Maxine Sanders

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Maxine Sanders
Maxine Sanders 2017.png
Maxine Sanders in 2017
Born (1946-12-30)30 December 1946
Occupation Alexandrian Witch and Priestess, Co-Founder of the Alexandrian Tradition of Witchcraft
Spouse(s) Alex Sanders
Children Maya Alexandria and Victor Mikhael

Maxine Sanders (born Arline Maxine Morris on 30 December 1946 in Cheshire) is a key figure in the development of modern pagan witchcraft and Wicca and, along with her late husband, Alex Sanders, the co-founder of Alexandrian Wicca.[1]

Witchcraft with Alex Sanders 1964-72[edit]

Raised a Roman Catholic, Maxine was educated at St. Joseph's Convent School in Manchester. In 1964, whilst a student at Loreburn Secretarial College, she first met Alex Sanders.[2] They met through his friendship with her mother who had a range of esoteric interests but their accounts of her introduction to witchcraft vary. Alex's memoir describes her as "shy and inexperienced," with her potential being awoken only through her contact with him.[2] Maxine's memoir gives a very different account, describing her experiences of witchcraft as already having been initiated at the age of 15 into a magical lodge in rituals performed in Alderley Edge, Cheshire, England.[3][4] By the following year, she and at least one other person had been initiated and the coven was up and running. Maxine was quickly taken through the system of three degrees and by the age of 18 was a third degree Witch Queen although one source suggests that at that time her role was a somewhat passive one.[5] It was said that at Alex's lectures all Maxine had to do was to "sit there in her finery." It is alleged that Alex said, "All I want you to do is sit there and look beautiful and represent the Goddess."[6]

However, Alex's taste for publicity soon led to problems. In 1965, a midsummer ritual was attended by a newspaper photographer, unbeknown to some of those present, Maxine included. The subsequent report in a local newspaper carried recognisable photographs of her and she was thus "outed" without her permission. Maxine had just reconciled with her mother who disapproved of Alex, who died very shortly afterwards; stones were thrown at Maxine in the street while the windows of the house which had been her mother's were smashed.[2]

Maxine and Alex were handfasted at Alderley Edge in 1965 and continued to initiate new witches in Manchester. In 1967, they moved to London where they lived and practised witchcraft in a basement flat in Notting Hill Gate.[7] At Beltane 1968, the couple married in a civil ceremony in Kensington London.[8] Alex and Maxine had two children: Maya, born in 1967, and Victor, born in 1972.[7]

Over the next few years until 1972, Maxine and Alex trained and initiated new members of their coven, initially within a framework recognisable and claimed as Gardnerian but subsequently incorporating more influences from ceremonial magic. In 1971, Stewart Farrar, recently initiated by Maxine, gave their brand of Wicca the new name of "Alexandrian", partly honouring its leaders and also referencing the greatest city of the Hellenistic world and the library of magical texts which it housed,[9] the library of Alexandria.

In 1971, Alex and Maxine had acquired a second home outside of London in the village of Selmeston, Sussex. There Maxine became a "fanatical gardener"[7] while she and Alex set up a second coven and started to train people locally. Maxine, however, became concerned that the standards and expectations of training were not so high as they once had been in London, and that there was an awkward atmosphere. This came to a head when Alex insisted on initiating a young gay man against Maxine's wishes, and subsequently when Alex declared his love for one of his male initiates.[10] The couple found the cost of running two homes was too much, and they returned to London in 1972. Maxine declared that she no longer wanted to be "Witch Queen" to the Alexandrian covens and ritually destroyed the ritual clothes and other items she had acquired.[10] Shortly thereafter, Alex moved back to Sussex with his new lover, and Maxine remained in London with their children.[11]

Alexandrian Wicca[edit]

From early 1970 onwards, both Alex and Maxine gained media attention due to their openness about practising witchcraft, appearing in a number of digital recording, such as 'Legend of the Witches' (1970), 'Witchcraft ’70' (1970), 'Secret Rites' (1971), and numerous documentaries.

After Maxine and Alex separated, Maxine remained in their London flat where she ran her own coven, "The Temple of the Mother", continuing to initiate and train people in Alexandrian Witchcraft. Members of the Temple of the Mother also trained in the art of healing and became well respected for it and other charitable works in the community.[citation needed]

Maxine remained in close contact with Alex until his death in 1988 and shortly before his death, he named Maxine as his next of kin.[12][13]

In 2000, Maxine moved to Snowdonia, Wales, until 2010, but returned to Abbey Road, London. Today, Maxine teaches in the Coven of the Stag King in London, which holds monthly soirées. She continues to travel, giving talks to those interested in witchcraft.[14]



  1. ^ Hutton 1999, p. 324-332.
  2. ^ a b c Hutton 1999, p. 324.
  3. ^ Sanders 1976, p. 14-35.
  4. ^ Ruickbie 2004, p. 141-2.
  5. ^ Ruickbie 2004, p. 142.
  6. ^ Parker 1993.
  7. ^ a b c Sanders 2008.
  8. ^ Howard 2009, p. 208.
  9. ^ Farrar 1973.
  10. ^ a b Howard 2009, p. 217.
  11. ^ Sanders 2008, p. 166-169.
  12. ^ A C Towner Ltd (funeral directors) handwritten entry in Volume dated 16 June '86 - 9 Nov '88.
  13. ^ Hastings Cemetery and Crematorium, Register of Cremations, Volume 19, Cremation Record 47733
  14. ^ See "Maxine Sanders Web Site Diary entry". Retrieved 2017-01-26. ,.


  • Deutch, Richard (1977). The Ecstatic Mother: Portrait of Maxine Sanders, Witch Queen. Bachman and Turner. ISBN 0-85974-048-X. 
  • Drury, Neville (2003). Magic & Witchcraft: From Shamanism to the Technopagans. Thames & Hudson Ltd. ISBN 0-500-28514-4. 
  • Farrar, Stewart (1973). What Witches Do: The modern coven revealed. Sphere Books. ISBN 0-7221-3449-5. 
  • Howard, Michael (2009). Modern Wicca: A History from Gerald Gardner to the Present. Llewellyn. ISBN 978-0-7387-1588-9. 
  • Hutton, Ronald (1999). The Triumph of the Moon: A History of Modern Pagan Witchcraft. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-285449-6. 
  • Jordan, Michael (1996). Witches: An Encyclopedia of Paganism and Magic. London: Kyle Cathie Limited. ISBN 1-85626-193-X. 
  • Kemp, Anthony (1993). Witchcraft and Paganism Today. Brockhampton Press. ISBN 1-86019-127-4. 
  • Parker, J (1993). At the Heart of Darkness. Pan. 
  • Ruickbie, Leo (2004). Witchcraft out of the Shadows: A Complete History. Robert Hale. ISBN 0-7090-7567-7. 
  • Sanders, Maxine (1976). Maxine: The Witch Queen. Wyndham Publications Ltd. ISBN 0-352-39738-1. 
  • Sanders, Maxine (2008). Firechild: The Life and Magic of Maxine Sanders "Witch Queen". Mandrake of Oxford, Ltd. ISBN 978-1-869928-97-1. 

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