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The following events occurred in May 1910:
- 1 May 1, 1910 (Sunday)
- 2 May 2, 1910 (Monday)
- 3 May 3, 1910 (Tuesday)
- 4 May 4, 1910 (Wednesday)
- 5 May 5, 1910 (Thursday)
- 6 May 6, 1910 (Friday)
- 7 May 7, 1910 (Saturday)
- 8 May 8, 1910 (Sunday)
- 9 May 9, 1910 (Monday)
- 10 May 10, 1910 (Tuesday)
- 11 May 11, 1910 (Wednesday)
- 12 May 12, 1910 (Thursday)
- 13 May 13, 1910 (Friday)
- 14 May 14, 1910 (Saturday)
- 15 May 15, 1910 (Sunday)
- 16 May 16, 1910 (Monday)
- 17 May 17, 1910 (Tuesday)
- 18 May 18, 1910 (Wednesday)
- 19 May 19, 1910 (Thursday)
- 20 May 20, 1910 (Friday)
- 21 May 21, 1910 (Saturday)
- 22 May 22, 1910 (Sunday)
- 23 May 23, 1910 (Monday)
- 24 May 24, 1910 (Tuesday)
- 25 May 25, 1910 (Wednesday)
- 26 May 26, 1910 (Thursday)
- 27 May 27, 1910 (Friday)
- 28 May 28, 1910 (Saturday)
- 29 May 29, 1910 (Sunday)
- 30 May 30, 1910 (Monday)
- 31 May 31, 1910 (Tuesday)
- 32 References
May 1, 1910 (Sunday)
- Edward VII, the 68-year-old King of Great Britain and Ireland and its possessions, and Emperor of India, developed a bad cold after spending a cold and rainy weekend at his estate in Sandringham. Refusing to rest and ignoring medical advice, the popular monarch developed bronchitis, then pneumonia, and was dead by Friday.
- Born: J. Allen Hynek, American UFO author, in Chicago (died 1986); and Cliff Battles, American pro football player, in Akron (died 1981)
- Died: J.Q.A. Ward, 80, American sculptor; and Pierre Nord Alexis, 90, former President of Haiti, 90
May 2, 1910 (Monday)
- The United States Senate confirmed Charles Evans Hughes as a Supreme Court Justice, without debate.
- The U.S. Senate also voted to approve creation of the United States Bureau of Mines, as part of the Department of the Interior, in the first federal regulation of mining. President Taft signed the legislation on May 16.
- Edward Payson Weston walked into City Hall in New York City at 3:10 pm, completing a walk across the continent that he had started in Santa Monica on February 1. The septuagenarian was greeted by New York Mayor George Alexander, who proclaimed, "Weston, you are a benefactor to the human race, for you have shown people what can be done by a man who lives simply and healthfully in the open air." 
- Homesteading of the Flathead Indian Reservation in Montana was permitted by the federal government, with the drawing of the first names in a lottery.
May 3, 1910 (Tuesday)
- The President of the United States returned to his hometown of Cincinnati, Ohio, for the first time since his inauguration. At his own request, William Howard Taft was treated as an "ordinary" citizen as he renewed acquaintances.
- The city of Robins, Iowa, was incorporated.
- Born: Bernard Orchard, British biblical scholar (died 2006), and Norman Corwin, American screenwriter (died 2011), in Boston
- Died: Howard Taylor Ricketts, 38, American biologist for whom bacteria of the genus Rickettsiae are named; of typhus during research on that disease; and Lottie Collins, 44, English singer and dancer
May 4, 1910 (Wednesday)
- The Royal Canadian Navy came into existence when the Naval Service Act became law, creating a force separate from Britain's Royal Navy. The first two ships, designated "HMCS" for "His Majesty's Canadian Ship", were the Rainbow and the Niobe.
- Twelve years after the USS Maine had exploded and sunk in Havana Harbor, the U.S. Senate passed legislation to pay for the raising of the ship's remains at "all convenient speed", and the bill was signed into law.
May 5, 1910 (Thursday)
- The city of Cartago, Costa Rica, was destroyed by an earthquake that killed more than 1,500 people.
- Seventy coal miners were killed in an explosion at the Palos Coal and Coke Company at 1:30 p.m. at Walker County, Alabama.
- The town of Hillsborough, California, was incorporated.
- The U.S. Weather Bureau, predecessor to the National Weather Service, set a record, which still stands, for the highest altitude achieved by a kite. An altitude of 23,826 feet (7,262 m) was reached by the highest of ten kites on an 81⁄2 mile long steel wire.
- Dearfield, Colorado, was founded as an all-black community by Oliver Toussaint Jackson. The town made a steady decline after World War I, and the last resident died in 1973.
- Former U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt accepted the Nobel Peace Prize, for 1909, in Christiana (now Oslo), Norway, but pledged to donate the money "as a nucleus for a foundation to forward the cause of industrial peace".
May 6, 1910 (Friday)
- Died: King Edward VII of the United Kingdom died at 11:45 p.m. after an illness of six days.
- After Oklahoma Governor Charles N. Haskell's settled the dispute over which town should be the county seat of Adair County, choosing Stilwell over Westville.
- The village of Stratford, Wisconsin, was incorporated.
May 7, 1910 (Saturday)
- USS Cyclops, a U.S. Navy coal hauling ship (collier), was launched. The ship would become famous in the world of the paranormal after its disappearance in 1918 while sailing, with 306 people on board, into the area known as the Bermuda Triangle.
- A total eclipse of the Sun was visible in New Zealand and in parts of Antarctica.
- The village of Acme, Alberta was incorporated.
May 8, 1910 (Sunday)
- A fire at the General Explosives Company near Hull, Quebec set off a blast that killed fifteen people, and injured more than 100. Most were spectators who ignored warnings to leave the area. The blast shattered windows in neighboring Ottawa, Ontario.
- In elections in Spain, Premier José Canalejas retained his majority.
- For the first time in its history, the United States Supreme Court ordered the release of a convict from his sentence, on grounds that his punishment violated the constitutional prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment. Paul Weems, who had served at a lighthouse in the Philippines, had been held in heavy chains for malfeasance of office.
May 9, 1910 (Monday)
- Three days after his father's death, King George V was formally proclaimed worldwide throughout the British Empire, starting with the Duke of Norfolk's reading of the proclamation at St James's Palace that closed with, "God Save the King!" 
- President Taft approved an act passed by Congress to remove the wreck of the battleship Maine, which had been destroyed 12 years earlier in Havana Harbor
May 10, 1910 (Tuesday)
- Two hundred women from Peru, Chile, Uruguay, Paraguay and Argentina convened in Buenos Aires for the first Congreso Femenino Internacional.
- The town of Powell, Wyoming, was incorporated.
- What is recognized as of today as being the starting point of the aviation in Switzerland, happened on May 10, 1910: Ernest Failloubaz piloted the first aircraft built and flown by Swiss citizen.
- Died: Stanislao Cannizzaro, 83, Italian chemist
May 11, 1910 (Wednesday)
- Glacier National Park (U.S.) was established in Montana by federal law. The park has an area of 1,584 square miles (4,100 km2), and contains 653 lakes, 175 mountains, and 26 glaciers. After attracting 4,000 visitors in its first full year as a park (1911), the park had more than 2,000,000 visitors in 2009.
- Born: Johnnie Davis, American actor and singer (Hooray For Hollywood), in Brazil, Indiana (died 1983)
May 12, 1910 (Thursday)
- An explosion at the Wellington Coal Mine in Cumbria killed 137 miners.
- USS Florida, the first of the all-steam turbine Florida-class battleships of the United States Navy, was launched.
- Born: Johan Ferrier, Surinam President 1975–80, in Paramaribo (d. 2010), and Giulietta Simionato, Italian mezzo-soprano, in Forlì (d. 2010); and Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, British chemist and 1964 Nobel Prize in Chemistry laureate, in Cairo, Egypt (died 1994)
May 13, 1910 (Friday)
- Woolworth's became the first large retail chain to sell ice cream cones, test-marketing the treat at counters at several sites that had been supplied with modern refrigerator-freezers. The idea was successful enough that it would be introduced nationwide by the variety store, and then by other chain stores.
- French aviator Gabriel Hauvette-Michelin became only the seventh person in history to be killed in an airplane accident, crashing while attempting a takeoff at a show in Lyons.
May 14, 1910 (Saturday)
- At Brussels, representatives of Belgium, Great Britain and Germany signed a border agreement regarding their central African colonies, respectively the Belgian Congo (now Democratic Republic of Congo), the British protectorate in Uganda, and part of German East Africa now in Tanzania.
May 15, 1910 (Sunday)
- The Italian national football team played its first international, defeating France, 6–2, at Milan. Italy would win the second and third FIFA World Cup championships in 1934 and 1938, and again in 1982. And won their last Championship in 2006.
- The Reverend Henry Scott Holland, Canon of St. Paul's Cathedral, delivered a sermon following the death of King Edward VII, entitled "Life Unbroken", but often referred to by its first line, "Death is nothing at all." Largely forgotten for nearly 80 years, the words find new popularity in the late 1980s as part of the consolation of grief.
May 16, 1910 (Monday)
- While watching a parade of the Barnum and Bailey Circus, several thousand people in Newark, New Jersey, ran in panic caused by a false rumor. As the animals passed, a calliope had frightened a police horse, spectators scattered, and someone shouted that a lion or lions had broken loose. More than 20 people were injured, and five taken to the city hospital, but none fatally.
- In Missouri, Dr. Bennett Clark Hyde was convicted of murder, by poison, in the October 3, 1909, death of his patient, Kansas City philanthropist Thomas H. Swope. However, the conviction would be reversed and two retrials would end in hung juries. State law prohibited Hyde from being tried a fourth time, and he lived until 1934.
- Troops from the armies of Peru and Ecuador massed on the common border between those two nations.
- The case of Liliuokalani v. United States, 45 Ct.Cl 418 (1910) was decided by the United States Court of Claims, which ruled that the former Queen of Hawai'i was not entitled to compensation for the "Crown Lands" taken when the monarchy had been overthrown in 1893.
- The United States Bureau of Mines was formed, coming into existence on July 1.
- The city of Wedgeport, Nova Scotia was incorporated.
May 17, 1910 (Tuesday)
- The chain reaction explosion of seven boilers at the American Sheet and Tin Plate Company in Canton, Ohio, killed thirteen employees and seriously injured thirty others.
- The U.S. Commission of Fine Arts was created by legislation signed into law by President Taft.
May 18, 1910 (Wednesday)
- Non-Aristotelian logic was born, when Nicolai A. Vasiliev presented the lecture "On Partial Judgments, the Triangle of Opposition, the Law of Excluded Fourth" at the Russian Kazan University.
- Halley's Comet made its closest approach to Earth (15 million miles) and passed between the Earth and the Sun.
- An explosion of 3,000 pounds of dynamite at Pinar del Río, Cuba, destroyed the barracks of the Rural Guards force there, and killed more than 100 soldiers.
- Died: Pauline Viardot, French mezzo-soprano and composer (born 1821)
May 19, 1910 (Thursday)
- The Earth completed its passage through the tail of Halley's Comet, without any recorded deaths from cyanogen gas.
- Judson Harmon, the Governor of Ohio, signed legislation creating teachers' colleges in Kent and in Bowling Green, today's Kent State University and Bowling Green State University.
- France and the Ottoman Empire signed a convention setting the boundary between their North African possessions, creating what is now the border between Tunisia and Libya.
May 20, 1910 (Friday)
- The funeral for the late Edward VII of the United Kingdom took place in London, with the last great gathering of Europe's reigning monarchs, all on horseback. The new British King, George V, was followed in the procession by Wilhelm II of Germany, Haakon VII of Norway, George I of Greece, Alfonso XIII of Spain, Ferdinand I of Bulgaria, Frederick VIII of Denmark, Manuel II of Portugal, and Albert I of Belgium. Present also were the heirs to the thrones of Turkey, Austria-Hungary, Greece, Romania, Montenegro, Serbia, and the United Kingdom.
- High Treason Incident: Following an anonymous tip, police of Japan's Nagano Prefecture searched the apartment of anarchist Miyashita Takichi, and uncovered bombmaking materials, along with enough evidence to get an arrest warrant for Takichi and his accomplices on charges of plotting to assassinate the Emperor Meiji.
- Vilhelm Bjerknes oversaw the simultaneous gathering of extensive meteorological data across Western Europe, using balloons in multiple locations. Lewis Fry Richardson used the data of May 20, 1910, seven years later in attempting to make the first mathematical calculations for weather forecasting.
- Chile accepted a loan of $13 million from the Rothschild family of London.
- Died: "Punch", 45, "the oldest horse in the world". Born May 14, 1865, Punch had outlived his original owner, polo player Woodbury Kane.
May 21, 1910 (Saturday)
- The settlement of Ahuzzat Bayit, founded on April 11, 1909, by Jewish settlers in Palestine, was given the name Tel Aviv, Hebrew for "spring hill", or more specifically for the newness of springtime built upon a pile of ancient ruins. The name was also used in the book of Ezekiel at 3:15 ("Telabib" in the KJV).
- The United States and Canada signed a treaty in Washington to settle the dispute over the coastal boundary between Maine and New Brunswick.
- Ecuador and Peru accepted an offer for their boundary dispute to be mediated by Argentina, Brazil and the United States
May 22, 1910 (Sunday)
- King George V of the United Kingdom issued pardons for many prisoners serving short sentences, and reduced the sentences of others, as part of a nationwide clemency.
- Born: Johnny Olson, American game show announcer (The Price Is Right) (died 1985)
- Died: Jules Renard, 46, French author
May 23, 1910 (Monday)
- On Lake Huron, 16 men and one woman, all aboard the steamer Frank H. Goodyear, were drowned after the ship was rammed by the steamer James B. Wood (New International Yearbook), p458
- Born: Scatman Crothers (Benjamin Sherman Crothers), American actor and musician, in Terre Haute, IN (died 1986); Artie Shaw (Arthur Arshawsky), American clarinetist and bandleader, in New York City (died 2004); and Margaret Wise Brown, children's author (Goodnight Moon), in Brooklyn (died 1952)
May 24, 1910 (Tuesday)
- After a year's delay, a renegotiated loan offer was made to the Imperial Chinese government for construction of railroads in China. Originally financed by British, German and French banks, the terms were renegotiated to include American lenders as well. Dissatisfaction over the loan was considered a major factor in the Chinese revolution of 1911.
- In Peking, an edict ordered the use of decimal coinage for China.
- Born: Jimmy Demaret, American professional golfer (Masters 1940, 1947, 1950), in Houston (died 1983)
May 25, 1910 (Wednesday)
- Wilbur Wright and Orville Wright flew on the same plane for the only time, with Orville piloting, at the Huffman Prairie airfield, near Dayton. Wilbur also made his last flight as a pilot on this day. Earlier in the day, their 81-year-old father, Bishop Milton Wright, went up on his only airplane flight, with Orville as pilot.
May 26, 1910 (Thursday)
- The French submarine Pluviose was lost with all 27 crewmen in the English Channel after colliding with the steamer Pas de Calais. The lookout on the steamer had seen the sub's periscope, but mistook it for a buoy.
May 27, 1910 (Friday)
- At the Palace Theatre in London, the first newsreel was shown. Produced by Sir Charles Urban, the Kinemacolor film showed a portion of the funeral procession of King Edward VII.
- Died: U.S. Army 1st Lt. Edward Y. Miller, Governor of Palawan province in the Philippine Islands, drowned in the Aborlan River in the province. First Lt. Miller was known as the "King of the Palawans" and idolized by the 28,000 residents of Palawan.
- Died: Robert Koch, 67 German physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
May 28, 1910 (Saturday)
- Following an all-day battle for control of the coastal town of Bluefields, Nicaragua, rebels under the command of General Estrada forced the Nicaraguan army to retreat.
- The Mexican town of Arriaga, Chiapas, was incorporated.
- Born: Willard Hershberger, American MLB catcher who committed suicide during the 1938 season, in Lemon Cove, CA (died 1940)
- Died: Kálmán Mikszáth, Hungarian novelist (born 1847)
May 29, 1910 (Sunday)
- Aviator Glenn Curtiss made the first airplane flight between two cities, from Albany, New York, to New York City.
- Died: Mily Balakirev, Russian composer (born 1837)
May 30, 1910 (Monday)
- General Louis Botha became the first Prime Minister of the Union of South Africa.
- The town of Bishop, Texas, created by insurance agent F.Z. Bishop, was founded.
- Rainbow Bridge National Monument was established in Utah.
- Born: Harry Bernstein, British-Jewish author (d. 2011); Ralph Metcalfe, American athlete (died 1978); and Inge Meysel, German actress (died 2004)
May 31, 1910 (Tuesday)
- The Union of South Africa, created from a merger of the British Cape Colony and Colony of Natal, and the conquered Afrikaans-speaking republics in the Transvaal and the Orange River Colony. At its founding, South Africa had 1,275,000 Whites and 4,000,000 Africans, as well as 500,000 Coloureds and 150,000 Indians, with voting rights limited to the White population.
- The town of Othello, Washington, was incorporated.
- Born: George Woolf, Canadian champion horse racing jockey (killed in accident, 1946)
- Died: Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell, 89, who earned her M.D. from Geneva College, and became the first female physician in the United States.
- John Halperin, Eminent Georgians (St. Martin's Griffin, 1995), p30
- "Record of Current Events", The American Monthly Review of Reviews (June 1910), pp670–672
- "Promptly Confirms Hughes", New York Times, May 3, 1910, p1
- "Weston Ends Tramp; Welcomed By Mayor", New York Times, May 3, 1910, p3
- "1910 Expedition: Researching Montana's Past". montanaheritageproject.org. Retrieved 2014-11-17.
- "Taft Citizen For Day At Old Home", Indianapolis Star, May 4, 1910, p1
- Canadian Naval Centennial
- "Royal Canadian Navy". The Canadian Encyclopedia.
- "The Maine To Be Raised", New York Times, May 5, 1910, p10
- "Quake Toll 1,500 Lives", Indianapolis Star, May 8, 1910, p1
- "195 Trapped In Pit Blast", Indianapolis Star, May 6, 1910, p1
- Guinness Book of World Records (Sterling Publishing, 1962), excerpt in Popular Science Magazine (June 1962), p65; "Kite Rises 23,800 Feet", New York Times, May 6, 1910, p1
- "King Edward VII of England Is Dead", Indianapolis Star, May 7, 1910, p1
- "Adair County Courthouse - Stilwell, Oklahoma". lasr.net. Retrieved 2014-11-17.
- Marie D. Jones, Modern Science and the Paranormal (Rosen Publishing, 2009), p66; "Big Collier Is Launched", New York Times, May 20, 1910, p1
- "Papers Past — Taranaki Herald — 30 Whiringa-ā-rangi 1909 — THE LUNAR ECLIPSE". Archived from the original on 2012-09-13. Retrieved 2014-11-17.
- "Magazine Explodes; 15 Die, Scores Hurt", New York Times, May 9, 1910, p1
- "Holds Punishment Cruel", New York Times, May 9, 1910, p4
- "Londoners Cheer New British King", New York Times, May 1910, p1
- Greeley, H.; Cleveland, J.F.; Ottarson, F.J.; McPherson, E.; Schem, A.J.; Rhoades, H.E. (1911). The Tribune Almanac and Political Register. Tribune Association. p. 131. Retrieved 2014-11-17.
- Francesca Miller, Latin American Women and the Search for Social Justice (University Press of New England, 1991), p73
- Homage to Swiss Pilots
- Robert C. Gildart; Jane Gildart, Glacier National Park (Globe Pequot Press, 2008)
- NavSource Online
- Karen Plunkett-Powell, Remembering Woolworth's: A Nostalgic History of the World's Most Famous Five-and-Dime (St. Martin's Griffin, 1999), p150
- "By the Way," U.S. Air Service Magazine (February 1920), p25
- "Tanzania-Uganda Boundary", International Boundary Study No. 55 (September 1, 1965), U.S. Department of State (Florida State University Law School website)
- Italian National Team website
- Poetic Expressions Archived 2009-12-12 at the Wayback Machine.; Pennsylvania School Journal (August 1911), p64
- "Ann Landers", in Spokane Spokesman-Review, February 26, 1988; "Brother pens touching obituary while living", Ann Landers, in The Ledger (Lakeland, FL), December 20, 1987
- "Cry of 'Lion Loose!' Starts Circus Panic", New York Times, May 17, 1910, p3
- Rick Montgomery and Shirl Kasper, Kansas City: An American Story (Kansas City Star Books, 2007), p185
- Wikisource: Liliuokalani v. United States
- Lili'uokalani Loses A Big One (The Crown Lands) – Liliuokalani v. United States, 45 Ct. Cl. 418 (1910), by Kenneth R. Conklin
- National Archives "Records of the U.S. Bureau of Mines"
- "Seven Boilers Burst; At Least 13 Killed", New York Times, May 18, 1910, p1
- "The Commission of Fine Arts", by Sue Kohler, cfa.gov
- "Paraconsistent First-Order Logic with infinite hierarchy levels of contradiction LP" by Jaykov Foukzon
- "The Orbit of Halley's Comet and the Apparition of 1986", by J.L. Brady and E. Carpenter, Astronomical Journal (1971) p730
- "100 Guards Die In Blast", Indianapolis Star, May 19, 1910, p1
- "Earth Passes Through Comet's Tail: All's Well; Earth, Tail-Swept, Emerges Unharmed", Indianapolis Star, May 19, 1910, p1
- "Libya–Tunisia Boundary", International Boundary Study No. 121 (April 7, 1972), U.S. Department of State; (Florida State University Law School website)
- "Millions Watch King's Funeral" "The Funeral Procession", New York Times, May 21, 1910
- F. G. Notehelfer, Kōtoku Shūsui: Portrait of a Japanese Radical (Cambridge University Press, 1971), p183
- "The Weatherman", by Brian Hayes, American Scientist Magazine (2001)
- "Famous Horse Buried", Washington Post, May 23, 1910, p1
- "From Spring Hill to Independence", JewishVirtualLibrary.org
- "Maine Boundary Fixed", New York Times, May 23, 1910, p2
- "Record of Current Events", The American Monthly Review of Reviews (July 1910), pp33–36
- "Pardoned By King", Washington Post, May 23, 1910, p1
- Werner Levi, Modern China's Foreign Policy (University of Minnesota Press, 2009), pp125–127
- "Wright Flies With Father", New York Times, May 26, 1910, p2
- "French Submarine Sunk With 27 Men", New York Times, May 27, 1910, p1
- "'Something More than a Mere Picture Show': Charles Urban and the Early Nono-Fiction Film in Great Britain and America, 1897–1925" Archived 2008-10-06 at the Wayback Machine. by Luke McKernan
- "Governor of Palawan Drowns", The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser, 1 July 1910, p10
- "Palawans in Gloom", Washington Post, July 19, 1910, p4; Official Army Register for 1911 (GPO, 1910), p581
- "Rebels Win Fight", Washington Post, May 29, 1910, p1
- "Curtiss Flies, Albany to New York, at the Speed of 54 Miles an Hour", New York Times, May 30, 1910, p1
- "Bishop, Texas", Handbook of Texas Online
- National Park Service
- Roger B. Beck, The History of South Africa (Greenwood Press, 2000), p101