Maximilian von Prittwitz
|Maximilian von Prittwitz|
General Von Prittwitz
|Born||27 November 1848
Bernstadt, Kingdom of Prussia
|Died||29 March 1917
Berlin, German Empire
|Years of service||1866–1914|
|Battles/wars||Austro-Prussian War, Franco-Prussian War and World War I|
He married Olga von Dewitz (30 August 1848 – 9 January 1938), the daughter of a landowner, Kurt von Dewitz on 19 May 1874.
After attending school in Oels, he joined an infantry regiment and fought in the Austro-Prussian War and the Franco-Prussian War. He rose steadily through the ranks of the German military for the next forty years, until he was appointed Generaloberst (‘4 star’ or full general) in 1913.
When the Russian advance threatened his rear, Prittwitz suggested a retreat to the west of the Vistula River. This meant abandoning East Prussia, which the German General Staff found unacceptable. Prittwitz was promptly replaced as Eighth Army commander by Paul von Hindenburg on 23 August 1914. Hindenburg, and his chief of staff Erich Ludendorff, then destroyed the two invading Russian armies at the Battles of Tannenberg and the Masurian Lakes.
- German Army Groups, 1914–1919, The Eastern Front, viewed on 11 October 2012
- Stone N. (1975) The Eastern Front 1914–1917, Hodder & Stoughton, London: 348 pp.
Formed from I Army Inspectorate
|Commander, 8th Army
2 August 1914 – 23 August 1914
Generaloberst Paul von Hindenburg