Graves County, Kentucky

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Graves County, Kentucky
Graves County Courthouse KY.JPG
Graves County Courthouse in Mayfield
Map of Kentucky highlighting Graves County
Location in the U.S. state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Founded 1824
Named for Benjamin F. Graves
Seat Mayfield
Largest city Mayfield
Area
 • Total 557 sq mi (1,443 km2)
 • Land 552 sq mi (1,430 km2)
 • Water 5.0 sq mi (13 km2), 0.9%
Population
 • (2010) 37,121
 • Density 67/sq mi (26/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.gravescountyky.com

Graves County is a county located in the U.S. Commonwealth of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 37,121.[1] Its county seat is Mayfield.[2] The county was formed in 1824 and was named for Major Benjamin Franklin Graves, a politician and fallen soldier in the War of 1812.

Graves County comprises the Mayfield, KY Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Paducah-Mayfield, KY-IL Combined Statistical Area.

Graves County is a "limited" dry county, meaning that sale of alcohol in the county is prohibited except for wine and beer in restaurants. In 2016, the county voted to become a "wet" county but that attempt failed. Later in the year, a ballot measure was proposed and passed within the city limits of Mayfield (the county seat) to allow alcohol sales in stores and gas stations.

History[edit]

Graves County was named for Capt. Benjamin Franklin Graves, who was one of numerous Kentucky officers killed after being taken as a prisoner in the disastrous 1813 Battle of Raisin River in Michigan Territory during the War of 1812. He disappeared while being forced by Potawatomi to walk to the British Fort Malden in Amherstburg, Ontario. The Indians killed prisoners who could not keep up.[3] Nearly 400 Kentuckians died in the January 22 battle, the highest fatality of any single battle during the war.

Graves is one of Kentucky's largest counties. The fertile land attracted early settlers from Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Tennessee, who brought with them education, culture, and a fierce determination to succeed. They put down roots to blend a political, economic, and social environment unique, perhaps only to Graves County.

Tobacco was important the local economy. Graves County developed the dark-fired and dark-air-cured leaf tobacco used in smokeless tobacco farming. A woolen mill began operating before the Civil War and continued to expand with the men's clothing market. Several clothing manufacturing companies were added in the area. The county seat's minor league baseball team was named the Mayfield Clothiers for this historical connection.

Graves County made national news in September 2011 for jailing several Amish men who refused to use orange safety triangles on their buggies for religious reasons. The Old Order Swartzentruber Amish used reflective tape instead. They said it was against their religion to use "loud colors" (as they characterized the orange triangles). They did not succeed in their appeal of their 2008 convictions. Menno Zook, Danny Byler, Mose Yoder, Levi Hostetler, David Zook and Eli Zook refused to pay the small fines imposed with their convictions. All served sentences ranging from three to 10 days. Jail officials accommodated them by not forcing them to wear the typical orange county jail uniforms; they allowed the Amish to wear dark gray uniforms.[4]

Among note county natives have been a US Vice President, four US Congressmen, famous heroes, singers and songwriters, and noted writers. The county has numerous historic sites.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 557 square miles (1,440 km2), of which 552 square miles (1,430 km2) is land and 5.0 square miles (13 km2) (0.9%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 2,504
1840 7,465 198.1%
1850 11,397 52.7%
1860 16,233 42.4%
1870 19,398 19.5%
1880 24,138 24.4%
1890 28,534 18.2%
1900 33,204 16.4%
1910 33,539 1.0%
1920 32,483 −3.1%
1930 30,778 −5.2%
1940 31,763 3.2%
1950 31,364 −1.3%
1960 30,021 −4.3%
1970 30,939 3.1%
1980 34,049 10.1%
1990 33,550 −1.5%
2000 37,028 10.4%
2010 37,121 0.3%
Est. 2016 37,182 [6] 0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 37,028 people, 14,841 households, and 10,566 families residing in the county. The population density was 67 per square mile (26/km2). There were 16,340 housing units at an average density of 29 per square mile (11/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.73% White, 4.44% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.30% from other races, and 1.11% from two or more races. 2.40% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 14,841 households out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.90% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.80% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.50% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 27.30% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 16.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,874, and the median income for a family was $38,054. Males had a median income of $32,016 versus $20,177 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,834. About 13.10% of families and 16.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.70% of those under age 18 and 14.10% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 76.3% 12,671 19.9% 3,308 3.8% 627
2012 69.0% 10,699 29.3% 4,547 1.7% 257
2008 62.3% 10,056 36.2% 5,843 1.6% 256
2004 61.0% 9,903 38.2% 6,206 0.7% 120
2000 55.2% 7,849 42.8% 6,097 2.0% 285
1996 37.2% 5,130 50.7% 6,991 12.2% 1,682
1992 34.6% 5,311 52.2% 8,001 13.2% 2,029
1988 46.3% 6,274 52.8% 7,153 0.9% 118
1984 51.4% 7,287 47.7% 6,759 0.9% 124
1980 47.5% 6,556 50.7% 6,999 1.9% 261
1976 25.7% 3,195 72.3% 8,982 2.0% 243
1972 60.4% 6,098 36.6% 3,701 3.0% 301
1968 26.5% 3,239 41.8% 5,103 31.7% 3,871
1964 19.3% 9,958 80.4% 2,389 0.4% 43
1960 38.7% 4,854 61.3% 7,689 0.0% 0
1956 26.9% 3,711 73.0% 10,090 0.1% 14
1952 23.3% 2,925 76.6% 9,592 0.1% 13
1948 13.8% 1,442 83.3% 8,682 2.9% 304
1944 21.2% 2,172 78.7% 8,057 0.1% 9
1940 17.8% 2,122 82.0% 9,786 0.2% 27
1936 15.3% 1,692 83.4% 9,231 1.3% 142
1932 15.5% 1,825 84.1% 9,888 0.4% 51
1928 34.0% 3,223 65.8% 6,237 0.3% 24
1924 23.2% 2,279 74.0% 7,266 2.7% 268
1920 25.9% 3,241 72.1% 9,018 1.9% 241
1916 26.5% 1,930 71.4% 5,197 2.0% 148
1912 15.2% 862 67.9% 3,838 16.9% 957

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  3. ^ The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. p. 35. 
  4. ^ "Amish men jailed over refusal to use orange safety triangle on buggies". CNN. September 14, 2011. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on August 12, 2014. Retrieved August 14, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved August 14, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 14, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 14, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 14, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  12. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°43′N 88°39′W / 36.72°N 88.65°W / 36.72; -88.65