Mayapur

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Mayapur

মায়াপুর

মিঞাপুর
The Ganges river at Mayapur
The Ganges river at Mayapur
Mayapur is located in West Bengal
Mayapur
Mayapur
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 23°26′18″N 88°23′34″E / 23.4382755°N 88.3928686°E / 23.4382755; 88.3928686Coordinates: 23°26′18″N 88°23′34″E / 23.4382755°N 88.3928686°E / 23.4382755; 88.3928686
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictNadia
Named forBirthplace of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
Languages
 • OfficialBengaliEnglish
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
741313
Telephone code91 3472

Mayapur, which later came to be known as Miyapur[1] (Bengali: মায়াপুর) is a place situated adjacent to Nabadwip, at the confluence of two rivers, where the waters of the river Jalangi mix with the Ganga. Mayapur is the birthplace of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu[2][3] It is located about 130 km north of Kolkata within Nadia district, West Bengal, India. Along with Nabadwip, it is considered a spiritual place by the adherents of Sanatana Dharma, also known as Hinduism, especially Vaishanvism.[citation needed]

Etymology[edit]

The word Mayapur means a place of Maya or God's energy (Maya-God's Energy, Pur-Place)[4]. Later the word Mayapur became Miyapur (Bengali: মিঞাপুর) [Miñāpura] due to mispronunciation by Muslim settlers[5]. The place came to be known as Muslim inhabited village, specially for the settlement of Muslim fishermen.[6][7] The name ''Miyapur'' was mentioned in various government source like maps and also in the survey report.[6][8] In the 20th century, Bhaktivinoda Thakur proclaimed this place as Mayapur.[9]

About[edit]

A white ornate structure with a pyramidal pointed dome standing on the bank of a pond and surrounded by trees
Yogapith temple at Mayapur established by Bhaktivinoda Thakur in 1880s

It is said to be the birthplace of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu[10]. The headquarters of ISKCON is situated in Mayapur. It is said that the Supreme personality of godhead Krishna appeared along with his brother Balarama, as Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and Nityananda Prabhu. These two brothers appeared just for the fallen conditioned souls of this Kali Yuga to bestow on them the greatest blessings of Harinama Sankirtan based on the teachings of Bhagvad Gita and Shrimad Bhagavatam. Along with their associates, the Pancha Tattva, they distributed the divine Love of Godhead to anyone and everyone without seeing any qualifications or disqualifications. Mayapur is where the Material and Spiritual Worlds meet. Just as there is no difference between Lord Chaitanya and Lord Krishna, similarly there is no difference between Shridham Mayapur and Vrindavan.[11]

Memorials[edit]

Samadhi Mandir of Srila Prabhupada

The main attraction in Mayapur is the Temple of Vedic Planetarium built by ISKCON (International Society for Krishna Consciousness) which is the world's largest temple.[12][13] Also there is Srila Prabhupada's Pushpa Samadhi Mandir, a memorial to ISKCON's founder. The main shrine is surrounded by a museum depicting Srila Prabhupada's life,[14] using fiberglass exhibits. Mayapur Chandrodaya Mandir or the main temple has 3 main altars, Sri Sri Radha Madhava, Panca-tattva and Lord Narasimha Deva. These Pancha Tattva deities are the largest deities of Pancha Tattva in the world.[citation needed] The Panca-tattva comprises Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Nityananda Prabhu, Advaita Acharya, Gadadhara Pandit, and Srivas Thakur.

Gaudiya Vaishnava temples[edit]

Main gate of ISKCON Mayapur

There are a number of Gaudiya Vaishnava organizations in Mayapur, such as the Gaudiya Math. The town is heavily centered on this particular Vaishnava religious tradition, officially known as the Brahma-Madhva-Gaudiya Sampradaya, with temples devoted to Radha and Krishna or Gaura-Nitai throughout.[citation needed]

The Gaudiya-Vaishnava devotees every year circumambulate the various places of Lord Chaitanya's pastimes in the group of nine islands known as Navdvip. This Parikrama takes about 7 days. This event takes place around the Gaur Purnima Festival (Appearance Day of Lord Chaitanya). Devotees from all over the world come to Mayapur for this auspicious Parikrama to celebrate the Lord's Divine Appearance Day.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ সপ্তডিঙা (16 September 2019). "শ্রীচৈতন্য মহাপ্রভুর জন্মস্থান বিতর্ক : একটি নতুন দৃষ্টিভঙ্গি". সপ্তডিঙা. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  2. ^ "CHAPTER THIRTEEN". vedabase.io. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  3. ^ "MAYAPUR - West Bengal Tourism, Experience Bengal, Dept. of Tourism, Govt. of W. B." wbtourismgov.in. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  4. ^ "Maya | Indian philosophy". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  5. ^ সপ্তডিঙা (16 September 2019). "শ্রীচৈতন্য মহাপ্রভুর জন্মস্থান বিতর্ক : একটি নতুন দৃষ্টিভঙ্গি". সপ্তডিঙা. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  6. ^ a b Bhatia, Varuni (2017). Unforgetting Chaitanya: Vaishnavism and Cultures of Devotion in Colonial Bengal. Oxford University Press. p. 190. ISBN 978-0-19-068624-6.
  7. ^ Mondal, Mrityunjay (2012). Chaitanyadeb. kolkata: Patra Bharati. p. 202.
  8. ^ Bose, Satyendranath (1937). "শ্রীগৌরাঙ্গদেবের জন্মস্থান" (PDF). bn.wikisource.org. Kolkata. p. 30. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
  9. ^ Rari, Kantichandra. "Nabadwip-Tattwa - 2nd ed". Internet Archive. p. 6. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
  10. ^ "MAYAPUR - West Bengal Tourism, Experience Bengal, Dept. of Tourism, Govt. of W. B." wbtourismgov.in. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  11. ^ "Narottam.com - Lectures and Kirtans by Indradyumna Swami". Narottam.com. 26 October 2018. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  12. ^ "Temple of the Vedic Planetarium - Home". Temple of the Vedic Planetarium. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  13. ^ AuthorTelanganaToday. "ISKCON's Mayapur in West Bengal temple to be world's biggest". Telangana Today. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  14. ^ "Guide for winter celebration at Mayapur".

References[edit]

External links[edit]