Maurizio Martina

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Honourable
Maurizio Martina
Maurizio Martina crop.jpg
Secretary of the Democratic Party
Assumed office
7 July 2018
Acting: 12 March 2018 – 7 July 2018
Preceded by Matteo Renzi
Deputy Secretary of the Democratic Party
In office
7 May 2017 – 12 March 2018
Leader Matteo Renzi
Preceded by Lorenzo Guerini
Debora Serracchiani
Succeeded by vacant
Minister of Agriculture
In office
22 February 2014 – 13 March 2018
Prime Minister Matteo Renzi
Paolo Gentiloni
Preceded by Enrico Letta
Succeeded by Paolo Gentiloni (Acting)
Member of the Chamber of Deputies
Assumed office
23 March 2018
Constituency Lombardy
Personal details
Born (1978-09-09) 9 September 1978 (age 40)
Calcinate, Italy
Political party DS (1998–2007)
PD (2007–present)
Spouse(s) Mara Martina[1]
Children 2
Alma mater University of Macerata

Maurizio Martina (born 9 September 1978) is an Italian politician serving as Secretary of the Democratic Party since the general election of 2018.

He served as Minister of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies since 22 February 2014, in the governments of Matteo Renzi and Paolo Gentiloni.[2] On 7 May 2017, he was elected Deputy Secretary of the Democratic Party.[3] Martina resigned as Agriculture Minister[4] and took over as acting Secretary of the Democratic Party, after Matteo Renzi resigned following a poor election showing in 2018.[5]

Biography[edit]

Maurizio Martina was born in Calcinate, near Bergamo, in 1978. He grew up in a middle-class working family, he attended the Agricultural Institute and later he graduated in political science at the University of Macerata.

In 1994 he joined the Students' Movement, a left-wing organization, and in 1999 he was elected to the city council of Mornico al Serio for the Democrats of the Left (DS). In the early 2000s he became a leading member of the Youth Left, the youth wing of the DS.

In 2007 he joined the new-founded Democratic Party and in 2009 he was appointed Responsible for Agriculture in the new secretariat led by Pier Luigi Bersani.

In 2013 he was appointed undersecretary to the Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies, in the government of Enrico Letta.

Minister of Agriculture[edit]

On 22 February 2014, when the new secretary of the PD, Matteo Renzi, forced Letta to resign, becoming the new Prime Minister, he appointed Martina Minister of Agriculture.

In 2015 Martina founded Left is Change, a left-wing social-democratic faction within the PD, allied with the centrist ones led by Matteo Renzi and Dario Franceschini.

During his tenure as Minister of Agriculture, various measures have been developed and approved in favor of youth employment in agriculture, bureaucratic simplification for businesses, generational turnover and internationalization of enterprises. Furthermore, during his mandate, the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), which has been in force since 1 January 2015, has been definitively approved.

During his ministry, Milan hosted the Universal Exposition; the themes were technology, innovation, culture and traditions concerning food.[6] Participants to the Expo include 145 countries, three international organisations, several civil society organisations, several corporations and non-governmental organisations (NGOs).[7] The participants are hosted inside individual or grouped pavilions.

Martina proposed a law against the so-called caporalato, that is the exploitation of unreported employment in agriculture, which had been a serious and widespread problem especially in Southern Italy.[8]

On 12 December 2016, when Renzi resigned as Prime Minister after the constitutional referendum, Martina was confirmed as Agriculture Minister by the new Prime Minister Paolo Gentiloni.[9]

In February 2017 the incumbent secretary Matteo Renzi announced an electoral ticket with Martina for the Democratic leadership election in April; Martina would become Deputy Secretary and would probably lead the party if Renzi becomes Prime Minister again.[10][11] Renzi won by a landslide and Martina was appointed new Deputy Secretary on 7 May.[12]

Secretary of the Democratic Party[edit]

In the 2018 election, the centre-left coalition arrived third behind the centre-right alliance, in which Matteo Salvini's League was the main political force, and the Five Star Movement of Luigi Di Maio finished second.[13][14] On 5 March, Renzi announced that the PD will be in opposition during this legislature and he will resign as secretary when a new cabinet will be formed.[15] Renzi officially resigned on 12 March during PD's national directorate, and his deputy secretary Martina was appointed acting leader.[16]

On 23 April 2018, after Elisabetta Casellati, President of the Senate, failed to form a cabinet combining the M5S and the centre-right, President Sergio Mattarella gave an exploratory mandate to the President of the Chamber of Deputies, Roberto Fico, to try to create a political agreement between the Five Star Movement and the Democratic Party.[17][18][19]

Martina expressed his positive views, declaring that a government with the M5S could be possible. However on 30 April, in an interview to Fabio Fazio, the former PD’s leader Renzi expressed his strong opposition to an alliance with the M5S, and after few days the national direction of the party voted against the alliance.[20][21][22]

On 7 July he was elected Secretary by the party's assembly, with the aim of bringing the PD toward new leadership election in early 2019, before the European election.[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maurizio Martina: età, moglie, figli e molto altro sul segretario Pd
  2. ^ «Italy's PM-designate Matteo Renzi names new cabinet»
  3. ^ Maurizio Martina: chi è il vice (di sinistra) scelto da Matteo Renzi
  4. ^ Martina si dimette da ministro. A Gentiloni l'interim all'agricoltura
  5. ^ Martina segretario reggente
  6. ^ "Expo Milano 2015 – Nutrire il Pianeta, Energia per la Vita!". Archived from the original on 3 May 2014. Retrieved 12 July 2016. 
  7. ^ "Expo2015 Participants". Archived from the original on 2 May 2014. 
  8. ^ Cosa dice la nuova legge contro il caporalato
  9. ^ Gentiloni presenta governo, Padoan confermato all'Economia
  10. ^ Ecco la sintesi della mozione congressuale di Matteo Renzi
  11. ^ Maurizio Martina: chi è il vice (di sinistra) scelto da Matteo Renzi
  12. ^ Pd, Matteo Renzi eletto segretario. Martina suo vice, Misiani nella direzione
  13. ^ Elezioni politiche: vincono M5s e Lega. Crollo del Partito democratico. Centrodestra prima coalizione. Il Carroccio sorpassa Forza Italia
  14. ^ Elezioni 2018: M5S primo partito, nel centrodestra la Lega supera FI
  15. ^ Pd sconfitto, Renzi si dimette: "Serve una pagina nuova, noi all'opposizione"
  16. ^ Direzione Pd, Renzi assente: "Mi dimetto ma non mollo". Martina: "Guiderò il partito con collegialità"
  17. ^ Mandato a Fico per governo Pd-M5s. Di Maio scarica Salvini: "Ci ho provato". Martina: "Dialogo se finiscono ambiguità"
  18. ^ Fico da Mattarella: M5S-PD, governo possibile?
  19. ^ "Italy Picks New Mediator in Search for Government Majority". Bllomberg. Retrieved 24 April 2018. 
  20. ^ "Fünf-Sterne-Bewegung fordert Neuwahlen". Zeit. 30 April 2018. 
  21. ^ "Fünf-Sterne-Bewegung verlangt Neuwahlen". Spiegel Online. 30 April 2018. 
  22. ^ "Ratlosigkeit in Rom: Sind Neuwahlen nötig?". OÖNachrichten. 2 May 2018. 
  23. ^ Assemblea Pd, Martina eletto segretario. Congresso prima delle Europee