Maynooth

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Maynooth
Maigh Nuad
Town
Clockwise from top: businesses in Maynooth, the Maynooth campus of the National University of Ireland, St. Patrick's College
Clockwise from top: businesses in Maynooth, the Maynooth campus of the National University of Ireland, St. Patrick's College
Motto: 
Crom Abu
Maynooth is located in Ireland
Maynooth
Maynooth
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 53°22′54″N 6°35′28″W / 53.38157°N 6.59098°W / 53.38157; -6.59098Coordinates: 53°22′54″N 6°35′28″W / 53.38157°N 6.59098°W / 53.38157; -6.59098
CountryIreland
ProvinceLeinster
CountyCounty Kildare
Elevation
48 m (157 ft)
Population
 (2016)[1]
14,585
Eircode
W23
Telephone area code01
Websitewww.maynooth.ie

Maynooth (/məˈnθ/; Irish: Maigh Nuad) is a university town in north County Kildare, Ireland. It is home to Maynooth University (part of the National University of Ireland and also known as the National University of Ireland, Maynooth) and St Patrick's College, a Pontifical University and Ireland's sole Roman Catholic seminary. Maynooth is also the seat of the Irish Catholic Bishops' Conference[2] and holds the headquarters of Ireland's largest development charity, Trócaire.[3] Maynooth is located 24 kilometres (15 miles) west of central Dublin.

Location and access[edit]

Maynooth is located on the R148 road between Leixlip and Kilcock, with the M4 motorway bypassing the town. Other roads connect the town to Celbridge, Clane, and Dunboyne. Maynooth is also on the Dublin-Sligo railway line and is served by the Commuter and InterCity train services.

Etymology[edit]

Maynooth comes from Irish: Maigh Nuadhat or Maigh Nuadhad, meaning "plain of Nuadha".[4] Maigh Nuad is the modern spelling. Nuadha was one of the gods of the ancient Irish, corresponding to Nudd of Wales and Nodens of ancient Britain and Gaul.

History[edit]

Historical governance[edit]

Maynooth was a long-term centre for the Geraldine or FitzGerald family, which dominated Irish affairs during the Anglo-Norman and Tudor periods.[citation needed]

From 1932 to 1937, the town was the unofficial home to the King's representative in Ireland, Governor General Domhnall Ua Buachalla, who declined to take up official residence in the Viceregal Lodge in the Phoenix Park, and whose family operated a hardware store in the town until 2005.[citation needed]

Historical features[edit]

Maynooth Castle

The town is just inside the western edge of The Pale. It has, at either end of the main street, Maynooth Castle and Carton House, two former seats of the Dukes of Leinster. The castle was a stronghold of the 16th century historical figure Thomas FitzGerald, 10th Earl of Kildare who was better known as Silken Thomas. The castle was overrun in 1535,[5] after the rebellion of the Earl.

The most important historical buildings in the town are those of St. Patrick's College and some which antedate the foundation of the college, while others are in the late Georgian and neo-Gothic revival style. The "new range" of buildings was erected by A. W. N. Pugin in 1850 under a commission from then college president Laurence F. Renehan, while the College Chapel was designed and completed by James Joseph McCarthy during the presidency of Robert Browne in 1894.

Conolly's Folly is within Maynooth's extensive town boundaries.

There are three old monastic settlements in the vicinity of Maynooth, including Laraghbryan and its cemetery, Taghadoe and its Round Tower and Grangewilliam (Donaghmore).

Maynooth Pound is a rare example of a surviving pound which has existed since the 18th century. The existing walls were built in 1822 although the pound is older than that. Historically, stray animals were impounded here to be returned to their owners for a fee or sold at auction if not claimed. More recently[when?] the pound was renovated and is now a place of recreation by the Lyreen River.[6][7]

Population[edit]

The population of 14,585 (according to the census in 2016)[1] makes Maynooth the fifth largest settlement in Kildare and the 31st largest settlement in Ireland. However, during the academic year the population of Maynooth nearly doubles in size.[citation needed] Measurement can be difficult as much of the population is transient – students at Maynooth University (above 12,000) or St. Patrick's College, or temporary employees at the nearby Intel and Hewlett Packard Enterprise facilities (both located in Leixlip).[citation needed]

Education[edit]

St Patrick's College

There are two third-level educational institutions – St Patrick's College, founded under King George III in 1795 to train Ireland's Roman Catholic clergy, and Maynooth University, separated from St. Patrick's College in 1997 – located in the town. They share campus space and many facilities. Maynooth University is the only university in the Republic of Ireland not situated in a city.

There are two secondary schools (Maynooth Post Primary & Maynooth Community College, run from the same premises by Kildare and Wicklow Education and Training Board), and five primary schools: a Presentation Sisters girls-only school, a Dublin Archdiocese boys-only school (St. Mary's BNS), an Educate Together school, a Dublin Archdiocese Irish-language school and an An Foras Pátrúnachta multi-denominational Irish-language primary school, currently co-located with the other Irish-language school.

A KWETB Irish-language secondary school was due to open in September 2020.[8][needs update]

Amenities[edit]

The town contains a fire station, in addition to the area's part-time Garda station, a health centre, a public library, and a credit union as well as various restaurants, including Romayo's which was voted to be the best Take-Away in Leinster in 2014.[9] Maynooth Community Library hosts regular public events, including book clubs, a film club, children's storytime, and author visits. It also offers services and events relating to National Healthy Ireland and Work Matters initiatives.

Churches[edit]

Maynooth is served by two churches named St. Mary's, one St. Mary's Church of Ireland (Anglican) which is incorporated into the walls of St. Patrick's College, and St. Mary's Roman Catholic Church, where the Kilcock Road turns into Maynooth Village, serving the Maynooth Parish of St. Mary's and Lady chapel. Also close by is the former Moyglare Church which is used as the Church of Ireland, Meath & Kildare Diocesan Centre. Maynooth Community Church, a congregation linked to the Presbyterian Church in Ireland, has applied for planning permission to construct a church.

Economy[edit]

The town is the main retail and service centre for North Kildare and South Meath, with branches of SuperValu, Tesco Ireland, Aldi and Lidl, as well as a wide variety of non-chain stores.

In October 2005, Dunnes Stores opened a major shopping centre off the town's main street, Manor Mills.[10] This centre contains a number of other high street names, such as Easons and Elverys Sports.

On 18 January 2007, Tesco Ireland announced plans to demolish its existing store in Maynooth (the same store having been demolished and rebuilt only seven years previously) and build a larger shopping centre, anchored by a Tesco Extra store, on a neighbouring site.[11] The new centre is known as Carton Park, after nearby Carton House. The Tesco Extra portion of the new shopping centre opened on 3 November 2008, with Sports Direct, Next Children and Boots. A number of shops that formed part of the former Maynooth Shopping Centre remain open on the old site; with the former Tesco store having been converted to The Range after many years empty.

Transport[edit]

Maynooth Harbour by the Railway Station

Canal[edit]

When the Royal Canal was designed in 1790, with a planned length of 175 km, with 76 locks, 65 aqueducts and 85 bridges, it was intended to pass north of the town of Maynooth. However the Duke of Leinster contributed £1,000 towards the cost of the £200,000 undertaking and insisted that his town would be served by the canal.[12] Maynooth has a canal harbour, and the canal is navigable from central Dublin to this point and onwards to Clondara, County Longford. It is now mostly used mostly for leisure and drainage purposes but historically was used for passengers and freight (grain, potatoes, coal and coke, manure, turf, bricks, stone, sand, timber, and general merchandise) and Maynooth's canal harbour provided a stopping point before Dublin. When the railways arrived, passengers transferred to the quicker rail service.

The harbour, known locally as Duke's Harbour, is roughly triangular in shape and on the north side of the canal, opposite the railway station, is a popular fishing area.

Rail[edit]

Maynooth railway station is one of the busiest in the Dublin / Kildare region, as it serves two major educational institutions and is a major commuter town for people working in Dublin. The town is the terminus of most Iarnród Éireann Western Commuter trains, as well as being served by the Dublin-Sligo InterCity service.

In December 2019, Iarnród Éireann awarded a contract for Multi-Disciplinary Consultancy Team[13] for the expansion of the DART on the Maynooth Line which will lead to electrification of the line to Maynooth and increase capacity on the line.

Bus[edit]

Dublin Bus operates routes C3, C4 and the night buses C5 and C6 from Maynooth to Ringsend in Dublin.[14] Bus Éireann services 22 (Ballina to Dublin Airport), 23 (Sligo to Dublin Airport) and 115 (Mullingar/Kilcock to Dublin) serve the town, as well as Aircoach's route 706/706X (Galway to Dublin Airport).[15][16][17][18] Passengers may travel from Maynooth westbound or to Dublin Airport. Airport Hopper route 767 provides an additional higher frequency link to Dublin Airport.[19]

JJ Kavanagh/National Transport Authority route 139 links Naas to Blanchardstown via Maynooth. A number of private operators also serve the town, linking it with nearby towns and cities; many in college term-time only.

Sport and voluntary groups[edit]

Golf[edit]

Carton House Golf Club is located in Maynooth. The Golfing Union of Ireland, the longest established golf union in the world, have their national headquarters on the estate. This facility also comprises the GUI National Academy, a 22-acre (89,000 m2) teaching facility. It has a driving range, putting green, and short game area, as well as lessons.[citation needed]

GAA[edit]

Maynooth GAA is the local Gaelic Athletic Association club and has competed in the senior football championship in Kildare since 2009.[citation needed]

Soccer[edit]

Maynooth Town F.C. is the local soccer club. The senior men's team competes in co-operation with Maynooth University as Maynooth University Town F.C., a member of the Leinster Senior League. They won the FAI Intermediate Cup in 2018[20] and hence now compete in the senior FAI Cup. They progressed to the second round of the 2018 tournament. They reached the FAI Cup quarter-final in 2021 for the first time.[21] They were beaten 4-0 in the quarter final by Bohemians F.C.[22]

Rugby[edit]

North Kildare RFC is the local rugby club and is situated about 3 km from Maynooth on the Kilcock road. Maynooth native Bob Casey (born 1978) was a professional rugby player and a senior Irish international.[23]

Maynooth University and the Leixlip based Barnhall Rugby Club merged in 2010[24] and renamed to MU Barnhall RFC in 2015, fielding 28 teams both male and female from U7 to Senior All-Ireland League.

Equestrian[edit]

Maynooth is home to the thoroughbred horse racing and breeding operation, Moyglare Stud Farm.[citation needed]

Cycling[edit]

There are two cycling clubs based in Maynooth. Maynooth Cycling Club is sponsored by and runs out of Maynooth Cycles in Newtown Shopping Centre.[25] The other is Maynooth Students for Charity, also known as the Galway Cycle. This club runs out of Maynooth University, and from January to April culminating in a charity cycle to Galway and back over a weekend. The club has raised over 1 million euro for charity since its inception.[26]

Scouting[edit]

The Maynooth Scout group has been in existence since 1975.[27] After many years operating out of the Maynooth Post Primary school they restored and redeveloped the Geraldine Hall,[28] a protected building, as their Den in 2013.[29]

Accommodation[edit]

There are two hotels located in Maynooth, Carton House and The Glenroyal Hotel.

Carton House is a four-star hotel[30] located on the outskirts of Maynooth. The hotel is home to many facilities such as a swimming pool, gym, spa, and training grounds. The Irish National Rugby Union Team frequently stays at the hotel.

The Glenroyal Hotel is a four-star hotel located in the centre of Maynooth. It has a two swimming pools (adult and family), gym and spa as part of its facilities as well as the Arkle Bar and Restaurant.[31] Shoda Market Cafe is part of the building and adjacent to the hotel itself. Since 2017 the Roses of Tralee have stayed there[32] as part of their tour of the country.

International relations[edit]

Maynooth has a town twinning agreement with Canet-en-Roussillon in France.[33]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Sapmap Area – Settlements – Maynooth". Census 2016. CSO. 2016. Archived from the original on 13 January 2018. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  2. ^ "The Catholic Communications Office". Catholiccommunications.ie. Archived from the original on 4 February 2012. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
  3. ^ "Trócaire | Irish Charity Working for a Just World". Trocaire.org. Archived from the original on 16 January 2015. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
  4. ^ Mills, David (20 October 2011). A Dictionary of British Place-Names. OUP Oxford. pp. 322–. ISBN 978-0-19-960908-6. Retrieved 21 December 2019.
  5. ^ Madden, Finbar (27 August 2010). Understand Irish History: Teach Yourself. John Murray Press. pp. 25–. ISBN 978-1-4441-3198-7. Retrieved 23 December 2019.
  6. ^ Coles, Peter (2 June 2018). "The Maynooth Pound". In the Dark. Archived from the original on 26 September 2021. Retrieved 17 January 2020.[self-published source]
  7. ^ "Maynooth Pound" (PDF). Maynooth Local History Group. Archived (PDF) from the original on 29 December 2020. Retrieved 17 January 2020.
  8. ^ Power, Róisin (30 June 2019). "New Maynooth Gaelcholáiste Expected To Open In September 2020". Kfm. Retrieved 21 December 2019.
  9. ^ "Did your favourite takeaway make the list of Ireland's best takeaways? |". JOE. 2014. Archived from the original on 7 June 2016. Retrieved 2 December 2016.
  10. ^ Fagan, Jack (12 October 2005). "Growing retail market in Maynooth attracts the big players". The Irish Times. Archived from the original on 26 September 2021. Retrieved 21 December 2019.
  11. ^ "Tesco plans new retail park at Maynooth". Business World Live. Archived from the original on 13 May 2007.
  12. ^ Ruth Delany, "Ireland's Royal Canal 1789-1992"
  13. ^ Bauress, Henry (20 December 2019). "Irish Rail appoint team to prepare Dart line for Maynooth and Leixlip". Leinster Leader. Archived from the original on 31 December 2019. Retrieved 31 December 2019.(subscription required)
  14. ^ "Goodbye No.25 and 66, hello C-Spine. What Dublin's latest BusConnects changes mean for your daily commute". Independent.ie. 22 November 2021. Retrieved 18 December 2021.
  15. ^ "Route 706 706X timetable". Aircoach. Retrieved 18 December 2021.
  16. ^ "Expressway Route 22, Dublin – Ballina". Bus Éireann. Archived from the original on 18 July 2021. Retrieved 23 December 2019.
  17. ^ "Expressway Route 23, Dublin – Sligo". Bus Éireann. Archived from the original on 26 September 2021. Retrieved 23 December 2019.
  18. ^ "View Timetables – 115". Bus Éireann. Archived from the original on 14 December 2020. Retrieved 23 December 2019.
  19. ^ "Maynooth timetable". Airport Hopper. Archived from the original on 18 October 2019. Retrieved 23 December 2019.
  20. ^ Donnelly, Dave (12 May 2018). "Stunning comeback sees Maynooth University Town crowned Intermediate champions". TheJournal.ie. Archived from the original on 9 August 2019. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
  21. ^ "Cobh Ramblers suffer cup shock at hands of Leinster Senior League Maynooth". 28 August 2021.
  22. ^ Dempsey, Andrew. "Bohemians end Maynooth University Town's fairytale FAI Cup run". The42. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
  23. ^ "Robert Edward Casey". ESPN scrum. Archived from the original on 23 November 2016. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
  24. ^ McKeown, Tom. "Rugby". Maynooth University. Archived from the original on 31 December 2019. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
  25. ^ "Maynooth Cycling Club". Maynooth Cycles. Archived from the original on 3 January 2020. Retrieved 3 January 2020.
  26. ^ "About the Galway Cycle". Galway Cycle. Archived from the original on 3 January 2020. Retrieved 3 January 2020.
  27. ^ "Maynooth Scouts". Archived from the original on 10 August 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  28. ^ "1860 Geraldine Hall". Archived from the original on 29 October 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  29. ^ "About Maynooth Scouts". Archived from the original on 10 August 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  30. ^ "CARTON HOUSE $144 ($̶2̶8̶9̶) – Updated 2019 Prices & Hotel Reviews – Maynooth, Ireland". TripAdvisor. Archived from the original on 27 August 2019. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
  31. ^ "Glenroyal Hotel". Archived from the original on 3 January 2020. Retrieved 3 January 2020.
  32. ^ "Roses Returning to Kildare for Rose of Tralee Tour". RoseofTralee. Archived from the original on 3 January 2020. Retrieved 3 January 2020.
  33. ^ "Maynooth Twinning Committee". Kildare Twinning. Archived from the original on 3 March 2021. Retrieved 20 February 2021.

External links[edit]