Maximum break

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Ronnie O'Sullivan's maximum at the 1997 World Championship. This holds the record for the fastest 147.

In snooker, under normal circumstances, the maximum break is 147,[1] also known as a maximum, a 147, or orally, a one-four-seven. This score is attained by potting all 15 reds with 15 blacks for 120 points, followed by all six colours for a further 27 points, all in a single break i.e. without any misses.[1]

Joe Davis made the first officially recognised maximum break in a 1955 exhibition match in London. In 1982, Steve Davis achieved the first recognised maximum in professional competition, which was also the first maximum to occur during a televised match. The following year, Cliff Thorburn became the first player to make a maximum in a World Championship.

Maximum breaks have always been rare in snooker. It took until 2013 for 100 maximums to be scored in professional competition.[2] However they have gradually become more frequent in the game. Only eight maximums were achieved in the 1980s, but 26 were attained in the 1990s and 35 in the 2000s. So far in the 2010s, over 70 maximums have been achieved.

The record for the most maximum breaks in professional competition is held by Ronnie O'Sullivan with 15. He also holds the record for the fastest competitive maximum break, at just over five minutes, which he achieved at the 1997 World Championship.

Breaks greater than 147 are possible if there is a free ball before any of the reds have been potted, though this situation is itself extremely unusual. Only one break of over 147 has occurred in professional competition, when Jamie Burnett made a break of 148 in the qualifying stages of the 2004 UK Championship.

History[edit]

Joe Davis compiled the first officially recognised maximum break on 22 January 1955, in a match against Willie Smith at Leicester Square Hall, London.[3] The Billiards Association and Control Council initially refused to accept the break since the match was not played under their rules. At the time the professionals played using a rule (now standard) whereby after a foul a player could compel the offender to play the next stroke. It was only at a meeting on 20 March 1957 that they recognised the break. Davis was presented with a certificate to commemorate his achievement.[4] The match between Davis and Smith was played as part of a series of events marking the closure of Leicester Square Hall. The hall, known as Thurston's Hall until 1947,[5] had hosted many important billiards and snooker matches since its opening in 1901, including 12 World Snooker Championship finals.[6]

John Spencer made the first tournament maximum break in the 1979 Holsten Lager International, but this did not count as an official maximum as the break was made on a non-templated table used during the event.[7] The first official maximum break in professional competition was by Steve Davis in the 1982 Classic at the Queen Elizabeth Hall in Oldham, against John Spencer[8] winning a car for the achievement.[9] This was also the first televised maximum.[10] The following year, Cliff Thorburn became the first player to make a maximum at the World Championship, in the fourth frame of his second round match against Terry Griffiths.[11]

Before the 1994–95 season, the maximum break remained a rare feat, with only 15 compiled official maximums. But starting with 1994–95, a maximum break has been achieved every season thereafter; the 13 maximums scored in the 2016–17 season is the highest number to date. The one-hundreth officially recognised maximum break in professional competition was made on 7 December 2013 by Mark Selby in the 7th frame of his semi-final match at the UK Championship against Ricky Walden.[12] Since then, another 39 maximum breaks have been officially recorded in professional competition.[13] Englishman Ronnie O'Sullivan has compiled fifteen ratified competitive maximum breaks, the most by any professional player.[14] Following him are Stephen Hendry with eleven, John Higgins with eight, and Ding Junhui with six. O'Sullivan also holds the record for the fastest competitive maximum break at just over 5 minutes, which he set at the 1997 World Championship.[15]

At least seven players have missed the final black on 140: Robin Hull, Ken Doherty, Barry Pinches, Mark Selby,[16] Michael White,[17] Thepchaiya Un-Nooh (twice in the 2015–16 season),[18][19] and Liang Wenbo (in 2018).[20]

Breaks above 147 are possible when an opponent fouls and leaves a free ball with all fifteen reds still remaining on the table. A break greater than 147 has happened only once in professional competition, when Jamie Burnett made a 148-point break at the qualifying stage of the 2004 UK Championship.[21] Jamie Cope compiled a break of 155 points, the highest possible free-ball break, during practice in 2005.[22][23] Alex Higgins was said to have attained the same feat.[24]

Official list[edit]

Table legend
TV Televised
(Q) Qualifying rounds
Ratified maximum breaks achieved in professional competition[13][25][26]
No. Date Player Age Opponent Event Video
001 11 January 1982 England Steve Davis 24 years, 142 days England John Spencer ClassicTV [video 1]
002 23 April 1983 Canada Cliff Thorburn 35 years, 97 days Wales Terry Griffiths World ChampionshipTV [video 2]
003 28 January 1984 Canada Kirk Stevens 25 years, 164 days England Jimmy White MastersTV [video 3]
004 17 November 1987 England Willie Thorne 33 years, 258 days Northern Ireland Tommy Murphy UK Championship
005 20 February 1988 England Tony Meo 28 years, 139 days Scotland Stephen Hendry Matchroom League
006 24 September 1988 Canada Alain Robidoux 28 years, 61 days England Jim Meadowcroft European Open (Q)
007 18 February 1989 Scotland John Rea 37 years, 75 days Scotland Ian Black Scottish Professional Championship
008 8 March 1989 Canada Cliff Thorburn (2) 41 years, 51 days England Jimmy White Matchroom League
009 16 January 1991 Thailand James Wattana 20 years, 364 days Wales Paul Dawkins World Masters
010 5 June 1991 England Peter Ebdon 20 years, 282 days England Wayne Martin Strachan Open (Q)[27]
011[28] 25 February 1992 Thailand James Wattana (2) 22 years, 39 days Malta Tony Drago British OpenTV [video 4]
012 22 April 1992 England Jimmy White 29 years, 356 days Malta Tony Drago World ChampionshipTV [video 5]
013 9 May 1992 England John Parrott 27 years, 364 days England Tony Meo Matchroom League
014 24 May 1992 Scotland Stephen Hendry 23 years, 132 days England Willie Thorne Matchroom League
015[29] 14 November 1992 England Peter Ebdon (2) 22 years, 79 days Republic of Ireland Ken Doherty UK Championship
016[30] 7 September 1994 Republic of Ireland David McDonnell 22 years, 331 days England Nic Barrow British Open (Q)
017 27 April 1995 Scotland Stephen Hendry (2) 26 years, 104 days England Jimmy White World ChampionshipTV [video 6]
018 25 November 1995 Scotland Stephen Hendry (3) 26 years, 316 days England Gary Wilkinson UK ChampionshipTV [video 7]
019 5 January 1997 Scotland Stephen Hendry (4) 27 years, 358 days England Ronnie O'Sullivan Charity ChallengeTV [video 8]
020 21 April 1997 England Ronnie O'Sullivan 21 years, 137 days England Mick Price World ChampionshipTV [video 9]
021 18 September 1997 Thailand James Wattana (3) 27 years, 244 days China Pang Weiguo China International
022 16 May 1998 Scotland Stephen Hendry (5) 29 years, 123 days Republic of Ireland Ken Doherty Premier LeagueTV [video 10]
023 10 August 1998 England Adrian Gunnell 25 years, 351 days Netherlands Mario Wehrmann Thailand Masters (Q)
024 13 August 1998 Cyprus Mehmet Husnu 26 years, 19 days England Eddie Barker China International (Q)
025 13 January 1999 Northern Ireland Jason Prince 28 years, 210 days England Ian Brumby British Open (Q)
026 29 January 1999 England Ronnie O'Sullivan (2) 23 years, 55 days Thailand James Wattana Welsh OpenTV [video 11]
027 4 February 1999 England Stuart Bingham 22 years, 259 days England Barry Hawkins UK Tour – Event 3
028 22 March 1999 England Nick Dyson 29 years, 93 days England Adrian Gunnell UK Tour – Event 4
029 6 April 1999 Scotland Graeme Dott 21 years, 329 days England David Roe British OpenTV
030 19 September 1999 Scotland Stephen Hendry (6) 30 years, 249 days England Peter Ebdon British OpenTV [video 12]
031 21 September 1999 England Barry Pinches 29 years, 70 days England Joe Johnson Welsh Open (Q)
032 13 October 1999 England Ronnie O'Sullivan (3) 23 years, 312 days Scotland Graeme Dott Grand PrixTV [video 13]
033 4 November 1999 England Karl Burrows 31 years, 322 days England Adrian Rosa Benson & Hedges Championship
034 22 November 1999 Scotland Stephen Hendry (7) 30 years, 313 days England Paul Wykes UK ChampionshipTV [video 14]
035 21 January 2000 Scotland John Higgins 24 years, 248 days Northern Ireland Dennis Taylor Nations CupTV [video 15]
036 24 March 2000 Scotland John Higgins (2) 24 years, 311 days England Jimmy White Irish MastersTV [video 16]
037 28 March 2000 Scotland Stephen Maguire 19 years, 15 days Thailand Phaitoon Phonbun Scottish Open (Q)
038 5 April 2000 England Ronnie O'Sullivan (4) 24 years, 122 days Australia Quinten Hann Scottish OpenTV [video 17]
039 25 October 2000 Hong Kong Marco Fu 22 years, 291 days Republic of Ireland Ken Doherty Scottish MastersTV [video 18]
040 7 November 2000 Scotland David McLellan 30 years, 302 days England Steve Meakin Benson & Hedges Championship
041 19 November 2000 England Nick Dyson (2) 30 years, 336 days England Robert Milkins UK Championship
042 25 February 2001 Scotland Stephen Hendry (8) 32 years, 43 days Wales Mark Williams Malta Grand PrixTV [video 19]
043 17 October 2001 England Ronnie O'Sullivan (5) 25 years, 316 days Scotland Drew Henry LG CupTV [video 20]
044 12 November 2001 England Shaun Murphy 19 years, 94 days England Adrian Rosa Benson & Hedges Championship
045 28 October 2002 Malta Tony Drago 37 years, 36 days England Stuart Bingham Benson & Hedges Championship
046 22 April 2003 England Ronnie O'Sullivan (6) 27 years, 138 days Hong Kong Marco Fu World ChampionshipTV [video 21]
047 12 October 2003 Scotland John Higgins (3) 28 years, 147 days Wales Mark Williams LG CupTV [video 22]
048 12 November 2003 Scotland John Higgins (4) 28 years, 178 days Republic of Ireland Michael Judge British OpenTV [video 23]
049 4 October 2004 Scotland John Higgins (5) 29 years, 139 days England Ricky Walden Grand PrixTV [video 24]
050 17 November 2004 England David Gray 25 years, 282 days England Mark Selby UK Championship
051 20 April 2005 Wales Mark Williams 30 years, 30 days England Robert Milkins World ChampionshipTV [video 25]
052 22 November 2005 England Stuart Bingham (2) 29 years, 185 days Scotland Marcus Campbell Masters Qualifying Event
053 14 March 2006 England Robert Milkins 30 years, 8 days England Mark Selby World Championship (Q)
054 23 October 2006 England Jamie Cope 21 years, 41 days England Michael Holt Grand Prix
055 14 January 2007 China Ding Junhui 19 years, 288 days England Anthony Hamilton MastersTV [video 26]
056 15 February 2007 England Andrew Higginson 29 years, 64 days England Ali Carter Welsh OpenTV [video 27]
057 19 September 2007 Scotland Jamie Burnett 32 years, 3 days China Liu Song Grand Prix (Q)
058 14 October 2007 England Tom Ford 24 years, 58 days England Steve Davis Grand Prix
059 8 November 2007 England Ronnie O'Sullivan (7) 31 years, 338 days England Ali Carter Northern Ireland TrophyTV [video 28]
060 15 December 2007 England Ronnie O'Sullivan (8) 32 years, 10 days England Mark Selby UK ChampionshipTV [video 29]
061 29 March 2008 Scotland Stephen Maguire (2) 27 years, 16 days Wales Ryan Day China OpenTV [video 30]
062 28 April 2008 England Ronnie O'Sullivan (9) 32 years, 145 days Wales Mark Williams World ChampionshipTV [video 31]
063 29 April 2008 England Ali Carter 28 years, 279 days England Peter Ebdon World ChampionshipTV [video 32]
064 2 October 2008 England Jamie Cope (2) 23 years, 20 days Wales Mark Williams Shanghai MastersTV [video 33]
065 29 October 2008 China Liang Wenbo 21 years, 238 days England Martin Gould Bahrain Championship (Q)
066 8 November 2008 Scotland Marcus Campbell 36 years, 47 days Oman Ahmed Basheer Al-Khusaibi Bahrain ChampionshipTV
067 16 December 2008 China Ding Junhui (2) 21 years, 259 days Scotland John Higgins UK ChampionshipTV [video 34]
068 28 April 2009 Scotland Stephen Hendry (9) 40 years, 105 days England Shaun Murphy World ChampionshipTV [video 35]
069 5 June 2009 England Mark Selby 25 years, 351 days England Joe Perry Jiangsu ClassicTV
070 1 April 2010 Australia Neil Robertson 28 years, 49 days England Peter Ebdon China OpenTV [video 36]
071 25 June 2010 Norway Kurt Maflin 26 years, 321 days Poland Michal Zielinski Players Tour Championship – Event 1
072 6 August 2010 England Barry Hawkins 31 years, 105 days England James McGouran Players Tour Championship – Event 3
073 20 September 2010 England Ronnie O'Sullivan (10) 34 years, 289 days England Mark King World OpenTV (Q) [video 37]
074 22 October 2010 Thailand Thanawat Thirapongpaiboon 16 years, 312 days England Barry Hawkins Rhein–Main Masters
075 23 October 2010 Wales Mark Williams (2) 35 years, 216 days Germany Diana Schuler Rhein–Main Masters [video 38]
076 19 November 2010 England Rory McLeod 39 years, 238 days Thailand Issara Kachaiwong Prague Classic
077 17 February 2011 Scotland Stephen Hendry (10) 42 years, 35 days Scotland Stephen Maguire Welsh OpenTV [video 39]
078 26 August 2011 England Ronnie O'Sullivan (11) 35 years, 264 days England Adam Duffy Paul Hunter ClassicTV [video 40]
079[31] 22 November 2011 England Mike Dunn 40 years, 2 days Norway Kurt Maflin German Masters (Q)
080[32] 27 November 2011 England David Gray (2) 32 years, 291 days England Robbie Williams Players Tour Championship – Event 10 (Q)
081[33] 29 November 2011 England Ricky Walden 29 years, 18 days Wales Gareth Allen Players Tour Championship – Event 10 [video 41]
082[34] 15 December 2011 Wales Matthew Stevens 32 years, 95 days England Michael Wasley FFB Snooker Open
083[34] 15 December 2011 China Ding Junhui (3) 24 years, 258 days England Brandon Winstone FFB Snooker Open
084[35] 17 December 2011 China Ding Junhui (4) 24 years, 260 days England James Cahill Players Tour Championship – Event 11TV [video 42]
085[36] 18 December 2011 England Jamie Cope (3) 26 years, 97 days Norway Kurt Maflin Players Tour Championship – Event 11
086[37] 14 January 2012 Hong Kong Marco Fu (2) 34 years, 6 days England Matthew Selt World Open (Q) [video 43]
087[38] 11 April 2012 England Robert Milkins (2) 36 years, 36 days China Xiao Guodong World Championship (Q) [video 44]
088[39] 21 April 2012 Scotland Stephen Hendry (11) 43 years, 99 days England Stuart Bingham World ChampionshipTV [video 45]
089[40] 1 July 2012 England Stuart Bingham (3) 36 years, 41 days England Ricky Walden Wuxi ClassicTV [video 46]
090[41] 24 August 2012 Republic of Ireland Ken Doherty 42 years, 342 days Germany Julian Treiber Paul Hunter Classic
091[42] 23 September 2012 Scotland John Higgins (6) 37 years, 128 days England Judd Trump Shanghai MastersTV [video 47]
092[43] 16 November 2012 England Tom Ford (2) 29 years, 91 days Wales Matthew Stevens Bulgarian OpenTV [video 48]
093[44] 21 November 2012 England Andy Hicks 39 years, 103 days Wales Daniel Wells UK Championship (Q)
094[45] 22 November 2012 England Jack Lisowski 21 years, 150 days China Chen Zhe UK Championship (Q)
095[46] 5 December 2012 Scotland John Higgins (7) 37 years, 201 days England Mark Davis UK ChampionshipTV [video 49]
096[47] 14 December 2012 Norway Kurt Maflin (2) 29 years, 128 days England Stuart Carrington Scottish Open
097[48] 16 March 2013 China Ding Junhui (5) 25 years, 349 days Northern Ireland Mark Allen Players Tour Championship – FinalsTV [video 50]
098[49] 28 May 2013 Australia Neil Robertson (2) 31 years, 106 days Egypt Mohamed Khairy Wuxi Classic (Q) [video 51]
099[50] 15 November 2013 England Judd Trump 24 years, 87 days England Mark Selby Antwerp Open
100[12] 7 December 2013 England Mark Selby (2) 30 years, 171 days England Ricky Walden UK ChampionshipTV [video 52]
101[51] 11 December 2013 Thailand Dechawat Poomjaeng 35 years, 153 days England Zak Surety German Masters (Q)
102[52] 12 December 2013 England Gary Wilson 28 years, 123 days England Ricky Walden German Masters (Q)
103[53] 8 January 2014 England Shaun Murphy (2) 31 years, 151 days England Mark Davis Championship League [video 53]
104[54] 9 February 2014 England Shaun Murphy (3) 31 years, 183 days Wales Jamie Jones Gdynia Open [video 54]
105[55] 2 March 2014 England Ronnie O'Sullivan (12) 38 years, 87 days China Ding Junhui Welsh OpenTV [video 55]
106[56] 22 August 2014 India Aditya Mehta 28 years, 295 days Scotland Stephen Maguire Paul Hunter Classic
107[57] 23 October 2014 Wales Ryan Day 34 years, 214 days China Cao Yupeng Haining Open [video 56]
108[58] 23 November 2014 England Shaun Murphy (4) 32 years, 105 days England Robert Milkins Ruhr OpenTV [video 57]
109[59] 4 December 2014 England Ronnie O'Sullivan (13) 38 years, 364 days England Matthew Selt UK ChampionshipTV [video 58]
110[60] 12 December 2014 England Ben Woollaston 27 years, 212 days England Joe Steele Lisbon Open
111[61] 5 January 2015 England Barry Hawkins (2) 35 years, 257 days Scotland Stephen Maguire Championship League [video 59]
112[62] 11 January 2015 Hong Kong Marco Fu (3) 37 years, 3 days England Stuart Bingham MastersTV [video 60]
113[63] 6 February 2015 England Judd Trump (2) 25 years, 170 days England Mark Selby German Masters [video 61]
114[64] 10 February 2015 England David Gilbert 33 years, 243 days China Xiao Guodong Championship League [video 62]
115[65] 6 December 2015 Australia Neil Robertson (3) 33 years, 298 days China Liang Wenbo UK ChampionshipTV [video 63]
116[66] 11 December 2015 Hong Kong Marco Fu (4) 37 years, 337 days England Sam Baird Gibraltar Open [video 64]
117[67] 19 February 2016 China Ding Junhui (6) 28 years, 324 days Australia Neil Robertson Welsh OpenTV [video 65]
118[68] 25 February 2016 Republic of Ireland Fergal O'Brien 43 years, 354 days England Mark Davis Championship League [video 66]
119[69] 27 August 2016 Thailand Thepchaiya Un-Nooh 31 years, 131 days Norway Kurt Maflin Paul Hunter ClassicTV [video 67]
120[70] 20 September 2016 Scotland Stephen Maguire (3) 35 years, 191 days China Yi Chen Xu Shanghai Masters
121[71] 28 September 2016 England Shaun Murphy (5) 34 years, 49 days England Allan Taylor European Masters (Q) [video 68]
122[72] 11 October 2016 England Alfie Burden 39 years, 302 days Wales Daniel Wells English Open
123[73] 16 November 2016 Scotland John Higgins (8) 41 years, 182 days England Sam Craigie Northern Ireland OpenTV [video 69]
124[74] 27 November 2016 Northern Ireland Mark Allen 30 years, 279 days England Rod Lawler UK Championship
125[75] 8 December 2016 England Ali Carter (2) 37 years, 136 days China Wang Yuchen German Masters (Q)
126[75] 8 December 2016 Scotland Ross Muir 21 years, 63 days Brazil Itaro Santos German Masters (Q)
127[76] 10 January 2017 England Mark Davis 44 years, 151 days Australia Neil Robertson Championship League [video 70]
128[77] 1 February 2017 England Tom Ford (3) 33 years, 168 days England Peter Ebdon German MastersTV [video 71]
129[78] 2 March 2017 England Mark Davis (2) 44 years, 202 days Scotland John Higgins Championship League [video 72]
130[79] 30 March 2017 England Judd Trump (3) 27 years, 222 days China Tian Pengfei China OpenTV [video 73]
131[80] 6 April 2017 England Gary Wilson (2) 31 years, 238 days Republic of Ireland Josh Boileau World Championship (Q)
132[81] 18 October 2017 China Liang Wenbo (2) 30 years, 227 days England Tom Ford English OpenTV [video 74]
133[82] 31 October 2017 England Kyren Wilson 25 years, 312 days England Martin Gould International Championship [video 75]
134[83] 12 December 2017 China Cao Yupeng 27 years, 46 days England Andrew Higginson Scottish Open [video 76]
135[84] 26 January 2018 England Martin Gould 36 years, 134 days China Li Hang Championship League [video 77]
136[85] 26 March 2018 Belgium Luca Brecel 23 years, 18 days Scotland John Higgins Championship League [video 78]
137[86] 3 April 2018 England Ronnie O'Sullivan (14) 42 years, 119 days England Elliot Slessor China OpenTV [video 79]
138[87] 4 April 2018 England Stuart Bingham (4) 41 years, 318 days England Ricky Walden China Open [video 80]
139[88] 12 April 2018 China Liang Wenbo (3) 31 years, 38 days England Rod Lawler World Championship (Q) [video 81]
140[89] 24 August 2018 Cyprus Michael Georgiou 30 years, 218 days Germany Umut Dikme Paul Hunter Classic
141[90] 24 August 2018 Wales Jamie Jones 30 years, 191 days Wales Lee Walker Paul Hunter Classic
142[91] 16 October 2018 Thailand Thepchaiya Un-Nooh (2) 33 years, 181 days Iran Soheil Vahedi English Open [video 82]
143[92] 17 October 2018 England Ronnie O'Sullivan (15) 42 years, 316 days England Allan Taylor English OpenTV [video 83]
144[93] 8 November 2018 England Mark Selby (3) 35 years, 120 days Australia Neil Robertson Champion of ChampionsTV [video 84]

Statistics[edit]

[25][26]

Total maximum breaks[edit]

Televised maximum breaks[edit]

Multiple maximum breaks during a tournament[edit]

Table legend
TV Televised
(Q) Qualifying rounds

Tournaments with multiple maximum breaks
No. Tournament Player(s) Venue(s) Year
1 Matchroom League England John Parrott Jimmy White Snooker Lodge, Aldershot 1992
Scotland Stephen Hendry Rhondda Sports Centre, Rhondda
2 British Open Northern Ireland Jason Prince (Q) Hazel Grove Snooker Club, Stockport 1999
(Spring)
Scotland Graeme DottTV Plymouth Pavilions, Plymouth
3 Scottish Open Scotland Stephen Maguire (Q) A.E.C.C, Aberdeen 2000
England Ronnie O'SullivanTV
4 Grand Prix Scotland Jamie Burnett (Q) World Snooker Centre, Prestatyn 2007
England Tom Ford A.E.C.C, Aberdeen
5 World Snooker Championship England Ronnie O'SullivanTV Crucible Theatre, Sheffield 2008
England Ali CarterTV
6 Bahrain Championship China Liang Wenbo (Q) World Snooker Centre, Prestatyn 2008
Scotland Marcus CampbellTV Bahrain International Exhibition Centre, Manama
7 Rhein–Main Masters Thailand Thanawat Thirapongpaiboon Walter Kobel Sporthalle, Rüsselsheim 2010
Wales Mark Williams
8 Players Tour Championship 2011/2012 – Event 10 England David Gray (Q) World Snooker Academy, Sheffield 2011
England Ricky Walden
9 FFB Snooker Open Wales Matthew Stevens World Snooker Academy, Sheffield 2011
China Ding Junhui
10 Players Tour Championship 2011/2012 – Event 11 China Ding JunhuiTV English Institute of Sport, Sheffield 2011
England Jamie Cope
11 World Snooker Championship England Robert Milkins (Q) English Institute of Sport, Sheffield 2012
Scotland Stephen HendryTV Crucible Theatre, Sheffield
12 UK Championship England Andy Hicks (Q) World Snooker Academy, Sheffield 2012
England Jack Lisowski (Q)
Scotland John HigginsTV Barbican Centre, York
13 German Masters Thailand Dechawat Poomjaeng (Q) Barnsley Metrodome, Barnsley 2013
England Gary Wilson (Q)
14 German Masters England Ali Carter (Q) Barnsley Metrodome, Barnsley 2016
Scotland Ross Muir (Q)
England Tom FordTV Tempodrom, Berlin 2017
15 Championship League England Mark Davis Ricoh Arena, Coventry 2017
England Mark Davis
16 Championship League England Martin Gould Ricoh Arena, Coventry 2018
Belgium Luca Brecel
17 China Open England Ronnie O'SullivanTV Olympic Sports Center Gymnasium, Beijing 2018
England Stuart Bingham
18 Paul Hunter Classic Cyprus Michael Georgiou Stadthalle Fürth, Fürth 2018
Wales Jamie Jones
19 English Open Thailand Thepchaiya Un-Nooh K2 Leisure Centre, Crawley 2018
England Ronnie O'SullivanTV

Match-winning maximum breaks[edit]

Tournament games are won when one of the players manages to win more than half of the scheduled frames. For example, if a match is scheduled to have a maximum of 7 frames, a player wins the game when winning a 4th frame, regardless of how many frames the other player has.

Table legend
TV Televised
(Q) Qualifying rounds
(D) Deciding frame

Match-winning maximum breaks
No. Player Tournament Year Round
01[94] Scotland Stephen Hendry Charity Challenge 1997 FinalTV (D)
02[95] Wales Mark Williams World Championship 2005 Last 32TV
03[96] England Ronnie O'Sullivan UK Championship 2007 Semi-finalTV (D)
04[97] England Ronnie O'Sullivan World Championship 2008 Last 16TV
05[98] England Barry Hawkins Players Tour Championship 2010/2011 – Event 3 2010 Last 32
06[99] England Ronnie O'Sullivan World Open 2010 Last 64TV (Q)
07[34] Wales Matthew Stevens Players Tour Championship 2011/2012 – Event 12 2011 Last 128
08[35] China Ding Junhui Players Tour Championship 2011/2012 – Event 11 2011 Last 128TV
09[44] England Andy Hicks UK Championship 2012 Last 80 (Q)
10[54] England Shaun Murphy European Tour 2013/2014 – Event 8 2014 Last 16
11[100] England Ronnie O'Sullivan Welsh Open 2014 FinalTV
12[57] Wales Ryan Day Asian Tour 2014/2015 – Event 2 2014 Last 32
13[59] England Ronnie O'Sullivan UK Championship 2014 Last 16TV
14[73] Scotland John Higgins Northern Ireland Open 2016 Last 64TV
15[76] England Mark Davis Championship League 2017 Group Final (D)
16[78] England Mark Davis Championship League 2017 Winners' Group (D)
17[84] England Martin Gould Championship League 2018 Group 6 (D)
18[85] Belgium Luca Brecel Championship League 2018 Group 7
19[92] England Ronnie O'Sullivan English Open 2018 Last 64TV

Records[edit]

Firsts[edit]

Multiple maximums[edit]

  • There have been at least five non-tournament matches where more than one maximum was compiled. Peter Ebdon compiled two maximum breaks during an 11-frame exhibition match at Eastbourne Police Club on 15 April 1996. In 2003 he also compiled two consecutive maximum breaks against Steve Davis in an exhibition match.[7][101] In 2009 Jimmy White and Ronnie O'Sullivan compiled consecutive maximum breaks at an exhibition match in Ireland.[110] Mark King and Joe Jogia achieved the same feat at the Grove Open later in the same year.[111] The only player known to compile more than two maximum breaks on a single occasion is Adrian Gunnell, who compiled three maximums in four frames at a club in Telford in 2003 while practising against Ian Duffy.[112][113]
  • Higgins and O'Sullivan are the only players to record maximum breaks in consecutive ranking events. Higgins made one during his defeat by Mark Williams in the LG Cup final, and then one in his second round match at the 2003 British Open.[114][115] O'Sullivan made one at the Northern Ireland Trophy and another at the UK Championship in 2007.[96][116] Since top 16 players were seeded through to the second round at the 2003 British Open, Higgins' maximums also came in consecutive ranking matches, albeit not in the same tournament.
  • Higgins' maximum breaks at the 2003 LG Cup and 2004 Grand Prix made him the first and only player to record maximums in the same tournament in successive years (the LG Cup being the sponsor's name for that year's Grand Prix). Since Higgins made the maximums in the 2003 final and the 2004 first round, he made maximums in successive rounds of the same tournament but not at the same event.[117]

Final frames and matches[edit]

Chronometrical[edit]

  • Ronnie O'Sullivan's first 147 break against Mick Price in their second round tie at the 1997 world championship set a still-standing world record for the fastest maximum in the history of the game. Guinness World Records recorded the time of the break at 5 minutes and 20 seconds.[122] However, an investigation undertaken by Deadspin in 2017 revealed that the time recorded by Guinness is incorrect, as a result of the timer being started too early on the BBC footage.[123] Breaks are not officially timed in snooker and the official rules of snooker do not specify how they should be timed, instead leaving the timing to the discretion of the broadcaster.[15] World Snooker has since suggested that a break starts when the player strikes the cueball for the first time in a break which would result in a time of 5 minutes and 8 seconds,[15] and this is the time that World Snooker now officially acknowledges.[124] However, this methodology for timing breaks is inconsistent with the one employed in shot clock events where timing for a player's shot begins when the balls have come to rest from his opponent's previous shot, and under this convention the break would have been timed at 5 minutes and 15 seconds.[15] At one time, O'Sullivan held the times for the four fastest maximum breaks.[125]
  • Sean Maddocks is recognised by Guinness World Records as the youngest player to make a maximum break in competition, which he achieved at the LiteTask Pro-Am series, in Leeds, UK, on 9 July 2017, at the age of 15 years and 90 days.[126][127] O'Sullivan previously held the record as the youngest player to achieve a maximum break in any recognized competition, a feat he achieved at the 1991 English Amateur Championship when he was 15 years and 98 days old.[128][129] However, despite being the official world record-holder, Maddocks may not actually be the youngest player to have made one; Judd Trump is on record as having compiled a 147 at the Potters Under-16 Tournament in 2004 at the age of 14 years and 206 days.[130] The youngest player to make an official 147 in professional competition is Thanawat Thirapongpaiboon at the 2010 Rhein–Main Masters at the age of 16 years and 312 days.[130] The youngest player to have made a televised 147 is Ding Junhui at the age of 19 years and 9 months in the 2007 Masters.[131][132]
  • The oldest player to make an official maximum in professional competition is Mark Davis, who compiled one in the 2017 Championship League at the age of 44.[76]

Prize money[edit]

In professional tournaments there was usually a substantial prize awarded to any player achieving a 147 break. For example, Ronnie O'Sullivan's maximum at the 1997 World Championship earned him £165,000. Of this, £147,000 was for making the 147 break and £18,000 was for achieving the highest break of the tournament.[133] This was however abolished in the 2010/2011 season.[citation needed]

In the 2011/2012 season World Snooker introduced a roll-over system for the maximum break prize money, the "rolling 147 prize".[134] A maximum break is worth £5,000 in the televised stages and £500 in qualifying stages of major ranking events. There is a £500 prize in the Players Tour Championship events from the last 128 onwards.[135] If a maximum is not made then the prize rolls over to the next event until somebody wins it.[134]

At the 2016 Welsh Open, Ronnie O'Sullivan defeated Barry Pinches 4–1 in the first round. In the fifth frame of the match, O'Sullivan declined the opportunity to make a maximum break, potting the pink off the penultimate red and completing a break of 146. He stated afterward that the prize money of £10,000 was not worthy of a 147. World Snooker chairman Barry Hearn called the decision "unacceptable" and "disrespectful".[136]

Breaks exceeding 147[edit]

A break higher than 147 can be achieved when an opponent fouls before any reds are potted, and leaves the incoming player snookered (blocked) on all 15 reds. The player can nominate one of the other colours as a red, known as a "free ball", which carries the same value as a red for just that shot. If the free ball is potted, the referee places back this colored ball on its original location, de facto creating a setup as if there were 16 reds in total, thus creating a potential maximum break of 155 if a player starts from a free ball position.[137]

In October 2004, during qualifying for the UK Championship, Jamie Burnett became the only player to record a break of more than 147 in tournament play, when he scored 148 against Leo Fernandez. He took the brown as the free ball, then potted the brown again followed by the 15 reds with 12 blacks, two pinks and a blue, then the six colours.[21][7][138]

On a few occasions, breaks exceeding 147 have been reported in non-tournament settings:

  • A 151 is reported to have been compiled by Wally West against Butch Rogers in West London's Hounslow Luciana snooker club during a club match in 1976. After Rogers fouled, West took the green as his free ball followed by the brown. He then took 14 reds and blacks and a pink off the last red. He then cleared up to make the 151.[7][139][140]
  • In April 1988 Steve Duggan made a 148 in a practice frame against Mark Rowing in Doncaster.[7][141]
  • In 1993 Stephen Hendry made a 148 in a practice match against Alfie Burden.[7]
  • In 1995 Tony Drago made a 149 in practice against Nick Manning in West Norwood, London, that was recorded by the Guinness Book of Records as the highest in this category. In that match Drago nominated the brown as the free ball, to score one point. He then potted the brown again, for four more points, before potting the 15 reds with 13 blacks, a pink and a blue, then all the colours.[7][141]
  • In 1997 Eddie Manning achieved a 149 break in a practice match against Kam Pandya at Willie Thorne's Snooker Club in Leicester. Like Drago he took brown, brown, 13 blacks, pink and blue.[7]
  • In April 2003 Jamie Cope made a 151 break at The Reardon Snooker Club during a practice game with David Fomm-Ward. After a foul by his opponent, Cope was snookered behind the brown ball. He took the brown as the free ball and then potted the blue, 13 reds with blacks and two with pinks, then the six colours.[7]
  • In the middle of 2005, Jamie Cope made snooker's first 'highest possible' 155 break in a witnessed practice frame.[142]
  • In November 2010 Sam Harvey made a 151 break in a practice match against Kyren Wilson at his home club in Bedford. Harvey potted the brown as the free ball and then the black, 12 reds with blacks, two with pinks and one with blue, then the six colours.[7][143]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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Videos[edit]

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  17. ^ Ronnie O'Sullivan, Scottish Open, 2000 on YouTube
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  32. ^ Ali Carter, World Championship, 2008 on YouTube
  33. ^ Jamie Cope, Shanghai Masters, 2008 on YouTube
  34. ^ Ding Junhui, UK Championship, 2008 on YouTube
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  36. ^ Neil Robertson, China Open, 2010 on YouTube
  37. ^ Ronnie O'Sullivan, World Open, 2010 on YouTube
  38. ^ Mark Williams, Rhein-Main Masters, 2010 on YouTube
  39. ^ Stephen Hendry, Welsh Open, 2011 on YouTube
  40. ^ Ronnie O'Sullivan 147 Maximum Break @ PTC4 Paul Hunter Classic 26.08.2011 on YouTube
  41. ^ Ricky Walden, PTC Event 10, 2011 on YouTube
  42. ^ Ding Junhui, PTC Event 1, 2011 on YouTube
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  48. ^ Tom Ford, Bulgarian Open, 2012 on YouTube
  49. ^ John Higgins, UK Championship, 2012 on YouTube
  50. ^ Ding Junhui, PTC Finals, 2013 on YouTube
  51. ^ Neil Robertson, Wuxi Classic Qualifying, 2013 on YouTube
  52. ^ Mark Selby, UK Championship, 2013 on YouTube
  53. ^ Shaun Murphy, Championship League, 2014 on YouTube
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  56. ^ Ryan Day, Haining Open, 2014 on YouTube
  57. ^ Shaun Murphy, Ruhr Open, 2014 on YouTube
  58. ^ Ronnie O'Sullivan, UK Championship, 2014 on YouTube
  59. ^ Barry Hawkins, Championship League, 2015 on YouTube
  60. ^ Marco Fu, Masters, 2015 on YouTube
  61. ^ Judd Trump, German Masters, 2015 on YouTube
  62. ^ David Gilbert, Championship League, 2015 on YouTube
  63. ^ Neil Robertson, UK Championship, 2015 on YouTube
  64. ^ Marco Fu, Gibraltar Open, 2015 on YouTube
  65. ^ Ding Junhui, Welsh Open, 2016 on YouTube
  66. ^ Fergal O'Brien, Championship League, 2016 on YouTube
  67. ^ Thepchaiya Un-Nooh, Paul Hunter Classic, 2016 on YouTube
  68. ^ Shaun Murphy, European Masters, 2016 on YouTube
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  70. ^ 147 Maximum Break by Mark Davis v Neil Robertson | Champions League Snooker 2017 on YouTube
  71. ^ Tom Ford, German Masters, 2017 on YouTube
  72. ^ Snooker Champ League 2017 Final group Mark Davis 147 break on YouTube
  73. ^ Judd Trump, China Open, 2017 on YouTube
  74. ^ Liang Wenbo, English Open, 2017 on YouTube
  75. ^ Kyren Wilson, International Championship, 2017 on YouTube
  76. ^ Cao Yupeng, Scottish Open, 2017 on YouTube
  77. ^ Martin Gould 147 Vs Li Hang - Champions League 2018 on YouTube
  78. ^ Luca Brecel vs John Higgins Championship League 2018 (Group-7) on YouTube
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  80. ^ Stuart Bingham, China Open, 2018 on YouTube
  81. ^ Liang Wenbo, World Snooker Championship Qualifying, 2018 on YouTube
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