Max Anderson (director)
Maxim Anderson (25 April 1914 in London, England – 10 July 1959) was a British director and producer of documentaries. He worked with the GPO Film Unit from 1936 onwards, and later changed to Crown Film Unit. He directed documentaries such as The Harvest Shall Come (1942) and Four Men in Prison (1950).
Max Anderson was born on 25 April 1914, the son of artist Stanley Anderson and Lillian Phelps. He was educated at Sloane School and Cambridge University He joined the GPO Film Unit in 1936 at age 22, and became a director. Soon after the start of World War II the GPO Film Unit became the Crown Film Unit (CFU) under the Ministry of Information. In 1940, Anderson joined the Realist Film Unit (RFU). He directed Out of the Night for the RFU in 1941. The film documents the training of blind people so they can follow interesting and useful careers.
Anderson's 1942 documentary for Imperial Chemical Industries, The Harvest Shall Come gave a history of post-Victorian farmers, discussed the effect of the change from an agricultural economy to one based on industry, and gave a cautiously optimistic view of post-war agriculture. The 35-minute documentary, with music by William Alwyn, was sponsored by the Ministry of Information. The Harvest Shall Come was entirely filmed on location, including the interior scenes. It was named "Documentary of the Month" by Documentary News Letter, which called it "the first genuine story film made with the documentary purpose and by documentary method." It has been called "a far-sighted educational treatment of a major social problem."
In 1943 Anderson directed the 20-minute Words and Actions for the RFU. Words and Actions, produced by John Taylor, was made for the British Commercial Gas Association. It stressed the need for total co-operation in war time.
The CFU produced the first six issues of Mining Review for the National Coal Board in 1947. Anderson directed several of the Mining Review stories in October–December 1947. In 1949 Anderson produced Daybreak in Udi for the Crown Film Unit, directed by Terry Bishop. The film documented the construction of a maternity hospital in a village in Eastern Nigeria. The 40-minute film, again with music by William Alwyn, was a 1948 Academy Award Winner. Savage World (1954), directed by Terry Bishop, is a two part 64-minute film. The first part deals with efforts to conserve wildlife in Africa against the opposition of local poachers, and the second part uses most of the material from Daybreak in Udi.
In 1950 Anderson directed Four Men in Prison, one of three feature-length documentaries produced that year by John Grierson for the CFU. Another was The Dancing Fleece directed by Frederick Wilson. Four Men in Prison and The Dancing Fleece caused widespread controversy. Anderson's film "disappeared under a ban of official disapproval." Anderson directed the cartoon documentary Every Five Minutes in 1951, covering fire prevention. He directed Treasure at the Mill in 1957 for the Children's Film Foundation. This was an action adventure film for children.
Anderson died on 10 July 1959, aged 45. A tribute ceremony was held in his honour on 31 January 1960 at the National Film Theatre. Caught in the Net, written by Max Anderson, was released in 1960. It is a children's film based on Sutherland Ross's novel The Lazy Salmon Mystery.[a]
- Out of the Night (1941)
- The Harvest Shall Come (1942)
- Words and Actions (1943)
- Mining Review series (October – December 1947):
- Bestwood Training Centre (October 1947)
- Open Cast Mining (October 1947)
- Workington Football (October 1947)
- Welsh Debate (October 1947)
- Swadlincote (November 1947)
- The Forrest of Dean (December 1947)
- Shepherds from the mine (December 1947)
- Denby Washery (December 1947)
- Four Men in Prison (1950) 40 minutes.
- Every Five Minutes (1951)
- Treasure at the Mill (1957)
- Caught in the Net (1960)
- "Sutherland Ross" was the pseudonym of Thomas Henry Callard (1912–1984).
- "Anderson, Max (1914–1959 ; réalisateur)". BnF catalogue général. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
- Stanley Anderson (1884 − 1966). Tom Overton, 2009. British Council. British Pavilion in Venice, 2013.
- Ellis 2000, p. 79.
- "Crown Film Unit". Screen Online. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
- Orbanz 1977, p. 204.
- Thorpe, Pronay & Coultass 1980, p. 83.
- Barsam 1992, p. 194.
- Dressler 2011, p. 21.
- Johnson 2005, p. 57.
- Orbanz 1977, p. 169.
- British Film and Television Yearbook 1949, p. 400.
- British Universities Film Council 1974, p. 42.
- "Max Anderson". British Universities Film and Video Council. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
- Enticknap 1999, p. 308.
- Ann Ogidi. "Taylor, John (1914–1992)". BFI Screenonline. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
- Johnson 2005, p. 319.
- Ellis 2000, p. 258.
- Enticknap 1999, p. 243.
- World's Press News 1951, p. 154.
- Goble 1999, p. 409.
- Blockbuster Entertainment 1997, p. 1228.
- Max Anderson, 1914–1959: A Tribute. 1960.
- "Caught in the Net". TV Guide. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
- "Results Max+Anderson". British Universities Film and Video Council. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
- "Four men in prison". BnF catalogue général. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
- Barsam, Richard Meran (1 January 1992). Nonfiction Film: A Critical History. Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-20706-1. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
- Blockbuster Entertainment (December 1997). Blockbuster Entertainment Guide to Movies and Videos, 1998. Island Books. ISBN 978-0-440-22419-8. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
- British Film and Television Yearbook. British and American Film Press. 1949.
- British Universities Film Council (1974). Films for historians. The Council. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
- Dressler, John C. (16 August 2011). William Alwyn: A Research and Information Guide. Routledge. p. 21. ISBN 978-1-136-66003-0.
- Ellis, Jack C. (2000). John Grierson: Life, Contributions, Influence. SIU Press. ISBN 978-0-8093-2242-8. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
- Enticknap, Leo Douglas Graham (1999). The Non-fiction Film in Britain, 1945–51. University of Exeter. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
- Goble, Alan (1 January 1999). The Complete Index to Literary Sources in Film. Walter de Gruyter. ISBN 978-3-11-095194-3. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
- Johnson, Ian (2005). William Alwyn: The Art of Film Music. Boydell Press. ISBN 978-1-84383-159-4. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
- Orbanz, Eva (1977). Journey to a Legend and Back: The British Realistic Film. New York Zoetrope. ISBN 978-3-920889-51-1. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
- Thorpe, Frances; Pronay, Nicholas; Coultass, Clive (1980). British Official Films in the Second World War: A Descriptive Catalog. Clio. ISBN 978-0-903450-27-0. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
- World's Press News and Advertisers' Review. World's Press News Publishing Company, Limited. February 1951. Retrieved 6 February 2014.