Mayor of Jerusalem

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Mayor of the City of Jerusalem
Emblem of Jerusalem.svg
Nir Barkat, Mayor of Jerusalem (4462290204) (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Nir Barkat

since November 11, 2008
Residence 1 Safra Square, Jerusalem, Israel
Term length 5 years
Inaugural holder Musa al-Alami
Teddy Kollek (Present day Jeruslaem Municipality)
Formation 1867
Website Office of the Mayor

The Mayor of the City of Jerusalem is head of the executive branch of the political system in Jerusalem, Israel. The Jerusalem Municipality. The mayor's office administers all city services, public property, most public agencies, and enforces all city and state laws within Jerusalem.

The mayor's office is located in Safra Square; it has jurisdiction over all the city's neighborhoods. The mayor appoints a large number of officials, including Directors who head city departments, and his or her deputy mayors.

History[edit]

The Jerusalem City Council was established in 1863 during the rule of the Ottoman Empire. From 1948 to 1967 two municipalities operated in the city: an Israeli municipality provided services to the western neighborhoods of the city and a Jordanian municipality to its eastern parts.

By 1840, the Jewish community constituted the largest single religious group in the city.[1] From the 1880s onward, the Jews constituted the majority within the city.[2] However, it was only in 1937, under the British Mandate, that the first Jewish mayor was appointed.

List of Mayors of Jerusalem (1848–present)[edit]

This is a list of mayors of Jerusalem in chronological order.

Ottoman Empire (1848–1920)[edit]

  1. 1848–1863 — Ahmad Agha Duzdar Al-Asali (official title: Governor of Jerusalem)
  2. 1863–1867 — Abdelrahman al-Dajani[3][4]
  3. 1867 — Rafadulo Astiriyadis Effendi[3] (acting)
  4. 1867–1869 — Abdelrahman al-Dajani[3]
  5. 1869 — Mūsā Faydī al-'Alamī[3]
  6. 1869–1870 — Abd al-Salām Paşa al Ḥusaynī[3]
  7. 1870–1876 — Yusuf Ziya Paşa al-Khālīdī[3]
  8. Triumvirate 1876–1877 — Abd al-Qādir al-Khalīlī Abū l-Hudā/'Umar 'Abd al-Salām Paşa al Ḥusaynī/Salīm Shākir al-Ḥusaynī.[3]
  9. 1877 — Shaḥāda Faydallāh al-'Alamī[3]
  10. 1877–1878 — Rafadulo Astiriyadis Effendi[3] (acting)
  11. 1878–1879 — Yusuf Ziya Paşa al-Khālīdī[3]
  12. 1879–1881 — Mūsā Faydī al-'Alamī[3]
  13. 1882–1897 — Ḥusayn Salīm Paşa al Ḥusaynī[3]
  14. 1897–1899 — Yaseen al-Khalidi[5]
  15. 1899–1906 — Yousef Al-Khalidi[6]
  16. 1906–1909 — Faidi al-Alami[6]
  17. 1909–1917 — Hussein al-Husayni
  18. 1917–1918 — Aref al-Dajani[4]
  19. 1918–1920 — Musa Kazim al-Husayni

Mandatory Palestine (1920–1948)[edit]

Name Term start Term end Party
20 Raghib al-Nashashibi 1920 1934 National Defence Party
21 Husayn al-Khalidi 1934 1937 Reform Party
22 Daniel Auster 1937 1938 General Zionists
23 Mustafa al-Khalidi 1938 1944 National Defence Party
(22) Daniel Auster[7] 1944 1945 General Zionists
N/A City Council's committee 1945 1948 Various

Divided Jerusalem (1948–1967)[edit]

Mayors of West Jerusalem (Israel)[edit]


Mayor of Jerusalem Took office Left office Party Coalition
1 DanielAuster22.jpg Daniel Auster 1948 1950 General Zionists General Zionists
1948 – 1950
2 FREEDOM OF THE CITY OF JERUSALEM.jpg Zalman Shragai 1950 1952 Hapoel HaMizrachi United Religious Front
1950 – 1952
3 Yitzhak Kariv.jpg Yitzhak Kariv 1952 1955 Mizrachi United Religious Front
1952 – 1955
4 Gershon Agron 1949.jpg Gershon Agron 1955 1959 Mapai Mapai - Ahdut HaAvoda
1955 – 1959
5 Mordechai Ish-Shalom.jpg Mordechai Ish-Shalom 1959 1965 Mapai Mapai - Ahdut HaAvoda
1959 – 1965
6 Teddy Kollek during a Christmas eve cocktail party.jpg Teddy Kollek 1965 1967 Rafi Alignment Coalition
1965 – 1967

Mayors of East Jerusalem (Jordan)[edit]


Mayor of East Jerusalem Took office Left office Party
1 Coat of arms of Jordan.svg Anwar Khatib 1948 1950 Independent
2 Aref al-Aref.jpg Aref al-Aref 1950 1951 Independent
3 Coat of arms of Jordan.svg Hannah Atallah 1951 1952 Independent
4 Omar Elwary Portrait 1955.jpg Omar Wa'ari 1952 1955 Independent
N/A Coat of arms of Jordan.svg City Council's committee 1955 1957 Independents
5 Rouhi Al-Khatib 1994.jpg Ruhi al-Khatib 1957 1967[8] Independent

Reunited Jerusalem (1967–present)[edit]


Mayor of Jerusalem Took office Left office Party Coalition
24 Teddy Kollek during a Christmas eve cocktail party.jpg Teddy Kollek 1967 1993 Rafi then
Labor Party
Alignment Coalition
1967 – 1969
Labor - Alignment - Mapam
1969 – 1993
25 Ehud Olmert 2006May23.jpg Ehud Olmert 1993 2003 Likud Likud
1993 – 2003
26 Lupolianksi.jpg Uri Lupolianski 2003 2008 Degel HaTorah United Torah Judaism - Degel HaTorah - Agudat Yisrael
2003 – 2008
27 Nir Barkat, Mayor of Jerusalem (4462290204) (cropped).jpg Nir Barkat 2008 Incumbent Independent Likud - Independents
From 2008

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Grenville, John Ashley Soames. A History of the World from the 20th to the 21st Century; Routledge, 2005. pg. 456. ISBN 0-415-28955-6
  2. ^ Weiner, Justus Reid. Is Jerusalem Being "Judaized"?, Jewish Political Studies Review 15:1–2 (Spring 2003), citing Schmelz, U.O. "Modern Jerusalem's Demographic Evolution," Jewish Population Studies 20 (1987):9
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Johann Büssow,Hamidian Palestine: Politics and Society in the District of Jerusalem 1872–1908, Brill, 2011 p. 554.
  4. ^ a b Lauren Gelfond Feldinger, 'The next Palestinian revolution, as seen through the eyes of a moderate scholar,' at Haaretz 14 June 2013
  5. ^ Lydia Mamreov-Mountford, The Kaiser in Jerusalem, New York Times, 27 November 1898
  6. ^ a b According to Bernard Wasserstein (1977): "MUSA AL-'ALAMI was born in Jerusalem in 1897. His father, Faidi. Effendi al-'Alami, was a large landowner, Mayor of Jerusalem (1906-9)" Published in: Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 13, No. 2 (May, 1977), pp. 171-194, Publisher:Taylor & Francis, Ltd. Stable URL: https://www.jstor.org/stable/4282641
  7. ^ He was Acting Mayor of Jerusalem, after Mustafa al-Khalidi's death in 1944.
  8. ^ The office of Mayor of East Jerusalem was dissolved in 1967 after the Six-Day War and it has been titular since then. When al-Khatib died in 1994, he was succeeded by Amin al-Majaj (1994-1998), who was succeeded by Zaki al-Ghul (1999-present).

External links[edit]