Maxcanú Municipality

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Maxcanú
Municipality
West Coast Region 7 #048
West Coast Region 7 #048
Maxcanú is located in Mexico
Maxcanú
Maxcanú
West Coast Region 7 #048
Coordinates: 20°36′N 89°54′W / 20.600°N 89.900°W / 20.600; -89.900Coordinates: 20°36′N 89°54′W / 20.600°N 89.900°W / 20.600; -89.900
Country Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
State Flag of Yucatan.svg Yucatán
Government
 • Type PRI Party (Mexico).svg 2012–2015[1]
 • Municipal President Camilo Delelys May Cauich[2]
Area
 • Total 1,320.82 km2 (509.97 sq mi)
  [2]
Population (2005[3])
 • Total 21,704
Time zone Central Standard Time (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)
INEGI Code 048
Major Airport Merida (Manuel Crescencio Rejón) International Airport
IATA Code MID
ICAO Code MMMD
Website Nuestros municipios - Maxcanú

Maxcanú Municipality (in the Yucatec Maya language: “his four monkeys”) is one of the 106 municipalities in the Mexican state of Yucatán. Its seat is the town of Maxcanú. The municipality covers an area of approximately 1,321 km² and is located roughly 52 km southwest of the city of Mérida.

Borders[edit]

The municipality shares borders with the following adjacent municipalities:

History[edit]

Maxcanú Municipality belonged to the chieftainship of Ah-Canul prior to the conquest. After the Spanish arrived, the area was organized as an encomienda. In 1734, the encomendero was José Domingo Pardío, who was charged with 256 native inhabitants.[2]

In 1821, Yucatán was declared independent of the Spanish Crown. In 1825 the area was part of the Camino Real Bajo region, with its headquarters in Hunucmá. In 1847, as part of the Caste War of Yucatán, the state government passed laws for public flogging of Indians who might be conspiring against the Spanish. The local Indian headman and 200 natives were beaten.[2]

In 1900, Maxcanú was listed as a Villa and head of the pueblo of Kopomá and two rural farms Nupilá and San Isidro. In 1921, Nupilá withdrew, in 1925 San Isidro withdrew, and in 1935, Kopomá and the farm "Kobnochacan" withdrew and a new municipality was organized.[2]

Governance[edit]

The municipal president is elected for a term of three years. The president appoints nine Councilpersons to serve on the board for three year terms, as the Secretary and councilors heritage and patrimony, public services, public security, commissaries and ecology, urban development, rural development, public monuments, markets and health, and parks and public gardens.[4]

The Municipal Council administers the business of the municipality. It is responsible for budgeting and expenditures and producing all required reports for all branches of the municipal administration. Annually it determines educational standards for schools.[4]

The Police Commissioners ensure public order and safety. They are tasked with enforcing regulations, distributing materials and administering rulings of general compliance issued by the council.[4]

Communities[edit]

The head of the municipality is Maxcanú. Within its municipal jurisdiction are included Hacienda Canzote, Chactún, Chan Chocholá, Hacienda Ché, Chunchucmil, Coahuilá, Cochol, Hacienda Crucero Copop, Granada, Kanachén, Hacienda Memu, Paraíso, San Fernando, San Rafael, Santa Rosa, Santo Domingo, Hacienda Simón, Sombrilla, Hacienda Xamail, and Hacienda Xlam Riti. The major population areas are shown below:[2]

Community Population
Entire Municipality (2010) 21,704[3]
Chunchucmil 941 in 2005[5]
Cochol 1498 in 2005[6]
Kanachén 338 in 2005[7]
Maxcanú 12387 in 2005[8]
Paraíso 597 in 2005[9]
Santa Rosa 874 in 2005[10]
Santo Domingo 1159 in 2005[11]

Landmarks[edit]

Archaeological[edit]

A temple dedicated to Our Lady of Mount Caramel that was built in the seventeenth century and two chapels, the first in honor of St. Michael the Archangel and the second at the Three Crosses; and three former haciendas Kochol called Santo Domingo, Grenada and Santa Rosa.[2]

Prehispanic[edit]

There is an archaeological site located near Chunchucmil, bearing the same name.[2]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Convoca Rolando a trabajar unidos por Yucatán". Por Esto! (in Spanish). Mérida, Mexico: Por Esto!. Retrieved 5 June 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Municipios de Yucatán » Maxcanú". Yucatán GOB (in Spanish). Mérida, Mexico: Gobierno del Estado de Yucatán. Retrieved 5 June 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "Mexico In Figures:Seyé, Yucatán". INEGI (in Spanish/English). Aguascalientes, México: Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI). Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c "Maxcanú". inafed (in Spanish). Mérida, Mexico: Enciclopedia de Los Municipios y Delegaciones de México. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  5. ^ "Chunchucmil". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  6. ^ "Cochol". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  7. ^ "Kanachén". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  8. ^ "Maxcanú". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  9. ^ "Paraíso". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  10. ^ "Santa Rosa". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  11. ^ "Santo Domingo". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 4 June 2015.