Mavro (Greek: μαύρο, meaning "black") is an indigenous red grape cultivated on the island of Cyprus. The grape takes its name from its dark colour. The Italian ampelographer, Count Giuseppe di Rovasenda refers to it in 1877 as Cipro Nero (Cyprus black). An ancient variety, its suitability to the hot Cypriot climate has made it the dominant cultivated vine on the island. It accounts for 70% of cultivated vines. Of note is that Mavro continues to grow on ancient rootstock unlike most mainland European grapes that are grafted on North American rootstock. This is a consequence of Cyprus’ escape from the phylloxera epidemic that had devastated most other European vineyards, in the 19th century.
Mavro grapes are used in the production of several (predominantly red) local wines. Most notably however, Mavro is blended with the Xynisteri grape for the production of Commandaria, a well-known Cypriot dessert wine. It is also used in the production of the spirit zivania. Harvesting usually takes place in September.
- "Κρασί κυπριακό : Μια παράδοση 5500 χρόνων". foodmuseum.cs.ucy.ac.cy (in Greek). Cyprus Food Virtual Museum. Retrieved 27 November 2015.
- di Rovasenda, Giuseppe (1877). Saggio di Ampelografia Universale (Essay on Universal Ampelography). Italy.
- page 454, Larousse Encyclopaedia of Wine by Christopher Foulkes, ISBN 0-600-60475-6.
- "Cyprus wine comes of age". Caterer and Hotelkeeper (Archive). CatererSearch. 13 January 1994. Retrieved 2007-11-01.
- Hvarleva, T; Hadjinicoli, A.; Atanassov, I.; Atanassov, A.; Ioannou, N. (2005). "Genotyping Vitis vinifera L. cultivars of Cyprus by microsatellite analysis.". Vitis. 44 (2): 93–97.
- Mastropavlos, Nikos. "Οι δρόμοι του κρασιού στη Μεγαλόνησο". tovima.gr (in Greek). To Vima. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
- Meuse, Stephen (June 6, 2010). "Winemaking in transition". The Boston Globe. p. 2. Retrieved 2010-06-07.
- "Zivana (zivania) product description". LOEL Ltd. Retrieved 2007-10-30.