May 1972

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May 22, 1972: Ceylon renamed as Sri Lanka
May 10, 1972: U.S. begins precision bombing of North Vietnam
May 2, 1972: FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover dies
May 2, 1972: Ninety-one killed at Idaho's Sunshine Mine

The following events occurred in May 1972:

May 1, 1972 (Monday)[edit]

May 2, 1972 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • A fire broke out at 11:40 a.m. at the Sunshine Silver Mine near Kellogg, Idaho 3,700 feet underground. Carbon monoxide was spread by the mine's fans and killed 91 miners. Another 82 were able to escape.[3]
  • U.S. Patent 3,659,915 was issued to Corning Glass, the first ever for fiber optic cable.[4]
  • Elections were held in the West Bank cities of Bethlehem, Ramallah and Hebron for the first time since 1963.[5] In 1967, Israel had extended the terms of the existing Palestinian council members indefinitely following the West Bank's capture from Jordan in the Six Day War. Voting had taken place on March 28 in five other Palestinian cities.
  • Born: Dwayne Johnson, American actor and former professional wrestler who was billed as "The Rock"; in Hayward, California
  • Died: J. Edgar Hoover, 77, who had been Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation since 1924, was found dead in his home by his maid, Annie Fields. Hoover, who had served for eight Presidents, had died of natural causes.[6]

May 3, 1972 (Wednesday)[edit]

May 4, 1972 (Thursday)[edit]

May 5, 1972 (Friday)[edit]

  • Alitalia Flight 112 from Rome crashed into a mountain as it made its approach to Palermo, killing all 115 persons on board. The debris fell near the town of Carini.[11]
  • Eastern Airlines Flight 175 was hijacked by Frederick Hahneman shortly after takeoff from Allentown, Pennsylvania. On the same day, Western Airlines Flight 407, with 81 on board, was hijacked by Michael Lynn Hansen after takeoff from Salt Lake City. Hahneman released the 48 Eastern passengers and one stewardess in Washington, D.C. after collecting $303,000 ransom money and six parachutes, flew to New Orleans and back after being unhappy with the small denominations of the bills, then had the plane fly over Honduras, where he parachuted safely. Hansen forced the Western plane to fly to Cuba.[12] Hahneman was captured days later by soldiers, while Hansen was extradited back to the United States in 1975.[13]
  • Born: James Cracknell, British rower, winner of six world championships (1997-1999 and 2001-2002) and two Olympic gold medals (in 2000 and 2004); in Sutton, London

May 6, 1972 (Saturday)[edit]

  • Ahmadou Ahidjo, President of the Federal Republic of Cameroon, placed troops on alert, announced that the 11-year-old federation of former French and British African colonies was going to be replaced by a "united republic" dominated by the French section. In a fraudulent election held on May 20, voters in the British area were said to have approved the anschluss end of self-government by a margin of 716,774 in favor and only 89 against.[14]
  • Five American soldiers were rescued 13 days after their helicopter had crashed in Vietnam. The five had been presumed dead until two of them had reached a radio to signal a distress call.[15]
  • Born: Naoko Takahashi, Japanese women's marathon winner, 2000 Olympics, in Gifu
  • Died: Deniz Gezmiş, 25, Turkish radical and co-founder of THKO, the People's Liberation Army of Turkey, was hanged after being convicted of attempting to overthrow the government

May 7, 1972 (Sunday)[edit]

Kemper
  • Edmund Kemper, 23, picked up two hitchhiking Fresno State University students, roommates Mary Anne Pesce and Anita Luchessa, drove them to a remote location, murdered them, and then dismembered their bodies. It was the start of a nearly year-long crime spree as a serial killer. Prior to murdering his six randomly picked victims, Kemper had killed his grandparents when he was 15 and spent several years in juvenile detention before being released from a psychiatric hospital. Kemper's last two victims were his mother and her friend, after which he called the Santa Cruz police.[16]
  • The Los Angeles Lakers won their first NBA title since moving to L.A. from Minneapolis, beating the New York Knicks 114–106 in Game 5.[17]
  • Three firemen in Newark, New Jersey (Captains Dominick LaTorre and Anthony V. Lardiere, and Firefighter Russell Schoemer) were killed when an abandoned building collapsed upon them.

May 8, 1972 (Monday)[edit]

  • In a nationally televised address, President Nixon announced that the United States would lay mines in North Vietnam's harbors in order to stop further supply of weapons and material. The mines would be timed to become active after 72 hours.[18] Nixon added, "To other nations, especially those which are allied with North Vietnam, the actions I have announced tonight are not directed against you. Their sole purpose is to protect the lives of 60,000 Americans, who would be gravely endangered in the event that the Communist offensive continues to roll forward, and to prevent the imposition of a Communist government by brutal aggression upon 17 million people."[19] In Operation Pocket Money, mines were dropped at Haiphong harbor by nine American attack aircraft flying from the carrier USS Coral Sea, and at six other ports, which were blocked for 300 days until the mines were removed by the U.S. in 1973.[20]
  • Voting in Italy's parliamentary elections was completed after two days. The coalition of the Christian Democrats and their allies (Socialists, Social Democrats and Republicans), led by Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti, retained power, with 371 seats in the 630 member Chamber of Deputies and a lead in the Senate.[21]
  • Born: Darren Hayes, Australian singer for the group Savage Garden; in Brisbane

May 9, 1972 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • Israeli special forces stormed a hijacked Belgian jet and freed all 97 hostages on board, killing two of the three hijackers. Sabena Flight 571 had been sitting at the Lod Airport in Tel Aviv after being captured the day before by three men, who threatened to blow the jet up unless Israel released imprisoned Arab guerrillas.[22]

May 10, 1972 (Wednesday)[edit]

May 11, 1972 (Thursday)[edit]

May 12, 1972 (Friday)[edit]

May 13, 1972 (Saturday)[edit]

Down after seven years
  • The first successful use of the laser-guided bomb was accomplished when the Thanh Hóa Bridge was destroyed in North Vietnam, "accomplishing in a single mission what seven years of nonprecision bombing had failed to do". The United States had first bombed the 540-foot-long (160 m) concrete and steel structure in 1965. Twelve F-4 fighters made runs with fifteen Mark 84 and nine Mark 118 bombs to render the structure useless.[33]
  • A fire on the third floor of the Sennichi Department Store building, in Osaka, Japan, killed 117 people partying at the Play Town Cabaret, a nightclub on the building's seventh floor. Although 60 persons were able to escape, and the flames never reached the club, ninety-seven died from smoke inhalation, and another twenty were killed when they fell from the roof.[34]
  • A type Ia supernova in SN 1972e, in the galaxy NGC 5253, was observed on Earth, eleven million years after it had happened. Another supernova from NGC 5253 had been observed in 1895.[35]
  • Weeks after the Apollo 16 mission had departed, an 1,100 kg meteorite crashed on the Moon and left a crater "as large as a football field".[36]
  • Died: Dan Blocker, 43, actor ("Hoss" in Bonanza)

May 14, 1972 (Sunday)[edit]

  • In Kaunas, at that time located in the Soviet Union's Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic, 19-year-old Romas Kalanta set himself on fire to become a martyr for Lithuania's independence. When police prohibited a public funeral, thousands of students and workers took to the streets on May 18 to take up Kalanta's cause. The nationalist uprising was suppressed by May, with the arrest of over 500 people, only eight of whom were ever tried. The Republic of Lithuania, which had been annexed to the U.S.S.R. in 1940, would attain independence again in 1990.[37]

May 15, 1972 (Monday)[edit]

  • After 26 years of rule by the United States, the island of Okinawa and the other islands of the Ryukyu Islands were returned to the jurisdiction of Japan. Vice-President Spiro T. Agnew appeared on behalf of the U.S. in ceremonies marking the transfer. A colony of Japan, Okinawa had been captured by the United States in the last major battle of World War II at the cost of thousands of lives on both sides, and the Okinawans, considered their own ethnic group in Japan, numbered nearly one million residents.[38] The Okinawa Reversion Treaty had been approved by the U.S. Senate, 84–6, the preceding year. U.S. bases remained, but as Okinawa became a prefecture of Japan for the first time, yen replaced dollars as currency, and in 1977, traffic laws changed to conform to driving on the left side of the road rather than the right.[39]
  • Alabama Governor George C. Wallace was shot five times while campaigning for the Democratic nomination for President. The would-be assassin, Arthur Bremer, wounded three others in addition to Wallace at a rally in at the Laurel Shopping Center in Laurel, Maryland. Wallace survived, but was permanently paralyzed from the waist down.[40] At the time of the shooting, Wallace had won more votes (3,354,360) in the primaries than either George McGovern (2,202,840) or Hubert Humphrey (2,647,676), but was second to McGovern in delegates won (323 vs. McGovern's 409)[41]

May 16, 1972 (Tuesday)[edit]

May 17, 1972 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • The Ohio College Library Center OCLC amended its articles to allow its five-year-old computer network to link with libraries outside the state, linking over 500 sites by 1975 and over 2,000 by the end of 1979. OCLC now stands for Online Computer Library Center and connects 60,000 libraries.[44]
  • Three men, convicted of participating in the 1967 gang rape of Philippine film actress Maggie dela Riva, were put to death in the electric chair. By order of President Marcos, the executions were nationally televised.[45]

May 18, 1972 (Thursday)[edit]

  • The Sea-Bed Treaty (officially, the "Treaty on the prohibition of the Emplacement of Nuclear Weapons of Mass Destruction on the Sea-Bed and the Ocean Floor and in the Subsoil Thereof"), signed on February 11, 1971, took effect.[46]
  • Following a march four days earlier by more than 100,000 protesters, Philibert Tsiranana, the first President of Madagascar, agreed to step down, and handed over all power to General Gabriel Ramanantsoa.[47]
  • An Antonov An-10 turboprop airplane with 108 persons aboard crashed while attempting an emergency landing at Kharkov. A one-paragraph announcement of the accident was printed in the Soviet newspaper Pravda two days later, noting that "The passengers and crew were killed. A government commission has been appointed for inquiry into the causes of the disaster."[48]
  • Died: Robert Lee Johnson, 50, a former U.S. Army sergeant who was seven years into a 25-year prison sentence for treason and espionage, was stabbed to death in a visitor's area at the federal prison in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania. His murderer was his own son, who would tell authorities that his motive for patricide was simply "a personal matter".

May 19, 1972 (Friday)[edit]

  • A bomb exploded at the Pentagon, destroying an unoccupied women's restroom where it had been placed. Though nobody was injured, a computer tape archive with highly classified information was severely damaged.[49]
  • The National Eagle Scout Association was created by Boy Scouts of America.[50]
  • Northeast Airlines was acquired by Delta Air Lines, along with its direct flights from New York and Boston to Florida destinations.[51]
  • Tunisia, along with UNESCO, began an international campaign to preserve the ruins of ancient Carthage.[52]

May 20, 1972 (Saturday)[edit]

  • The Indiana Pacers beat the New York Nets, 108–105, to win the ABA championship in Game 6 of the series. The Pacers and Nets would be among four teams to join the NBA in 1976.[53]
  • Professional golfer Jane Blalock was disqualified from the Bluegrass Invitational for not marking her ball properly, and then failing to take a two stroke penalty .[54] Within a month, the LPGA Tour would move to suspend Blalock. In response, she would file an anti-trust lawsuit against the LPGA. The Jane Blalock cheating controversy would continue until 1975, when both parties agreed to settle their claims against one another.

May 21, 1972 (Sunday)[edit]

Toth subdued by crowd

May 22, 1972 (Monday)[edit]

  • Richard M. Nixon became the first United States President to visit Moscow (and only the second President, after Franklin D. Roosevelt, to visit the Soviet Union), as he and Henry Kissinger arrived to begin a summit meeting with Soviet First Secretary Brezhnev.[57]
President Gopallawa
Prime Minister Bandaranaike

May 23, 1972 (Tuesday)[edit]

May 24, 1972 (Wednesday)[edit]

May 25, 1972 (Thursday)[edit]

May 26, 1972 (Friday)[edit]

May 27, 1972 (Saturday)[edit]

  • The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), announced its plans as an American government agency to form advisory commissions for the purpose of regulating 13 different occupational hazards, including toxic chemicals, excessive noise, and radiation.[68]

May 28, 1972 (Sunday)[edit]

  • The Watergate burglars succeeded in their second attempt to break into the Democratic National Committee offices at the Watergate complex in Washington, D.C., placing wiretaps on two telephones, and escaping undetected. When it became clear that the "bug" on DNC Chairman Larry O'Brien was not working, the men broke in again three weeks later and were caught. The botched June 17, 1972, burglary was the beginning of the Watergate scandal that eventually led to Nixon's resignation as President of the United States.[69]
  • The first major accident, resulting from the design of the Ford Pinto automobile, happened near Barstow, California. Mrs. Lilly Gray and her teenage son, Richard Grimshaw, were severely burned after the gas tank in their 1972 Pinto exploded after the car stalled and was rear-ended on Interstate Highway 15. Mrs. Gray died of her injuries, and her son was scarred for life. A jury awarded $125 million in punitive damages, against Ford Motor, to the family, which was reduced to $3.5 million, and more than $3 million in compensatory damages. The verdict was upheld on appeal in 1981 in the landmark case of Gray v. Ford Motor Company, 119 Cal. App.3d 757.[70]
  • Born: Michael Boogerd, Dutch cyclist, in The Hague
  • Died:
    • The former King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom, later the Duke of Windsor, died at the age of 77 in his home in France, more than 35 years after he gave up his throne in order to marry Wallis Warfield Simpson. King Edward, whose reign lasted from January 20 to December 11, 1936, left no children.[71]
    • Kent Evans, 17, was killed while climbing Mount Shuksan as part of a University of Washington class. Evans was one of four high school students at Lakewood School who was working on computer projects. The other three, his best friend of Bill Gates, and Paul Allen and Ric Weiland, would go on to become billionaires as co-founders of Microsoft.[72][73][74]

May 29, 1972 (Monday)[edit]

  • President Nixon and Soviet leader Brezhnev concluded their summit conference, with the signing of a joint declaration of long-range plans to avoid a military confrontation and to eventually disarm.[75]

May 30, 1972 (Tuesday)[edit]

May 31, 1972 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • The 145th and final mission of the CORONA spy satellite program came to an end when its exposed film was recovered. Since 1959, the Corona satellites were launched with Kodak film, then returned to Earth after taking photos over the Soviet Union and its neighbors. Transmission of images from spy satellites made the Corona program obsolete.[79]
  • Three Italian Carabinieri (Antonio Ferrero, Donato Poveromo and Franco Dongiovanni) were killed in a car bomb explosion in the city of Peteano. Vincenzo Vinciguerra, an activist in the neo-fascist organizations Avanguardia Nazionale ("National Vanguard") and Ordine Nuovo ("New Order"), would later be convicted of the murder and sentenced to life in prison.[80]
  • Born: Frode Estil, Norwegian cross-country skier, gold medalist in 2001–03, 2005, in Lierne
  • Died: Dr. Walter Freeman, 76, American neurosurgeon who popularized the lobotomy

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Quang Tri Falls To Red Assault", Oakland Tribune, May 1, 1972, p1
  2. ^ "Slaughter in Burundi: How Ethnic Conflict Erupted", New York Times, June 11, 1972, p1
  3. ^ Fritz Wolff, A Room for the Summer: Adventure, Misadventure, and Seduction in the Mines of the Coeur d'Alene (University of Oklahoma Press, 2004), pp147–148; "5 Dead, 77 Missing in Idaho Mine Fire", Albuquerque Journal, May 3, 1972, p1
  4. ^ Martin Fransman, Japan's Computer and Communications Industry: The Evolution of Industrial Giants and Global Competitiveness (Oxford University Press, 1995), p477
  5. ^ Moshe Shemesh, The Palestinian Entity, 1959-1974: Arab Politics and the PLO (Frank Cass, 1988) p250
  6. ^ "J. Edgar Hoover, 77, Director of FBI, Dies", Oakland Tribune, May 2, 1972, p1
  7. ^ "Rock Star Electrocuted By Guitar", Pittsburgh Press, May 5, 1972, p1
  8. ^ Jeremy Simmonds, The Encyclopedia of Dead Rock Stars: Heroin, Handguns, and Ham Sandwiches (Chicago Review Press, 2008) p52
  9. ^ "U.S., Saigon Call Halt to Paris Talks", Oakland Tribune, May 4, 1972, p1
  10. ^ J. Edward Lee and H.C. "Toby" Haynsworth, Nixon, Ford, and the Abandonment of South Vietnam (McFarland & Co., 2002), p51
  11. ^ "Alitalia Plane Strikes Peak; 115 Aboard Die", Oakland Tribune, May 6, 1972, p1; AirDisaster.com database
  12. ^ "2 Jetliners Hijacked, $303,000 Ransom", Oakland Tribune, May 6, 1972, p1
  13. ^ Bartholomew Elias, Airport and Aviation Security: U.S. Policy and Strategy in the Age of Global Terrorism (CRC Press, 2009), p8
  14. ^ Hans-Georg Wolf, English in Cameroon (Walter de Gruyter, 2001), pp140–141
  15. ^ "Copter Crew Rescued", Oakland Tribune, May 7, 1972, p1
  16. ^ Elliott Leyton, Hunting Humans: The Rise of the Modern Multiple Murderer (Random House, 1995), pp46–47
  17. ^ "Lakers Win NBA Crown", San Antonio Express, May 8, 1972, p1-D
  18. ^ "U.S. Mines Red Harbors, Hits Transportation Links", Oakland Tribune, May 9, 1972, p1
  19. ^ of speech from Miller Center of University of Virginia.
  20. ^ Charles J. Gross, American Military Aviation: The Indispensable Arm (Texas A&M University Press, 2002), p208
  21. ^ "Italian Neofascists Score Big Election Gains", Stars and Stripes, May 10, 1972, p2
  22. ^ "Israelis Free 97, Kill 2 Hijackers", Oakland Tribune, May 9, 1972, p1
  23. ^ "7 MIGs Downed In Big Strikes", Oakland Tribune, May 10, 1972, p1; Air Warfare: An International Encyclopedia (ABC-CLIO, 2002), pp157–158
  24. ^ John Locher. John Locher Survival Briefing. Retrieved April 7, 2011.
  25. ^ Davies, Peter F-4 Phantom II vs. MiG-21: USAF & VPAF in the Vietnam War (Osprey, 2008), p62
  26. ^ Frisbee, John L. (March 1992). "Valor: A Good Thought to Sleep On". 75 (3). AirforceMagazine.com. Retrieved April 6, 2011.
  27. ^ William J. McCormack, The Blackwell Companion to Modern Irish Culture (Blackwell, 2001), pp201–202
  28. ^ "Fiery Ship Collison Kills 83", Milwaukee fSentinel, May 12, 1972, p1
  29. ^ "Bruins Win Stanley Cup", Winnipeg Free Press, May 12, 1972, p1
  30. ^ "Morton OKs Alaska Oil Pipeline", Oakland Tribune, May 11, 1972, p1
  31. ^ Graham Willett, A History of Gay and Lesbian Activism in Australia (Allen & Unwin, 2000), pp87–88
  32. ^ "Eight Drown as Flood Rips Town", Oakland Tribune, May 12, 1972, p1
  33. ^ Paul G. Gillespie, Weapons of choice: the development of precision guided munitions (University of Alabama Press, 2006), p116
  34. ^ "118 killed, 40 injured in Japanese store fire", Independent Press-Telegram (Long Beach, California), May 14, 1972, p1; "A Tale of Chaos In Osaka Blaze", Pacific Stars and Stripes, May 16, 1972, p7
  35. ^ "Objective Prism Spectra of SN 1972e Near Maximum Phase", M.F. McCarthy, in Supernovae and Supernova Remnants: Proceedings, May 7–11, 1973 (Taylor & Francis U.S., 1974)
  36. ^ "Huge Meteor Hits Moon, Digs Crater", Oakland Tribune, May 14, 1972, p1
  37. ^ Matthew J. Ouimet, The Rise and Fall of the Brezhnev Doctrine in Soviet Foreign Policy (University of North Carolina Press 2003), p116
  38. ^ "Okinawa Returns To Japan's Rule", Oakland Tribune, May 15, 1972, p1
  39. ^ Michael S. Molasky, The American Occupation of Japan and Okinawa: Literature and Memory (Routledge, 1999), p22
  40. ^ "Wallace Shot At in Maryland Rally; His Legs Paralyzed", Des Moines Register, May 16, 1972, p1
  41. ^ Jody Carlson, George C. Wallace and the Politics of Powerlessness: The Wallace Campaigns for the Presidency, 1964–1976 (Transaction Books, 1981), p148
  42. ^ Robert E. Whaley, Derivatives: Markets, Valuation, and Risk Management (Wiley, 2006), p. xix
  43. ^ Betty Pace, Renaissance of Sickle Cell Disease Research in the Genome Era (Imperial College Press, 2007), p14
  44. ^ Audrey N. Grosch, Library Information Technology and Networks (CRC Press, 1995), p7
  45. ^ David T. Johnson and ; Franklin E. Zimring, The Next Frontier: National Development, Political Change, and the Death Penalty in Asia (Oxford University Press, 2009), p111
  46. ^ Encyclopedia of the United Nations and International Agreements, Volume 1 (Taylor & Francis, 2003), p. 2088
  47. ^ Kevin Shillington, Encyclopedia of African History, Vol. 1, (CRC Press, 2005), p 883
  48. ^ "Soviet Airliner Down; No Survivors", Bridgeport Telegram, May 20, 1972, p13; "Russian Jet Crash Toll 108 Persons", Oakland Tribune, May 26, 1972, p 3
  49. ^ Ron Jacobs, The Way the Wind Blew: A History of the Weather Underground (Verso, 1997), p142; "Extensive Damage In Pentagon Blast", Oakland Tribune, May 19, 1972, p1
  50. ^ "Gathering of Eagles", by Robert Peterson, Scouting (May–Jun 2000), p14
  51. ^ Timothy J. Botti, Envy of the World: A History of the U.S. Economy & Big Business (Algora Publishing, 2006), p53
  52. ^ Encyclopedia of the U.N., supra, p282
  53. ^ "Pacers Win ABA", Oakland Tribune, May 21, 1972, p40
  54. ^ Drought over for Kathy Cornelius
  55. ^ "Priceless 'Pietà' Damaged By Man Wielding Hammer", Oakland Tribune, May 22, 1972, p1
  56. ^ Borys Lewytzkyj, Politics and Society in Soviet Ukraine, 1953–1980 (University of Toronto Press, 1984), p147
  57. ^ "Kremlin Peace Talk by Nixon", Oakland Tribune, May 22, 1972, p1
  58. ^ Patrick Peebles, The History of Sri Lanka (Greenwood Press, 2006), pp123–124; "Ceylon now Sri Lanka", Long Beach (CA) Press Telegram, May 22, 1972, pB-9
  59. ^ United States Treaties and Other International Agreements, Vol. 23 (G.P.O. 1972) pp846–855
  60. ^ "Peanuts", Chicago Tribune, May 23, 1972, p2-1
  61. ^ Helga Haftendorn, Coming of Age: German Foreign Policy Since 1945 (Rowman & Littlefield, 2006), p172
  62. ^ U.S. Treaties 1972, supra, pp867–872
  63. ^ "Rangers Triumph in Europe, 1972", "A Sporting Nation", bbc.co.uk
  64. ^ Institution of Engineering and Technology website Archived 2009-08-31 at the Wayback Machine.; Michael H. Gorn, Expanding the Envelope: Flight Research at NACA and NASA (University Press of Kentucky, 2001)
  65. ^ T.B. Millar; and Robin Ward, Current International Treaties (Croom Helm, 1984), pp382–390; "U.S.-Russ Nuclear Arms Pact Signed", Oakland Tribune, May 27, 1972, p1
  66. ^ Joey Green, How They Met (Workman Publishing, 2003), p31
  67. ^ Jay Taylor, The Generalissimo's Son Chiang Ching-kuo and the Revolutions in China and Taiwan (Harvard University Press 2000), p309
  68. ^ Nicholas A. Ashford, Crisis in the Workplace: Occupational Disease and Injury, a report to the Ford Foundation. (MIT Press, 1975), p252
  69. ^ Fred Emery, Watergate: The Corruption of American Politics and the Fall of Richard Nixon (Simon & Schuster, 1995) p3
  70. ^ Douglas Birsch, The Ford Pinto Case: A Study in Applied Ethics, Business, and Technology (SUNY Press, 1994), p254
  71. ^ "Duke to Be Buried At Windsor Castle", May 29, 1972, p1
  72. ^ David I. Rosenbaum, Market Dominance: How Firms Gain, Hold, or Lose it, and the Impact on Economic Performance (Praeger 1998)
  73. ^ Seattle Mountain Rescue News Archived 2011-10-08 at the Wayback Machine., February 1973, pp4–5
  74. ^ "12 Killed In Non-Traffic Accidents", The Daily Chronicle (Centralia WA), May 30, 1972, p14
  75. ^ "Nixon, Brezhnev Approve Plan to Seek World Peace", Oakland Tribune, May 29, 1972, p1
  76. ^ Aileen Gallagher, The Japanese Red Army (Rosen Publishing Group, 2003), pp24–27; "Israel's Night of Carnage", TIME Magazine, June 12, 1972
  77. ^ "Three children killed as Big Dipper hits barrier", Glasgow Herald, May 31, 1972, p1
  78. ^ "5 Die on Coaster", Kansas City Times, May 30, 1972, p2
  79. ^ Bert Chapman, Space Warfare and Defense: A Historical Encyclopedia and Research Guide (ABC-CLIO, 2008), pp99–100
  80. ^ Carlo Ginzburg, The Judge and the Historian. Marginal Notes and a Late-Twentieth-century Miscarriage of Justice, London 1999, ISBN 1-85984-371-9. Original ed. 1991.