition and Eaten". Archived from the original on December 9, 2019. Retrieved December 10, 2019 – via NYTimes.com.
- Gaskin, Sam (11 December 2019). "The Legal Risks of Eating Maurizio Cattelan's 'Comedian' Banana". Ocula Magazine.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Maurizio Cattelan.|