Mawddwy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Mawddwy
Mawddwy is located in Gwynedd
Mawddwy
Mawddwy
Location within Gwynedd
Population622 
OS grid referenceSH 8577 1473
• Cardiff88.3 mi (142.1 km)
• London172.8 mi (278.1 km)
Community
  • Mawddwy
Principal area
CountryWales
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townMachynlleth
PoliceNorth Wales
FireNorth Wales
AmbulanceWelsh
List of places
UK
Wales
Gwynedd
52°43′05″N 3°41′33″W / 52.718139°N 3.692595°W / 52.718139; -3.692595Coordinates: 52°43′05″N 3°41′33″W / 52.718139°N 3.692595°W / 52.718139; -3.692595

Mawddwy is a community in the county of Gwynedd, Wales, and is 88.3 miles (142.2 km) from Cardiff and 172.8 miles (278.0 km) from London.[1][2] In 2011 the population of Mawddwy was 622 with 59.5% of them able to speak Welsh.[3] It is one of the largest and most sparsely populated communities in Wales.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Mawddwy was a medieval commote in the cantref of Cynan of the Kingdom of Powys. Cynan also contained the commote of Cyfeiliog.[4] Other sources refer to Cyfeiliog as a cantref in its own right, possibly as a result of Cynan being renamed for the largest commote within it.[5][6] The town of Dinas Mawddwy and villages of Mallwyd, Aberangell, and Llanymawddwy are within the community of Mawddwy. It is a very hilly region stretching across the pass of Bwlch y Groes, from Bala Lake to Cadair Idris. The rocks date back to the Cambrian Period and slate,[7] silver and lead[8] have been mined here.

In the late 1230s the Commute of Mawddwy was held by Gruffydd ap Llywelyn, illegitimate son of Llywelyn Fawr.[9]

In the cantref of Cynan, lies the village of Mallwyd, "delightfully situated between the salient angles of three abrupt mountains",[8] near the old boundary between the counties of Merionethshire and Montgomeryshire. Dr. John Davies lived here in the mid-seventeenth century; he was involved with Bishop Parry of St Asaph in the translation of the bible into the Welsh language.[8]

This was the region of the Red Bandits of Mawddwy. These were a band of red-haired robbers, highwaymen or footpads from the area of Mawddwy in Mid Wales in the 16th century, who became famous in folk literature. They are said to have committed arson, robbery and murder, stealing great herds of cattle and driving them off into the hills. They ambushed and murdered the Sheriff of Meirionnydd, Baron Lewis ap Owen on 12 October 1555, but were later apprehended and executed.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bangor University Placenames Unit (Canolfan Bedwyr); Archived 12 May 2014 at the Wayback Machine accessed 9 May 2014
  2. ^ Google Maps (Map). Google.
  3. ^ Welsh Government website; 2011 Census Returns and stats; Archived 30 May 2014 at the Wayback Machine accessed 9 May 2014
  4. ^ Thomas, Thomas (1822). Memoirs of Owen Glendower. Haverfordwest: Joseph Potter. p. xii.
  5. ^ Wolcott, Darrell. "THE FLORUIT OF EINION AP SEISYLLT".
  6. ^ Pryce, Huw, ed. (2005). The Acts of Welsh Rulers: 1120–1283. University of Wales Press. p. 41.
  7. ^ Gwyn, David. Welsh Slate: Archaeology and History of an Industry. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales.
  8. ^ a b c d Nicholas, Thomas (1872). Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales: Containing a Record of All Ranks of the Gentry ... with Many Ancient Pedigrees and Memorials of Old and Extinct Families. Longmans, Green, Reader. pp. 654–658.
  9. ^ Walker, David (1990). Medieval Wales. Cambridge University Press.

See also[edit]