Mawlawi (Islamic title)
This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2008) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Part of a series on Islam|
Mawlawi (Arabic: مولوی; also spelled Maulvi, Moulvi, and Mawlvi) is an honorific Islamic religious title given to Muslim religious scholars or Ulema preceding their names, similar to the titles Maulana, Mullah, or Shaykh. Mawlawi generally means highly qualified Islamic scholar. Usually, a Maulvi would have completed full studies in a madrassa (Islamic school) or Darul Uloom (Islamic seminary). It is commonly used throughout the Persian-[clarification needed] including Iran, Afghanistan, Central Asia, South Asia, South East Asia and East Africa. The word Mawlawi/Maulvi is derived from the Arabic word mawla, which has several meanings, including "lord".
Turkish Mawlawi fraternity of Sufis (Muslim mystics) founded in Konya (Qonya), Anatolia, by the Persian Sufi poet Jalal ad-Din ar-Rumi (d. 1273), whose popular title mawlana (Arabic for “our master”) gave the order its name. The order, propagated throughout Anatolia, controlled Konya and environs by the 15th century and in the 17th century appeared in Istanbul.
Difference in titles Mullah and Maulvi among Muslims in South Asia
In the Central Asian and Pakistani context, where Mullah does not carry a formal meaning, "Maulana" or "Maulvi" is often the word of choice for addressing or referring to Muslim religious scholars (Ulama) who are respected.
Although the words Maulvi, Maulbi and Maulana are interchanged in the South Asia as a title of respect, Maulana is more often associated with formal qualification following study at a Madrassa or Darul uloom and Maulvi is usually more a general title for religious figures.
In Bangladesh, in the government Aliyah Madrassa system, Maulbi/Maulbi is also associated with formal degrees for those who have passed the course of Maulbi/Maulvi (basic), Maulvi Aalim (intermediate) or Maulvi Fazil (advanced).