Maxwell Street Jimmy Davis

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Maxwell Street Jimmy Davis
Birth name Charles W. Thompson
Also known as Jewtown Jimmy[1]
Born (1925-03-02)March 2, 1925
Tippo, Mississippi, United States
Died December 28, 1995(1995-12-28) (aged 70)
Chicago, Illinois, United States
Genres Electric blues, country blues[2]
Occupation(s) Guitarist, singer, songwriter
Instruments Guitar, vocals
Years active 1940s–1995
Associated acts John Lee Hooker

Maxwell Street Jimmy Davis (March 2, 1925 – December 28, 1995)[1] was an American electric blues singer, guitarist and songwriter. He played with John Lee Hooker, recorded an album for Elektra Records in the mid-1960s, and remained a regular street musician on Maxwell Street, in Chicago, for over 40 years.[2] He is best remembered for his songs "Cold Hands" and "4th and Broad".[1] He was also known as Jewtown Jimmy.[3]

Biography[edit]

Davis was born Charles W. Thompson, in Tippo, Mississippi.[1][2] In his teens, he learned to play the guitar from John Lee Hooker, and the two of them played concerts together in Detroit in the 1940s, following Davis's relocation there in 1946.[2][4] Prior to his move to Detroit, he had worked in traveling minstrel shows,[3] including the Rabbit Foot Minstrels.[5] Davis lived for nearly a year in Cincinnati, Ohio, before he moved to Chicago in 1953.[3] He started performing regularly in the marketplace area of Maxwell Street, playing a traditional and electrified style of Mississippi blues.[2]

In 1952, he recorded two songs, "Cold Hands" and "4th and Broad", under his real name, for Sun Records. They were offered to Chess Records and Bullet Records but were not released.[4]

It is uncertain when he took the name Jimmy Davis,[6] but in 1964, under that pseudonym, he recorded a couple of tracks for Testament Records.[4] They appeared on the 1965 Testament compilation album Modern Chicago Blues. His songs were "Crying Won't Make Me Stay" and "Hanging Around My Door".[7] The album also included a track from another Chicago street performer, John Lee Granderson, and more established artists, such as Robert Nighthawk, Big Walter Horton, and Johnny "Man" Young. The music journalist Tony Russell wrote that it was "music of great charm and honesty".[8]

In 1966, Davis recorded a self-titled album for Elektra Records, which Jason Ankeny, writing for Allmusic, called "a fine showcase for his powerful guitar skills and provocative vocals".[2] He recorded several tracks for various labels over the years, without commercial success.[4]

Davis owned a small restaurant on Maxwell Street, the Knotty Pine Grill, and performed outside the premises in the summer.[4] He continued to play alfresco on Chicago's West Side for decades.[2] In July 1994, Wolf Records released the album Chicago Blues Session, Vol. 11, the tracks of which Davis had recorded in 1988 and 1989. The collection included Lester Davenport on harmonica and Kansas City Red playing the drums.[9]

Davis died of a heart attack in December 1995, in his adopted hometown of Chicago. He was 70 years old.[1]

A 1989 photograph of Davis performing on Maxwell Street appeared on the front cover of BluesSpeak: The Best of the Original Chicago Blues Annual, published in 2010.[10]

He is not to be confused with the West Coast R&B saxophonist and record producer Maxwell Davis (1916–1970).

Discography[edit]

Albums[edit]

Album title Record label Year of release
Maxwell Street Jimmy Davis Elektra Records 1965
Chicago Blues Session, Vol. 11 Wolf Records 1994

[11]

Compilation albums[edit]

Album title Record label Year of release
Modern Chicago Blues Testament Records 1965

[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Doc Rock. "The Dead Rock Stars Club 1994–1995". Thedeadrockstarsclub.com. Retrieved 2014-01-27. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Ankeny, Jason. "Maxwell Street Jimmy Davis: Biography". AllMusic.com. Retrieved 2014-01-27. 
  3. ^ a b c Walker, Janelle L. (2000). Saving Maxwell Street: People, Power, and the Politics of Urban Aesthetics in Chicago. Ph.D. dissertation. Indiana University. p. 69. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Maxwell Street Jimmy Davis". Bluesmusic.lt. Archived from the original on July 22, 2011. Retrieved October 20, 2010. 
  5. ^ Cheseborough, Steve (2009). Blues Traveling: The Holy Sites of Delta Blues (3rd ed.). Upress. p. 209. ISBN 978-1-60473-124-8. 
  6. ^ Room, Adrian (1997). Dictionary of Pseudonyms: 13,000 Assumed Names and Their Origins (5th ed.). Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland. p. 135. ISBN 978-0-7864-4373-4. 
  7. ^ "Elektra Discography". Atsf.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-01-27. 
  8. ^ a b Russell, Tony (1997). The Blues: From Robert Johnson to Robert Cray. Dubai: Carlton Books. pp. 200–201. ISBN 1-85868-255-X. 
  9. ^ "Maxwell Street Jimmy Davis, Chicago Blues Session, Vol. 11: Credits". AllMusic.com. Retrieved 2014-01-27. 
  10. ^ Beauchamp, Lincoln T. (2010). BluesSpeak: The Best of the Original Chicago Blues Annual. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press. ISBN 978-0-252-07692-3. 
  11. ^ "Maxwell Street Jimmy Davis | Discography". AllMusic. Retrieved 2014-01-27. 

External links[edit]