Maybole

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Maybole
Scottish Gaelic: Am Magh Baoghail
Maybole is located in South Ayrshire
Maybole
Maybole
 Maybole shown within South Ayrshire
Population 4,760 (2011 Census)[1]
OS grid reference NS301100
Council area South Ayrshire
Lieutenancy area Ayrshire and Arran
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town MAYBOLE
Postcode district KA19
Dialling code 01655
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Ayr, Carrick and Cumnock
Scottish Parliament Carrick, Cumnock and Doon Valley
List of places
UK
Scotland

Coordinates: 55°21′18″N 4°40′48″W / 55.3551°N 4.68°W / 55.3551; -4.68

Maybole (Scottish Gaelic: Am Magh Baoghail, pronounced [ə maɣ pɯː.al]) is a burgh of barony and police burgh of South Ayrshire, Scotland. Pop. (2001) 4,760. It is situated 9 miles (14 km) south of Ayr and 50 miles (80 km) southwest of Glasgow by the Glasgow and South Western Railway.

History[edit]

St. Cuthberts in 1789.

Maybole has Middle Ages roots, receiving a charter from Donnchadh, Earl of Carrick in 1193. In 1516 it was made a burgh of regality, although for generations it remained under the suzerainty of the Kennedys, afterwards Earls of Cassillis and (later) Marquesses of Ailsa, the most powerful family in Ayrshire. The current Marquess of Ailsa lives at Cassillis House, just outside Maybole. In the late seventeenth century, a census recorded Maybole was home to 28 "lords and landowners with estates in Carrick and beyond." [2]

In former times, Maybole was the capital of the district of Carrick, and for long its characteristic feature was the family mansions of the barons of Carrick. Maybole Castle, a former seat of the Earls of Cassillis, dates to 1560 and still remains, although aspects of the castle are viewed as "of concern".[3] The public buildings include the town-hall, the Ashgrove and the Lumsden fresh-air fortnightly homes, and the Maybole combination poorhouse.[4]

Maybole is a short distance from the birthplace of Robbie Burns, the Scots national poet. Burns married a Maybole resident, Agnes Brown.[5]

In the nineteenth century, Maybole became a centre of boots and shoe manufacturing.

Margaret McMurray (??-1760), one of the last native speakers of a Lowland dialect of Scottish Gaelic is recorded to have lived at Cultezron (not to be confused with nearby Culzean), a farm on the outskirts of Maybole.

Notable Landmarks[edit]

St.Cuthbert's collegiate church in 2005.

Maybole has a number of landmarks, reflecting its role as a settlement on the southwest Scottish coastline, 43 miles south of the commercial and shipbuilding concentrations on the River Clyde and Glasgow, and 92 miles north of Carlisle, the most north-westerly English city.

  • The ancestral seat of the Marquesses of Ailsa is Culzean Castle, now run by The National Trust for Scotland and located four miles west from Maybole. This dates from 1777; it stands on a basaltic cliff, beneath which are the Coves of Culzean, once the retreat of outlaws and a resort of the fairies.
  • A primary rail service is at Maybole railway station. Set up in 1860.
  • Two miles to the south-west are the ruins of Crossraguel (from Crois Riaghail meaning 'Cross of St Regulus' ) Abbey, founded about 1240.
  • In the early 20th century, Maybole added a Baptist church. This was admitted to the Baptist Union in 1901 and appointed its first full minister in 1919, a year after the Great War finished.[6][7]
  • Kirkoswald, where Robert Burns spent his seventeenth year, learning land-surveying, lies a little farther west. In the parish churchyard lie the real people who inspired two of Burn's fictitious characters Douglas Graham (Tam o' Shanter) and John Davidson (Souter Johnnie).
  • Farther south are the ruins of Turnberry Castle, where Robert the Bruce is said to have been born. A few miles to the north of Culzean are the ruins of Dunure Castle, an ancient stronghold of the Kennedys.
New housing on the site of the old St. Cuthbert's shoe factory.
The head of the old Maybole Cross in the gardens of Maybole Castle. The cross bears the coats of arms of the Kennedy family of Cassillis and has a rare Moon dial on one face.

Education[edit]

The town has three primary schools: Cairn Primary, Gardenrose Primary and St Cuthberts Primary.

The secondary school for Maybole is Carrick Academy. Carrick Academy is also a School of Rugby due to its many successes in the sport.

Sports[edit]

The local football club, Maybole F. C., play at Ladywell Stadium.

Notable cultural references[edit]

The lyrics of The Waterboys' 'Glastonbury Song' include: "I dreamed myself from the sultry plains, To the old green square back in old Maybole ..."

Notable residents[edit]

Twin towns[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]