Maybole from the Cemetery Brae
|Population||4,610 (mid-2016 est.)|
|OS grid reference|
|• Edinburgh||71 mi (114 km)|
|• London||325 mi (523 km)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Maybole is a town and former burgh of barony and police burgh in South Ayrshire, Scotland. It had an estimated population of 4,610 in 2016. It is situated 9 miles (14 km) south of Ayr and 50 miles (80 km) southwest of Glasgow by the Glasgow and South Western Railway.
Maybole has Middle Ages roots, receiving a charter from Donnchadh, Earl of Carrick in 1193. In 1516 it was made a burgh of regality, although for generations it remained under the suzerainty of the Kennedys, afterwards Earls of Cassillis and (later) Marquesses of Ailsa, the most powerful family in Ayrshire. The Marquess of Ailsa lived at Cassillis House, just outside Maybole until its sale in 2007. In the late seventeenth century, a census recorded Maybole was home to 28 "lords and landowners with estates in Carrick and beyond."
In former times, Maybole was the capital of the district of Carrick, Scotland, and for long its characteristic feature was the family mansions of the barons of Carrick. Maybole Castle, a former seat of the Earls of Cassillis, dates to 1560 and still remains, although aspects of the castle are viewed as "of concern". The public buildings include the town-hall, the Ashgrove and the Lumsden fresh-air fortnightly homes, and the Maybole combination poorhouse.
In the nineteenth century, Maybole became a centre of boot and shoe manufacturing.
Margaret McMurray (??-1760), one of the last native speakers of a Lowland dialect of Scottish Gaelic, is recorded to have lived at Cultezron (not to be confused with nearby Culzean), a farm on the outskirts of Maybole.
- The ancestral seat of the Marquesses of Ailsa is Culzean Castle, now run by The National Trust for Scotland and located 4 miles (6 kilometres) west from Maybole. This dates from 1777; it stands on a basaltic cliff, beneath which are the Coves of Culzean, once the retreat of outlaws and a resort of the fairies.
- Cassillis Castle, near Maybole, is a category A 14th century castle with 17th century and 19th century baronial extensions.
- A primary rail service is at Maybole railway station. Set up in 1860.
- 2 miles (3 kilometres) to the south-west are the ruins of Crossraguel (from Crois Riaghail meaning 'Cross of St Regulus' ) Abbey, founded about 1240.
- Our Lady and St Cuthbert Catholic Church in Maybole was opened in 1878 and it was largely funded by Catholic convert Margaret Radclyffe Livingstone Eyre (born Kennedy).
- In the early 20th century, Maybole added a Baptist church. This was admitted to the Baptist Union in 1901 and appointed its first full minister in 1919, a year after the Great War finished.
- Kirkoswald, where Robert Burns spent his seventeenth year, learning land-surveying, lies a little farther west. In the parish churchyard lie the real people who inspired two of Burns's fictitious characters Douglas Graham (Tam o' Shanter) and John Davidson.
- Farther south are the ruins of Turnberry Castle, where Robert the Bruce is said to have been born. A few miles to the north of Culzean are the ruins of Dunure Castle, an ancient stronghold of the Kennedys.
The town has three primary schools: Cairn Primary, Gardenrose Primary and St Cuthberts Primary.
The secondary school for Maybole is Carrick Academy (a school of Rugby).
The local football club, Maybole F. C., play at Ladywell Stadium.
Notable cultural references
- Sir Gilbert Blane (1749–1834), 18th–century physician and Royal Navy reformer.
- Bernard Fergusson, Baron Ballantrae (1911–1980), part of the Fergusson family, and Governor-General of New Zealand, 1962–67.
- Robert MacBryde (1913–1966), a well-known painter of the 'Modern' school of art and theatre designer.
- John Loudon McAdam (1756–1836), Scottish engineer and roadbuilder of the eighteenth century.
- Norris McWhirter (1925–2004), founder of the Guinness Book of World Records, is descended from the McWhirters of Maybole.
- Sir William Montgomery-Cuninghame (1834–1897), recipient of the Victoria Cross in 1854 during the Crimean War
- Rev R Guy Ramsay (1895–1976), Scottish Baptist minister and President of the Baptist Union of Scotland, 1948–49.
- Thomas Ramsay (1857–1934), first pastor of Maybole Baptist Church, 1901–19, and President of the Baptist Union of Scotland, 1921–22.
- Rev Dr William King Tweedie (1803–1863), Scottish historian, biographer and minister of the Free Church of Scotland.
- "Mid-2016 Population Estimates for Settlements and Localities in Scotland". National Records of Scotland. 12 March 2018. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
- "Party-loving Scots laird drops dead in Florida toilet hours before he is due to be guest at Highland Games", Daily Record, by Stephen Houston, 22 January 2015, https://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/news/scottish-news/party-loving-scots-laird-drops-dead-5021460
- "Maybole Visitor Guide - Accommodation, Things To Do & More". visitscotland.com.
- "Maybole Castle, High Street, Maybole | Buildings at Risk Register". buildingsatrisk.org.uk.
- "Maybole Feature Page on Undiscovered Scotland". undiscoveredscotland.co.uk.
- "Notables". maybole.org.
- "Eyre, Margaret Radclyffe-Livingstone- [née Lady Margaret Kennedy], styled countess of Newburgh (1800–1889), philanthropist". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/45582. Retrieved 13 December 2020.
- "Baptist Church of Maybole History". maybole.org.
- public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Maybole". Encyclopædia Britannica. 17 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 931. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the
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