Max Clara

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Max Clara (1899–1966) was an Austrian anatomist. He was appointed as Chair of Anatomy at Leipzig University in 1935. Clara is known for having close ties with the Nazi Party, basing much of his controversial work on his studies of the bodies of executed prisoners. His main work, "Das Nervensystem des Menschen" (The Nervous System of Humans, alternatively The Human Nervous System)[1] was written in 1942 in Leipzig during the Third Reich's dictatorship.

In 1937, he discovered previously unknown cells found in human lungs, which were later eponymously named Clara cells.[2][3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Max Clara (1942). "Das Nervensystem des Menschen" [The Nervous System of Man] (in German). J.A. Barth. p. 772. 
  2. ^ Winkelmann, Andreas; Noack, Thorsten (2010). "The Clara cell - a "Third Reich eponym"?". European Respiratory Journal Express 36 (4): 722–727. doi:10.1183/09031936.00146609. PMID 20223917. 
  3. ^ Woywodt, A.; S. Lefrak; E. Matteson (October 1, 2010). "Tainted Eponyms in Medicine: the "Clara" Cell Joins the List". European Respiratory Journal 36 (4): 704–706. doi:10.1183/09031936.00046110. Retrieved 2010-11-02.