Maxwell Lander ("Maxie") Parks (born July 9, 1951) is a former American athlete from Fresno, California.
Winner of the
USA Olympic Trials in 1976, he did not gain a medal in the individual event (he came fifth [2 ] ), but did become a winner of a gold medal in 4x400 m Men's relay race with [1 ] Herman Frazier, Benny Brown, and Fred Newhouse at the 1976 Montreal Olympic Games. In the 1970s he competed for the UCLA for several years. In 1977 he ran on the [3 ] 1977 IAAF Athletics World Cup, anchoring the 4x400 m relay team to what appeared to be a runaway victory when he collapsed on the track with a severely pulled hamstring 150m from the finish. This unfortunate injury denied the USA a seemingly certain victory in the team competition, the victory instead going to East Germany. Parks did not compete again that season, but did return in 1978 to again capture the national title at 400 m. [4 ]
Any hope of Olympic success in 1980 was denied by the
USA boycott of those games, but in any event Parks's form meant he only reached the semi-final stage at the Olympic trials. [5 ]
Prior to UCLA he was a graduate of
Washington Union High School, then [6 ] Fresno City College.
Parks was in 2010 honoured as a member of the '100 Stars for 100 Years' for Fresno City College. In the publicity for the event, Parks is stated as having received the honour of being, in 1990, inducted into the Fresno Athletic Hall of Fame.
Parks has also been elected into the California Community College Track and Field Hall of Fame [7 ] [8 ]
Rankings [ edit ]
Parks was ranked among the best in the USA and the world in the 400 m/440 y events over the period 1973 to 1978, according to the votes of the experts of
. Track and Field News [9 ] [10 ]
USA Championships [ edit ]
Parks was a very successful competitor in the
US National Championships between 1973 and 1978: [11 ]
Best performances [ edit ]
Notes for tables:
world rankings are based on the best time for each athlete.
440 yard times are converted to 400 metres times by subtracting 0.3 s for manual-timed results.
[12 ] for comparison with automatically-timed races, manual times have a factor of 0.14 s added.
[13 ] 45.5
[14 ] 45.76
[15 ] 45.9
[16 ] 44.82
[17 ] 45.45
[18 ] 45.15
Personal [ edit ]
Parks has a nephew, Adolphus Parks, who is a promising young college athlete.
References [ edit ]
^ a b http://www.sports-reference.com/olympics/athletes/pa/maxie-parks-1.html Sports Reference, Maxie Parks biography.
^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=2245&dat=19760626&id=Te1fAAAAIBAJ&sjid=YzIHAAAAIBAJ&pg=6892,5229368 'Parks winner in 400 meters', Lodi News-Sentinel, 30 June 1976
^ http://www.uclabruins.com/genrel/ucla-100-70.html UCLA Bruins, 1973 Track and Field, uclabruins.com. Retrieved 18 March 2012.
^ http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/vault/article/magazine/MAG1092794/3/index.htm The Cup Turned Into A Coup, Kenny Marks, Sports Illustrated, 12 September 1977. Retrieved 18 March 2012.
^ http://www.usatf.org/statistics/champions/OlympicTrials/HistoryOfTheOlympicTrials.pdf The History of the United States Olympic Trials - Track & Field, R Hymans, USA Track & Field, 2008
^ http://www.trackinfo.org/tracksCentral.html Trackinfo
^ http://www.fresnocitycollege.edu/index.aspx?recordid=321&page=560 '100 Stars for 100 Years List is Complete', 30/7/2010. Retrieved 18 March 2012.
^ http://www.oabalegacyrenewed.com/alumni.html FCC Distinguished Alumni
^ "World Rankings Index--Men's 400 meters" (PDF). Track and Field News.
^ "U.S. Rankings Index--Men's 400 meters" (PDF). Track and Field News.
^ http://www.trackandfieldnews.com/archive/usa-nat-champs-history.html A History Of The Results Of The National Track & Field Championships Of The USA From 1876 Through 2003, Track and Field News, Retrieved 18 March 2012.
^ a b http://speedendurance.com/2007/07/20/440-yard-and-400-meter-racing-facts-and-figures/ 440 Yard and 400 Meter Racing – Facts and Figures
^ 1973 Year Rankings at 400m
^ 1974 Year Rankings at 400m
^ 1975 Year Rankings at 400m
^ 1976 Year Rankings at 400m
^ 1977 Year Rankings at 400m
^ 1978 Year Rankings at 400m
^ http://www.cerritos.edu/hpea/athletics/sports/m_track/2011/bios/athletes/parks_a.asp Adolphus Parks, Cerritos College biography. Retrieved 18 March 2012.
1908: United States (
Hamilton, Cartmell, Taylor, Sheppard) 1912: United States (
Sheppard, Lindberg, Meredith, Reidpath) 1920: Great Britain (
Griffiths, Lindsay, Ainsworth-Davis, Butler) 1924: United States (
Cochran, Helffrich, MacDonald, Stevenson) 1928: United States (
Baird, Spencer, Alderman, Barbuti) 1932: United States (
Fuqua, Ablowich, Warner, Carr) 1936: Great Britain (
Wolff, Rampling, Roberts, Brown) 1948: United States (
Harnden, Bourland, Cochran, Whitfield) 1952: Jamaica (
Wint, Laing, McKenley, Rhoden) 1956: United States (
Jenkins, Jones, Mashburn, Courtney) 1960: United States (
Yerman, Young, G. Davis, O. Davis) 1964: United States (
Cassell, Larrabee, Williams, Carr) 1968: United States (
Matthews, Freeman, James, Evans) 1972: Kenya (
Asati, Nyamau, Ouko, Sang) 1976: United States (
Frazier, Brown, Newhouse, Parks) 1980: Soviet Union (
Valiulis, Linge, Chernetskiy, Markin) 1984: United States (
Nix, Armstead, Babers, McKay) 1988: United States (
Everett, Lewis, Robinzine, Reynolds, McKay, Valmon) 1992: United States (
Valmon, Watts, Johnson, Lewis, Hall, Jenkins) 1996: United States (
Smith, Harrison, Mills, Maybank, Rouser) 2000: Nigeria (
Chukwu, Monye, Bada, Udo-Obong, Awazie, Gadzama) 2004: United States (
Harris, Brew, Wariner, Williamson, Rock, Willie) 2008: United States (
Merritt, Taylor, Neville, Wariner, Clement, Witherspoon) 2012: Bahamas (
Brown, Pinder, Mathieu, Miller)