May Singhi Breen
May Singhi Breen
|Also known as||Ukulele Lady|
|Born||February 24, 1891|
New York City
|Died||December 19, 1970|
Jersey Shore Medical Center, Neptune, New Jersey
|Genres||Jazz, blues, rock, Hawaiian|
|Associated acts||The Syncopators, Sweethearts of the Air|
May Singhi Breen (née May W. Singhi; February 24, 1891, New York City – 19 December 1970, New York City) was an American composer, arranger, and ukulelist, who became known as "The Original Ukulele Lady." Her work in the music publishing business spanned several decades. Breen was the driving force in getting the ukulele accepted as a musical instrument by the American Federation of Musicians. In 2000, she became the first woman inducted into the Ukulele Hall of Fame.
Breen was given an inexpensive ukulele as a Christmas present. Being unable to exchange it, she took lessons and learned to play it. Before long she and some of her friends formed The Syncopators and played radio stations in the New York area. In 1923 Breen met Peter DeRose and left the Syncopators. Together the two were the "Sweethearts of the Air", a radio show that ran for 16 years from 1923-1939, on NBC affiliate WJZ in New York where Breen played ukulele and DeRose accompanying her on the piano.
Like so many of the performers during the era, Breen was a big fan of the instruments created by the C.F. Martin & Company and used a variety of their products, including a couple of custom inlaid models. Like all of the other performers who had tried, Breen was unsuccessful in obtaining an endorsement deal with Martin. Unlike the others, she didn't go looking for another endorsement deal, she liked her Martin instruments too much.
Breen is credited with convincing publishers to include ukulele chords on their sheet music. The Tin Pan Alley publishers hired her to arrange the chords and her name can be found on hundreds of examples of music from the 1920s on. Her name appears as a music arranger on more pieces than any other individual. Her earliest known credit for a ukulele arrangement was in 1917 but her arrangements began to appear in large numbers in 1923.
Breen issued the first recorded ukulele lesson, a 78 rpm record entitled Ukulele Lesson that came with the Peter Pan Uke Method book, that gave a 6-minute ukulele tutorial on the Victor Label. Building on the popularity of the instrument as promoted by Arthur Godfrey Breen published the New Ukulele Method in 1950.
In 2000, May Singhi Breen was inducted into the Ukulele Hall of Fame along with Cliff Edwards and the founder of Kamaka Ukulele, Sam Kamaka. Her citation reads in part: "She convinced music publishers of the commercial value of ukulele arrangements and pioneered the inclusion of arrangements on almost all printed copies of popular music. Her own arrangements appear on more pieces of sheet music than those of any other single person in history."
American Federation of Musicians
Breen worked hard to get the American Federation of Musicians to accept ukulele players into their union. In 1931 she approached the Manhattan Local Musicians Union for membership, but was refused, as they would not recognize the ukulele as a musical instrument. In the refusal the representative told her that the ukulele was considered a "fun toy which isn't allowed in orchestras, and anyone can make a noise on it in a matter of days ... it was simply a novelty contraption...". While the union relented and allowed that the ukulele was an instrument, they would not accept ability with it as qualification for membership. They refused for many years, but eventually, under her constant pressure with the support of such notable players as Cliff Edwards and Arthur Godfrey, the individual chapters relented.
Her father, Henry U. Singhi (1862–1946) was a builder and her mother, Carrie J. Carroll (maiden; 1862–1915) was a pianist. May married an attorney, Matthew Vincent Breen (1890–1928), in Manhattan on August 7, 1913. They divorced in May 1917 in Manhattan. Thereafter, May and her daughter, Rita, were on their own for twelve years, albeit with the help of child support payments from Matthew Breen. On December 8, 1929 — seventeen months after her ex-husband was killed in Battery Park — May married composer Peter DeRose (1900–1953), a man nine years younger, in Manhattan. May and Peter remained married and collaborated in music until his death. Breen died on December 19, 1970, and is buried next to her husband Peter DeRose in Kensico Cemetery, in Valhalla, New York.
Her daughter, Rita Lherie Breen (maiden; 1914–2007), married a 1932 West Point graduate, Byram Arnold Bunch (1907–1981) on October 29, 1933, in Manhattan. Many unexpired copyrighted works of May and Peter DeRose are held by the successors under Rita's estate, through her son, RDML Peter Arnold Bunch, USCG, Retired (1937–2004), who predeceased her.
- Wendell Hall's Ukulele Method, by Wendell Hall, edited by May Singhi Breen, Forster Music Publisher, Inc. (1925); OCLC 45322896
- May Singhi Breen's Ukulele Songs and Method, William J. Smith Co. (1924)
- The Peter Pan Uke Method, Uke Trades Publishing Company (1925)
- Islander Uke: Self-Teaching Method, by May Singhi Breen, French American Reeds Manufacturing, (1951); OCLC 71827582
- Sparkle Plenty's Own Self Teaching Ukette Method (comic book, for kids), by May Singhi Breen (1951)
- New Ukulele Method For Beginners And Advanced Students, by May Singhi Breen, Robbins Music Corp. † (1950); OCLC 2733204, 8755904
- Collection of Ukulele Solos, by May Singhi Breen, Robbins Music Corp. † (1955); OCLC 10987129
- † signifies Robbins Music Corp. was founded and operated by John J. (Jack) Robbins (1894–1959)
- ‡ signifies Uke Trades Publishing Company was founded and owned by May Singhi Breen
- "From The Music Capitals of the World: New York" (Breen death announcement), Billboard, January 2, 1971, p. 32
- Tranquada, Jim (2012). The Ukulele: A History. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. p. 121. ISBN 978-0-8248-3634-4.
- "The Ukulele Hall of Fame Museum - Inductees". Retrieved 21 November 2014.
- Beloff, Jim (2003). The Ukulele: A Visual History. Backbeat Books. p. 64. ISBN 978-0879307585. OCLC 35657975.
- Walsh, Tom (2013). The Martin Ukulele: The Little Instrument That Helped Create a Guitar Giant. Hal Leonard. pp. 66–7. ISBN 978-1-4768-6879-0.
- Whitcomb, Ian (2012). Ukulele Heroes: The Golden Age. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Hal Leonard Books. pp. 60–1. ISBN 978-1-4584-1654-4.
- Dixon, Daniel (2011). Ukulele: The World's Friendliest Instrument. Layton, Utah: Gibbs Smith. p. 54. ISBN 978-1-4236-0369-6.
- "The Butcher, the Baker, the Candlestick Maker" (musical score)
- "Ukulele Lesson," Victor 19740
- Whitcomb, Ian (2012). Ukulele Heroes: The Golden Age. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Hal Leonard Books. p. 100. ISBN 978-1-4584-1654-4.
- "Ukulele Hall of Fame Citation, May Singhi Breen". Ukulele.org. Retrieved 2013-06-13.
- "May Breen Maps New Fight For Famed Ukulele," by Larry Wolters, Chicago Tribune, January 10, 1932, Part 7, pg. 4, col. 1
- TIME, January 4, 1932
- Herald Journal, January 3, 1932
- Whitcomb, Ian (2012). Ukulele Heroes: The Golden Age. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Hal Leonard Books. pp. 62–3. ISBN 978-1-4584-1654-4.
- "May Singhi Breen Signature Ukulele". Tikiking.com. Retrieved 2013-06-13.
- "Breen Dies, Victim of Attack in Park," New York Times, July 7, 1928
- "World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918: Matthew Patrick Breen, Jr."
- "Find-a-Grave May Singhi Breen". Findagrave.com. Retrieved 2013-06-13.
- "New Ukulele Method". Copyright Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2013-06-13.