May 2014 San Diego County wildfires

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May 2014 San Diego County wildfires
May 2014 San Diego County Wildfires.jpg
Satellite image of several of the wildfires in San Diego County on May 14, 2014.
Location San Diego County, California
Statistics[1][2]
Total fires 14
Cost $60 million total (2014 USD)
Date(s) May 5, 2014 (2014-05-05) – May 22, 2014 (2014-05-22)
Burned area Approx. 26,000 acres (11,000 ha)
Injuries At least 6
Fatalities 1 confirmed[2]

The May 2014 San Diego County wildfires were a swarm of 14 wildfires that erupted during May 2014, in San Diego County, California, during severe Santa Ana Wind conditions, historic drought conditions, and a heat wave. The main event during mid-May was preceded by a precursor fire that ignited on May 5. The Bernardo Fire has been declared accidental, and officials believe the Cocos Fire was intentionally set. The causes of the other fires are still under investigation by multiple agencies, and a joint task force was formed to coordinate the investigations and facilitate communications.[3] Six injuries and one fire-related fatality were reported.[2]

At least eight major (named) fires were burning simultaneously at the height of the event, as well as several unnamed small brush fires.[4] Smoke from the fires prompted health advisories in parts of Orange and Los Angeles counties.[5]

On May 14, the County of San Diego declared a local emergency.[6] Later that evening, Governor Jerry Brown declared a state of emergency for the county and affected areas.[7]

Multiple school districts, California State University at San Marcos, MiraCosta College and Palomar College were forced to cancel classes and close schools for one or more days; CSUSM and Palomar also postponed or cancelled commencement exercises due to the fires. All evacuation orders were lifted by May 18, and all schools resumed classes on May 19.

By the time the last of the fires was extinguished, approximately 26,000 acres (105 km2) of land had burned and an estimated 65 structures had been destroyed.[1] Damage estimates were still being compiled as of late May 2014, but the County estimates that the fires cost close to $60 million (2014 USD), including $29.8 million in destruction or damage to private property, and $27.9 million in the costs of firefighting, support, and environmental damage.[8]

Weather[edit]

The May outbreak of fires occurred during a period of offshore flow throughout Southern California that meteorologist deemed highly unusual for the month of May.[1] Beginning on May 11, the situation turned critical and red flag warnings went were issued across the region. By May 14, with the warnings still in effect, daytime temperatures were hovering around 100 °F (38 °C), with humidity below 10%.[1]

On May 17, the Santa Ana Winds subsided and temperatures started to drop. On May 18, weather conditions had returned to seasonal norms, with lower temperatures around 80 °F (27 °C) and higher humidity.[1]

Wildfires[edit]

Name Acres Km2 Start Date Contained Date Notes Ref
Jacumba 29 0.1 5 May 2014 6 May 2014 [9]
Bernardo 1,548 6.3 13 May 2014 17 May 2014 [10]
Tomahawk 5,367 21.7 14 May 2014 19 May 2014 [11]
Poinsettia 600 2.4 14 May 2014 17 May 2014 28 structures destroyed [12]
Highway 380 1.5 14 May 2014 15 May 2014 [13]
Cocos 1,995 8.1 14 May 2014 20 May 2014 40 structures destroyed [14]
Freeway 56 0.2 14 May 2014 20 May 2014 [15]
Pulgas 14,416 58.3 15 May 2014 21 May 2014 [16]
San Mateo 1,457 5.9 16 May 2014 20 May 2014 [17]
River 105 0.4 14 May 2014 19 May 2014 [18]

Bernardo Fire[edit]

Main article: Bernardo Fire

The Bernardo Fire in Rancho Bernardo started on May 13, at 10:00 AM PDT, just south of Del Norte High School, in a construction trench off Nighthawk Lane. The fire, which would eventually burn 1,548 acres (6 km2), was ultimately controlled on May 17.[19] The cause of the fire was ruled to be accidental; authorities said that it started in a small trench being dug by a construction crew and spread rapidly through the dry brush at the site.[20]

Tomahawk Fire[edit]

Main article: Tomahawk Fire

The Tomahawk Fire was the second largest wildfire during the outbreak behind the Pulgas Fire. The fire, which started May 14 around 9:45 AM, on the Naval Weapons Station Seal Beach Detachment Fallbrook (also known as Fallbrook Naval Weapons Station), scorched 5,367 acres (21.72 km2).[21] The Fallbrook Naval Weapons Station is on the eastern side of, and provides an entry point to, Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton and is adjacent to the community of Fallbrook.

Poinsettia Fire[edit]

Main article: Poinsettia Fire

The Poinsettia Fire was the second most destructive of the San Diego County wildfires.[22] It caused property damage estimated at $22.5 million,[23] as well as the only reported fatality in the San Diego County series of wildfires. As of July 10, 2014, the cause of the fire is listed as "undetermined", which allows for further investigation if more information comes to light.[24]

Highway Fire[edit]

The Highway Fire near Bonsall and Fallbrook, started at 1 PM on May 14 near Interstate 15 and California State Route 76. Several schools and about 600 residents were evacuated. By 6 pm May 15, the fire was 100% contained, after reaching a size of 441 acres (178 ha).[25] Authorities reported around $1.1 million in damage and a total area of 441 acres (178 ha).[26][27]

River Fire[edit]

The River Fire broke out at 1:30 PM on May 14, in Oceanside, starting in the San Luis Rey River riverbed. Homes and an elementary school in the area were evacuated.[28] The Oceanside Unified School District said that all schools would be closed on May 15.[29] On May 16, it was reported that the River Fire was 100% contained, after it had burned 105 acres (42 ha) of land, confined to the river bed. A man was arrested on May 15 and charged with arson, after witnesses saw him adding brush to the flames, but authorities do not believe he actually started the fire.[30]

Cocos Fire[edit]

Main article: Cocos Fire
The Cocos Fire burning above CSU San Marcos, on May 14, 2014

The Cocos Fire, previously known as the Twin Oaks Fire,[31] was a wildfire that ignited on May 14 in San Marcos, in the hills south of California State University, San Marcos.[7] The Cocos Fire quickly spread into western Escondido. The fire destroyed more than 40 buildings, including a dozen single-family homes.[32] Property damage from the fire is estimated at more than $5.7 million. Three minor injuries were reported.[33]

Pulgas Fire[edit]

At 2:45 PM PDT on May 15, the Pulgas Fire broke out at Camp Pendleton near Interstate 5 at Las Pulgas Road, to the north of Oceanside. The fire burned 500 acres (200 ha) acres within the next couple of hours. It became the largest of the fires in May 2014, scorching a total of 15,000 acres (6,100 ha) of land.

San Mateo Fire[edit]

At around 11:24 PM PDT on May 16, Camp Pendleton reported a third wildfire on base. The fire was initially called the Talega Fire and later the Combat Fire by CAL FIRE, before finally being renamed to the San Mateo Fire. The fire started near the Camp Talega area of the base, near Basilone Road. By the mid-afternoon of May 16, the fire had burned about 25 acres (10 ha) and all non-essential personnel were ordered to be sent home.[34] Evacuation orders were given to personnel in nearby areas of the base including some housing facilities and a school.[35] Late on May 20, the San Mateo Fire was reported to be 100% contained.[citation needed]

Other fires[edit]

An unnamed small brushfire started in the backyard of a home on Bear Valley Parkway in Escondido, at about 2 PM on May 14. Homes were threatened, and the evacuations some of homes and businesses were ordered in the area of Bear Valley Parkway and Oak Hill.[36] The fire destroyed one outbuilding and several vehicles. Fire crews were able to extinguish the blaze by 2:45 PM,[37] after it had burned a total of 1 acre (0.40 ha) of land.[38]

On May 14, another small brush fire broke out in Escondido on the corner of El Norte Parkway and Nordahl Rd, which was also quickly extinguished.

On May 14, small brush fires also broke out in Lakeside and Scripps Ranch which were extinguished without causing structural damage or injuries.[39]

Later on May 14, another small brush fire broke out in Poway, south of Painted Rock Elementary School, but was quickly extinguished.[40]

On May 15, two teenagers were arrested and charged with arson for attempting to ignite two small brush fires, both of which were extinguished within minutes. Police had no evidence linking them to any of the actual major wildfires,[30] and ultimately, no charges were filed against the suspects.[41]

During the evening of May 15, a brush fire broke out close to Interstate 805 in National City near 45th Street; it was extinguished in about an hour.[42]

At 8:00 AM PDT on May 17, a brush fire was reported in a canyon area northwest of Santee Lakes, called the Sycamore Fire. It burned about 30 acres (12 ha) in an unpopulated area of West Sycamore Canyon, near the eastern edge of MCAS Miramar. Several hours later, the fire was 100% contained.[43]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "May 2014 San Diego County Wildfires - After Action Report" (PDF). County of San Diego. Office of Emergency Services, County of San Diego. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c London, Christina (May 15, 2014). "Body Found in Ashes of Carlsbad Fire". NBC 7 San Diego. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  3. ^ Summers, Dave (May 19, 2014). "Fire Investigations Pooled into 1 Task Force". NBC San Diego. Retrieved May 20, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Map: Wildfires Burning in San Diego County". NBC San Diego. May 16, 2014. Retrieved May 16, 2014. 
  5. ^ Pamer, Melissa (May 16, 2014). "Smoke From San Diego Fires Prompts Advisory, 911 Calls in L.A., O.C". KTLA. Retrieved May 17, 2014. 
  6. ^ Garske, Monica (May 14, 2014). "Fire in Fallbrook, Bonsall Area Threatens Homes". NBC San Diego. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  7. ^ a b "California Wildfires: Homes Burn in Carlsbad; Flames Threaten Fallbrook and Camp Pendleton". The Weather Channel. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  8. ^ Repard, Pauline (May 24, 2014). "County estimates wildfire costs at nearly $60 million". San Diego Union Tribune. 
  9. ^ "Jacumba Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved 1 September 2015. 
  10. ^ "Bernardo Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved 1 September 2015. 
  11. ^ "Tomahawk Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved 1 September 2015. 
  12. ^ "Poinsettia Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved 5 August 2015. 
  13. ^ "Highway Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved 1 September 2015. 
  14. ^ "Cocos Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved 1 September 2015. 
  15. ^ "Freeway Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved 1 September 2015. 
  16. ^ "Pulgas Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved 1 September 2015. 
  17. ^ "San Mateo Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved 1 September 2015. 
  18. ^ "River Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved 1 September 2015. 
  19. ^ "Bernardo Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  20. ^ Garske, Monica (June 4, 2014). "New Details Released on Cause of Bernardo Fire". NBC San Diego. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  21. ^ "Tomahawk Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved 5 September 2015. 
  22. ^ "San Diego Wildfires: Crews Fight Flames In San Marcos, Carlsbad and Camp Pendleton". weather.com. May 15, 2014. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  23. ^ Garske, Monica (May 19, 2014). "Update: San Diego Fires". NBC San Diego. Retrieved May 19, 2014. 
  24. ^ Figueroa, Terry (July 10, 2014). "Officials: juvenile started Cocos blaze". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  25. ^ "Highway Fire Incident Information". CAL FIRE. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  26. ^ "Cost of Highway Fire adjusted again to $916,692". Fallbrook Bonsall Village News. May 20, 2014. Retrieved May 28, 2014. 
  27. ^ "Highway Fire Fully Contained After Burning Almost 400 Acres". KPBS. May 16, 2014. Retrieved May 28, 2014. 
  28. ^ "Evacuations after brush fire breaks out in Oceanside". ABC 10 News. May 14, 2014. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  29. ^ Trageser, Claire (May 14, 2014). "Evacuations Ordered Near Andrew Jackson Street Due To Oceanside Fire". KPBS. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  30. ^ a b Stickney, R. (May 17, 2014). "Man Facing Arson Charges in San Luis Rey Riverbed Fire". NBC San Diego. Retrieved May 19, 2014. 
  31. ^ "Brush fires break out and spread in northern San Diego County". Los Angeles Times. May 14, 2014. Retrieved May 28, 2014. 
  32. ^ "20+ Buildings Lost in Cocos Fire". 7 San Diego. Retrieved May 20, 2014. 
  33. ^ "Fire Coverage: Cocos Fire, San Marcos". CBS 8. May 20, 2014. Retrieved May 20, 2014. 
  34. ^ Third fire breaks out at Camp Pendleton near Basilone Road, ABC 10 news, May 16, 2014. Retrieved May 16, 2014.
  35. ^ Ramsey, Debbie (May 16, 2014). "New Talega Fire on Camp Pendleton burning - causing evacuation of 62 Area, San Onofre housing area, School of Infantry". Fallbrook-Bonsall Village News. Retrieved May 16, 2014. 
  36. ^ Page, Eric S. (May 14, 2014). "Home Burned, Evacs Ordered in Escondido". NBC San Diego. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  37. ^ "Crews put out Escondido brush fire". ABC 10 News. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  38. ^ "9 fires burn 9,000 acres in county". San Diego Union Tribune. May 17, 2014. Retrieved May 28, 2014. 
  39. ^ "Lakeside, Scripps Ranch Fires Quickly Knocked Down". KPBS. May 14, 2014. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  40. ^ "Poway City Council". May 14, 2014. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  41. ^ Perry, Tony (May 20, 2014). "No arson charges for man arrested during San Diego County wildfires". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 10, 2014. 
  42. ^ "Brush Fire Sparks Near National City". NBC7 News. May 15, 2014. 
  43. ^ "Crews Gain Quick Control Of Brush Fire In Santee". KPBS. May 17, 2014. Retrieved May 28, 2014.