Maximum break

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Ronnie O'Sullivan's maximum at the 1997 World Championship (5 minutes 20 seconds)

In snooker, the maximum break (or highest number of points that can be achieved from a break) under normal circumstances is 147.[1] This is often known as a maximum, a 147, or verbally a one-four-seven, and is amassed by potting all fifteen reds with fifteen blacks for 120 points, followed by all six colours for a further 27 points.[1]

Joe Davis compiled the first officially recognised maximum break in a 1955 exhibition match in London. In 1982 Steve Davis achieved the first official maximum in professional competition, which was also the first televised one. The following year, Cliff Thorburn became the first player to make a maximum in the World Championship. Ronnie O'Sullivan holds the record of thirteen competitive maximum breaks and he also has the record for the fastest competitive maximum break at 5 minutes 20 seconds, set at the 1997 World Championship.

Maximum breaks have gradually become more commonplace in professional snooker. Only 8 maximums were achieved in the 1980s, but 26 were attained in the 1990s and 35 in the 2000s. Thus far in the 2010s, over 50 maximums have been achieved. The landmark 100th official maximum break in professional competition was achieved by Mark Selby at the UK Championship on 7 December 2013.[2]

Breaks greater than 147 are possible in a free ball situation. This has been achieved only once in professional competition, when Jamie Burnett made a 148 break in the qualifying stages of the 2004 UK Championship.

Milestones[edit]

Joe Davis compiled the first officially recognised maximum break on Saturday 22 January 1955 in a match against 68-year-old fellow Englishman Willie Smith at Leicester Square Hall, London.[3] The Billiards Association and Control Council initially refused to accept the break since the match was not played under their rules. At the time the professionals played using a rule (now standard) whereby after a foul a player could compel the offender to play the next stroke. It was only at a meeting on 20 March 1957 that they recognised the break. Davis was presented with a certificate to commemorate his achievement.[4] The match between Davis and Smith was played as part of a series of events marking the closure of Leicester Square Hall. The hall, known as Thurston's Hall until 1947,[5] had hosted many important billiards and snooker matches since its opening in 1901, including 12 World Snooker Championship finals.[6] The final match was a snooker contest, played on level terms, between Joe and Fred Davis from 24 to 29 January but from 17 to 22 January Joe Davis played Willie Smith at both billiards and snooker. In the snooker match Smith received 28 points in each frame but, despite this handicap, Davis won the match by 23 frames to 13.[3]

The first official maximum break in professional competition was by Steve Davis in the 1982 Classic at the Queen Elizabeth Hall, Oldham, against fellow Englishman John Spencer[7] winning a car for the achievement.[8] This was also the first televised maximum.[9] The following year, Canada's Cliff Thorburn became the first player to make a maximum at the World Championship, in the fourth frame of his second round match against Welsh player Terry Griffiths.[10]

For the next 11 seasons, only 14 other official maximum breaks were scored. Starting with 1994/1995, a maximum break has been achieved every single season, with a peak of twelve maximums during the 2011/2012 season. The 100th officially recognised maximum break in professional competition was made on 7 December 2013 by Mark Selby in the 7th frame of his semi-final match at the UK Championship against Ricky Walden.[11] The maximum break has now been officially achieved over a hundred times in professional competition.[12] England's Ronnie O'Sullivan has compiled thirteen ratified competitive maximum breaks, the most by any professional player.[13] Following him are Scotsmen Stephen Hendry and John Higgins with eleven and eight respectively and China's Ding Junhui with six. O'Sullivan also holds the record for the fastest competitive maximum break at 5 minutes 20 seconds, which he set at the 1997 World Championship.[14]

At least six players have missed the final black on 140: Robin Hull, Ken Doherty, Barry Pinches, Mark Selby,[15] Michael White[16] and Thepchaiya Un-Nooh (twice in the 2015–16 season).[17][18]

Breaks above 147 are possible when an opponent fouls and leaves a free ball with all fifteen reds still remaining on the table. A break greater than 147 has happened only once in professional competition, when Scotland's Jamie Burnett made a 148 at the qualifying stage of the 2004 UK Championship.[19] England's Jamie Cope attained a break of 155, the highest possible break including a free ball, in a practice frame in 2005.[20][21] Alex Higgins was said to have attained the same feat.[22]

In other variants of snooker the value of the maximum break is different. In six-red snooker, the maximum is only 75 points, as there are fewer reds and thus fewer black-scoring opportunities. In snooker plus the maximum is 210 due to the additional, two high point-value colours, but this has never been achieved due to the distance between the highest value ball and the reds.[23]

Official list[edit]

Table legend
TV Televised
(Q) Qualifying rounds

The following table is a list of the official maximum breaks that have been achieved in professional competition.[12][24][25]

Ratified maximum breaks in professional competition
No. Date Player Age Opponent Event Video
001 11 January 1982 England Davis, SteveSteve Davis 24 years, 142 days England Spencer, JohnJohn Spencer ClassicTV [video 1]
002 23 April 1983 Canada Thorburn, CliffCliff Thorburn 35 years, 97 days Wales Griffiths, TerryTerry Griffiths World ChampionshipTV [video 2]
003 28 January 1984 Canada Stevens, KirkKirk Stevens 25 years, 164 days England White, JimmyJimmy White MastersTV [video 3]
004 17 November 1987 England Thorne, WillieWillie Thorne 33 years, 258 days Northern Ireland Murphy, TommyTommy Murphy UK Championship
005 20 February 1988 England Meo, TonyTony Meo 28 years, 139 days Scotland Hendry, StephenStephen Hendry Matchroom League
006 24 September 1988 Canada Robidoux, AlainAlain Robidoux 28 years, 61 days England Meadowcroft, JimJim Meadowcroft European Open (Q)
007 18 February 1989 Scotland Rea, JohnJohn Rea 37 years, 75 days Scotland Black, IanIan Black Scottish Professional Championship
008 8 March 1989 Canada Thorburn, CliffCliff Thorburn (2) 41 years, 51 days England White, JimmyJimmy White Matchroom League
009 16 January 1991 Thailand Wattana, JamesJames Wattana 20 years, 364 days Wales Dawkins, PaulPaul Dawkins World Masters
010 5 June 1991 England Ebdon, PeterPeter Ebdon 20 years, 282 days England Martin, WayneWayne Martin Strachan Open (Q)[26]
011[27] 25 February 1992 Thailand Wattana, JamesJames Wattana (2) 22 years, 39 days Malta Drago, TonyTony Drago British OpenTV [video 4]
012 22 April 1992 England White, JimmyJimmy White 29 years, 356 days Malta Drago, TonyTony Drago World ChampionshipTV [video 5]
013 9 May 1992 England Parrott, JohnJohn Parrott 27 years, 364 days England Meo, TonyTony Meo Matchroom League
014 24 May 1992 Scotland Hendry, StephenStephen Hendry 23 years, 132 days England Thorne, WillieWillie Thorne Matchroom League
015[28] 14 November 1992 England Ebdon, PeterPeter Ebdon (2) 22 years, 79 days Republic of Ireland Doherty, KenKen Doherty UK Championship
016[29] 7 September 1994 Republic of Ireland McDonnell, DavidDavid McDonnell 22 years, 331 days England Barrow, NicNic Barrow British Open (Q)
017 27 April 1995 Scotland Hendry, StephenStephen Hendry (2) 26 years, 104 days England White, JimmyJimmy White World ChampionshipTV [video 6]
018 25 November 1995 Scotland Hendry, StephenStephen Hendry (3) 26 years, 316 days England Wilkinson, GaryGary Wilkinson UK ChampionshipTV [video 7]
019 5 January 1997 Scotland Hendry, StephenStephen Hendry (4) 27 years, 358 days England O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan Charity ChallengeTV [video 8]
020 21 April 1997 England O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan 21 years, 137 days England Price, MickMick Price World ChampionshipTV [video 9]
021 18 September 1997 Thailand Wattana, JamesJames Wattana (3) 27 years, 244 days China Pang WeiguoPang Weiguo China International
022 16 May 1998 Scotland Hendry, StephenStephen Hendry (5) 29 years, 123 days Republic of Ireland Doherty, KenKen Doherty Premier LeagueTV [video 10]
023 10 August 1998 England Gunnell, AdrianAdrian Gunnell 25 years, 351 days Netherlands Wehrmann, MarioMario Wehrmann Thailand Masters (Q)
024 13 August 1998 Cyprus Husnu, MehmetMehmet Husnu 26 years, 19 days England Barker, EddieEddie Barker China International (Q)
025 13 January 1999 Northern Ireland Prince, JasonJason Prince 28 years, 210 days England Brumby, IanIan Brumby British Open (Q)
026 29 January 1999 England O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan (2) 23 years, 55 days Thailand Wattana, JamesJames Wattana Welsh OpenTV [video 11]
027 4 February 1999 England Bingham, StuartStuart Bingham 22 years, 259 days England Hawkins, BarryBarry Hawkins UK Tour – Event 3
028 22 March 1999 England Dyson, NickNick Dyson 29 years, 93 days England Gunnell, AdrianAdrian Gunnell UK Tour – Event 4
029 6 April 1999 Scotland Dott, GraemeGraeme Dott 21 years, 329 days England Roe, DavidDavid Roe British OpenTV
030 19 September 1999 Scotland Hendry, StephenStephen Hendry (6) 30 years, 249 days England Ebdon, PeterPeter Ebdon British OpenTV [video 12]
031 21 September 1999 England Pinches, BarryBarry Pinches 29 years, 70 days England Johnson, JoeJoe Johnson Welsh Open (Q)
032 13 October 1999 England O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan (3) 23 years, 312 days Scotland Dott, GraemeGraeme Dott Grand PrixTV [video 13]
033 4 November 1999 England Burrows, KarlKarl Burrows 31 years, 322 days[30] England Rosa, AdrianAdrian Rosa Benson & Hedges Championship
034 22 November 1999 Scotland Hendry, StephenStephen Hendry (7) 30 years, 313 days England Wykes, PaulPaul Wykes UK ChampionshipTV [video 14]
035 21 January 2000 Scotland Higgins, JohnJohn Higgins 24 years, 248 days Northern Ireland Taylor, DennisDennis Taylor Nations CupTV [video 15]
036 24 March 2000 Scotland Higgins, JohnJohn Higgins (2) 24 years, 311 days England White, JimmyJimmy White Irish MastersTV [video 16]
037 28 March 2000 Scotland Maguire, StephenStephen Maguire 19 years, 15 days Thailand Phonbun, PhaitoonPhaitoon Phonbun Scottish Open (Q)
038 5 April 2000 England O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan (4) 24 years, 122 days Australia Hann, QuintenQuinten Hann Scottish OpenTV [video 17]
039 25 October 2000 Hong Kong Fu, MarcoMarco Fu 22 years, 291 days Republic of Ireland Doherty, KenKen Doherty Scottish MastersTV [video 18]
040 7 November 2000 Scotland McLellan, DavidDavid McLellan 30 years, 302 days England Meakin, SteveSteve Meakin Benson & Hedges Championship
041 19 November 2000 England Dyson, NickNick Dyson (2) 30 years, 336 days England Milkins, RobertRobert Milkins UK Championship
042 25 February 2001 Scotland Hendry, StephenStephen Hendry (8) 32 years, 43 days Wales Williams, MarkMark Williams Malta Grand PrixTV [video 19]
043 17 October 2001 England O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan (5) 25 years, 316 days Scotland Henry, DrewDrew Henry LG CupTV [video 20]
044 12 November 2001 England Murphy, ShaunShaun Murphy 19 years, 94 days England Rosa, AdrianAdrian Rosa Benson & Hedges Championship
045 28 October 2002 Malta Drago, TonyTony Drago 37 years, 36 days England Bingham, StuartStuart Bingham Benson & Hedges Championship
046 22 April 2003 England O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan (6) 27 years, 138 days Hong Kong Fu, MarcoMarco Fu World ChampionshipTV [video 21]
047 12 October 2003 Scotland Higgins, JohnJohn Higgins (3) 28 years, 147 days Wales Williams, MarkMark Williams LG CupTV [video 22]
048 12 November 2003 Scotland Higgins, JohnJohn Higgins (4) 28 years, 178 days Republic of Ireland Judge, MichaelMichael Judge British OpenTV [video 23]
049 4 October 2004 Scotland Higgins, JohnJohn Higgins (5) 29 years, 139 days England Walden, RickyRicky Walden Grand PrixTV [video 24]
050 17 November 2004 England Gray, DavidDavid Gray 25 years, 282 days England Selby, MarkMark Selby UK Championship
051 20 April 2005 Wales Williams, MarkMark Williams 30 years, 30 days England Milkins, RobertRobert Milkins World ChampionshipTV [video 25]
052 22 November 2005 England Bingham, StuartStuart Bingham (2) 29 years, 185 days Scotland Campbell, MarcusMarcus Campbell Masters Qualifying Event
053 14 March 2006 England Milkins, RobertRobert Milkins 30 years, 8 days England Selby, MarkMark Selby World Championship (Q)
054 23 October 2006 England Cope, JamieJamie Cope 21 years, 41 days England Holt, MichaelMichael Holt Grand Prix
055 14 January 2007 China Ding JunhuiDing Junhui 19 years, 288 days England Hamilton, AnthonyAnthony Hamilton MastersTV [video 26]
056 15 February 2007 England Higginson, AndrewAndrew Higginson 29 years, 64 days England Carter, AliAli Carter Welsh OpenTV [video 27]
057 19 September 2007 Scotland Burnett, JamieJamie Burnett 32 years, 3 days China Liu SongLiu Song Grand Prix (Q)
058 14 October 2007 England Ford, TomTom Ford 24 years, 58 days England Davis, SteveSteve Davis Grand Prix
059 8 November 2007 England O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan (7) 31 years, 338 days England Carter, AliAli Carter Northern Ireland TrophyTV [video 28]
060 15 December 2007 England O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan (8) 32 years, 10 days England Selby, MarkMark Selby UK ChampionshipTV [video 29]
061 29 March 2008 Scotland Maguire, StephenStephen Maguire (2) 27 years, 16 days Wales Day, RyanRyan Day China OpenTV [video 30]
062 28 April 2008 England O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan (9) 32 years, 145 days Wales Williams, MarkMark Williams World ChampionshipTV [video 31]
063 29 April 2008 England Carter, AliAli Carter 28 years, 279 days England Ebdon, PeterPeter Ebdon World ChampionshipTV [video 32]
064 2 October 2008 England Cope, JamieJamie Cope (2) 23 years, 20 days Wales Williams, MarkMark Williams Shanghai MastersTV [video 33]
065 29 October 2008 China Liang WenboLiang Wenbo 21 years, 238 days England Gould, MartinMartin Gould Bahrain Championship (Q)
066 8 November 2008 Scotland Campbell, MarcusMarcus Campbell 36 years, 47 days Oman Al-Khusaibi, Ahmed BasheerAhmed Basheer Al-Khusaibi Bahrain ChampionshipTV
067 16 December 2008 China Ding JunhuiDing Junhui (2) 21 years, 259 days Scotland Higgins, JohnJohn Higgins UK ChampionshipTV [video 34]
068 28 April 2009 Scotland Hendry, StephenStephen Hendry (9) 40 years, 105 days England Murphy, ShaunShaun Murphy World ChampionshipTV [video 35]
069 5 June 2009 England Selby, MarkMark Selby 25 years, 351 days England Perry, JoeJoe Perry Jiangsu ClassicTV
070 1 April 2010 Australia Robertson, NeilNeil Robertson 28 years, 49 days England Ebdon, PeterPeter Ebdon China OpenTV [video 36]
071 25 June 2010 Norway Maflin, KurtKurt Maflin 26 years, 321 days Poland Zielinski, MichalMichal Zielinski Players Tour Championship – Event 1
072 6 August 2010 England Hawkins, BarryBarry Hawkins 31 years, 105 days England McGouran, JamesJames McGouran Players Tour Championship – Event 3
073 20 September 2010 England O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan (10) 34 years, 289 days England King, MarkMark King World OpenTV (Q) [video 37]
074 22 October 2010 Thailand Thirapongpaiboon, ThanawatThanawat Thirapongpaiboon 16 years, 312 days England Hawkins, BarryBarry Hawkins Rhein–Main Masters
075 23 October 2010 Wales Williams, MarkMark Williams (2) 35 years, 216 days Germany Schuler, DianaDiana Schuler Rhein–Main Masters [video 38]
076 19 November 2010 England McLeod, RoryRory McLeod 39 years, 238 days Thailand Kachaiwong, IssaraIssara Kachaiwong Prague Classic
077 17 February 2011 Scotland Hendry, StephenStephen Hendry (10) 42 years, 35 days Scotland Maguire, StephenStephen Maguire Welsh OpenTV [video 39]
078 26 August 2011 England O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan (11) 35 years, 264 days England Duffy, AdamAdam Duffy Paul Hunter ClassicTV [video 40]
079[31] 22 November 2011 England Dunn, MikeMike Dunn 40 years, 2 days Norway Maflin, KurtKurt Maflin German Masters (Q)
080[32] 27 November 2011 England Gray, DavidDavid Gray (2) 32 years, 291 days England Williams, RobbieRobbie Williams Players Tour Championship – Event 10 (Q)
081[33] 29 November 2011 England Walden, RickyRicky Walden 29 years, 18 days Wales Allen, GarethGareth Allen Players Tour Championship – Event 10 [video 41]
082[34] 15 December 2011 Wales Stevens, MatthewMatthew Stevens 32 years, 95 days England Wasley, MichaelMichael Wasley FFB Snooker Open
083[34] 15 December 2011 China Ding JunhuiDing Junhui (3) 24 years, 258 days England Winstone, BrandonBrandon Winstone FFB Snooker Open
084[35] 17 December 2011 China Ding JunhuiDing Junhui (4) 24 years, 260 days England Cahill, JamesJames Cahill Players Tour Championship – Event 11TV [video 42]
085[36] 18 December 2011 England Cope, JamieJamie Cope (3) 26 years, 97 days Norway Maflin, KurtKurt Maflin Players Tour Championship – Event 11
086[37] 14 January 2012 Hong Kong Fu, MarcoMarco Fu (2) 34 years, 6 days England Selt, MatthewMatthew Selt World Open (Q) [video 43]
087[38] 11 April 2012 England Milkins, RobertRobert Milkins (2) 36 years, 36 days China Xiao GuodongXiao Guodong World Championship (Q) [video 44]
088[39] 21 April 2012 Scotland Hendry, StephenStephen Hendry (11) 43 years, 99 days England Bingham, StuartStuart Bingham World ChampionshipTV [video 45]
089[40] 1 July 2012 England Bingham, StuartStuart Bingham (3) 36 years, 41 days England Walden, RickyRicky Walden Wuxi ClassicTV [video 46]
090[41] 24 August 2012 Republic of Ireland Doherty, KenKen Doherty 42 years, 342 days Germany Treiber, JulianJulian Treiber Paul Hunter Classic
091[42] 23 September 2012 Scotland Higgins, JohnJohn Higgins (6) 37 years, 128 days England Trump, JuddJudd Trump Shanghai MastersTV [video 47]
092[43] 16 November 2012 England Ford, TomTom Ford (2) 29 years, 91 days Wales Stevens, MatthewMatthew Stevens Bulgarian OpenTV [video 48]
093[44] 21 November 2012 England Hicks, AndyAndy Hicks 39 years, 103 days Wales Wells, DanielDaniel Wells UK Championship (Q)
094[45] 22 November 2012 England Lisowski, JackJack Lisowski 21 years, 150 days China Chen ZheChen Zhe UK Championship (Q)
095[46] 5 December 2012 Scotland Higgins, JohnJohn Higgins (7) 37 years, 201 days England Davis, MarkMark Davis UK ChampionshipTV [video 49]
096[47] 14 December 2012 Norway Maflin, KurtKurt Maflin (2) 29 years, 128 days England Carrington, StuartStuart Carrington Scottish Open
097[48] 16 March 2013 China Ding JunhuiDing Junhui (5) 25 years, 349 days Northern Ireland Allen, MarkMark Allen Players Tour Championship – FinalsTV [video 50]
098[49] 28 May 2013 Australia Robertson, NeilNeil Robertson (2) 31 years, 106 days Egypt Khairy, MohamedMohamed Khairy Wuxi Classic (Q) [video 51]
099[50] 15 November 2013 England Trump, JuddJudd Trump 24 years, 87 days England Selby, MarkMark Selby Antwerp Open
100[11] 7 December 2013 England Selby, MarkMark Selby (2) 30 years, 171 days England Walden, RickyRicky Walden UK ChampionshipTV [video 52]
101[51] 11 December 2013 Thailand Poomjaeng, DechawatDechawat Poomjaeng 35 years, 153 days England Surety, ZakZak Surety German Masters (Q)
102[52] 12 December 2013 England Wilson, GaryGary Wilson 28 years, 123 days England Walden, RickyRicky Walden German Masters (Q)
103[53] 8 January 2014 England Murphy, ShaunShaun Murphy (2) 31 years, 151 days England Davis, MarkMark Davis Championship League [video 53]
104[54] 9 February 2014 England Murphy, ShaunShaun Murphy (3) 31 years, 183 days Wales Jones, JamieJamie Jones Gdynia Open [video 54]
105[55] 2 March 2014 England O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan (12) 38 years, 87 days China Ding JunhuiDing Junhui Welsh OpenTV [video 55]
106[56] 22 August 2014 India Mehta, AdityaAditya Mehta 28 years, 295 days Scotland Maguire, StephenStephen Maguire Paul Hunter Classic
107[57] 23 October 2014 Wales Day, RyanRyan Day 34 years, 214 days China Cao YupengCao Yupeng Haining Open [video 56]
108[58] 23 November 2014 England Murphy, ShaunShaun Murphy (4) 32 years, 105 days England Milkins, RobertRobert Milkins Ruhr OpenTV [video 57]
109[59] 4 December 2014 England O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan (13) 38 years, 364 days England Selt, MatthewMatthew Selt UK ChampionshipTV [video 58]
110[60] 12 December 2014 England Woollaston, BenBen Woollaston 27 years, 212 days England Steele, JoeJoe Steele Lisbon Open
111[61] 5 January 2015 England Hawkins, BarryBarry Hawkins (2) 35 years, 257 days Scotland Maguire, StephenStephen Maguire Championship League [video 59]
112[62] 11 January 2015 Hong Kong Fu, MarcoMarco Fu (3) 37 years, 3 days England Bingham, StuartStuart Bingham MastersTV [video 60]
113[63] 6 February 2015 England Trump, JuddJudd Trump (2) 25 years, 170 days England Selby, MarkMark Selby German Masters [video 61]
114[64] 10 February 2015 England Gilbert, DavidDavid Gilbert 33 years, 243 days China Xiao GuodongXiao Guodong Championship League [video 62]
115[65] 6 December 2015 Australia Robertson, NeilNeil Robertson (3) 33 years, 298 days China Liang WenboLiang Wenbo UK ChampionshipTV [video 63]
116[66] 11 December 2015 Hong Kong Fu, MarcoMarco Fu (4) 37 years, 337 days England Baird, SamSam Baird Gibraltar Open [video 64]
117[67] 19 February 2016 China Ding JunhuiDing Junhui (6) 28 years, 324 days Australia Robertson, NeilNeil Robertson Welsh OpenTV [video 65]
118[68] 25 February 2016 Republic of Ireland O'Brien, FergalFergal O'Brien 43 years, 354 days England Davis, MarkMark Davis Championship League [video 66]
119[69] 27 August 2016 Thailand Un-Nooh, ThepchaiyaThepchaiya Un-Nooh 31 years, 131 days Norway Maflin, KurtKurt Maflin Paul Hunter ClassicTV [video 67]
120[70] 20 September 2016 Scotland Maguire, StephenStephen Maguire (3) 35 years, 191 days China Yi Chen Xu Shanghai Masters
121[71] 28 September 2016 England Murphy, ShaunShaun Murphy (5) 34 years, 49 days England Taylor, AllanAllan Taylor European Masters (Q) [video 68]
122[72] 11 October 2016 England Burden, AlfieAlfie Burden 39 years, 302 days Wales Daniel Wells English Open
123[73] 16 November 2016 Scotland Higgins, JohnJohn Higgins (8) 41 years, 182 days England Sam Craigie Northern Ireland OpenTV [video 69]
124[74] 27 November 2016 Northern Ireland Allen, MarkMark Allen 30 years, 279 days England Rod Lawler UK Championship
125[75] 8 December 2016 England Carter, AliAli Carter (2) 37 years, 136 days China Yuchen, WangWang Yuchen German Masters (Q)
126[76] 8 December 2016 Scotland Muir, RossRoss Muir 21 years, 61 days Brazil Santos, ItaroItaro Santos German Masters (Q)

Statistics[edit]

Table legend
TV Televised
(Q) Qualifying rounds

Multiple maximum breaks in tournaments
No. Tournament Player(s) Venue(s) Year
1 Matchroom League England Parrott, JohnJohn Parrott Jimmy White Snooker Lodge, Aldershot 1992
Scotland Hendry, StephenStephen Hendry Rhondda Sports Centre, Rhondda
2 British Open Northern Ireland Prince, JasonJason Prince (Q) Hazel Grove Snooker Club, Stockport 1999
(Spring)
Scotland Dott, GraemeGraeme DottTV Plymouth Pavilions, Plymouth
3 Scottish Open Scotland Maguire, StephenStephen Maguire (Q) A.E.C.C, Aberdeen 2000
England O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'SullivanTV
4 Grand Prix Scotland Burnett, JamieJamie Burnett (Q) World Snooker Centre, Prestatyn 2007
England Ford, TomTom Ford A.E.C.C, Aberdeen
5 World Snooker Championship England Carter, AliAli CarterTV Crucible Theatre, Sheffield 2008
England O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'SullivanTV
6 Bahrain Championship China Liang WenboLiang Wenbo (Q) World Snooker Centre, Prestatyn 2008
Scotland Campbell, MarcusMarcus CampbellTV Bahrain International Exhibition Centre, Manama
7 Rhein–Main Masters Thailand Thirapongpaiboon, ThanawatThanawat Thirapongpaiboon Walter Kobel Sporthalle, Rüsselsheim 2010
Wales Williams, MarkMark Williams
8[77] Players Tour Championship 2011/2012 – Event 10 England Gray, DavidDavid Gray (Q) World Snooker Academy, Sheffield 2011
England Walden, RickyRicky Walden
9[78] 2012 FFB Snooker Open Wales Stevens, MatthewMatthew Stevens World Snooker Academy, Sheffield 2011
China Ding JunhuiDing Junhui
10[79] Players Tour Championship 2011/2012 – Event 11 China Ding JunhuiDing JunhuiTV English Institute of Sport, Sheffield 2011
England Cope, JamieJamie Cope
11[80] World Snooker Championship England Milkins, RobertRobert Milkins (Q) English Institute of Sport, Sheffield 2012
Scotland Hendry, StephenStephen HendryTV Crucible Theatre, Sheffield
12[81] UK Championship England Hicks, AndyAndy Hicks (Q) World Snooker Academy, Sheffield 2012
England Lisowski, JackJack Lisowski (Q)
Scotland Higgins, JohnJohn HigginsTV Barbican Centre, York
13[82] 2014 German Masters Thailand Poomjaeng, DechawatDechawat Poomjaeng (Q) Barnsley Metrodome, Barnsley 2013
England Wilson, GaryGary Wilson (Q)
Table legend
TV Televised
(Q) Qualifying rounds
(D) Deciding frame

Match-winning maximum breaks
No. Player Tournament Year Round
01[83] Scotland Hendry, StephenStephen Hendry Charity Challenge 1997 FinalTV (D)
02[84] Wales Williams, MarkMark Williams World Championship 2005 Last 32TV
03[85] England O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan UK Championship 2007 Semi-finalTV (D)
04[86] England O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan World Championship 2008 Last 16TV
05[87] England Hawkins, BarryBarry Hawkins Players Tour Championship 2010/2011 – Event 3 2010 Last 32
06[88] England O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan World Open 2010 Last 64TV (Q)
07[34] Wales Stevens, MatthewMatthew Stevens Players Tour Championship 2011/2012 – Event 12 2011 Last 128
08[35] China Ding JunhuiDing Junhui Players Tour Championship 2011/2012 – Event 11 2011 Last 128TV
09[44] England Hicks, AndyAndy Hicks UK Championship 2012 Last 80 (Q)
10[54] England Murphy, ShaunShaun Murphy European Tour 2013/2014 – Event 8 2014 Last 16
11[89] England O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan Welsh Open 2014 FinalTV
12[57] Wales Day, RyanRyan Day Asian Tour 2014/2015 – Event 2 2014 Last 32
13[59] England O'Sullivan, RonnieRonnie O'Sullivan UK Championship 2014 Last 16TV
14[73] Scotland Higgins, JohnJohn Higgins Northern Ireland Open 2016 Last 64TV

Records[edit]

Firsts
Multiple maximums
  • More than one official maximum break has been made in the same event on thirteen occasions. However, the 2008 World Snooker Championship is the only event where both maximum breaks were televised,[96] and the 2012 FFB Snooker Open and 2017 German Masters are the only WPBSA (World Professional Billiards and Snooker Association) events where two maximums were made on the same day.[34] Three maximum breaks were compiled on 8 February 1998 during the Buckley's Bitter Challenge, by Matthew Stevens, Ryan Day and Tony Chappell.[97] The only time this has been achieved during a WPBSA event was at the 2012 UK Championship, when Andy Hicks and Jack Lisowski compiled one each in qualifying, and John Higgins compiled one at the last 16 of the televised stages.[81]
  • There have been at least four matches where more than one maximum was compiled. Peter Ebdon compiled two maximum breaks during an 11-frame exhibition match at Eastbourne Police Club on 15 April 1996. In 2003 he also compiled two consecutive maximum breaks against Steve Davis in an exhibition match.[90][91] In 2009 Jimmy White and Ronnie O'Sullivan compiled consecutive maximum breaks at an exhibition match in Ireland.[98] Mark King and Joe Jogia achieved the same feat at the Grove Open later in the same year.[99] The only player known to compile more than two maximum breaks on a single occasion is Adrian Gunnell, who compiled three maximums in four frames at a club in Telford in 2003 while practising against Ian Duffy.[100][101]
  • Higgins and O'Sullivan are the only players to record maximum breaks in consecutive ranking events. Higgins made one during his defeat by Mark Williams in the LG Cup final, and then one in his second round match at the British Open in 2003.[102][103] O'Sullivan made one at the Northern Ireland Trophy and another at the UK Championship in 2007.[85][104] Since top 16 players were seeded through to the second round at the 2003 British Open, Higgins' maximums also came in consecutive ranking matches, albeit not in the same tournament.
  • Higgins' maximum breaks at the 2003 LG Cup and 2004 Grand Prix made him the first and only player to record maximums in the same tournament in successive years (the LG Cup being the sponsor's name for that year's Grand Prix). Since Higgins made the maximums in the 2003 final and the 2004 first round, he made maximums in successive rounds of the same tournament but not at the same event.[105]
Final frames and matches
Chronometrical

Prize money[edit]

In professional tournaments there was usually a substantial prize awarded to any player achieving a 147 break. For example, Ronnie O'Sullivan's maximum at the 1997 World Championship earned him £165,000. Of this, £147,000 was for making the 147 break and £18,000 was for achieving the highest break of the tournament.[115] This was however abolished in the 2010/2011 season.

In the 2011/2012 season World Snooker introduced a roll-over system for the maximum break prize money, the "rolling 147 prize".[116] A maximum break is worth £5,000 in the televised stages and £500 in qualifying stages of major ranking events. There is a £500 prize in the Players Tour Championship events from the last 128 onwards.[117] If a maximum is not made then the prize rolls over to the next event until somebody wins it.[116]

At the 2016 Welsh Open, Ronnie O'Sullivan defeated Barry Pinches 4–1 in the first round. In the fifth frame of the match, O'Sullivan declined the opportunity to make a maximum break, potting the pink off the penultimate red and completing a break of 146. He stated afterward that the prize money of £10,000 was not worthy of a 147. World Snooker chairman Barry Hearn called the decision "unacceptable" and "disrespectful".[118]

Breaks exceeding 147[edit]

A break higher than 147 can be achieved when an opponent fouls and leaves the incoming player snookered on all 15 reds. The player can nominate one of the other colours as a red, known as a "free ball", which carries the same value as a red for just that shot. By potting the free ball followed by a colour, then the reds with colours and the colours up to the pink or black, the player can compile a break of more than 147. If the free ball is followed by a black, and the player goes on to clear the table taking all reds with blacks and then all six colours, the total score for the break is 155.[119] In six-red snooker this is 83 and in snooker plus 221.

In October 2004, during qualifying for the UK Championship, Jamie Burnett became the first player to record a break of more than 147 in tournament play, when he scored 148 against Leo Fernandez. He took the brown as the free ball, then potted the brown again followed by the 15 reds with 12 blacks, two pinks and a blue, then the six colours.[19][90][120]

There are also at least eight breaks exceeding 147 that have been recorded in non-tournament settings:

  • A 151 is reported to have been compiled by Wally West against Butch Rogers in West London's Hounslow Luciana snooker club during a club match in 1976. After Rogers fouled, West took the green as his free ball followed by the brown. He then took 14 reds and blacks and a pink off the last red. He then cleared up to make the 151.[90][121][122]
  • In April 1988 Steve Duggan made a 148 in a practice frame against Mark Rowing in Doncaster.[90][123]
  • In 1993 Stephen Hendry made a 148 in a practice match against Alfie Burden.[90]
  • In 1995 Tony Drago made a 149 in practice against Nick Manning in West Norwood, London, that was recorded by the Guinness Book of Records as the highest in this category. In that match Drago nominated the brown as the free ball, to score one point. He then potted the brown again, for four more points, before potting the 15 reds with 13 blacks, a pink and a blue, then all the colours.[90][123]
  • In 1997 Eddie Manning achieved a 149 break in a practice match against Kam Pandya at Willie Thorne's Snooker Club in Leicester. Like Drago he took brown, brown, 13 blacks, pink and blue.[90]
  • In April 2003 Jamie Cope made a 151 break at The Reardon Snooker Club during a practice game with David Fomm-Ward. After a foul by his opponent, Cope was snookered behind the brown ball. He took the brown as the free ball and then potted the blue, 13 reds with blacks and two with pinks, then the six colours.[90]
  • In the middle of 2005, Jamie Cope made snooker's first maximum 155 break in a witnessed practice frame.[124]
  • In November 2010 Sam Harvey made a 151 break in a practice match against Kyren Wilson at his home club in Bedford. Harvey potted the brown as the free ball and then the black, 12 reds with blacks, two with pinks and one with blue, then the six colours.[90][125]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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Videos[edit]

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