Mayo (UK Parliament constituency)

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Mayo
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
18011885
Number of members Two
Replaced by East Mayo, North Mayo, South Mayo and West Mayo

Mayo was a parliamentary constituency in Ireland, which returned two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1885.

History[edit]

The constituency was created at the Act of Union 1800, replacing the earlier Mayo constituency in the pre-union Parliament of Ireland. Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 it was divided into four new single-seat constituencies: see East Mayo, North Mayo, South Mayo and West Mayo.

Boundaries[edit]

This constituency comprised the whole of County Mayo.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Year 1st Member 1st Party 2nd Member 2nd Party
1801, 1 January Denis Browne George Jackson
1802, 22 July Henry Dillon-Lee
1814, 5 March Dominick Browne
1818, 4 July James Browne
1826, 24 June Lord Bingham
1830, 14 August Dominick Browne
1831, 19 May John Denis Browne
1835, 24 January Sir William Brabazon, Bt
1836, 6 May Robert Dillon Browne
1840, 16 December Mark Blake
1846, 2 March Joseph Myles McDonnell
1847, 14 August George Henry Moore[1]
1850, 29 July George Gore Ousley Higgins
1857, 10 April Independent Irish Roger Palmer Conservative
1857, 30 December Lord John Browne
1865, 19 July Lord Bingham
1868, 23 November George Henry Moore
1870, 12 May George Eakins Browne Liberal
1874, 7 Feb[2] Home Rule League Thomas Tighe Home Rule League
1874, 1 June John O'Connor Power Home Rule League
1880, 15 April Charles Stewart Parnell[3] Home Rule League
1880, 26 May Isaac Nelson Home Rule League
1882[4] Irish Parliamentary Party Irish Parliamentary Party
1885 Constituency divided: see East Mayo, North Mayo, South Mayo and West Mayo

Elections[edit]

The elections in this constituency took place using the first past the post electoral system.[citation needed]

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

General Election 1865: Mayo[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Browne Unopposed
Conservative George Bingham Unopposed
Registered electors 3,679
Liberal hold
Conservative hold
General Election 1868: Mayo[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Henry Moore Unopposed
Conservative George Bingham Unopposed
Registered electors 3,783
Liberal hold
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1870s[edit]

Moore's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 12 May 1870: Mayo[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Eakins Browne Unopposed
Liberal hold
General Election 1874: Mayo[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule George Eakins Browne Unopposed
Home Rule Thomas Tighe Unopposed
Registered electors 3,608
Home Rule gain from Conservative
Home Rule gain from Liberal

On petition, Browne and Tighe were unseated.

By-election, 29 May 1874: Mayo[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule George Eakins Browne 1,330 33.9 N/A
Home Rule John O'Connor Power 1,319 33.6 N/A
Home Rule Thomas Tighe 1,279 32.6 N/A
Majority 40 1.0 N/A
Turnout 1,964 (est) 54.4 (est) N/A
Registered electors 3,608
Home Rule hold
Home Rule hold

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1880: Mayo[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule John O'Connor Power 1,645 42.9 N/A
Home Rule Charles Stewart Parnell 1,565 40.8 N/A
Home Rule George Eakins Browne 628 16.4 N/A
Majority 937 24.4 N/A
Turnout 2,273 (est) 70.6 (est) N/A
Registered electors 3,221
Home Rule hold Swing N/A
Home Rule hold Swing N/A

Parnell was also elected MP for Cork City and opted to sit there, causing a by-election.

By-election, 25 May 1880: Mayo[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule Isaac Nelson Unopposed
Registered electors 3,221
Home Rule hold


Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Following the general election in April 1857, the election of George Henry Moore was declared void on 14 July 1857. The writ was suspended until December 1857
  2. ^ Following the general election in February 1874, the election of the two sitting members (Browne and Tighe) was declared void on 7 May 1874
  3. ^ Parnell was also returned for both Meath and Cork. He chose to sit for Cork
  4. ^ There was no election in 1882, but in that year the Home Rule League was renamed as the Irish Parliamentary Party
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Walker, B.M., ed. (1978). Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801-1922. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN 0901714127. 

References[edit]