Mawashi geri

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Mawashi geri
Mawashi Geri.jpg
Roberto Baccaro attacks with mawashi geri.
Korean name
Hangul돌려 차기
Japanese name
Kanji回し蹴り
Hiraganaまわしげり

Mawashi geri (回し蹴り) can be translated as "spin kick", although it is also sometimes referred to as a roundhouse kick.[1][2] It is a kick used in Japanese martial arts.[3][4][5]

Technique[edit]

Mawashi geri may be executed from a variety of stances, and there are several methods of proper execution.[6][7] Technique is mainly used in Karate, Jujutsu, Kenpo etc.[8][9][10] The portion of its execution that is always consistent is that the kick is executed inward and at an angle that is anywhere from parallel to the floor to 45 degrees upward. In general, it is a lateral kick that strikes with the foot. Ideally, the foot that is on the ground during the kick points directly away from the opponent, but 90 to 45 degrees away from the opponent may also be acceptable.[11][12][13]

Variations[edit]

If mawashi geri is being thrown with the lead leg, the lead leg comes straight up from the ground, moving into a position with the knee bent back and pointing at the desired target area on the opponent. Without stopping, the upper leg rotates inward to whatever angle the kick will be thrown at, and finally, the lower leg flicks out to strike the opponent, and then immediately back in.[11]

If the kick is being thrown from the rear leg, another option is available. The rear leg lifts with the knee bent and pointing to the side, and the entire body rotates as the knee swings around to the front (picture swinging one's leg over to mount a bicycle). The rotation of the body and lateral movement of the leg add to the momentum of the lower leg, which moves in and out the same as above.

The final possible variation is in the foot, itself. One may either strike with the instep of the foot (with the ankle and toes extended), or with the ball of the foot (ankle and toes bent back). Alternately, one could forgo the use of the foot entirely, and strike with the shin instead.

Targets[edit]

Common targets for this kick include the head (especially in competition), as well as the knees and floating ribs. Kyokushinkai karate practitioners commonly use low mawashi geri attacks to strike the thigh of opponents whereas this move is less common in other styles.[14][15]

There are many versions of roundhouse kick.

Martial arts have many different methods of delivering a roundhouse kick. One method involved bringing up the knee, and then swiftly turning the hip over and snapping the leg outwards from the knee to deliver a strike with the ball of the foot.

As the years have gone by, some martial arts schools also practice kicking roundhouse kick with the shin, which has always been the preferred method of Muay Thai.

Another popular point of contact is with the instep, which, for safety reasons, is usually practiced when sparring in the martial arts school.

There are now more and more martial artists practicing the 'cutting roundhouse kick', this is where the practitioner will lift their attacking leg higher than the intended target, they will then execute the kick in a downward cutting movement. It is a very effective attack against the thigh.

References[edit]

  1. ^ C. Michial Jones (August 2011). Entering Through the Gateway of Gojuryu. p. 177. ISBN 9781257979387. Retrieved 2015-10-07. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ Joel Alswang (2003). The South African Dictionary of Sport. ISBN 9780864865359. Retrieved 2015-10-07. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ Richard Murat (2005). KarateFor Beginners And Advanced. p. 122. ISBN 9788126904600. Retrieved 2015-10-07. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ Michael Cogan (2003). A Goju Ryu Guidebook: The Kogen Kan Manual for Karate. ISBN 9781553958468. Retrieved 2015-10-07. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ Tom Hill - Google Books (2012-02-16). Karate Terminology: Japanese to English Translations. ISBN 9781781660461. Retrieved 2015-10-07. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ Pauley, Daniel C. (2009). Pauley's Guide: A Dictionary of Japanese Martial Arts and Culture. p. 109. ISBN 9780615233567. Retrieved 2015-10-07. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ C.L. Sajnog (June 2004). Fundamentals of Freestyle Goju-Ryu. ISBN 9781589396005. Retrieved 2015-10-07. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. ^ James Moclair (2009-08-19). Ju-Jutsu: A Comprehensive Guide. p. 250. ISBN 9781467898126. Retrieved 2015-10-07. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  9. ^ James Moclair (2013-10-19). A Breath Of Fresh Air: Kempo Karate Novice to Intermediate. p. 224. ISBN 9781425930301. Retrieved 2015-10-07. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  10. ^ Tom Hill (2014-02-25). Jujitsu Terminology: English to Japanese and Japanese to English in ... ISBN 9781783336494. Retrieved 2015-10-07. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  11. ^ a b Mark Richardson (March 2005). Simply Karate. ISBN 9781741570137. Retrieved 2015-10-07. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  12. ^ Jennifer Lawler (9 May 2011). Martial Arts For Dummies. ISBN 9781118069615. Retrieved 2015-10-07. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  13. ^ Slack, Jack. "Game Breakers: Five Moves That Won Fights They Shouldn't Have | FIGHTLAND". Fightland.vice.com. Retrieved 2015-10-07. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  14. ^ Mark Jennings (4 June 2013). Pragmatic Karate: Traditional Techniques and Their Value in Everyday Life. p. 29. ISBN 9781909544574. Retrieved 2015-10-07. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  15. ^ Slack, Jack. "Game Breakers: Five Moves That Won Fights They Shouldn't Have | FIGHTLAND". Fightland.vice.com. Retrieved 2015-10-07. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)