Maximilian de Angelis
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|Maximilian de Angelis|
Maximilian de Angelis
2 October 1889|
Budapest, Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun County, Austria-Hungary
|Died||6 December 1974
Graz, Styria, Austria
|Allegiance|| Austria-Hungary (to 1918)
First Austrian Republic (to 1938)
|Years of service||1910–45|
|Rank||General der Artillerie|
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves|
Maximilian de Angelis (2 October 1889 – 6 December 1974) was a German general of artillery, serving during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. He was a prisoner of war from 1945 to 1955.
Maximilian de Angelis was born as an officer's son on October 2, 1889 in Budapest. After his military basic training Leutnant de Angelis was transferred to the Feldkanonen-Regiment 42. He participated in World War I holding the rank of Oberleutnant. By 1920 he had been promoted to Hauptmann and joined the Austrian Bundesheer.
He was taken prisoner of war on May 9, 1945 by US forces. On April 4, 1946 he was handed over to the forces of Josip Broz Tito and sentenced to 20 years of captivity. He was then handed over to the Soviet Union and sentenced to two times 25 years. He was released from captivity in the fall of 1955. He initially lived in Hannover, later moving to Graz where he died on December 6, 1974.
- Military Merit Cross, 3rd class with war decoration and swords (2 times, Austria–Hungary)
- Military Merit Medal in bronze and in silver, both with Swords
- Karl Troop Cross
- Austrian War Commemorative Medal with Swords
- Honour Cross of the World War 1914/1918
- Iron Cross (1939)
- Eastern Front Medal
- Order of Michael the Brave, 3rd class (19 September 1941)
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves
- Thomas 1997, p. 5.
- Scherzer 2007, p. 193.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 116.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 74.
- Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
- Thomas, Franz (1997). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 1: A–K [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 1: A–K] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2299-6.
|Commander of 76. Infanterie-Division
September 1, 1939 – January 26, 1942
Generalleutnant Carl Rodenburg
General Karl-Adolf Hollidt
|Commander of 6. Armee
April 8, 1944 – July 16, 1944
General Maximilian Fretter-Pico
General der Infanterie Franz Böhme
|Commander of 2. Panzer-Armee
July 18, 1944 – May 8, 1945