Max Planck Institute for Physics
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The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is a physics institute in Munich, Germany that specializes in high energy physics and astroparticle physics. It is part of the Max-Planck-Gesellschaft and is also known as the Werner Heisenberg Institute, after its first director in its current location.
The founding of the institute traces back to 1914, as an idea from Fritz Haber, Walther Nernst, Max Planck, Emil Warburg, Heinrich Rubens. On October 1, 1917, the institute was officially founded in Berlin as Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut für Physik (KWIP, Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics) with Albert Einstein as the first head director. In October 1922, Max von Laue succeeded Einstein as managing director. Einstein gave up his position as a director of the institute in April 1933. In June 1942, Werner Heisenberg took over as managing director. The Institute took part in the German nuclear weapon project from 1939-1942.
A year after the end of fighting in Europe in World War II, the institute was moved to Göttingen and renamed the Max Planck Institute for Physics, with Heisenberg continuing as managing director. In 1946, Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker and Karl Wirtz joined the faculty as the directors for theoretical and experimental physics, respectively.
In 1955 the institute made the decision to move to Munich, and soon after began construction of its current building, designed by Sep Ruf. The institute moved into its current location on September 1, 1958 and took on the new name the Max Planck Institute for Physics and Astrophysics, still with Heisenberg as the managing director. In 1991, the institute was split into the Max Planck Institute for Physics, the Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics and the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics.
Current and former directors
The current directorial board of the institute is
- Sigfried Bethke
- Allen Caldwell (current managing director)
- Giorgi Dvali
- Wolfgang Hollik
- Dieter Lüst
- Masahiro Teshima
Former directors of the institute include:
- Ludwig Biermann
- Heinz Billing
- Gerd Buschhorn
- Peter Debye
- Hans-Peter Dürr
- Albert Einstein
- Gerhard von Gierke
- Fritz Haber
- Werner Heisenberg
- Leon Van Hove
- Max von Laue
- Walther Nernst
- Max Planck
- Heinrich Rubens
- Norbert Schmitz
- Leo Stodolsky
- Emil Warburg
- Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker
- Karl Wirtz
- "Geschichte" (in German). Max Planck Institute for Physics. Abbreviated version in English: "History." Retrieved 2015-08-30.
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