May Hnin Htapi

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May Hnin Htapi
Queen of the Northern Palace of Martaban
Tenure September 1323 – April 1330
Predecessor unknown
Successor Tala Shin Saw Bok
Chief Queen Consort of Martaban
Tenure c. April 1311 – September 1323
Predecessor unknown
Successor Sanda Min Hla
Born c. 1290s
Sukhothai?
Died 1330?
Martaban (Mottama)
Spouse Saw O (1311–23)
Saw Zein (1323–30)
Issue Saw E
May Hnin Aw Kanya
Mi Ma-Hsan
Min Linka
House Phra Ruang Dynasty
Father Loe Thai
Mother unknown
Religion Theravada Buddhism

May Hnin Htapi (Burmese: မေနှင်းထပီ, Burmese pronunciation: [mè n̥ɪ́ɴ tʰəpì]) was the chief queen consort of King Saw O of Martaban, and a senior queen consort of King Saw Zein of Martaban. She was the mother of King Saw E.

Brief[edit]

The queen was a daughter of King Loe Thai of Sukhothai. In 1311, her father sent her to Martaban (Mottama) to marry King Saw O, who had just ascended the Martaban throne.[1] (Martaban had been a nominal vassal of Sukhothai since its founding.) At Martaban, she became the chief queen, and bore two children, a son, Saw E and a daughter, May Hnin Aw Kanya.[1] But her husband was not loyal to her father. Saw O soon discarded his overlord, and went on to seize Tavoy (Dawei) and Tenasserim from Sukhothai in 1321.[1][2]

Htapi briefly became a widow in September 1323 when Saw O died. But the successor Saw Zein immediately raised his sister-in-law as his second ranked queen at his accession.[3] She had a daughter, Mi Ma-Hsan, and a son, Min Linka.[4] Her reign as queen ended in 1330 when Zein was assassinated. The assassin Zein Pun seized the throne but was executed a week later by Saw Zein's powerful chief queen Sanda Min Hla. Htapi's eldest child Saw E became king. But Htapi's stint as the queen mother lasted just 49 days as her son too was assassinated by Sanda Min Hla.[5]

Htapi may have had a hand in the subsequent war between Martaban and Sukhothai. According to the Razadarit Ayedawbon chronicle, the king of Sukhothai was angered by the death of Saw E, and sent an invasion force. But the new king Binnya E Law defeated the invasion.[6] Htapi is not heard from again in the chronicle.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Pan Hla 2005: 38
  2. ^ Phayre 1967: 66
  3. ^ Pan Hla 2005: 39
  4. ^ Pan Hla 2005: 40
  5. ^ Pan Hla 2005: 41–42
  6. ^ Pan Hla 2005: 42–43

Bibliography[edit]

  • Pan Hla, Nai (1968). Razadarit Ayedawbon (in Burmese) (8th printing, 2005 ed.). Yangon: Armanthit Sarpay. 
  • Phayre, Lt. Gen. Sir Arthur P. (1883). History of Burma (1967 ed.). London: Susil Gupta. 
May Hnin Htapi
Born: c. 1290s Died: 1330?
Royal titles
Preceded by
unknown
Chief Queen of Martaban
c. April 1311 – September 1323
Succeeded by
Sanda Min Hla
Preceded by
unknown
Queen of the Northern Palace of Martaban
September 1323 – April 1330
Succeeded by
Tala Shin Saw Bok